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Ayurvedic Dictionary

There are currently 5151 terms in this directory
aachaar [achara] — आचार
1. Moral conduct or behavior based on rules, conventions, principles, etc.
2. Ethics or Customary conduct which is to be obeyed according to various specified rules in different contexts. E.g. ethos, scriptural conduct, etc.

aachaar rasayana — आचार रसायन
1. It means moral conduct which reflects the physical and mental conduct of persons and is designated as a Rasayana (a vitalizer agent) for the whole life span. This is a measure having no inclusion of drugs, if implemented honestly, It can refuel and maintain the life process, keeping free of diseases and in a happy, healthy socio-physiological state.
2. Conductible virility - Customary regulation, codes, and conducts/conduct which prevent psychosomatic afflictions. It includes principles explained in the context of Dharaniya Vega & Sadvritta Palan.

aachaar vibhramam — आचार विभ्रमं
Conduct and manner that is inappropriate

aachaman [achmana] — आचमन
Shipping of water — It's a piece of the day-to-day routine to keep up with individual cleanliness, in which clean water is held in the palm of the hand with the thumb pointing towards the center and the water is sipped. It is typically finished subsequent to cleaning hands and feet, after the act of excretion, before and after food, after a chariot ride, and so forth.

aadaay [adaya] — आदाय
Collection of drugs

aadan [adana] — आदान
Also called the Northern Solstice or Uttarayan. The sun begins moving northward during Aadan Kaal. During this time moisture, unctuousness, and strength of the body get depleted and absorbed by the atmosphere by virtue of climate. There are three seasons in Aadan Kaal - Late Winter, Spring, and Summer.

aadhaar [adhara] — आधार
Base — An organ or group of organs that contain some biological matter.

aadhak [adhaka] — आढक
An Ayurvedic measurement unit used for both solids and liquids — One Aadhak equals four Prastha = 3.073 kg.

abaddhavak — अबद्धवाक्
Refers to disorganized or Incoherent speech.

abahalam — अबहलं

abalatva — अबलत्व
The loss of physical strength.

abhakta — अभक्त
On an empty stomach or Before consuming any food or drink.

abhaktacchanda — अभक्तच्छन्द
It is the lack of interest in food (Anorexia).

abhaktaruk — अभक्तरुक्
A loss of appetite (Anorexia)

abhesajam — अभेषजम्
Drugs that have adverse effects.

abhidha — अभिधा
The literal power of words.

abhidhya — अभिध्या
Having a desire to gain others' wealth.

abhidravana — अभिद्रवण
Harass, trouble, or annoy others repeatedly and continuously.

abhihanana— अभिहनन
Harass, trouble, or annoy others repeatedly and constantly

abhikama — अभिकाम
The Desire or want

abhikanksa — अभिकाङ्क्षा
desire/having a desire.

abhiksana — अभिक्ष्ण

abhilasa — अभिलाष
Desire, Fond of

abhimana — अभिमान
Pride, self-respect, the quality or state of being proud.

abhinissarana— अभिनिस्सरण

abhinivesha — अभिनिवेश
The Desire, Found of

abhipreta — अभिप्रेत
Aimed at, intended, desired, to have in mind as a purpose, wished.

abhisyanda— अभिष्यन्द

abhisyandi — अभिष्यन्दि
Slimy, heavy substances that obstruct Srotasa; e.g. Curd

abhitapa — अभिताप
Heat or warmness

abhivoda — अभिवोढा
One that carries or transports. It is said for Vata.

abhivridhi — अभिवृद्धि

abhojana — अभोजन
A lack of appetite

abhojanabhilasi— अभोजनाभिलाषी
Lack of interest in foods/Loss of appetite

abhradarsana — अभ्रदर्शन
The sight of cloud before eye

abhrasamplavam vyabhre darsana — अभ्रसंप्लवं व्यभ्रे दर्शन
The sight of un-existed moving clouds

abhubhuksa — अभुभुक्षा
Loss of appetite.

abhugnam — आभुग्नं
Slight bending

abhutadarsana — अभूतदर्शन
The sight of non-existent things.

abhyanga — अभ्यंग
Abhyanga is a therapeutic technique that involves applying oil and lightly massaging the body to achieve desired outcomes. It is a type of Bahya Shnehana and is mentioned as a part of panchakarma and Dincharya (daily regimen). It is an invaluable part of a daily routine that eases discomfort or uneasiness and preserves wellbeing. It involves Shiro abhyanga (head massage), pada abhyanga (massage over the feet), and Karna Purana (oiling of ears).

abhyanjana — अभ्यञ्जन
External Snehana (oleation); causing unctuousness

abhyantar kandarah— आभ्यन्तर कण्डराः
Deep tendons - flexor tendons of the hand.

abhyantarat sankoch— अभ्यन्तरत सङ्कोच
Indrawing towards the center.

abhyantarayatanetra — अभ्यन्तरायातनेत्र
Sunken eye.

abhyanugya — अभ्यनुज्ञा
Acknowledging the allegations made by the opponent and accusing the opponent with the equal allegations.

abhyardita — अभ्यर्दित

abhyas — अभ्यास
1. Repetitive or habitual usage or practice.
2. To practice something in a repetitive manner.

abhyavaharan shakti — अभ्यवहरण शक्ति
The capacity of food consumption or power of ingestion. Amount of food that does not disrupt an individual's physiological functions. It can not be generalized. It always varies from one individual to another and even from time to time, it straightforwardly relies upon the digestive fire, taste of prepared food, and current psychological state.

abhyavapata — अभ्यवपातः
Wrong identification, misidentification

abhyunnata— अभ्युन्नत

abubhuksha — अबुभुक्षा
Loss of Appetite

abuddhitva — अबुद्धित्व
Lack of intelligence

accham — अच्छं

acheta — अचेता
Loss of consciousness/unconsciousness/lack normal awareness

achetana dravya — अचेतन द्रव्य
Non-living: Inanimate substances that lack consciousness or the characteristics of life.

achetanam — अचेतनं
1. Loss of tactile sensation.
2. Unconcious.

achintyavirya — अचिन्त्यवीर्य
Of inconceivable potency

achirah — अचिरः

acinta svadharmeshu — अचिन्ता स्वधर्मेषु
Indifference or lack of interest towards own routine work.

acintitarambha — अचिन्तितारम्भ
1. Unthinkable start.
2. The act of initiation without thinking.

adaṃśaśophaḥ [aadansh shoph ] — आदंशशोफः
Swelling around the wound from the bite.

adamsha [adansha] — आदंश
Refers to the area near a bite or sting.

adarshnam — अदर्शनं
loss of sight.

adhah kaayah — अधः कायः
1. The body below the waist.
2. Body part below the head.
3. Lower extremity.

adhah shayan — अधः शयन
Inclination to lie always in the prone position.

adhah srotah — अधः स्रोतः
The urethral or anal passage.

adhahpatan — अधःपातन
1. The purification method wherein substances, specifically mercury (Parada), are displaced downwards.
2. A second sub-step of Patan that is the 5th of the 8 purification procedures of the Parada (mercury) wherein mercury is displaced downwards.

adhar — अधरः
1. Inferior or lower in place.
2. Lower lip
3. A soft outer structure that forms the border of the mouth.

adharamargah — अधरमार्गः
Anal or urethral passage

adharaniya vega — अधारणीय वेग
1. Non-suppressible urges.
2. Vegas (natural urges) that should not be strongly suppressed.
13 types of natural urges mentioned that should not be suppressed are — defecation, urination, weeping, sneezing, farting, sleep, cough, urge to breathe while exercising, vomiting, semen ejaculation, hunger, and thirst. Suppressing these natural urges can lead to acute and chronic illnesses.

adhargudam — अधरगुदं
Anal canal and rectum — 1. Inferior portion of the rectum 2. Anus

adhastat striya shirashchotisthanti lalate — अध्स्तात् स्त्रिया शिराश्चोत्तिष्ठंति ललाटे
A bite by the female serpent exhibits such symptoms as downcast eyes and the appearance of veins on the forehead of the victim.

adhibhautikah (tapah)— आधिभौतिकः (तापः)
One of the three kinds of miseries, which are caused by various sorts of living creatures.

adhidaivik (tapah) — आधिदैविकः (तापः)
One of the three kinds of miseries, that which is caused by rain, sun and other such natural inanimate cause and agencies

adhidanta — अधिदन्त
Excessive growth of teeth

adhijihvika — अधिजिह्विका
1. Epiglottis: A thin leaf-shaped structure located immediately posterior to the root of the tongue.
2. (Adenoids): a mass of lymphatic tissue located in depressions.

adhikangadarsana — अधिकाङ्गदर्शन
Seeing body parts in excessive.

adhikarana — अधिकरण
Seat of drug action.

adhikaranam — अधिकरणम्
the main theme on which the entire science is build; or context of elucidation or discussion

adhikmatravat ahara — अधिकमात्रावत् आहार
An intake of food that exceeds the required amount. It depends on each individual's capacity. An excess of food intake leads to gastrointestinal disorders like indigestion, abdominal colic, and heaviness of the abdomen.

adhikshipta — अधिक्षिप्त

adhimansa — अधिमांस
Fleshy growth

adhirata — अधीरता
Lack of retaining capacity

adhirohanarati — अधिरोहणरति
Fond of climbing on heap of stones etc.

adhisthanam — अधिष्ठानम्
1. seat (of poison).
2. Substratum or place of action.

adhmanam — आध्मानम्
Distention of abdomen due to gas.

adhmatagrivam — आध्मातग्रीवम्
Feeling of fullness in neck.

adhmatakandhara — आध्मातकन्धरा
Feeling of fullness in neck.

adhmatam iva — आध्मातम् इव
Feeling of fullness

adho bhagam tu mulajam — अधो भागं तु मूलजम्
Gangadhar commentary on charak samhita says the tendency of poisons of plant origin is to move downwards in the body.

adhobhagah — अधोभागः
lower abdomen -Lower part of the portion of the trunk located between chest and pelvis

adhobhakta — अधोभक्त
Administration of oral medication immediately after taking food. To strengthen the body and to make the person stout, such medicine administration is advised.

adhodarśana अधोदशनश
Looking downwards

adhogurutva nābheḥ अधोगरुु त्ि नाबे्
Heaviness below the umbilicus.

adhomukhī अधोभखु ी
keeping mouth of the vessel downwards/Upside down

adhovaktraḥ अधोितत्र्
Drooping of head, symptom of a rabid dog.

adhṛti अधतृ त
Lack of retaining capacity, Cowardliness

adhyaśana अध्मशन
Taking food over and again the previous meal (before it digested) which may end up with metabolic disorders.

adhyasthi अध्मत्स्थ
Hypertrophy of bone

adhyatma — आध्यात्म
the psycho-spiritual

adhyatmic (tapah) — आध्यात्मिक (तापः)
One of the three kinds of miseries, being that which is intrinsic and consist of mental and spiritual ailing.

adhyātmika karma अध्मात्त्भक कभश
Different virtuous activities like scarifying etc are included here. Bhagavat gita a holy book of Hindu describes that type of karma as act of scarify, gift and austerity or penance should not be relinquished but should be performed. Scarify gift and austerity purifies the intelligence.

adiptagunadarshanam — आदीप्तगुणदर्शनम्
Looks of sun like objects

adiptarupadarshnam — आदीप्तरूपदर्शनम्
Looks of glowing things

adṛḍhasauhṛdaḥ अदृढसौरृद्
Unsteady in friendship

adṛṣṭam अदृष्टभ ्
The invisible result of works done in former states of embodied existence; unseen consequences of an act.

adṛṣṭi अदृत्ष्ट
Blurred vision

adṛśya अदृश्म
Invisible / unperceivable

adyapushpa — आद्यपुष्प
A Group of flowers containing one part each of Chandan (Santalum album) and Vari/sugandhabala (Juniperus communis) and three parts of Kumkum (Crocus sativus).

agada अगद
Antitoxic medication.

agadānāṁ hi saṁyogo viṣajuṣṭasya yujyate अगदानाॊ र्ह समॊ ोगो विषजुष्टस्म मज्ु मते
Agadas should be used only in cases of poisoning.

agama — आगम
time tested expert opinions in concerned classical texts or authoritative testimony

agantuh vranah — आगन्तुः व्रणः
traumatic wound

agantujaroga — आगन्तुजरोग
Exogenous diseases caused by trauma, infections and other external factors

agantuki — आगन्तुकी
Adventitious, Accidental, Incidental

agaradhumabham — आगारधूमाभम्
Smoky color

agarasnnibham — आगारसन्निभम्
Smoky color

aghrāṇaṁ अघ्राणॊ
Anosmia or Absence of the sense of smell

aghraṣya अघ्रष्म
Shyness or does not tolerate with abusing words.

aglāniḥ अग्रातन्
slight peace

agnau prakṣiptaṁ ciṭaciṭāyat indradhanurvaṇaṁ vā अग्नौ प्रक्षऺप्तॊ धचटधचटामत ् इन्द्रधनिु णश ॊ िा
In cases of poisoning, a piece taken from the heart and thrown in fire produces a crackling sound and becomes rainbow colored, he should hold that as poisoned.

agneya — आग्नेय
Predominance of the fire-element : Fiery

agni balanāśaṁ अत्ग्न फरनाशॊ
- Loss of digestive power

agni karma अत्ग्न कभश

agni upahati अत्ग्न उऩहतत
- Loss of digestive power

agni viruddha अत्ग्न विरुद्ध
Intake of heavy food when the power of digestion is mild (mandagni): intake of light food when the power of digestion is sharp (tiksnagni). Similarly intake of food at variance with irregular and normal power of digestion comes under this category.

agni अत्ग्न
1. Fire, the phenomenon of combustion manifested in light, flame, and heat 2. One of the five basic elements (Paṅcamahābhūtas) that make up all matter in the universe. 3. All factors responsible for digestion and metabolism / transformation. This is of three classes: Jaṭharāgni, Bhūtāgni and Dhātvagni. 4. Physiologically, the intensity of Agni is influenced by Doṣas and is of four types: Viṣama (irregular, due to the dominance of Vāta), Tīkṣṇa (intense, due to the dominance of Pitta), Manda (depressed due to the dominance of Kapha) and Sama (normal, due to the balanced state of all three Doṣas).

agnibhraṁśa अत्ग्नभ्रशॊ
Loss of digestive power

agnidagdhanibhaṁ अत्ग्नदग्धतनबॊ
- Color of burnt scar

agnidaurbalyam अत्ग्नदौफल्श मभ ्
Loss of digestive power

agnihāni अत्ग्नहातन
Loss of digestive power

agnihotraṁ अत्ग्नहोत्रॊ
A vedic ritual in which an oblation is offered particularly to agni, The god of Fire

agnikṛśatā अत्ग्नकृ शता
- Loss of digestive power

agnikṣāma अत्ग्नऺाभ
- Loss of digestive power

agnikṣayaṁ अत्ग्नऺमॊ
- Loss of digestive power

agnilāpaharaṁ अत्ग्नराऩहयॊ
- Loss of digestive power

agnimāndya अत्ग्नभान्द्म
Lack of digestive power

agnimārdava अत्ग्नभादशि
Lack of digestive power

agnināśaṁ अत्ग्ननाशॊ
Loss of digestive power

agninibhaṁ dik darśanaṁ अत्ग्नतनबॊ र्दक् दशनश ॊ
Sees fire like objects in all directions

agniparikṣīṇaṁ अत्ग्नऩरयऺीणॊ
- Loss of digestive power

agnipranaṣṭaṁ अत्ग्नप्रनष्टॊ
- Loss of digestive power

agnisāda अत्ग्नसाद
Lack of digestive power

agnisadana अत्ग्नसदन
Impairment of digestive power

agnisannikarṣa अत्ग्नसत्न्नकषश
Modulation of properties of food articles by cooking process. Here the raw food articles made to come in contact with fire directly or indirectly.

agnisiddhaṁ अत्ग्नमसद्धॊ
Processed by heating

agnisthānaṁ अत्ग्नस्थानॊ
Duodenum - Place of complete digestion, small intestine. The alimentary canal extending form duodenum to ileum.

agnivadha अत्ग्निध
Loss of digestive power

agnivaiṣamya अत्ग्निषम्म
Improper digestive power

agnyādhiṣṭhāna अग्न्माधधष्ठान
Gastro-intestinal place of digestion

agnyāśayaḥ अग्न्माशम्
Pancreas - A compound acinotubular gland situated behind the stomach in front of the first and second lumbar

agranāsikā अग्रनामसका
tip of the nose

agraparva अग्रऩिश
Distal part of the finger.

ahaṅkāraḥ अहङ्काय्
The material principle of egoist or existence having three inherent properties of sattva, raja and tama; one of the principles of the evolution as per classical indian philosophy

Ahara — आहार
Any substance which is masticated and swallowed for the purpose of nutrition and energy, it includes all eatables, bitable, drinkable and lickables.

ahara matra — आहार मात्रा
Optimal digestible quantity of food consumed by a healthy individual. This cannot be generalized. It always differs from person to person and time to time, it directly depends on the digestive capacity and psychological status.

ahara parinamakara bhava — आहार परिणामकर भाव
Various factors contribute to the transformation of food from a solid complex form to a smaller digestible and absorbable form. These are collectively known as Ahara Parinamkara Bhava. These factors include mastication, swallowing, and enzyme action in order to absorb nutrients and water from the colon. They include all the actions from the oral cavity to the colon. Usma (Heat) digests, Vayu (air) absorbs, Kleda (moisture) loosens, Sneha (unctuousness) softens, Kala (time) brings sufficiency. Appropriate use of all these results in a balance of Dhatus, which are the products of digestion.

ahara rasa paka — आहाररसपाक
It is a stage indicating the completion of digestion process after which drugs should be administered

ahara sampat — आहार संपत्
The excellent Diet: refers to food containing all the essential nutrients in adequate quantities that aid in the preservation and promotion of health, and gives strength, vitality, and endurance, as well as improving immunity.

ahara shakti — आहार शक्ति
The power of assimilation: this is assessed by the power of ingestion as well as digestion. Diet affects strength & life.

Ahara yogi — आहार योगी
an attribute of lavana rasa; substances used with the diet;

ahara yogi varga — आहारयोगी वर्ग
group of food adjuvant to be used for the preparation of diet or taken along with the principal diet like different oils and spices;

aharanash — आहारनाश
Intake of less quantity of food

aharavidhivisheshayatana — आहारविधिविशेषायतन
Basic factors to be considered while preparing and consuming diet. The eight such factors are: prakṛti (nature), Karana (processing), Samyoga (combination), Raśi (amount), Deśa (region), Kaala (time and season), Upayoga Samsthaa (rules for consumption) and Upayoktaa (consumer).

aharṣa अहषश
Loss of Libido; Erectile dysfunction, Impotent.

ahasana अहसन
During meal one should not indulging in laugh, it may lead to passage of food in to wrong tract.

ahatat [aahatat] — आहतात्
Plant materials not infested with insects, cold, hot climate etc.

ahetu अहेतु
fallacious semblance of an argument

ahita āhāra अर्हत आहाय
Non - conductive food- Food which disturbs the Tri-dosha's and physiological functions of the body. It is contrary t to Hita.

ahitāyu अर्हतामु
the kind of human life which is not beneficial for the self or the society

ahorātra अहोयात्र
1 Day and 1 night = 24 hours

aiśvarya ऐश्िमश
1. Supremacy, Sovereignty 2. of such powers as vision , audition , cogitation , discrimination , and omniscience ; and of active powers such as swiftness of thought , power of assuming forms at will , and faculty of expatiation

aitihyam ऐततवमभ ्
Historical authoritative testimony.

ajagaraḥ अजगय्
Snakes of boaede family.

ajalpana अजल्ऩन
During meal one should indulge in talking which may lead to passage of food in to wrong tract.

ajarakaṁ अजयकॊ

ajasraṁ अजस्रॊ

ajighratvaṁ अत्जघ्रत्िॊ
Anosmia or absence of the Sense of smell

ajīrṇa अजीणश

ajñāna अऻान
Ignorance, Illusion

akāla mṛtyu अकार भत्ृ मु
Untimely death.

akāmā अकाभा
Loss of Libido, Lack of interest in sex

akāmataḥ chardi अकाभत् छर्दश
Vomiting without specific reason

akarmaṇyaḥ अकभण्म्
Loss of motor function

akarmaśīlatā अकभशीरता
Lack of interest to do any work

akāruṇyaṁ अकारुण्मॊ

akash — आकाश
1. A free or open space, the subtle and ethereal fluid (supposed to fill and pervade the universe and to be the peculiar vehicle of life and of sound). 2. One of the five basic elements (Paṅcamahābhūtas) that make up all matter in the universe.

akashiya dravya — आकाशीय द्रव्य
substances having akaśa as the predominant mahabhuta;

akopanaṁ अकोऩनॊ
Habit of not getting angry

akrishta [akrsta] — आकृष्ट
collection / procurement of raw materials

akrishya [akrsya] — आकृष्य
A process of extraction through which specified component may be extracted

akritasamgyata — अकृतसंज्ञता
Feeling of urge even after defecation.

akrodhavrataḥ अक्रोधव्रत्
Habit of not getting angry

akroshnam — आक्रोशनम्

akṛta अकृ त
The food articles without seasoning i.e. without addition of oil, mustard etc.

akṛtasaṁjñatā mūtre अकृ तसऻॊ ता भत्रू े
Feeling of urge even after micturition

akṛtasaṁjñatā अकृ तसऻॊ ता
Feeling of urge even after defecation

akṛtrima viṣa अकृ त्रत्रभ विष
Poison from natural source.

akṣaḥ अऺ्
Eye, Sense organs

akṣakaḥ अऺक्
Clavicle - the collar bone that articulates with the sternum and the scapula.

akṣakasandhi अऺकसत्न्ध
Sterno-clavicular joint - the joint formed between manubrium of the sternum and the medial end of clavicle.

akṣamatvaṁ अऺभत्िॊ

akṣāṇi अऺाणण
Special senses, perceptive faculties, receptors various sensory nerve endings

akṣānti hitopadeśeṣu अऺात्न्त र्हतोऩदेशषे ु
Intolerance to advices

akshepa [aksepa] — आक्षेप
Convulsion, Harassing.

akṣi bandhāni अक्षऺ फन्धातन
Eye lids - the movable protective fold that when closed cover the anterior surface of the eyeball.

akṣi gharṣaṇaṁ अक्षऺ घषणश ॊ
Sense of friction in the eye

akṣi golakam अक्षऺ गोरकभ ्
Eye-ball - the globe of the eye.

akṣi huṇḍanaṁ अक्षऺ हुण्डनॊ
Intrusion of the eye

akṣi viśanti pakṣmāṇi अक्षऺ विशत्न्त ऩक्ष्भाणण
Inward bending of eyelashes

akṣi अक्षऺ
Eye - the organ of vision

akṣikanīnikā अक्षऺकनीतनका
Inner canthus, Medial angle of eye. The angle at medial side of the slit between the eyelids.

akṣikoṣa अक्षऺकोष
Eye lid - the movable protective fold that when closed cover the anterior surface of the eyeball.

akṣikūṭa अक्षऺकू ट
Orbital or Ocular margin, Eye ball or oculas. Superciliary ridge. The bony pyramid-shaped cavity of the skull that contains and protects the eyeball.

akṣimardana अक्षऺभदशन
Rubbing of the eye

akṣipakṣmāṇi अक्षऺऩक्ष्भाणण
Eye -lashes - stiff hair on the margin of the eyelid.

akṣipuṭa अक्षऺऩटु
Eye lid - the movable protective fold that when closed cover the anterior surface of the eyeball.

akṣirājī अक्षऺयाजी
Appearance of lines in the eye because of conjunctival vessels.

akṣirodhaḥ अक्षऺयोध्
Blurred vision

akṣitārakā अक्षऺतायका
Iris -the colored contractile membrane suspended

akṣivairāgya अक्षऺियाग्म
Loss of color of eyes.

akṣivartma अक्षऺित्भश
Eye lid - the movable protective fold that when closed cover the anterior surface of the eyeball.

akṣivartmakoṣaḥ अक्षऺित्भकोष्
Eye lid - the movable protective fold that when closed cover the anterior surface of the eyeball.

akṣivyudāsaḥ अक्षऺव्मदु ास्
Spasmodic movement of the eye

akṣṇyāṁ raktaṁ अक्ष्ण्माॊ यततॊ
Bleeding through eye

akṣut अऺुत ्
Loss of hunger

akṣyuparodhaḥ अक्ष्मऩु योध्
Blurred vision

akujanam — आकूजनम्
Cooing (voice resembles the sound of pigeon), Lament

akulata — आकुलता
Perplexity or confusion

akunchanam — आकुंचनम्
Contraction : a shortening or tensing of a part or organ

alabupushpasankasa [alabupushpsankash] — आलाबुपुष्पसङ्काश
Color of the flower of Alābu (Lagrnaria vulgaria)

alakṣyapada अरक्ष्मऩद
Indistinguishable voice

alaktakasannibham — आलक्तकसन्निभम्
Color of the juice of Lac

alalatantubaddham iva — आलालतन्तुबद्धम् इव
Looks like saliva

alaṅkāraḥ analaṅkāraiḥ अरङ्काय् अनरङ्कायै्
Decorate with undecorable articles

alasya — आलस्य
Loss of enthusiasm, idleness , want of energy, apathetic, Reluctance to work or make an effort, laziness

aleham — आलेहम्

alepam — आलेपम्

alikaṁ अमरकॊ
Fore-head- The anterior part of the head below the hairline and above the eyes.

alobha अरोब
Free from undue desire

alochaka pitta — आलोचक पित्त
One of the five subtypes of Pitta that is responsible for vision and perception

aloma अरोभ
Absence of hair; It is one among the eight un-desirable conditions. Absence of generalized body hairs is associated with dysfunction of the pituitary, adrenal cortex and gonads.

alpa अल्ऩ
Less, Scanty, Diminished

alpabala अल्ऩफर
Loss of physical strength or weakness

alpabuddhi अल्ऩफद्ु धध
Lack of intelligence

alpāgni अल्ऩात्ग्न
Diminished digestive power

alpāhāra अल्ऩाहाय
Intake of less quantity of food

alpālpa अल्ऩाल्ऩ
Frequent and scanty

alpanidratā अल्ऩतनद्रता
Loss of sleep

alpaprāṇatā अल्ऩप्राणता
Loss of mental strength

alparujaḥ अल्ऩरुज्
Light pain

alpaśaḥ अल्ऩश्
Frequent and scanty

alpavahni अल्ऩित्वन
Certain pharmaceutical process are to be carried out over mild heat

alpavāk अल्ऩिाक्
Closemouthed, in conversable.

alunchanam — आलुंचनम्
Tearing in pieces

Ama — आम
1. Raw, uncooked, unbaked, immature, unripe 2. May be associated with food or other physiological entities to mean incomplete transformation or metabolism causing a harmful effect on health.

ama purisham — आम पुरीषम्
Stools which are undigested, immature, not formed

Amagandha — आमगन्ध
Smell of raw flesh

amalaṁ अभरॊ

amalapandu — आमलपाण्डु
Colour of pale myrobalan.

amamatsyagandham — आममत्स्यगन्धम्
smell of live fish

amanojñadarśana अभनोऻदशनश
Unpleasant appearance

amanojñagandha अभनोऻगन्ध
Unpleasant smell

amānuṣa अभानषु
Unprecedented, Unmaly or Super power

amapaka — आमपाक
The initial partially cooked stage of processing of oil/ ghee, which is not useful for therapeutics

amapakvashayah — आमपक्वाशयः
gastro-intestinal tract - The digestive tube from stomach and intestines

amarā अभया

amarṣa अभषश

amartya अभत्मश
More than one's natural capacity, Imperishable, Immortal

amashayah — आमाशयः
Stomach -A dilated sac like distensible portion of alimentary canal between the esophagus and the duodenum which contains partially digested food. It is a major seat of Pitta.

amātrāvat āhāra अभात्राित ् आहाय
Taking inappropriate quantity of food is of two types - deficient and excessive. Food in deficient quantity is said to be causing loss of strength, complexion & development, unsaturation, upward movement of vayu, harms the lifespan, virility, immunity etc food in excessive vitiating all dosa's. fainting, giddiness, irregularity of digestion, stiffness of flanks etc.

Amavisha — आमविष
It is a kind of disorder which results from incompatible food or from eating before digestion of previous meals, similar to intestinal toxemia because it simulates the symptoms of toxemia.

ambara अम्फय
Synonym of mica, agnijar and also denotes cloth

ambarapīyuṣa अम्फयऩीमषू
A nectar-like vital entity present in the atmosphere, indicative of oxygen

ambhonibha अम्बोतनब
Color of cloud

ambu iccha [ambu ichha] — अम्बु इच्छा
Desire for drinking water

aṁbu अफॊ ु
Water, the watery element of the body

ambudendradhanusha — अम्बुदेन्द्रधनुस
Colors like that of rain bow – fire - property of diamond

ambumargah — अम्बुमार्गाः
Paths of circulating fluid.

ambusambhavam — अम्बुसम्भवम्
Poison having its origin from jala mahabhoota.

ambutulyam — अम्बुतुल्यं
Resembling water

ambuvahini srotansi — अम्बुवाहीनि स्रोतांसि
Tubes for fluid circulation.

aṁgāravarṇa अगायिणश
property to be observed as an end point in case of Putapaka swarasa

amgirasi [angirasi] — आंगिरसी
one among four categories of medicines described in Atharva Veda

amgulyagram [angulyagram] — अंगुल्यग्रम्
Tip of the finger.

amgustha [angushth] — अंगुष्ठ
Thumb. First toe

aṁguṣṭhodaram अगॊ ष्ु ठोदयभ ्
length of the thumb, above the distal crease, area where thumb impression is taken

amisa [amisha] — आमिष
1. One of the useful parts of animal (flesh) 2. Commonly used for all Non-vegetarian diet??

amisam iccha [amisham iccha] — आमिषम् इच्छा
Fond of taking flesh

amla gandha अम्र गन्ध
Sour smell

amla icchā अम्र इच्छा
Fond of sour taste

amla pañcaka अम्र ऩञ्चक
Combination of following five sour plants viz., Amlavetas (Garcinia pedunculata), Jambeer (Citrus limon), Matulunga (Citrus medica), Narang (Citrus reticulata), Nimbuk (Citrus aurantifolia).

amla rasa अम्र यस
Sour taste, having the acid taste

amla skandha अम्र स्कन्ध
Group of sour substances;

amla अम्र
Sour; One among six Rasa;

amlabhakṣaṇākṣama अम्रबऺणाऺभ
Intolerance to sour taste

amlarasatā अम्रयसता
Sour taste

amlasparśāsahatva अम्रस्ऩशाशसहत्ि
Intolerance to sour taste

amṛta अभतृ

amṛtīkaraṇa अभतृ ीकयण
A process adopted for the removal of remnant impurities/ toxicity

aṁsabandhanam असॊ फन्धनभ ्
Ligaments (and Muscles) of the shoulder.

aṁsābhitāpa असामबताऩ
Warmth in shoulder

aṁsadeśaḥ असदेश्
Shoulder - the junction of the clavicle and scapula where the arm meets the trunk.

aṁsafalakaḥ असफ़रक्
Scapula - the large flat triangular bone that forms the posterior part of shoulder.

aṁsaḥ अस्

aṁsakūṭa असॊ कू ट
Acromion - the lateral triangular projection of the spine of the scapula.

aṁsamulam असॊ भरु भ ्
apex of the Scapula

aṁsapiṇḍaḥ असवऩण्ड्
Deltoid Prominence

aṁsapiṇḍikā असवऩत्ण्डका
deltoid tuberosity

aṁsapīṭha असऩीठ
Top of the shoulder (glenoid cavity)

Aṁsasaṅdhiḥ अन्ससत्न्ध्
Shoulder Joint - the joint formed by humerus and glenoid cavity of scapula

anabhikāṁkṣā अनमबकाॊऺा
Lack of desire

anabhilāṣa अनमबराष
Lack of desire

anabhinandana अनमबनन्दन
Lack of desire

anaddhavastih — आनद्धवस्तिः
distension of bladder

anādi अनार्द
a process or state whose beginning cannot be ascertained

anāgata अनागत
Partially manifestation or no manifestation of the diseases. Diseases may be communicable or non-communicable or lifestyle related.

anāgatābāda pratiṣeda अनागतफाधा प्रततषधे
Prevention of partially or not manifested diseases. This preventive measure are applied by following the Dincharya, Ritucharya, etc

anāgatavekṣaṇama अनागतिेऺणभ
the statement that points to prospective reference

anaha — आनाह
distention of abdomen due to incomplete evacuation of stool, urine and flatus

anala dveṣa अनर द्िेष
Aversion to fire (Pyrophobia)

anālakṣyagandha अनारक्ष्मगन्ध
Insignificant smell

analaprabha dṛṣṭimaṇḍala अनरप्रब दृत्ष्टभण्डर
The color of pupil become glowing fire

analavyāptalokadarśana अनरव्माप्तरोकदशनश
Sees surrounding objects in fire

analekṣaṇaḥ अनरेऺण्
Fiery, dreadful eyes.

analpaṁ अनल्ऩॊ

anāmikā अनामभका
4th or ring finger. Annularis

ananam — आननम्

ananubandhana अननफु न्धन

ananuyojyam अननमु ोज्मभ ्
The statement which does not leave any scope of question

anārtavaṁ अनातिश ॊ
Loss of menstruation

anati griva — आनतिग्रीवा
Forward bending of neck

anati tīkṣṇa purīṣaṁ अनतत तीक्ष्ण ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with slight pungent smell

anativikṛtavībhatsaceṣṭā अनततविकृ तिीबत्सचे ष्टा
Slight loathsome activity

anaujasya अनौजस्म
Loss of enthusiasm

anavasthitarūpadarśana अनित्स्थतरूऩदशनश
Objects look as unstable

anāvilaṁ अनाविरॊ
Turbid less

aṇḍaja अण्डज
living beings originated from eggs

aṇḍakoṣaḥ अण्डकोष्
Scrotam - the double pouch of the male which contains the testicles and part of the spermatic cord found

andhāhika अन्धार्हक
Blind snake (non poisonous)

andhamūṣā अन्धभषू ा
it is a type of crucible where mouth is closed/ sealed

andhrana — अंध्रण
Sealing / cementing all joints etc using specified materials to make air-tight

anekāntaḥ अनेकान्त्
statements which are not absolute or conclusive and vary from context to context

anekāntavāda अनेकान्तिाद
concepts in which invariable causes are given for one effect

anekavarṇa अनेकिणश
Multiple color

aṅga अङ्ग
(1) Body. (2) Part of the body. (3) Organ. (4) the physical part of man as distinguished from mind spirit, A part of the body having special function

aṅgabhaṁga अङ्गबगॊ
Loss of power of limbs.

aṅgacimicimā अङ्गधचमभधचभा
Tingling sensation.

aṅgagandhaṁ अङ्गगन्धॊ
Indistinct bad smell of body

aṅgaglāni अङ्गग्रातन

aṅgagraha अङ्गग्रह
Pressing pain or restricted movement of the body

aṅgaharṣa अङ्गहषश

aṅgajam अङ्गजभ ्

aṅgamarda अङ्गभदश
Pressing pain

aṅgamardapraśamana अङ्गभदशप्रशभन
Anti-malaise; substances relieving malaise & body ache;

aṅgapradeśa अङ्गप्रदेश
different spots or areas of the body

aṅgapragraha अङ्गप्रग्रह
Pressing pain or restricted movement of the body

angara — अंगार
smokeless red hot coal

aṅgaśūla अङ्गशरू
Stabbing pain

aṅgāvamarda अङ्गािभदश
Pressing pain on body

aṅgāvasādanaṁ अङ्गािसादनॊ

aṅgi अङ्धग

angulasthi — अंगुलास्थि
Phalanges -any one of the bones of toes or fingers

angulasthmulam — अंगुष्ठमुलम्
First metacarpal - Root of the thumb. Outer end of the wrist in front.

angulayah — अंगुलयः
Fingers. Toes(Digits)

anguligranthayah — अंगुलिग्रन्थयः
Knuckles-digital nodes or joints- The prominence of the dorsal aspect of any of the phalangeal joints.

anguliparvani — अंगुलिपर्वाणि
1. Digital nodes 2. Inter nodal lengths of the digits

anidrā अतनद्रा
Sleeplessness, disturbed sleep

anidratā अतनद्रता
Diminished or loss of sleep

anila — आनील
light blue

anila icchā अतनर इच्छा
Fond of sitting in wind

aniladveṣa अतनरद्िेष
Aversion to sit in wind

anilavat अतनरित ्
With flatus

anilāyanāni अतनरामनातन
Air passages.

aṇimā अणणभा
T he power of becoming extremely minute; one of the supra normal psychic power derivable from the practice of Yoga.

animiṣacakṣu अतनमभषचऺु
Widely opened eye

animiṣākṣaḥ अतनमभषाऺ्
Widely opened eye

anirdeśyarasa अतनदेश्मयस
Unidentifiable taste.

anīśatā अनीशता
Loss of power

anissaraṇa अतनस्सयण

anīśvaraḥ अनीश्िय्

anitya अतनत्म
Non eternal or Transient.

aniyatānāṁ girā अतनमतानाॊ धगया
Incoherent speech

añjali अञ्जमर
Indicating measure Synonym of one kudava=192 g of metric units

añjana अञ्जन
It’s a process of anointing, smearing, mixing, collyrium or black pigment used to paint the root of eye lashes. Anointment is done with a stick or pencil called as añjana shalaka. There are two types of añjana which are used by healthy individuals, one is Savira añjana should be applied to eyes daily and other is Rasanjana which is applied once in every five or eight days for stimulating secretion.

añjanābhaṁ अञ्जनाबॊ
Color of collyrium.

añjanatritaya अञ्जनत्रत्रतम
Three Metallic sulphides; Kalanjan, Pushpanjan, Rasanjan.

aṅkuraḥ अङ्कु य्
Polypus or A small vascular growth on the surface of a mucous membrane

aṅkuśikaḥ अङ्कु मशक्
Pain resembling with the pulling by a hook

annamada अन्नभद
Dissatisfaction in food

annamārgaḥ अन्नभाग्श
Gullet, Esophagus. A muscular canal extending from the pharynx to the stomach.

annamārgarodha अन्नभागयोध
Obstruction to the path of food

annapāna अन्नऩान
Mode of administration of poison through beverages.

annapīḍitapurīṣaṁ अन्नऩीडडतऩयु ीषॊ
Stool mixed with food articles

annapradveṣa अन्नप्रद्िेष
Aversion to food

annaprakriyā अन्नप्रक्रक्रमा
A process of making food/cooking rice

annarasakheda अन्नयसखेद
Lack of interest to take food

annasampuṭa अन्नसम्ऩटु
Stomach. A dilated sac like distensible portion of alimentary canal between the esophagus and the duodenum.

annāśayaḥ अन्नाशम्
Gastro-intestinal tract pertaining to the stomach

annāśraddhā अन्नाश्रद्धा
Dislike to take food

annāvarodha अन्नाियोध
Obstruction to food

annavidveṣa अन्नविद्िेष
Aversion to food

annavikṛti dveṣa अन्नविकृ तत द्िेष
Aversion to the derivatives of food

antaḥ karaṇa अन्त् कयण
internal means of acquiring knowledge which includes manas, buddhi, indriya, ahankara

antaḥkukṣi अन्त्कु क्षऺ
Abdominal or uterine cavity. 1. Cavity of the portion of the trunk located between chest and pelvis, 2. Cavity within the muscular hollow pear shaped structure of female reproductive system.

antaḥpuṣpam अन्त्ऩष्ु ऩभ ्
Ovum -the female reproductive or germ cell capable of developing into a new organism of same species.

antapraveśa अन्तप्रिेश

antara bhakta अन्तय बतत
Administration of medicine in the mid day after the morning food has been digested, similarly taking afternoon medicine after the mid day meal has been digested is known as Antara bhakta. This method is useful in person who has good digestive capacity.

antarādhiḥ अन्तयाधध्
Trunk - the body exclusive of head and limbs.

antarbahirvibhāgaḥ अन्तफर्हविबाग्
medial (internal) lateral (inward or external)

antargalasvara अन्तगरस्िय
Muffled sound

antarikṣa jala अन्तरयऺ जर
Antariksha is intermediate sphere between earth and sky. Water which is originated from clouds between intermediate spheres is Rain water.

antarmukhasrotāṁsi अन्तभखुश स्रोताॊमस
internal channels - Internal tracts, channels, tubes, ducts

antarmukhatvaṁ romṇāṁ अन्तभखुश त्िॊ योम्णाॊ
Inward bending of eyelashes

antaścetana अन्तश्चेतन
living beings having internal consciousness i.e. their consciousness is not externally manifested; e.g. plants

antau अन्तौ
Canthi, outer and inner angels of the eye. The angle at either side of the slit between the eyelids.

anteriorly from sides of thoracic vertebrae and forming skeletal thorax"

antikstham durastham darsana — आन्तिकस्थं दूरस्थं दर्शन
Remote appearance of a near object.

antra — आन्त्र
Small intestine

antrāśayaḥ अन्त्राशम्
Lumen of Intestine -cavity of the alimentary canal extending from the pylorus to the anus.

antriksha udaka — आन्तरिक्ष उदक
rain water collected directly before reaching earth surface and is considered to be the best among all water

anubaddha अनफु द्ध

anubaddharuk अनफु द्धरुक्
Continuous pain

aṇubahuvidārita अणुफहुविदारयत
Multiple fracture with tiny bone pieces

anubandha — अनुबन्ध
1. one of the synonyms of life span.
2. receive or subordinate disease.
3. continuity of result.

anubandha अनफु न्ध
1. One of the synonym of life span 2. Receive or subordinate disease

anubhūta svapna अनबु तू स्िप्न
Dream based on the previous experiences

aṇudvāra अणुद्िाय
Tiny or narrow opening

anugraha अनग्रु ह
A Favor, kindness, obligation, Assistance

anukāra svara अनकु ाय स्िय
Imitation of other's speech.

anulepana अनरु ेऩन
Applying cosmetics, Coating

anulepana अनरु ेऩन
Mode of administration of poison through an ointment.

anulomanaṁ अनरु ोभनॊ
Substances which restores & facilitates the physiological direction of various flows within the body like flatus and stool.

anumānam अनभु ानभ ्
the process through which the knowledge of the unseen facts is inferred on the basis of direct observation

aṇumārga अणुभागश
Narrow pathways

anumataḥ अनभु त्
statements of agreement with the opinion of others

anumiti अनमु भतत
conclusion from given premises

aṇumukhacchidra अणुभखु त्च्छद्र
Tiny openings faced towards internal

anūpa आनऩू
marshy lands

anupadehaḥ अनऩु देह्
Lack of mucus

anupāna अनऩु ान
Any liquid which is taken soon after food. Drink should have properties opposite to that of food, but should not be incompatible with the particular food. It helps in easy movement, digestion and assimilation of the food particles.

anurasa अनयु स
Rasa(Taste) of a substance which is perceived towards the end or with less intensity or which is latent;

anuṣṇaṁ अनष्ु णॊ

anuvāsana dravya अनिु ासन द्रव्म
substances having unctuous property used in BASTI ;

anuvāsanopaga अनिु ासनोऩग
substances which are helpful to induce ANUVASANA BASTI ;

anuyoga icchā अनमु ोग इच्छा
Found of questioning others

anuyogaḥ अनमु ोग्
enquire something relating to a scripture or a part, a question or a part with a view to testing the knowledge, power of comprehension and expression and capacity to reply to the later

anuyojyam अनमु ोज्मभ ्
The statement which is beset with defects of speech and which requires clarification.

aṇvasthīni अण्िस्थीतन
Short bones.

anyaneyau pāda अन्मनेमौ ऩाद
Feels as pulling by others, Feels as others

anyena iva अन्मेन इि
Feels as others

anyonyābhāva अन्मोन्माबाि
mutual non-existence

Apa — आप
1. Water; 2. One of the pancha mahabhuta which is responsible for binding all particles within a substance; 3. Synonym of Jala

apacaya अऩचम

apadeśaḥ अऩदेश्
statements which point out the definite cause for an effect and that such a cause as indispensable

apadhvaṁsana अऩध्िसन

apagamanaṁ अऩगभनॊ

apagamasmṛti अऩगभस्भतृ त
Loss of memory

apaharaṇa अऩहयण
Wasting with discoloration

apāka अऩाक

apakarṣaṇaṁ अऩकषणश ॊ
Stretching pain

apakartanaṁ अऩकतनश ॊ
Cutting pain

apakti śakti अऩत्तत शत्तत
Loss of digestive power or Indigestion

Apāna Vāyu अऩान िामु
One of the five subtypes of Vāyu (Vāta), situated in the pelvic region. It performs the functions like defecation, micturition, parturition, menstruation, and ejaculation.

apānaḥ अऩान्

apāṅgaḥ अऩाङ्ग्
Outer Canthus. The angle at lateral side of the slit between the eyelids.

apāṅgaputrikā अऩाङ्गऩत्रु त्रका
Tragus - cartilagenous portion in front of external meatus of the ear.

apāṅgasandhi अऩाङ्गसत्न्ध
Outer junction of the eye lids. The angle at lateral side of the slit between the eyelids.

aparā अऩया
Placenta - The oval or discoid spongy structure in the uterus through which the fetus derives its nourishment.

aparatva अऩयत्ि
Inferior Quality; one among 10 Paradi gunas;

apasaraṇa अऩसयण

apasavyaparidhāna अऩसव्मऩरयधान
Upper garment worn in a fashion so as fall on his left arm.

apāstabuddhi अऩास्तफद्ु धध
Loss of intelligence

apāstasaṁjñā अऩास्तसऻॊ ा

apāstasmṛti अऩास्तस्भतृ त
Loss of memory

apaśyan अऩश्मन ्
Does not look forwards or Introvert

apatarpana अऩतऩणश
Under - nutrition-Regimen which leads to emaciation of the body, viz purification measures (Purgative , emesis, bloodletting and decoction enema treatments),fasting, basking, excessive exercise and even by taking negative calorie food. It is contrast to over-nutrition( Santarpana).

apathya अऩर्थम
Food and behaviors which are not conducive or not wholesome to body and mind is called as apathy. Contrast to Pathya.

apatyamārgaḥ अऩत्मभाग्श
Vagina. Genital passage. A musculo membranous tube that forms the passage way between cervix uteri and the vulva.

apatyapathaḥ अऩत्मऩथ्
Vagina. Genital passage. A musculo membranous tube that forms the passage way between cervix uteri and the vulva.

apauruṣa अऩौरुष
More than one's natural capacity

apavargaḥ अऩिग्श
Statements which indicate or include an exception to a general rule.

apavartanaṁ अऩितनश ॊ

apcara अप्चय
Animals which have made water as primary habitat or animals which resides in water comes under apacara category, it Includes those which swim about in water. Exp- Swan, Pheasant, Crane, Kingfisher etc.

apicchilaṁ अवऩत्च्छरॊ

apinatva — आपीनत्व

apradhṛṣyaṁ अप्रधष्ृ मॊ
Invincible or cannot be defeated

apraharṣa अप्रहषश
Loss of Libido, Lack of interest in sex

aprasāda indriya अप्रसाद इत्न्द्रम
Weakness of sense organs

aprasannadarśana अप्रसन्नदशनश
Unpleasant look

apraśānta अप्रशान्त

aprasiddhi अप्रमसद्धध
Loss of activities

apratihanya vāṇī अप्रततहन्म िाणी
Speaking continuously

apratisañcāra अप्रततसञ्चाय

apravartanaṁ अप्रितनश ॊ

apravṛttiḥ अप्रिवृ त्त्

aprīti अप्रीतत
Dislike or aversion

apṛthakabhāva अऩथृ कबाि
Inseparable relationship

apsu avasīdati अप्सु अिसीदतत
Sinking in water.

apsu majjati अप्सु भज्जतत
Sinking in water.

apsu majjati अप्सु भज्जतत
one of the test of avaleha or gudapaka indicating relative density

apsu nimajjati अप्सु तनभज्जतत
Sinking in water.

apsu plavati अप्सु प्रितत
Floating in water

apsu upaplavati अप्सु उऩप्रितत
Floating in water

apta — आप्त
authoritative person

aptavakyam — आप्तवाक्यम्
Authoritative speech

aptopadesah— आप्तोपदेशः
the unimpeachable truth of enlightened men; the 1st proof of justifying knowledge

apunarbhava अऩनु बिश
One of the bhasma test -the bhasma shouldn’t reverse to its original elemental state when heated with prescribed material

Apūpā अऩऩू ा
Which is made out of Barley, it removes ailments such as Udāvarta, Pratishaya( coryza), Kasa (Cough), Gala Roga (Throat diseases) etc.

apurīṣaṁ purīṣaṁ अऩयु ीषॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Watery stool

apūrvadhvani अऩिू ध्श ितन
Unprecedented sound

apya dravya — आप्य द्रव्य
substances having jala (water) as the predominant mahabhuta;

Ara — आर
Sharp big nail like sting.

Arakta chardi — आरक्त छर्दि

arambhasamarthya — आरम्भसामर्थ्य
Action initiating ability of substances, which is specific to substances because substances only can initiate any action, not their properties;

Arambhavada — आरम्भवाद
the ideology which believes that effect is produced sequentially after the sequential destruction of the cause

araṇyagomaya अयण्मगोभम
Cow dung obtained from forest

araṇyopala अयण्मोऩर
Natural form of dried cow dung cakes obtained from forest used in graded heating system

arasagrāhitā अयसग्रार्हता
loss of gustatory sensation

arasajñāna अयसऻान
Loss of gustatory sensation

arasajñatā अयसऻता
Loss of gustatory sensation

arasavedinī अयसिेर्दनी
It is symptom produced when poisoned food partaken produces loss of taste sensation (ageusia).

arati अयतत
Restlessness due to dissatisfaction

aratni अयत्त्न
Forearm, Anti-brachium. The portion of the arm between elbow and the wrist.

arbuda अफदुश

ardacharamavanaddha — आर्दचर्मावनद्ध
Feels as draped with wet clothing.

ardhamāsika prāṇahara yoga अधभामसक प्राणहय
Harmful preparation made up of moderately toxic substances which prove to be fatal in a period of 15 days.

ardhapala अधऩर
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one sukti=24 g of metric units

ardhaśarāva अधशयाि
indicating measure Synonym of one kudava=192 g of metric units

ardhobhaka puṭa अधोबक ऩटु
A graded heating system used for preparation of medicines which is equivalent to Half Gajaputa

arditakritikarana — आर्दिताकृतिकरण
Twisting of face resembling facial paralysis

Ardra — आर्द्र
Moist; Collection of herbal Materials in wet / fresh condition

ariṣṭā अरयष्टा

ariṣṭaḥ अरयष्ट्
grave prognostic sign

arkapariveṣadarśana अकश ऩरयिेषदशनश
Looks circle of sun

arkapayoleśa nicita iva अकश ऩमोरेश तनधचत इि
Looks as coated with juice of Arka (Calotropis gigentea)

arocaka अयोचक
Loss of appetite

ārogya आयोग्म
Literal meaning is disease free state; health, lightness of body, efficiency of limb and that which brings about happiness. Happiness which arises from equilibrium of the body constituents. Health is extolled as necessary for achievement of all the four objectives of life viz virtue, wealth, pleasure and Salvation (Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha).

aroma अयोभ
Absence of hair

ārota आयोट
A process of compounding of mercury in which Purified mercury is used to make the body disease free, strong & stable

arśa अशश
Piles or polypus

arśoghna अशोघ्न
antihaemorrhoidals; drugs useful in treatment of piles;

ārta svara आतश स्िय
Feeble voice

ārtava आतिश
One of the Upadhātus of Rasa Dhātu. Indicative of either Menstrual fluid or Ovum. It is dominant of Agni Mahābhūta.

ārtavāghātam आतिश ाघातभ ्
Retention of Menstrual blood

ārtavaha srotāṅsi आतिह स्रोताॊमस
Fallopian or Uterine tubes. Oviduct. / Channels with physiological importance in regulation of menstrual cycles - hypothalamo-pituitary- ovarian axis.

ārtavajanana आतिजनन
substances stimulating menstrual blood flow or ovulation;

ārtavaśoṇitam आतिश शोणणतभ ्
menstrual blood or ovum

artha अथश
objects of sensory perception

arthaḥ अथ्श
(1) Heart - a hollow muscular contractile organ, the centre of circulatory system.

arthāntaram अथाशन्तयभ ्
varying statement or false statement

arthāpatti अथाशऩवत्त
Statements made in such a manner which gives room for inferences of a different meaning.

arthaprāpti अथप्रात्प्त
Where another unsaid idea is conveyed by the said one.

arthāśraya अथाशश्रम
the word or the part of sentence where the actual meaning is lying

arthitā अधथता
Desire, Fond of

arti अततश

aru अरु

aruci अरुधच
Loss of appetite

arūṁṣikā अरूॊ वषका

aruṇa अरुण
Downy red.

aruṇābhadarśanaṁ अरुणाबदशनश ॊ
Objects look like downy red.

aruṇāḥ sirāḥ अरुणा् मसया्
Arteries - (small) arterial branches.

arunavarna — अरुणवर्ण
Downy red

arus — अरुस्

asaar [asara] — असार

aśabdaṁ अशब्दॊ

aśabdaśravaṇam अशब्दश्रिणभ ्
Acousma or hearing non existing sound

asadharana hetu — असाधारण हेतु
Factors of the disease which are not generalized to all peoples but they are specific to specific individuals. Impact of these factors depends on age, strength, constitution etc.

asahatva — असहत्व

asahishnutva [asahisnutva]— असहिष्णुत्व

aśaitya अशत्ै म
Heat generating property of poison.

asakrta nidrata — असकृत निद्रता
Improper sleep

aśakti kriyāsu अशत्तत क्रक्रमासु
Loss of motor function

aśakti अशत्तत
Lack of capacity to do properly

asamarthyam — असामर्थ्यं

asambaddhavachanam — असंबद्धवचनं
Incoherent speech

asamgita [asangita] — असंज्ञिता

asamgyakalpam — [asangyakalpam] असंज्ञकल्पं

asamhanta [asanhat] — असंहत
Disunited, unconnected, not formed into a mass

asamprapti — असम्प्राप्ति
Loss of power of sense organs

asamvayi — असमवायि
Cause that is innate to produce an effect

asamvedanam — असंवेदनं
Loss of power of sense organs

asaṁvṛtagudaṁ असिॊ तृ गदु ॊ
Prolapsed anus.

asaṁvṛtamukhaṁ असिॊ तृ भखु ॊ
Wide opening

aśana icchā अशन इच्छा
Desire to take food

aśana अशन

āsana आसन
Physical Postures

asantosh — असंतोष


asat dīpadarśanaṁ असत ् दीऩदशनश ॊ
Sees non-existing light in

asat jvalanajvaldarshanam— असत् ज्वलनज्वालदर्शनं
Sees flames that do not exist.

asat rupadarśanaṁ असत ् रुऩदशनश ॊ
Sees non-existing objects

asat tārakā darśanaṁ असत ् तायका दशनश ॊ
Sees the non-existing stars

asatkāryavāda असत्कामिाद
the ideology which believes that the effect is not present in the cause

asatmendriyarthasanyoga — असात्म्येन्द्रियार्थसंयोग
1. Incompatible contact of the sense organs with their objects. 2. One of the three main causes of disease.

Asatmya - असात्म्य
Things that are not pleasing or favorable to the mind, body, and senses are called Asatmya.

āsavatulya purīṣam आसितल्ु म ऩयु ीषभ ्
Stool resembles āsava in color and smell

āśayāḥ आशमा्
Some particular organs, or group of organs which are container of something

āsekya आसेतम
Person getting sexual gratification after oral sex.

asiddhiḥ अमसद्धध्
consequence of having no practical result

asita अमसत
Black color

aśītoṣṇa अशीतोष्ण
Neither hot nor cold

askandī rakta अस्कन्दी यतत
Uncoagulable blood

aśmagarbhābha अश्भगबाशब
Stony hardness

aśmagarbhaṁ iva अश्भगबं इि
Stony hardness

aśmarīghna अश्भयीघ्न
litholyptic; substances useful in treatment of calculi;

aśmāvṛtopaṁ अश्भाितृ ोऩॊ
Feeling of heaviness like bearing of stone

asparśasaha अस्ऩशसह
Intolerance with touch.

āsphālana bhūmi आस्पारन बमू भ
Striking the ground.

āsphotana asthāne आस्पोटन अस्थाने
Clapping at inappropriate occasions

āsphotanam akṣi आस्पोटनभ ् अक्षऺ
Bursting pain in the eye

asra अस्र
indicating the borders of materials

aśraddhā अश्रद्धा
Lack of interest, especially to take food

asragvahāḥ असग्ृ िहा्
Blood Vessels - the veins, arteries and capillaries.

asrakalpaṁ अस्रकल्ऩॊ
Color of normal blood

asrākṣi अस्राक्षऺ

āsrāva आस्राि
Exudates; Secretion

aśravaṇaṁ अश्रिणॊ
Loss of hearing

asravaṇaṁ अस्रिणॊ
Loss of recreation

āśrayatva आश्रमत्ि
Substratum; an attribute of the substances which is the substratum of properties and actions;

asṛga असगृ

asṛk chardi असकृ ् छर्दश
Vomiting of blood (Haemetemesis)

asṛk gandha असकृ ् गन्ध
Smell of blood

asṛk icchā असकृ ् इच्छा
Desire for blood

asṛk nimagnāriṣṭābha darśana असकृ ् तनभग्नारयष्टाब दशनश
Objects look as if dipped in blood.

asṛk pūrṇatā असकृ ् ऩणू तश ा
Intra abdominal bleeding

asṛkaṣṭhīva असकृ ष्ठीि
Spitting of blood (Haemoptysis)

aśru vāhiṇyau अश्रु िार्हण्मौ
Lacrimal Canaliculi - small canals concerned with conduction of tears from the lacrimal puncta to the lacrimal sac.

aśru अश्रु
Lacrimal fluids (Tears) - The liquid excreted into the eyes by the lacrimal glands

aśrumārgaḥ अश्रुभाग्श
Lacrimal apparatus - structures concerned with secretion and conduction of tears

aśruti अश्रुतत
Loss of hearing

aṣṭa giriṇḍa अष्ट धगरयण्ड
8 dried cow dung cakes obtained from forest used in graded heating system

aṣṭa nindita purusha अष्ट तनत्न्दत ऩरूु ष
Eight types of undesirable constitutions are there, those are as fallows Too tall, too short, too hairy, hairless, too white, too black, too corpulent and too emaciated. These constitutions are considered as undesirable because they do not possess sufficient resistance power against diseases. The qualitative and quantitative proportions of the tissues are not proper in them. The measurement by finger (Anguli Pramana) of the body and compactness of the tissue is also abnormal. Some opines that 8 types of undesirable constitutions are mainly related to some sort of hormonal dysfunction of the body. Dysfunction of thyroid, gonads, adrenal cortex and pituitary etc.

aṣṭamāṁsa अष्टभाॊश
indicating to quantity of material equivalent to 1/8th part

aṣṭavarga अष्टिगश
Combination of following Rhizomes of Eight Plants: Jeevak (Malaxis acuminate), Risbhak (Malaxis muscifera), Meda (Polygonatum verticillatum), Mahameda (Polygonatum cirrhifolium), Kakoli (Roscoea procera), Ksheerkakoli (Fritillaria roylei), Riddhi (Habenaria edgeworthii), Vridhi (Habenaria intermedia).

aṣṭavegam अष्टिेगभ ्
The action of poison is manifested in eight virulent stages or impulses (vega).

asthāna vāk अस्थान िाक्
Speaking at inappropriate place

āsthāpana dravya आस्थाऩन द्रव्म
substances used in BASTI;

āsthāpanopaga आस्थाऩनोऩग
Adjuvant of corrective BASTI; substances used to facilitate corrective BASTI.

asthi dhātu अत्स्थ धातु
Fifth of the seven basic Dhātus, whose function is to provide stability to the body. It is predominant of Pṛthvi and Ākāśa Mahābhūtas.

asthi अत्स्थ
Bone - specialized form of dense connective tissue consisting of bone cells embedded in a matrix made of calcified intercellular substance.

aṣṭhīlā iva अष्ठीरा इि
Stone like excessive hardness

aṣṭhīlāvat अष्ठीराित ्
Stony hard

aṣṭhīlāvata jivhā अष्ठीराित त्जव्हा
Stone like swelling and numbness of the tongue.

asthinibha अत्स्थतनब
Color of bone

asthiparvāṇi अत्स्थऩिाशणण
Bony Nodes, joints - an articulation, the point of juncture between two bones.

asthipiñjara अत्स्थवऩञ्जय
Bony skeleton - the bone framework of the body.

asthisandhayaḥ अत्स्थसन्धम्
Articulation, joints - the point of juncture between two bones.

asthisaṅghātāḥ अत्स्थसङ्घाता्
Clumps of the bones.

asthisāram अत्स्थसायभ ्
Bone marrow - the soft organic material that fills the cavities of the bones.

asthisnehaḥ अत्स्थस्नेह्
Bone marrow - the soft organic material that fills the cavities of the bones.

asthivivaram अत्स्थविियभ ्
Medullary canal - cavity within the bone containing marrow

āśu आशु
Fast or rapid.

aśubha अशबु
Ominous; Harmful for health

aśuci अशधु च
Absence of cleanliness; Impure

aśuddhi hṛdayasya अशद्ु धध रृदमस्म
Feeling of fullness in the epigastric region.

aśuddhi अशद्ु धध

āśukārī आशकु ायी
1. Fast acting or fast moving attributed to the action of the substance.

āśukāri आशकु ारय
1. Operating quickly, swiftly 2. Of sudden onset /acute

asukham असखु भ ्
Discomfort or unpleasantness, If agadas (antitoxic medicines) are used in healthy, non poisoned persons it would produce all kinds of discomfort.

asukhī असखु ी
Unhappy disposition

āśumṛtaka आशभु तृ क
Case of sudden death.

āśupāka आशऩु ाक
Quick digestion

āśutvādāśu taddhanti आशत्ु िादाशु तद्धत्न्त
Due to speedy property of poison it proves speedily fatal.

asūyana vāk असमू न िाक्
Interrupted speaking

asvapna icchā अस्िप्न इच्छा
Desire to awaking

asvapna अस्िप्न

āśvāsakara आश्िासकय
refreshing, satisfactory feeling

āśvāsana आश्िासन
In the condition of fear of poison, psychological morale boosting of the patient is advised by consoling the patient.

asvasthacitta अस्िस्थधचत्त
disturbed mind

asvāsthya अस्िास्र्थम
Discomfort, Disease

asvedanaṁ अस्िेदनॊ
Loss of Sweating

āsyam आस्मभ ्

āsyopadehaḥ आस्मोऩदेह्
coating in the mouth

aṭanaṁ अटनॊ

ātanatā आतनता
Stretched skin

atasī gandhaṁ अतसी गन्धॊ
Smell of Linseed

atasī kusumacchavi अतसी कु सभु च्छवि
Color of linseed flower

atasī phala sannibhaṁ अतसी पर सत्न्नबॊ
Resembles of Linseed

ātatā tvak आतता त्िक्
Stretched skin

atharvāṇa अथिाशण
Men, learned in the lore of the Atharva Veda.

ātharvanī आथिणश ी
one among four categories of medicines described in Atharva Veda

ati tīkṣṇa puriṣaṁ अतत तीक्ष्ण ऩरु यषॊ
Stool with excessive pungent smell

ati अतत
Excessive or Hyperactive

atibaddhaṁ अततफद्धॊ
More obstructive

atidagdhaṁ अततदग्धॊ
Excessive burns during cauterization.

atideśaḥ अततदेश्
such statements of the author permitting incorporation of useful knowledge from elsewhere not described by him

atidīrgha अततदीघश
Gigantism is one among the eight undesirable conditions, in this condition person become abnormally healthy and gain excessive height. He also become impotent and cannot resist disease. Gigantism – associated with the disturbance in the anterior pituitary which produce gigantism.

atigaura अततगौय
Being too fair or whitish skin.

atigrathitaṁ अततग्रधथतॊ
Excessive nodular or Hard

atihrasvaṁ अततह्रस्िॊ
Dwarfism is one among the eight undesirable conditions, in this condition person become abnormally healthy and become dwarf. Dwarfism- is associated with disturbance in the pituitary. In this condition such as frolich’s syndrome and Cushing syndrome such dwarf constitution is produced.

atikrāntatā अततक्रान्तता

atikṛśa अततकृ श
Too emaciated- Hyperactivity of thyroid causes wasting of muscles and develops wasting.

atiloma अततरोभ
Excessive hairs/ hirrsutism- excessive hair over the body associated with dysfunction of the pituitary, adrenal cortex and gonads, also indicates the abnormalities like PCOD,PCOS etc.

atimahāna अततभहान

atimānuṣaṁ अततभानषु ॊ
Unprecedent or Super power

atimātraṁ अततभात्रॊ

atinidrā अतततनद्रा
Excessive sleep

atiprādurbhāvaṁ अततप्रादबु ाशिॊ

atiprasaktaṁ अततप्रसततॊ

atipravṛtti अततप्रिवृ त्त

atisāraḥ अततसाय्

atisṛṣṭaṁ अततसष्ृ टॊ

atisthūla अततस्थूर
Overweight; Obese

atītakālam अतीतकारभ ्
When the matter which actually to be said earlier but is said later, and because of delayed presentation become unacceptable

atītāvekṣaṇaṁ अतीतािेऺणॊ
methods of referring back to the earlier portion of the book for information on a particular subject without which the present topic cannot be understood properly

atīva utsarga अतीि उत्सगश

ativāhika śarīra अततिार्हक शयीय
the subtle body which consist of manas, indriya and atma , devoid of gross body

ativartanaṁ अततितनश ॊ
Hyperactive, Hard

ativegaṁ अततिेगॊ

ativirecanaṁ अततवियेचनॊ

ativisarga अततविसगश

ativṛttaṁ अततित्तृ ॊ

atiyogaḥ अततमोग्
Extreme contact of sense organ with their respective objects and time

ātmā आत्भा
Soul or spirit: principle of life and sensation ,the individual self; the only conscious element in the human body

ātmānamābhisamīkṣya आत्भानभामबसभीक्ष्म
After due consideration to the self-one should indulge in taking food. Individual should keenly assess quantity and quality of the food with respect to his constitution and self. This helps to yield the healthy effect over the body.

ātopa sandhi आटोऩ सत्न्ध
Crackling sound in joints

ātopa आटोऩ
Painful distension of abdomen accompanied by rumbling noise

atṛptikaraṁ अतत्ृ प्तकयॊ
Unsatisfied, Insatiability

atyāgni अत्मात्ग्न
Excessive digestive power

atyantābhāva अत्मन्ताबाि
absolute non-existence

atyante laghvalpā bhojanaiḥ api अत्मन्ते रघ्िल्ऩा
Fullness of abdomen even taking less food.

atyarthaṁ अत्मथं

atyarthaśaṅkitaḥ अत्मथशङ्क्रकत्

atyātma vāk अत्मात्भ िाक्
Speaks more than his natural capacity

audaka māṁsa औदक भाॉस
Flesh of aquatic variety: Flesh of animal living or growing in water

audbhida gana औद्मबद
All substances of plant origin organized and unorganized.

audbhida jala औद्मबद जर
Artesian well – water which springs from the earth and flows like a large spring.

audbhida lavaṇa औद्मबद रिण
Salts derived from plants

aupādhika औऩाधधक
relating to or depending on special qualities , limited by particular conditions , valid only under particular suppositions

aupamyam औऩम्मभ ्
the statement based on similarity

aupanāsikya sirā औऩनामसतम मसया
veins of the nose-Anterior facial vein, near the nose.(Angular vein)

aupasargika roga औऩसधगकश योग
A clinically manifested disease of man resulting in the spread to another person; Communicable Disease

auṣadha औषध
medicine / drug

auṣadhi yukta bhojana औषधध मतु त बोजन
Medicine mixed with food- for those who have aversion to words the medicines, for them food should be given mixed with medicine.

auṣadhi औषधध
herbs having limited life cycle till fruiting or maturity i.e. annual plants

auṣṇya औष्ण्म

autsukya औत्सतु म

avabandhaḥ अिफन्ध्

avabhaṅga अिबङ्ग
Injured nose which is elicited by voice.

avabhañjana अिबञ्जन
Breaking pain

avabhedaka अिबेदक
Breaking pain

avacchinnaṁ अित्च्छन्नॊ

avadaraṇaṁ अिदयणॊ
Cracks of fissure

avadātaḥ अिदात्
a normal complexion of man , bright white in nature

avadhamana अिधभन
Frequent shaking movement of the body or pain in chest or irritation in the throat

avagāḍhaṁ अिगाढॊ

avagāhana अिगाहन
Immersion of anointed body in to a tub of warm water. It is one among the daily regimen which nourishes whole body, bestows strength, gives stability and enhances physical resistance power.

avagharṣaṇaṁ अिघषणश ॊ
Frequent rubbing

avagraha अिग्रह
Restricted movement

avaguṇṭhana अिगण्ु ठन
Likes to cover the head with hands

avajñā अिऻा

avakrama अिक्रभ
indicating property of material which is straight

avakṣipta अिक्षऺप्त
Hurled down from a height.

avakūjanaṁ अिकू जनॊ
Voice resembles the sound of pigeon

avalaṁbaka अिरफक कप
One of the five subtypes of Kapha that supports and sustains the heart and other sites of Kapha.

avaleha अिरेह
A pharmaceutical dosage form- confectionery the decoctions are further concentrated to semisolid consistency after adding sweetening and other substances over fire

avalekhana अिरेखन
Modes of administration of poison through comb.

avalupyata iva अिरप्ु मत इि
Cutting pain

avalupyate अिरप्ु मते
Disgust for food articles.

avamāna labdheṣu अिभान रब्धेषु
Disgust for food articles.

avamarda अिभदश
Pressing type of pain

avāmi अिामभ
Doesn’t produce nausea/vomiting- one of the test for copper containing bhasma

avamoṭana अिभोटन

avāñchā अिाञ्छा
Lack of desire

avāñcī अिाञ्ची
Face looking downwards.

avāṅmukha अिाङ्भखु
Downward looking face

avanunnatvaṁ अिनन्ु नत्िॊ
Twisting pain in chest.

āvāpa आिाऩ
A process in which the powdered material has to be sprinkled into the molten material

avapāṭana अिऩाटन
Uprooting pain in local area.

avapīḍakaḥ अिऩीडक्
The use of a particular drug in excess amount.

avapīḍana अिऩीडन
Pressing pain

avara satva अिय सत्ि
Person having poor mental tolerance/Inferior mind. They can sustain neither by themselves nor by others, although having big stature they are unable to endure even mild pain. They are associated with fear, grief, greed, confusion.

āvaraṇaṁ आियणॊ
enveloping raw material with same or other material

avarodha अियोध
Retention or stiffness

avarodhaḥ अियोध्
Shoulder - the junction of the clavicle and scapula where the arm meets the trunk.

avaropitam अियोवऩतभ ्

āvartacala dṛṣṭimaṇḍala आितचर दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Unsteady Pupil

avasāda अिसाद
1. Depression 2. Sinking, fainting, Exhaustion, fatigue 3. Lacking courage and spirit

avaśātanaṁ अिशातनॊ

avasraṁsanaṁ अिस्रसनॊ

avasṛkastrāvaṇa असकृ ् स्रािण
Blood circulation

avaṣṭambha अिष्टम्ब
Resting upon; holing of body

avasthā pāka अिस्था ऩाक
Different three phase of Digestion that takes place within the GIT i.e. stomach, small intestine & large intestine, each stage correspondingly producing Kapha, Pitta & Vata.

avasthā viruddha अिस्था विरुद्ध
Regimens which are unwholesome to health status. Intake of Vata aggravating food by a person after exhaustion, sexual act and physical exercise or intake of kapha aggravating food by a person after sleep or drowsiness.

Avasthika Kala आित्स्थक कार
Conditionally moving time is that which is concerned with the various stages diseases manifestation. Like Acute or Chronic stages.

avataraṇaṁ अितयणॊ

avaṭuḥ अिटु ्
Nape of the neck - back of the neck.

avayavaḥ अिमि्

avegaṁ अिेगॊ
Involuntary or without reflex

avekṣā pāṇyooḥ अिेऺा ऩाण्मो्
Looks towards palms frequently without any specific cause

āviddhaśiraḥ आविद्धमशय्
Bending of head

avidyā अविद्मा
ignorance and illusion

āvijanana आविजनन
Substances inducing labor pain.

avikvaṁ अवितिॊ

āvila आविर

āviladarśana आविरदशनश
Blurred vision

avimalendriyatvaṁ अविभरेत्न्द्रमत्िॊ
Weakness of sense organs

avimukta अविभतु त

avipāka अविऩाक
Impairment of digestion or metabolism

avipākī अविऩाकी

aviṣa/ nirviṣ अविष/ तनविषश ्
Detoxified state

aviṣaliṁgam अविषमरगॊ भ ्
Absence of sign of poison, a bite a non- venomous serpent is marked by the absence of any of the specific symptoms of poisoning.

avisarga अविसगश

aviśuddha अविशद्ु ध

avitatha अवितथ
Tells truth

avivarṇa अवििणश

āvṛtta nābhiḥ आित्तृ नामब्
Tortuous Umbilicus

avyakta darśanaṁ अव्मतत दशनश ॊ
Blurred vision

avyakta अव्मतत
Unmanifestated state, unapparent, indistinct, invisible, imperceptible. A feature of Vāta.

avyaktavāk अव्मततिाक्
Indistinct Speech

avyavasthita अव्मित्स्थत

avyaya अव्मम
Not liable to change; Imperishable, A synonym of Ātmā

āyāma आमाभ
Stretching of vein

ayānai gamanodyama अमानै गभनोद्मभ
Riding on undesirable vehicles.

āyāsa icchā आमास इच्छा
Desire for Exercise

āyāsa आमास
Physical exertion, Toil

ayodaṇḍa अमोदण्ड
Iron ladle/ rod used for different processes of medicines

ayoga अमोग
Non employment , non use, non application, non performance

āyu आमु
1. Span of life, 2. continuous combination of sattva, atma, sharira, indriya

āyurveda आमिु ेद
The Science and Knowledge of life, which describes all substances of the universe in terms of their being beneficial, harmful, pleasant and unpleasant to life

āyuṣyaḥ आमष्ु म्
substances which enhance life span

baddha adhovāyu फद्ध अधोिामु

baddhābaddhaṁ फद्धाफद्धॊ
Suppressed or loose motion irregularly

baddhadarśanaṁ फद्धदशनश ॊ
Blurred vision

baddhaṁ फद्धॊ

baddhamuṣṭi फद्धभत्ु ष्ट
Closed fist

bādhā फाधा

bādhirya फाधधमश
Loss of hearing

bahalaṁ फहरॊ

bahiḥśītaṁ फर्ह्शीतॊ
a process where material is cooled by removing heat source-External cooling

bahirjihvā फर्हत्जवश िा
Protrusion of tongue

bahirnirgamanaṁ guda फर्हतनगश भश नॊ गदु
Prolapsed Rectum

bahiścetana फर्हश्चेतन
living beings having externally manifested consciousness like those of humans

bahu nidrā फहु तनद्रा
Excessive sleep

bahu pratāna snāya फहु प्रतान स्नाम
Clear manifestation of tendon network

bahu pratāna फहु प्रतान
Multiple network

bahu फहु
Much, many, frequent, abundant, numerous, great or considerable in quantity. An attribute of Vāta.

bahubhuk फहुबकु ्
intake of more quantity of food

bāhuceṣṭāpahārī फाहुचेष्टाऩहायी
loss of motor function of upper limb

bahudhā darśanaṁ फहुधा दशनश ॊ
Multiple visions

bāhuḥ फाहु्
Upper limb

bāhukarmakṣayaḥ फाहुकभऺश म्
Loss of motor function of upper limb.

bahulā फहुरा
Excessive, thick

bāhulyaṁ फाहुल्मॊ

bahunidratā फहुतनद्रता
Excessive sleep.

bāhurajjula tāpāśaiḥ kaṇṭhapīḍanam फाहुयज्जुर ताऩाश्ै कण्ठऩीडनभ ्
strangulation (manual garroting) etc

bahuśaḥ फहुश्

bahuvāk फहुिाक्

bahvāśī फविाशी
Intake of more quantity of food

bāhya mala फावम भर
Impurities seen on external part of the body. It’s a sign of poor personnel hygiene, which may end up in many ailments like itching, burning sensation etc.

bāhyadruti फावमद्रतु त
It is a mercurial process where materials are Added after Melting the material outside separately.

bakkasa फतकस
it is the sediment part of the fermentation process and Synonym of surabija- seed and is used for an initiation of the fermentation process

bāla icchā फार इच्छा
Fond of Children

bala praṇāśa फर प्रणाश
Loss of physical strength or weakness

bala फर
Energy required to perform daily activities is Strength. – Individual strength has been classified in 3 types. Sahaja – Hereditary, Yuktija Strength achieved from exercise, food etc. Kalaja – natural strength received during Visarga kala. As long as the patient has good strength he can resist the all sorts of the diseases easily. If this strength or immunity is decreased minor diseases can create serious symptoms.

bāla फार
Childhood- it is determined from birth to 16 years, when dhatus are immature, sexual character are not manifested; the body is delicate with incomplete strength& dominance of kapha dhatu.

balābhāva फराबाि
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balabhraṁśa फरभ्रशॊ
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balādāna फरादान
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balahrāsa फरह्रास
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balakṣaya फरऺम
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balanāśa फरनाश
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balāpaharaṇa फराऩहयण
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balāpakarṣaṇa फराऩकषणश
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balaparihāni फरऩरयहातन
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balaparikṣaya फरऩरयऺम
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balasaṅkṣaya फरसङ्ऺम
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balavat puruṣe deśejanme फरित ् ऩरुु षे देशजे न्भे
Birth in a place which is endowed with energized persons. One among the strengthening factor which is concerned with the place. Individual taken birth in that place where there is a good vitality. That is birth in Jangala desha (arid place), will have good tolerance capacity.

balavatpuruṣe kāla janme फरित्ऩरुु षे कार जन्भे
One among the strengthening factor which is concerned with the time. Individual taken birth in the time where there is a good vitality. That is birth in Visarga kala, will have good tolerance capacity.

balavighāta फरविघात
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balavināśa फरविनाश
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balavṛddhikara bhāva फरिद्ृ धधकय बाि
Factors which increase and maintain the strength of an individual it includes birth in a place having strong person, that in a time conducive for strength, favorable time, excellence of seed and soil, excellence of diet, body, suitability and psyche, natural mechanism, youth, physical exercise and cheerfulness.

balepaghāta फरेऩघात
Loss of physical strength or weakness

baliḥ फमर्
Sacrificial offering or propitiatory oblation.

balikarma icchā फमरकभश इच्छा
Likes to do oblation

baloptaptiḥ फरोप्तत्प्त्
Loss of physical strength or weakness

balya फल्म
strength, stamina & immunity promoter

bandha फन्ध

bandhanāśa ārtava फन्धनाश आतिश
Loss of menstrual blood.

bandhujīvakanibhaṁ फन्धुजीिकतनबॊ
Bright red eye, like the flower of Pentapetes phoenicae

bandhujīvapratīkāśaṁ फन्धुजीिप्रतीकाशॊ
Bright red eye, like the flower of Pentapetes phoenicae

bastābhagandha फस्ताबगन्ध
Resembling the smell of goat.

bastagandha mūtraṁ फस्तगन्ध भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembling the smell of goat.

basti फत्स्त

bastinibha udaraḥ फत्स्ततनब उदय्
Abdomen resembles like a bladder filled with water

between the lens and the cornea in the aqueous humor of the eye"

bhā बा
reflection of the skin color

bhagnatvaṁ iva बग्नत्िॊ इि
Micturition with breaking pain

bhagnatvaṁ बग्नत्िॊ
Breaking pain

bhairava बयि
Bizarre look

bhājana बाजन
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one adhak_ =3.073 g of metric units

bhakṣaṇa बऺण
Ingestion - oral administration

bhakṣya बक्ष्म
masticable; dietary substances to be masticated; e.g.

Bhaktha बतत
Food or drinks consumed by the individual.

bhakti बत्तत
A natural inclination or fondness for something; Desire

bhaktivibhramaḥ बत्ततविभ्रभ्
Perverted desire or there will not be desire on things which were desired previously.

bhaṅgaḥ aṅgaḥ बङ्ग् अङ्ग्
Breaking pain in the body.

bhaṅgaḥ skandhasya बङ्ग् स्कन्धस्म
Drooping of shoulders.

bhaṅganīla बङ्गनीर
Bee like blue color

bhaṅguram बङ्गयु भ ्
Quality of material indicating Brittleness/ fragility

bhañjana बञ्जन
Breaking pain

bhānupaka बानऩु ाक
certain pharmaceutical products are to be prepared by exposing them to sun rays

bhāra बाय
Indicating measure 40 tulas are equal to one bhar i.e. 96 kg (rounded to 1.0 quintals) of metric units.

bhārāḍhaya बायाढम
Heavy in weight – indicating the concentration of the material

bhārikaṁ बारयकॊ
Heaviness of the head.

bharjana बजनश
Frying/Roasting- one of the process applied in purification/refining of the material

bhasma बस्भ

bhasmābhaḥ बस्भाब्
Ash color.

bhasmanibhaḥ बस्भतनब्
Ash color.

bhasmodakapratīkāśaṁ mūtraṁ बस्भोदकप्रतीकाशॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles the washings of ash.

bhastra बस्त्र
used for blowing purpose

bhāsvara बास्िय
Shining indicating the mineral property of reflecting of light by the surface -

bhauma sarpa बौभ सऩश
Terrestrial snakes.

bhāvaḥ बाि्
state of existence

bhāvana बािन
Steeping - it’s a type of modulatory process of qualities of food & drugs. Steeping the food articles with any kind of decoction or juice will enhances the properties of the particular food and drug.

bhāvanā बािना
One of the process applied in purification/refining of the material

bhāvikasvapna बाविक स्िप्न
Dreams indicative of future happenings

bhayaḥ बम्

bheda बेद
Splitting pain Breaking pain

bhedana बेदन
Breaking pain

bhedanīya बेदनीम
a group of purgatives

bhekābha बेकाब
Color of frog

bheṣaja बेषज

bhidyata iva मबद्मत इि
Piercing pain, Breaking pain

bhindana iva मबन्दन इि
Breaking pain


bhinna kāṁsyapatratā मबन्न काॊस्मऩत्रता
Weak voice resembles the broken bell metal.

bhinna kāṁsyopama dhvani मबन्न काॊस्मोऩभ ध्ितन
Sound resembles the broken bell metal.

bhinna kansyapatrata — भिन्न कांस्यपत्रता
The weak voice resembles the broken bell metal.

bhinna svaraḥ मबन्न स्िय्
Hoarseness of voice

bhinna viṭka मबन्न विट्क
Loose motion

bhinnārci मबन्नाधचश
When poisonous food is put into fire, the food burns in severed & disjointed flames.

bhiṣak dveṣa मबषक् द्िेष
Aversion to physician

bhojanaśeṣaṁ बोजनशषे ॊ
Stomach contents

bhojanasyāvarodh बोजनस्माियोध
Stagnation of food in the gut.

bhojyoparodha बोज्मोऩयोध
Difficulty in deglutition.

bhrājaka pitta भ्राजक वऩत्त
One of the five subtypes of Pitta that causes Illumination or shining of the skin.

bhrājiṣṇu akṣi भ्रात्जष्णु अक्षऺ
Dazzling appearance of the eye

bhrājiṣṇu darśanaṁ भ्रात्जष्णु दशनश ॊ
Objects look as dazzling

bhrama भ्रभ
Giddiness, Dizziness or tremor.

bhramaṇa pāda भ्रभण ऩाद
Unsteady foot

bhramaṇa भ्रभण

bhramanti iva darśanaṁ भ्रभत्न्त इि दशनश ॊ
Objects look as revolving

bhrāmara भ्राभय
Variety of honey collected from Bhramara type of honey bee. Color of this honey will be of whitish.

bhraṁśa भ्रशॊ

bhrānta cetaḥ भ्रान्त चेत्
Perplexed mind

bhrānta darśanaṁ भ्रान्त दशनश ॊ
Perplexed sight

bhrāntaṁakṣi भ्रान्तअक्षऺ
Frantic eye

bhrāntaprekṣī भ्रान्तप्रेऺी
Seeing things in faulty manner

bhṛśa बशृ

bhṛśavegī बशृ िेगी
Excess flow

bhrūkṣepa भ्रऺू ेऩ
Spasmodic movement of the eyebrow

bhrūvyudāsa भ्रव्ू मदु ास
Spasmodic movement of the eyebrow.

bhū बू
Earth: the proto-element

bhūdhar yantra बधू य् मन्त्र
An apparatus used for purification, digestion etc processes by submerging it under ground and applying heat from above

bhugna बग्ु न

bhujaḥ बजु ्
Upper limb

bhuktopaghāta बतु तोऩघात
Loss of appetite

bhuri annaṁ बरु य अन्नॊ
Intake of more quantity of food

bhuritā बरु यता

bhūṣaṇa बषू ण

bhūta dhātri बतू धात्रत्र
It is made up two words, Bhuta – living things, Dhatri- women giving nutrition to the baby by own breast milk. It is another name of Ratri swabhava prabhava Nidra, is a type of Nidra comes due to the effect of night. It’s a natural sleep. This type of sleep nourishes one’s own body similar breast milk nourishing the new born baby.

bhūtāgni बतू ात्ग्न
Five types of Agni, those act after Jatharagni, but before Dhatvagni on the food and its metabolites. They are: Parthiva, Apya, Taijasa, Vayaviya and Nabhasa. They act on the corresponding substrate based on Pancabhautika composition to make them homologous to that of the bodily constituents.

bhūtaḥ बतू ्
Evil spirits or extrinsic micro-organism

bhūtātmā बतू ात्भा
The self consisting of the elements, The soul of all being.

bījakṣetraguṇa saṁpat फीजऺेत्रगणु सऩॊ त ्
Excellence of seed (sperm and ovum) & soil (Womb) - it is the one of the strengthening factors of the body. Child grown to the parents having Excellency in sperm, ovum and womb will be endowed with good strength, vitality and immunity.

bījāvarta फीजाितश
A stage of satvapatana in which flame attains color of melting material indicating the metal supposed to melt

bileśayā त्रफरेशमा
Includes animals living in burrows. Exp- toad, Iguana, snake, porcupine.

bilva त्रफल्ि
indicating measure Synonym of one pala=48 g of metric units

biṁbisī त्रफत्रफसी
defecation with burning and gripping pain

bindishatai chiyatechangeh — बिन्दुशतैः चियतेचाङ्गैः
Petechial patches.

bindu त्रफन्दु
A spot

bindubhiḥ ācaya त्रफन्दमु ब् आचम
Multiple spots on skin.

binduśaḥ mutraṁ त्रफन्दशु ् भत्रु ॊ
Passing urine drop by drop.


bodhaka kapha फोधक कप
One of the five subtypes of Kapha that helps in the perception of taste.

bradhnaḥ ब्रध्न्

brahmacarya ब्रवभचमश
A state of continence and chastity abstaining from sexual relations and experience

bramhā muhūrta ब्राम्ह भहु ूतश
Brahmā means relating to Bramha or creator or supreme spirit or to sacred knowledge or study or divine or presided over by a Bramha. Muhūrta refers to partic, period of the day. Brahmā muhūrta includes time between 4th Ghatika and 2nd Ghatika before sunrise, or 48 minutes of auspicious period before sunrise. It’s the relevant time for thinking brahmā or to study.

bramhacarya ब्राम्हचमाश
Avoidance of sexual act physically, mentally & verbally all ways under any circumstances. Control over genital organ, which leads to pleasant mind & helpful to attain knowledge about Bramha (supreme god)

bṛhat pañcamūla फहृ त ् ऩञ्चभरू
a combination of following five roots obtained from trees

bṛṁhaṇa फहॊृ ण
All procedures and treatment which increase body weight and strength is called Brimhana. This therapy is indicated for emaciated, weak and debilitated and for those in convalescence from chronic illness like

bṛṁhaṇīya फहॊृ णीम
anabolic/promoters of tissue growth

bubhukṣā फबु ऺु ा
Desire to take food.

bud bud tulyamāṁsa फद्ु फद्ु तल्ु मभाॊस
Skin covered with bubble like flesh.

buddhi upaghāta फद्ु धध उऩघात
Lack of intelligence

buddhi uparodha फद्ु धध उऩयोध
Lack of intelligence

buddhi फद्ु धध
The power of forming and retaining conceptions and general notions , intelligence , reason , intellect , discernment , judgment

buddhibhrama फद्ु धधभ्रभ
Perverted intelligence

buddhikṣaya फद्ु धधऺम
Lack of intelligence

buddhimoha फद्ु धधभोह
Perverted intelligence

buddhināśa फद्ु धधनाश
Lass of intelligence

buddhivibhrama फद्ु धधविभ्रभ
Perverted intelligence

buddhivibhraṁśa फद्ु धधविभ्रशॊ
intellectual aberration

buddhiviparyaya फद्ु धधविऩममश
Perverted intelligence

caitanya चैतन्म
Consciousness: character of self

caitya चैत्म
Religious or sacred tree.

cakrīm चक्रीभ ्
Making levigated material into small disc shaped pellets for preparing ashes.

cakṣu चऺु
Eye. One of the five sense organs.

cakṣuṣyaṁ चऺुष्मॊ
substances beneficial for eye health

cala svaraḥ चर स्िय्
Unsteady voice

cala चर
To move

calaceṣṭā चरचेष्टा
Unsteady activities

cāladanta चारदन्त
Looseness of teeth

caladarśanaṁ चरदशनश ॊ
Unsteady sight

calita agra hasta चमरत अग्र हस्त
tremor of hand

calita bhrū चमरत भ्रू
Trembling of eyebrow

calita eka kapola चमरत एक कऩोर
Trembling of one cheek

cañcalā चञ्चरा

cañcumālakasaṁyuktaṁ चञ्चुभारकसमॊ तु तॊ
Compact beak like ring mark on skin

candrakaḥ चन्द्रक्
Color of Peacock feather

candrakaiḥ santataṁ चन्द्रकै ् सन्ततॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool as the color of peacock feather.

candrakopagataṁ चन्द्रकोऩगतॊ
Stool as the color of peacock feather

candrakopamaṁ चन्द्रकोऩभॊ
Stool as the color of feather of peacock

candrākṛti dṛṣṭi maṇḍala चन्द्राकृ तत दृत्ष्ट भण्डर
Moon shaped pupil

candrārka चन्द्राकश
An alloy of silver and copper in the ratio of 16:12 respectively

caṅkramaṇa चङ्क्रभण
Person after taking food should walk for a hundred feet slowly, that way reduces the heaviness of the body and aid in easy digestion of consumed food.

Cannabis sativa"

capalaceṣṭā चऩरचेष्टा
Unsteady activities

cāraṇa चायण
It is one of the process of mercury where measured quantity of material has to be added for further process of digestion

carma चभश

carvya चव्मश
Food which is consumed after chewing.

caṣakā चषका
A shallow saucer of clay or iron used for frying/roasting of materials

cāṣapakṣanibhaṁ चाषऩऺतनबॊ
Bluish colored urine.

caṭacaṭāyanatvaṁ चटचटामनत्िॊ
Cracking sound

cāṭālatvaṁ yonyā चाटारत्िॊ मोन्मा
Dilatation of vagina.

caṭitatvaṁ iva चर्टतत्िॊ इि
Cracking pain

caturbhadrā चतबु द्रश ा
A group consisting of following four drugs Nagar (Rhizome of Zingiber officinale), Ativisha (Root of Aconitum heterophyllum), Musta (Rizome of Cyperus rotundus), Guduchi (Stem of Tinospora cardifolia).

caturbīja चतफु ॉज
A combination of following four seeds viz. Methika (Trigonella foenum- graecum), Chandrashoor (Lepidium sativum), Kalājaji (Nigella sativa), and yavanika (Trachyspermum ammi).

caturdaṁṣṭro चतदु ंष्रो
Animals having four poisonous fangs.

caturjātaka चतजु ाशतक
Combination of following four fragrant drugs viz. Twak (Bark of Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Ela (Fruit of Elettaria cardamomum), Patra (Leaves of Cinnamomum tamala), and Nagkesar (Androceum of Mesua ferrea).

caturūṣaṇa चतरूु षण
A combination of following four parts of three exothermic drugs that is Pippali and Pippali moola (Fruit and root of Piper longam), Maricha (Fruit of Piper nigrum), Shunthi (Rizome of Zingiber officinale).

caturviṁśatyupakramam चतवु िशं त्मऩु क्रभभ ्
Twenty four modalities of treatment of poisoning.

catuṣpāda चतष्ु ऩाद
a group consisting of following four words Bhishag (Physician), Dravya (Drugs/Medicine), Upasthata (Attendant) and Rogi (Patient)

cauṇṭyam चौण्डम
Canals water – the clear water flowing through the naturally broken stones, filled with water plants having the color of blue lotus.

cayaḥ चम्

ceṣṭā चेष्टा
physical or mental efforts

ceṣṭābhaṅgaḥ चेष्टाबङ्ग्
Loss of motor function

ceṣṭānurūpa चेष्टानरूु ऩ
Imitation of actions of others

ceṣṭāpaharatva चेष्टाऩहयत्ि
Loss of motor function of upper limb

ceṣṭāpaharatvaṁ hasta चेष्टाऩहयत्िॊ हस्त
Loss of motor function of lower limb

ceṣṭāvaha srotāṁsi चेष्टािह स्रोताॊमस
Motor nerves - A nerve that transmits impulses from nervous system to effectors.

ceṣṭāvantaḥ sandhayaḥ चेष्टािन्त् सन्धम्
Movable joints - Joints characterized by the presence of a cavity within the capsule separating the bony elements.

ceṣṭāvibhrama चेष्टाविभ्रभ
Improper activities.

cetaḥ sthānam चेत् स्थानभ ्
Brain - A large soft mass of nerve tissue, contained within the cranium.

cetaḥ चेत्
psyche or mind

cetanā चेतना
Conscious element: Universal soul or spirit.

cetanācyuti चेतनाच्मतु त
Loss of consciousness

cetanadravya चेतनद्रव्म
animate substances; substances having consciousness like plants, animals

cetanaḥ चेतन्

cetanāvāna चेतनािान
the conscious one:

chachika छतछक
Prepared by adding large amount of water to Madhita.

chalam छरभ ्
Fraudulent or delusive statements and unmeaning verbosity

chāna छान
A synonym of dried cow dung cake

chardi छर्दश

chardinigrahaṇa छर्दशतनग्रहण

chatra dhāraṇa छत्र धायण
Holding of umbrella- prevents from rain, wind, dust, snow etc. is wholesome for complexion, vision and ojas and has overall salutary effect.

chatrābha dṛṣṭimaṇḍala छत्राब दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Umbrella shaped pupil

chāyā icchā छामा इच्छा
Fond of Shade

chāyā छामा
skin reflection based on color and Complexion

chāyāvighāta छामाविघात
Diminished complexion

cheda छे द
Cutting pain

chedana छे दन
A process in which material is chopped into small pieces by sharing action

chedanaṁ छे दनॊ

chidra danta तछद्र दन्त
Carries in teeth

chidra तछद्र
Opening; Hole

chidraiḥ adhovāyu तछद्रै् अधोिामु
Passing of flatus through ulcer

chidraiḥ purīṣapravartanaṁ तछद्रै् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Passing stool through ulcer

chidraiḥ śukraṁ तछद्रै् शक्रु ॊ
Passing semen through ulcer

chidraprahārī तछद्रप्रहायी
Attacking on other's weak points

chidyanta iva तछद्मन्त इि
Cutting pain

chidyate iva तछद्मते इि
Cutting pain

Childrens and alpa Satva persons will come under this categories."

chinatti iva तछनवत्त इि
Cutting pain

chinnā dṛṣṭimaṇḍala तछन्ना दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Splitted pupil

chinna vraṇa तछन्न व्रण
Incised wound.

chinnaṁ niśśeṣataḥ asthi तछन्नॊ तनश्शषत् अत्स्थ
Complete cutting of broken bone

cibukaḥ धचफकु ्

cibukam धचफकु भ ्
Chin or Mentum - Point of the lower jaw, region below lower lip.

cikitsya puruṣa धचक्रकत्स्म ऩरुु ष
the body consists of five mahabhuta and atma

cikkaṇa धचतकण

cimicimāyana धचमभधचभामन

cintānurupa धचन्तानरुु ऩ
Imitation of thinking

cintāpara धचन्ताऩय
Thinking excessively

cintyam धचन्त्मभ ्
The subject of thought

cipiṭa धचवऩट

cirapāka धचयऩाक
Delayed digestion

cirāt nimeṣaṁ धचयात ् तनभेषॊ
Closing of eye with difficulty

cirāt niṣekaṁ धचयात ् तनषके ॊ
Delayed ejaculation

cirāt vadanaṁ धचयात ् िदनॊ
Delayed speech

cirāt धचयात ्

ciravāsasa धचयिासस
Wearing rags from road sides.

citrā rāga dṛṣṭimaṇḍala धचत्रा याग दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Multicolored pupil

citraṁ manonugataṁ धचत्रॊ भनोनगु तॊ
Reveals secrets

citrarūpa darśanaṁ धचत्ररूऩ दशनश ॊ
Seeing objectives in multi color.

citta bhraṁśa धचत्त भ्रशॊ
Perplexed mind

cittavibhrama धचत्तविभ्रभ
Perplexed mind

cittavibhraṁśa धचत्तविभ्रशॊ
Perplexed mind

cittaviplava धचत्तविप्रि
perplexed mind

cittopaplava धचत्तोऩप्रि
Perplexed mind

ciyatecāṅgaiḥ त्रफन्दशु त्ै

coṣaḥ चोष्
Sucking type of sensation

covering the alveolar processes of the jaw"

cucchundaragandha चुच्छु न्दयगन्ध
Smell of Rat

cūcukam चूचुकभ ्
Nipple; The conical protuberance in each breast from which the lactiferous ducts discharge in the female.

cullikā चुत्ल्रका
The disappearance of color of plating after staying for some days

cumbikā चुत्म्फका
A kind of magnetic iron which attracts to iron- magnetic property

cūrṇāvakīrṇābha चूणाशिकीणाशब
Dusty appearance

cūrṇitam चूणणतश भ ्
Powdering – preparing fine powder

cūṣaṇa चूषण

cūṣya चूष्म
It refers to suckable

cūṣyata iva basti चूष्मत इि फत्स्त
Sucking pain in bladder.

cyavanaṁ च्मिनॊ
Falling or dislocation

cyutaṁ sthānāt hṛdyaṁ च्मतु ॊ स्थानात ् रृद्मॊ
Dislocated feeling of heart

cyutiḥ च्मतु त्
Falling or dislocation

dadhikūrcika दधधकू धचकश
When the milk is boiled with curd it curdles. The watery portion is discarded and the solid portion is collected as Dadhi Kurcika.

dadhimastu दधधभस्तु
It is the supernatant liquid portion in the curd/yoghurt

dadhivarga दधधिगश
Group(8) of Yoghurts and its various stages

dadhyābhaṁ purīṣaṁ दध्माबॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Burnt like stool

dagdhābhā dṛṣṭimaṇḍala दग्धाबा दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Pupil looks as burned

dagdhāgni iva दग्धात्ग्न इि
Color of burnt scar.

dagdhaguḍābhāsaṁ दग्धगडु ाबासॊ
Color of burned Jaggery

dagdhākṛti bhṛśaṁ pāki दग्धाकृ तत बशृ ॊ ऩाक्रक
Symptoms produced in a spider bite causing dushivisha (slow poison), the bite place appears as a burn and it gets suppurated quickly.

dagdhaṁ दग्धॊ
a stage observed in the preparation of the medicines where the material is burned

dagdhapāka दग्धऩाक
Completion of the process over above the stage of kharpaka – charred state

dagdhasya hrdayamadagdham dṛṣṭvā vā दग्धस्म ह्र्दमभदग्धभ ् दृष्ट्िा िा
Sign of suspected poisoning meaning heart remains intact while body is burning.

dāhaṁ दाहॊ
Burning sensation.

dahat iva ārtava दहत ् इि आतिश
Menstruation with burning sensation

dahat iva ucchāsa दहत ् इि उच्छास
Expiration with burning sensation

dahat iva दहत ् इि
Burning sensation.

dahat liṅgaṁ दहत ् मरङ्गॊ
Ejaculation with burning in penis

dahat mūtraṁ दहत ् भत्रू ॊ
Burning Micturition.

dahatyagnirivādau tu bhinattīvordhvamāśu दहत्मत्ग्नरयिादौ तु मबनत्तीिोध्िभश ाशु
In scorpion bite, there is intense burning pain in the beginning and thereafter there is pinching pain which spreads upwards instantaneously.

dāhavat purīṣapravartanaṁ दाहित ् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation with burning sensation

dainyaṁ दैन्मॊ
Wretchedness, pathetic.

daivavyapāśraya दैिव्मऩाश्रम
non-pharmacological management of illness applying spiritual intervention

daivī दैिी
one among four categories of medicines described in Atharva Veda

dakshinayan/visargakaal — विसर्गकाल/दक्षिणायन
Also called the Southern solstice or Dakshinayana. It indicates the movement of the sun. During this period the sun begins moving southward. This period enhances the strength of all living beings. Dakshinayan Kala Includes three seasons Varsha, Sharada, and Hemanta

dakṣiṇayan/visargakāla दक्षऺणामन

dālana danta दारन दन्त

dalana दरन

dālyata iva दाल्मत इि
Cracking pain

damaḥ दभ्
self restraint

ḍamaruyaṁtra डभरुमत्रॊ
A dumble shaped apparatus used for extraction/sublimation of mercury etc from metals & non-metals

dambha darśanaṁ दम्ब दशनश ॊ
Fixed gaze

daṁśā bahuttaravi ṣā bhṛśāḥ दॊशा फहुत्तयवि षा बशृ ा्
Poison coming out of the snake fangs viz., lower left, upper left, lower right and upper right is progressively more and more virulent and incurable.

daṁśa viśīryate दॊश विशीमतश े
Symptom of the hornet sting is suppuration of the bitten part.

daṁśa दॊश

daṁśadeśa दॊशदेश
site of bite/sting

daṁśakothaḥ दॊशकोथ्
Putrefaction/ suppuration of the affected part.

daṁśāvadaraṇaṁ दॊशािदयणॊ

daṁṣṭrā दॊष्रा
Ayurvedic term for poisonous teeth which is counted as site of poison and medium of spreading poison/infection by the way bite of animal.

daṁṣṭrānipātāḥ दॊष्रातनऩाता्
Distinct impression of all the fangs on the bitten part.

daṁṣṭrāviṣaṁ maulaṁ hanti दॊष्राविषॊ भौरॊ हत्न्त
Animate type of poison is neutralized by the use of inanimate poisons.

daṁṣṭriṇaḥ दॊत्ष्रण्
All poisonous animals.

daṁṣṭrotthaṁ दॊष्रोत्थॊ
The poison which originates from fangs or canines in animals.

daṁśyata iva vṛścika दॊश्मत इि ित्ृ श्चक
Pain resembles from the bite of scorpion.

daṇḍa dharaṇa दण्ड धयण
Holding stick removes fear of dog, reptiles, ferocious beasts and horned animals. Protects from falling, slipping and other defects.

dantabandhanaṁ दन्तफन्धनॊ
Gum/ Gingiva - The fleshy substance or tissue covering the alveolar processes of the jaw

dantadaśana दन्तदशन
Gnashing of the teeth

dantādhāra दन्ताधाय
Gum/Alveolar arch - The fleshy substance or tissue covering the alveolar processes of the jaw

dantāgram दन्ताग्रभ
Cutting margin of tooth - Crown of the tooth

dantaḥ दन्त्

dantaharṣaḥ दन्तहष्श
Gnashing of teeth

dantaharṣaṁ दन्तहषं
Hypersensitivity in teeth.

dantakāṣṭha दन्तकाष्ठ
A piece of plant, stick or twig which is used for cleaning teeth & in ancient time it was used for giving the poison.

dantākṣepa दन्ताऺेऩ
Gnashing of teeth

dantamāṁsam दन्तभाॊसभ ्
Gum - The fleshy substance or tissue covering the alveolar processes of the jaw

dantamūlam दन्तभरू भ ्
Root of teeth/Gum - Part of the human teeth covered by cementum/The fleshy substance or tissue

dantamūlāt raktaṁ दन्तभरू ात ् यततॊ
Bleeding from Gums

dantapiṇḍikā दन्तवऩत्ण्डका
Gum/Alveolar arch - The fleshy substance or tissue covering the alveolar processes of the jaw

dantapradaśana दन्तप्रदशन
Gnashing of the teeth

dantasadanaṁ दन्तसदनॊ
Falling of teeth

dantaśaithilya दन्तशधथल्म
Looseness of teeth.

dantaśopha दन्तशोप
Swelling of gums

dantatvak दन्तत्िक्
Enamel - A hard white dense substance forming a covering for the crown of the teeth

dantavalkaṁ दन्तिल्कॊ
Enamel - A hard white dense substance forming a covering for the crown of the teeth

dantaveṣṭakaḥ दन्तिेष्टक्
Alveolar arch/Gum - The fleshy substance or tissue covering the alveolar processes of the jaw

dantaveṣṭebhyaḥ raktaṁ दन्तिेष्टेभ्म् यततॊ
Bleeding from Gums

dantkhādana दन्त्खादन
Gnashing of the teeth

dantolukhalāni दन्तोरखु रातन
Bony sockets of teeth - A dental alveolus of the maxilla or mandible, a cavity that contains the root of a tooth.

daraḥ दय्
Cardiac murmur

daraṇa hṛdayaṁ दयण रृदमॊ
Cracking pain in heart

daraṇa दयण
Cracks, Fissure

dāraṇaṁ दायणॊ
Cracks, Fissure

dārḍhya दार्ढशम
hardness , fixedness , stability , strength

darpa दऩश
Pride, arrogance

darśana apaghāta दशनश अऩघात
Blurred vision.

darśana aśakti दशनश अशत्तत
Blurred vision

darśana asāmarthyaṁ दशनश असाभर्थमं
Blurred vision.

darśana grahaṇaṁ दशनश ग्रहणॊ
Blurred vision.

darśana hāni दशनश हातन
Blurred vision.

darśana kṛśatā दशनश कृ शता
Blurred vision.

darśana kṣaya दशनश ऺम
Blurred vision.

darśana nāśa दशनश नाश
Blurred vision.

darśana rodha दशनश योध
Blurred vision.

darśana rodhanaṁ दशनश योधनॊ
Blurred vision.

darśana upaghāta दशनश उऩघात
Blurred vision

darśana uparodha दशनश उऩयोध
Blurred vision.

darśana vadha दशनश िध
Blurred vision.

darśana vibhramaṁ दशनश विभ्रभॊ
Blurred vision.

darśana दशनश
1. Looking at, seeing, observing 2. Inspection / examination

To see

darśanavināśa दशनश विनाश
Restricted vision or Blurred vision.

dāruṇa दारुण

darvīkara दिॉकय
Hooded snake/cobras.

daśaguṇam दशगणु भ ्
Ten attributes or properties of poison by which it acts on the body and produces harmful effects.

daśaguṇānvit दशगणु ात्न्ित
A poison which proves almost instantaneously fatal (within a day) should be regarded as having all ten qualities of poison.

daśamūla दशभरू
A combination of following ten roots obtained from Five trees Bilva (Aegle marmelos), Agnimantha (Premna mucronata), Shyonak (Oroxylum indicum), Pātla (Stereospermum suaveolens), Gambhari (Gmelina arborea) and Five plants Shālparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prishnaparni (Uraria picta), Brahti (Solanum indicus), Kantkari (Solanum surattense), and Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris).

daśanacchadaḥ दशनच्छद्

daśanacchadau दशनच्छदौ
Labia or lips

daśanāḥ दशना्
Teeth - Hard bony projection in jaws serving as organ of mastication

daṣṭa दष्ट

daṣṭaḥ śītodakeneva

daṣṭakam दष्टकभ ्
It is a type of snake bite in which three marks of the fangs are seen accompanied with tearing of the muscle but not of blood vessels.

daṣṭanipīḍita दष्टतनऩीडडत
It is a type of snake bite in which four fang marks are seen with tearing of the muscles but not of the blood vessels.

dattvā दत्त्िा
By giving / adding

daugdhikapuṣpavat दौत्ग्धकऩष्ु ऩित ्
Color of the flower of Daugdhika (Oxystelma esculantum)

daurbalya दौफल्म
Loss of strength.

daurbalyam दौफल्श मभ ्
Debility, weakness, feebleness

daurgandhyaṁ दौगन्ध्मॊ
Foul smell

davana दिन
Hot touch.

dayati दमतत

deha देह
The living body. Indicative of growth in the bodily tissues.

dehaḥ देह्

dehalauhasiddhikara देहरौहमसद्धधकय
Make the body strong like iron

dehasiddhi देहमसद्धध
Making the body stronger & steady through therapeutics

deśa देश
it implies to body or body part or geographical area

deśaviruddha देशविरुद्ध
Intake of dry and sharp substance in deserts: unctuous and cold substance in marshy land is considered as place unwholesome diet/ drugs.

Designative of adipose tissue and other lipids in the body."

Designative of Bone Tissue."

deśyokti देश्मोत्तत
habitat; plants are named on basis of their place of origin

deva dveṣa द्िेष
Aversion to good

devakardama देिकदशभ
Combination of following four plants Shreekhand (Santalum album), Karpoor (Cinnamomum comphora), Agru (Aqualaria aggalocha), and Kāshmir (crocus sativus).

dhairyanāśa धैमनश ाश
Lack of courage

ḍhālana ढारन
Melting and pouring into cold/hot liquids through certain apparatuses

dhamanī harṣa धभनी हषश
Enlargement of artery

dhamanījālasaṁvṛtaḥ धभनीजारसिॊ तृ ्
Prominent network of artery

dhamanījālasantataḥ धभनीजारसन्तत्
Prominent network of artery

dhamanīpraticayaḥ धभनीप्रततचम्
Hardening of artery

dhamanītataḥ धभनीतत्
Prominent network of artery

dhameda धभेद

dhānā धाना
Puffed rice-Grains are fried after dehusk. It is light in nature and easy to digest. Indicated in Jwar & Agnimandyaetc.

dhānyābhraka धान्माभ्रक
Intermediary process in incineration of mica for removing stone, gravel etc and to make fine powder with the help of paddy & sour gruel.

dhānyarāśī धान्मयाशी
Heap of paddy husk keeping the medicines to maintain the temperature

dhāra धाय
It’s a type of Antariksha jala. The water which falls from the mountain in the form of falls.

dhāraṇa aśakti purīṣapravartanaṁ धायण अशत्तत ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Inability to bear urge of defecation

dharaṇa धयण
A unit of Measurement; ,Four seeds of masha are equal to one dharan and synonym of sana

dhāraṇa धायण
Holding, carrying, preserving, protecting, Possessing. Common function of all Dhātus. Specific function of Asthi Dhātu.

dhāraṇīyavega धायणीमिेग
Urges which are suppressed. These urges are aimed towards the mental harmony. It includes urges like greed, grief, fear, anger, ego, shamelessness, jealousy, excessive attachment, desire for things possessed by others, speaking harsh words, back biting, lying, desire for other women & stealing.

dhāri धारय
the one that prevents the body from decay, a synonym of ayu

dharma धभश
Righteousness, justice, duty, obligations, dispostion, distinctive quality, religious observance etc. One of the four Purusharta’s (values or goals of life) according to Hindus. It is inferred by results of good conduct of a person which provides heaven and happiness is treated as dharma. Contrary to this Adharma.

dharmastha धभस्थ
Magistrate judge.

dhātu pradūṣaṇa धातु प्रदषू ण
vitiation of dhatus; commonly used to denote the substances that are harmful to the living system

dhātu varga धातु िगश
group of metals;

dhātu धातु
mineral or metal

dhātusāmya धातसु ाम्म
Equilibrium of dhatus which is indicated by alleviation of the disorder. following criteria for DHATUSAMYA are alleviation of disorder

dhātusrāva purīṣaṁ धातस्रु ाि ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with tissue elements

dhātuvāda धातिु ाद
Transmutation of lower metals into noble metals

dhātvāgni धात्ित्ग्न
Seven types of Agni those are responsible for transformation of one Dhatu into another. Seven Dhatvagnis are: Rasagni, Raktagni, Mamsagni, Medo agni, Asthyagni and Sukragni.

dhāvana धािन

dhavasta धिस्त

dhī धी
Understanding , intelligence , wisdom

dhīvibhrama धीविभ्रभ
Perverted intelligence

dhīvibhraṁśa धीविभ्रशॊ
Adherence to wrong discrimination eternal & non eternal as well as wholesome is known as derangement of intellect because by nature the intellect sees rightly.

dhmāna nāsikā ध्भान नामसका
Obstruction of nostrils

dhmāna ध्भान
Distention due to flatus

dhmātā mukhaṁ ध्भाता भखु ॊ
Puffy face

dhṛti kṣaya धतृ त ऺम
Lack of courage

dhṛti vibhraṁśa धतृ त विभ्रशॊ
Derangement of restraint it is not possible to control the mind indulged in sexual pleasure from the unwholesome object.

dhṛti धतृ त
Controlling power of mind.

dhūma धूभ
Medicated smoke.

dhūmadhūmra darśanaṁ धूभधूम्र दशनश ॊ
Smoky vision

dhūmagandha धूभगन्ध
Smell of Smoke

dhūmagandhikaṁ धूभगत्न्धकॊ
Smell of Smoke

dhūmaka धूभक
Smoky sensation

dhūmanaṁ धूभनॊ
Smoky sensation

dhūmāvila dṛṣṭimaṇḍala धूभाविर दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Smoke color Pupil

dhūmāvṛtaṁ iva dṛṣṭimaṇḍalaṁ धूभाितृ ॊ इि दृत्ष्टभण्डरॊ
Smoke color Pupil

dhūmāyana iva mukhaṁ धूभामन इि भखु ॊ
Feeling of emitting fumes from mouth

dhūmāyana धूभामन
Smoky sensation

dhūmāyati iva धूभामतत इि
Smoky sensation

dhūmopahata धूभोऩहत
Asphyxia by inhalation of smoke.

dhūmopamaṁ ucchāsa धूभोऩभॊ उच्छास
Smoky sensation while breathing

dhūmradarśanaṁ धूम्रदशनश ॊ
smoky vision

dhunvana धुन्िन

dhūpa icchā धूऩ इच्छा
Fond of incense

dhūpana धूऩन
Smoky sensation

dhupastu pāyudeśe prayojitaḥ धुऩस्तु ऩामदु ेशे प्रमोत्जत्
Fumigation of perineal region.

dhūsaraḥ धूसय्
Ash color, Grey color

dhvajabhaṅga ध्िजबङ्ग
Loss of erection of penis

dhvajam ध्िजभ ्
Penis - The male organ of copulation and in mammals urination

dhvaṁsanaṁ roma ध्िसनॊ योभ
Falling of hair

dhyāna ध्मान
Thinking excessively

dhyāyati (vihagaḥ) ध्मामतत (विहग्)
It is a symptom produced in the first of impulse of bird poisoning which means the bird gets depressed.

digdha र्दग्ध

digdhagala र्दग्धगर
Mucus coating in throat

digdhaviddha र्दग्धविद्ध
Arrow/sui poisoning.

dik darśanaṁ र्दक् दशनश ॊ
Looking in all direction

dīna mukhaṁ दीन भखु ॊ
Exhausted face

dinacaryā र्दनचमाश
Made out of two words, Dina and Charya. Dina refers to Day/day time/day today and Charya refers to regimen/routine work which includes Ahara (Food) and Vihara (activities), thus Dinacharaya means daily routines or day to day regimens.

dīpana दीऩन
One of the mercurial processes by which reactiveness of mercury is to be hastened

dīpanīya दीऩनीम

dīpta teja दीप्त तजे
Very brightly shining aura

dīptāpakasannibhaṁ दीप्ताऩकसत्न्नबॊ
Color of burnt scar

dīrgha ucchavāsa दीघश उच्छिास
Very prolonged expiration.

dīrghasūtratā दीघसश त्रू ता
Slow activities

dīryata vadhaḥ दीमतश िध्
Piercing pain.

divasadvandama र्दिसद्िन्दभ
Indicating the period in any process

divāsvapa र्दिास्िऩ
Sleeping during day time. It should be avoided by healthy individuals otherwise it may cause increase of kapha, Meda. Except during grisma (summer) at all other time day sleep is prohibited. Day sleep is not nap.

divāsvapna र्दिास्िप्न
Sleeping during day time

divya sarpa र्दव्म सऩश
Mysterious mythological celestial snakes which are radiant just like fire and it is said that they always roar, cause rain, shine by themselves and always support and sustain the world, when become angry convert the world to ashes by their sight and exhalation.

dohada icchā दोहद इच्छा
Desire to take all types of food.

dolāyaṁtra दोरामत्रॊ
An apparatus used to detoxify the materials by suspending the bundle in specified liquids for a specified time period

doṣa viruddha दोष विरुद्ध
Utilization of drugs, diet and regimen having similar qualities with Dosa (humours - Vata, Pitta & Kapha) but at variance with the habit of the individuals is categorized under this.

doṣa दोष
Principle constituents of the body that is responsible for homeostasis, when present in the state of equilibrium. Doṣas also determine the psycho-physiological nature / constitution of an individual. Doṣas are capable of vitiating the different bodily tissues, when deviate from the state of equilibrium and can lead to diseases. These are of two classes: a. Śārīrika (bodily): Vāta, Pitta and Kapha. b. Mānasa (psychological): Raja and Tama.

Doṣa-dūṣya saṁmūrcchanā दोष दष्ू म सभॊ च्ू छश ना
The interaction between the Doshas & Dushyas that occurs during the stage of Sthanasamshraya.

doṣadarśanaṁ adoṣeṣu दोषदशनश ॊ अदोषषे ु
Finds fault in unfaultable things

doṣaja svapna दोषज स्िप्न
Dreams due to aggravation of Doshas

doṣanirmukta दोषतनभतुश त
Making the material free From impurities

doṣapraśamana दोषप्रशभन
Pacification of doshas; commonly used to denote the substances that pacify doshas.

doṣasthānaprakṛtīḥ prāpyānyatamaṁ hyudīrayati दोषस्थानप्रकृ ती् प्राप्मान्मतभॊ वमदु ीयमतत
Depending upon the location of doshas and the constitution of the patient, poisons provoke other doshas.

doṣavaktā दोषितता
Abusing others

doṣavinigraha दोषवितनग्रह
Retention of flatus

drākṣāphalopamā द्राऺापरोऩभा
Color of grape fruit.

draṣṭā द्रष्टा
Synonym of Sākṣī. An attribute of Ātmā.

drava द्रि
Liquid; one among the 20 gurvadi guna

drāvaka gaṇa द्रािक गण
The agents which make the materials to melt at much lower temperatures than the original melting points.

dravānna upācareta द्रिान्न उऩाचयेत
Treated with liquid food- person who is having dryness of the body, suffering from thirst & debility should be treated with liquid foods.

drāvayeda द्रािमेद
Process of liquefying material

dravya द्रव्म
Materials of plant, animal & mineral origin

dravyaguṇa द्रव्मगणु
1. Science that deals with substances used for health benefits in all their aspects like properties, actions, uses, sources, processing, quality, etc. 2. Branch of Ayurveda.

dṛḍha hasta दृढ हस्त
With strong hands / with great effort

dṛḍha karṇapālī दृढ कणऩारी
Hard lobe of ear

dṛḍha vāsasā दृढ िाससा
With strong cloth

droṇa द्रोण
A unit of Measurement; Sixteen prastha will make one drona equivalent to 12.228 kg/l metric units

droṇī द्रोणी
A unit of Measurement; ,Four drona combined will make one droni equivalent to 49.152 kg/l of metric units

dṛṣṭāntaḥ दृष्टान्त्
Description of universal truth fully comprehensible by the wise and ignorant person

dṛṣṭasvapnaṁ दृष्टस्िप्नॊ
Dreams of past visual experiences

dṛṣṭi दृत्ष्ट

dṛṣṭigolakam दृत्ष्टगोरकभ ्
Eyeball - The globe of the eye

dṛṣṭiḥ दृत्ष्ट्
Pupil of eyeball, The contractile opening at the center of the iris of the eye

dṛṣṭihṛdayoparodho दृत्ष्टरृदमोऩयोधो
When the poison enters the stomach, dysfunction is produced in the eye and the heart.

dṛṣṭimaṇḍala दृत्ष्टभण्डर

dṛṣṭivadhaḥ दृत्ष्टिध्
Blurred vision

dṛṣṭvā दृष्ट्िा
a quality of teacher of experiencing or observing various preparations 2.observing end points in the preparation of various formulations

druta bhāṣaṇaṁ द्रतु बाषणॊ
Speedy talk

druta buddhi द्रतु फद्ु धध
Perverted intelligence

druta gati द्रतु गतत
Brisk walking

drutadrāva द्रतु द्राि
Indicates the quick melting – materials with Low Melting Point

druti द्रतु त
Process of liquefaction of solid material – colloidal solutions

ducchāya दच्ु छाम
Diminished complexion.

dugdha icchā दग्ु ध इच्छा
Fond of Milk

dugdha दग्ु ध
Milk; Synonym of Kshira.

duḥkha āvedana द्ु ख आिेदन
Loudly proclaims sorrows to others

duḥkha pākaḥ द्ु ख ऩाक्
Delayed digestion

duḥkha purīṣapravartanaṁ द्ु ख ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Difficulty in defecation.

duḥkha śīla द्ु ख शीर
Unhappy disposition

duḥkha द्ु ख
It refers to Unhappiness, sorrow, woe, grief, misery, pain, anguish, agony, affliction, wretchedness, suffering, trouble, hardship, adversity, infliction, trial, tribulation. Any action which gives pain to Indriya (Sense-organs) and Atma due to perception of Adharma / Papa karma is Duhlha

duḥkhāyu द्ु खामु
A kind of life full of sorrow; Unhappy life: Unpleasant social life

duḥkhita द्ु णखत
Unhappy disposition.

duḥkhopacāratā द्ु खोऩचायता
Unhappy on medical attention by others.

dundubhisvanīya दन्ु दमु बस्िनीम
Name of a chapter which states treatment of the patients of poisoning by the sounds of beating medicated drums because of its anti venomous virtue.

durādhmānaṁ दयु ाध्भानॊ
Distention of abdomen due to flatus.

durālakṣyatamaṁ दयु ारक्ष्मतभॊ
very mild symptom (un noticeable)

durāntikastha darśanaṁ दयु ात्न्तकस्थ दशनश ॊ
Near appearance of remote objects.

durbala asthi दफु रश अत्स्थ
Weakness of bone

durbhagaḥ दबु गश ्
Unshapely (unpleasant to look)

durdagdhaṁ ददु शग्धॊ
Stage of a burn during agnikarma which is characterized by the eruption of a large vesicle and assumes a red color and is characterized by extreme pain of burning and drawing nature, which suppurates and takes long time to heal.

durdharatā grīvā दधु यश ता ग्रीिा
Weakness of neck

durgandha दगु न्श ध
Bad smell, Fetid smell

durharaṁ दहु शयॊ
Difficult to remove.

durjaratāṁ दजु यश ताॊ
processing vigorously leads to develop some unexpectable qualities

durjātaṁ दजु ाशतॊ

durmana दभु नश
Loss of mental strength.

durmelalohadvayamelan a दभु ेररोहद्िमभेरन
Helps in alloy making of two metals ordinarily difficult to be alloyed

durnāma दनु ाशभ
Piles in Rectum

durupakrama दरुु ऩक्रभ
Difficult for therapeutic management due to increased risk.

dūrvā varṇa दिू ाश िणश
Color of fodder grass.

durvarṇa दिु णश श
Diminished complexion

dūṣīviṣam दषू ीविषभ ्
chronic poisoning/Either inanimate, animate or artificial poison when it becomes less potent after its treatment and when its effects are not nullified radically, because of which it resides in the body that particular less potent part of the above said poison is called dushivisha.

duṣṭa jala दष्ु ट जर
Poisoned /polluted water.

duṣṭa दष्ु ट
Vitiated; Turbid, Fetid, Bad

duṣṭacetasaḥ दष्ु टचेतस्
Evil minded

dūṣya दष्ू म
Any bodily structure that gets vitiated by aggravated Doṣas

dūyana दमू न

dvandva द्िन्द्ि

dvayaṁgulam द्िमगॊ रु भ ्
indicating measure of length One angul=3/4 inch 2 angul equivalent to

dvayangulam — द्वयंगुलम
Indicating a measurement of length One angula=3/4 inch 2 Angula equivalent to 1.5 inches of metric units.

dveṣa द्िेष
Aversion - it is one of the Suppresable urge. If any person fails to suppress will end up in psychological disorders.

dvidhā auṣṭha द्विधा औष्ठ
Bifurcated lips

dvidhā darśanaṁ द्विधा दशनश ॊ
Double vision.

dvijadveṣa द्विजद्िेष
Aversion to Brahmins

dvikāla bhojana द्विकार बोजन
Twice a day meal-Having meal twice a day is good for those who have normal digestive fire, by this food will get digested and assimilated easily without any interruption.

dyotanaṁ nakulasya iva द्मोतनॊ नकु रस्म इि
Pupil shining like the mongoose eye

ebhyo'nyathā cikitsyāḥ एभ्मोऽन्मथा धचक्रकत्स्मा्
Poisoned patients without the signs of (imminent) death should be treated.

ekadaṁṣṭrārdita एकदॊष्रार्दशत
If bitten by poisonous frog (toad), then there will be the mark of only one fang.

ekadeśasādhyatva एकदेशसाध्मत्ि
Different parts different effects; properties & actions are specific to the part of the substance;

ekakāla bhojana एककार बोजन
Food should be given once a day in order to stimulate digestive fire. In certain condition to ignite the digestive fire in Agnimandy condition, this process of having meal per day is adopted.

ekāntaḥ एकान्त्
Statements which are absolute, not differing from context to context and could not be modified.

ekapiṇḍam एकवऩण्डभ ्
Making the material in homogenous mass by the process of grinding , rubbing, pounding the form of solid doses

ekavāsaraḥ एकिासय्
the preparations or medicated oil & gudpaka etc. are advised not to process in a single day

falam फ़रभ ्

faṇin फ़णणन ्
Snakes (cobra).

Fertilizing the ovum. It is dominant of Jala Mahābhūta."

gadgadaḥ गद्गद्

gāḍha viṭkatā गाढ विट्कता
Hard stool

gāḍhaṁ purīṣaṁ गाढॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Hard stool

gāḍhamuṣṭi गाढभत्ु ष्ट
Closed fist

gagana गगन
A synonym of Mica

gairikapratīkāśaṁ गरयकप्रतीकाशॊ
Blood with the color of Gairika i.e. pale red.

gairikodaka pāṇḍu गरै यकोदक ऩाण्डु
Color of Gairika water i.e. pale red.

gajadanta गजदन्त
Tusk of elephant

galabāhyam गरफावमभ ्
Front of neck

galagraham गरग्रहभ ्
Spasm in throat.

galaḥ गर्
Oropharynx/Throat - Central portion of the pharynx lying between soft palate and upper portion of epiglottis

galajjalaghaṭīdhvani गरज्जरघटीध्ितन
Abnormal sound like the shaking water in a pot

galamaṇi गरभणण
Uvula - Small soft structure hānging from free edge of soft palate in the midline above the root of the tongue

galamārga गरभागश

galanalakam गरनरकभ ्
Trachea -The enlarged upper end of trachea below the root of trunk

galanaṁ गरनॊ
Crack on skin

galasandhiḥ गरसत्न्ध्
Isthmus of faucets. The constricted opening leading from the mouth and the oral pharynx

galaśuṇḍikā गरशत्ु ण्डका
Uvula - Small soft structure hanging from free edge of soft palate in the midline above the root of the tongue

galitvā गमरत्िा
Being melted

gallaḥ गल्र्
The long arch that joins zygomatic processes of the temporal and molar bones on the sides of the skull.

gamana गभन
Motion, gait, process, or instance of changing place

gamanārambhe kampa गभनायम्बे कम्ऩ
Tremor while starting walk

gamane anīśatā गभने अनीशता
Inability to walk.

gambhīra roma गम्बीय योभ
Deep rooted hair

gambhīra गम्बीय
Solemn disposition. Somber

gāṁga jala गाॊग जर
Type of water which is not contaminated with dust, soot, and toxic

gaṁgāmbusambhutaṁ गगॊ ाम्फसु म्बतु ॊ
Originated in river Ganges

gaṇḍaḥ गण्ड्
Zygoma/Cheek - The long arch that joins zygomatic processes of the temporal and molar bones on the sides of the skull.

gaṇḍakaḥ गण्डक्
Groin. The depression between thigh and trunk.

gandha ajñānaṁ गन्ध अऻानॊ
Anosmia or loss of the sense of smell

gandha icchā गन्ध इच्छा
Desire for fragrances

gandha rahitaṁ purīṣaṁ गन्ध यर्हतॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool without smell

gandha vijñānaharaṁ गन्ध विऻानहयॊ
Anosmia or loss of the sense of smell

gandha गन्ध

gandhakaṁ गन्धकॊ
Element sulphur with chemical symbol S with 16

gāndharvacitta गान्धिधचत्त
Fond of music

gandhavahe dhamanyau गन्धिहे धभन्मौ
Olfactory nerves. The nerves supplying the nasal olfactory mucosa.

gaṇḍūpadamukhasadṛśa karīra गण्डू ऩदभखु सदृश कयीय
Sprout like projection resembling the mouth of earth worm

gaṇḍūṣa गण्डू ष
Filling the mouth to its full capacity with liquid (medicinal decoctions/ Luke warm water/medicinal oils) without allowing its movement.

garamaṇi गयभणण
Different types of gems which are antidotes of poisons.

garasaṁjñam गयसऻॊ भ ्
Garavisha is considered as one of the form of kritrim visha (artificial poison) which gets formed by the combination of two or more poisonous or non poisonous drugs and ultimately affects the whole body by vitiating all the dhatus (tissues) in the body. It can go to such extent that it alleviates the dhatus drastically which in turn could prove to be fatal. A phenomenon similar to drug interaction.

garasaṁyogajaṁ गयसमॊ ोगजॊ
Artificially prepared poison by the combination of various substances.

garbhacchidraṁ गबत्च्छद्रॊ
Os uteri. Mouth of uterus.

garbhadruti गबद्रश तु त
It is one of the mercurial process where the material is made to melt inside the mercury

garbhakoṣa गबकोष
Bag of fetal membrane

garbhakoṣṭhaḥ गबकोष्ठ्
Uterus/Bag of fetal membrane. The organ of female reproductive system for containing and nourishing the embryo.

garbhanābhināḍī गबनश ामबनाडी
Umbilical cord. The attachment connecting the fetus with the placenta

garbhāpatti गबाशऩवत्त

garbhāśayaḥ गबाशशम्
Uterus. The organ of female reproductive system for containing and nourishing the embryo.

garbhaśayyā गबशय्मा
Uterus. The organ of female reproductive system for containing and nourishing the embryo.

garbhiṇī गमबणश ी
Pregnant woman

garbhotpāda गबोत्ऩाद
Conception, fertilization, production of progeny

gatarasam गतयसभ ्
Indicating the complete elution/ extraction /exhaustion of the herbal material

gatāyu गतामु
the patient who is about to die

gati गतत
Motion, moving, gait

gatikṣaya गततऺम
Inability to walk

gatinivāraṇa āhāra गतततनिायण आहाय
Difficulty in deglutition or dysphasia

gatisaṁga गततसगॊ
Restricted gait

gātraḥ गात्र्

gātrāṇāṁ sadanaṁ गात्राणाॊ सदनॊ
Exhaustion in the body parts

gātrapañcakam गात्रऩञ्चकभ ्
Four extremities ,Head &neck

gaura गौय
White, whitish

gauracāmaragauradarśa naṁ गौयचाभयगौयदशनश ॊ
Sees objects white, resembles the Burch of tail of chamari deer

gaurava गौयि
Heavy feeling, Heaviness

gauravarṇa गौयिणश

gauryaḥ sirāḥ गौम्श मसया्
Lymphatic vessels

gavīnī गिीनी
Ureter. The tube that carries urine from kidney to the bladder.

ghanāghātakṣamam घनाघातऺभभ ्
Withstanding hammering, Malleable

ghanaṁ घनॊ

ghanapaṁka घनऩकॊ
1. Used to indicate semi-solid conditions of the preparations 2. for enveloping the bolus material in the preparation of the putapaka swarasa

ghanāsaham घनासहभ ्
Cannot withstand hammering- not malleable

ghanatā घनता

ghanavatī घनिती

ghaṇṭikā घत्ण्टका
Uvula. Small soft structure hanging from free edge of soft palate in the midline above the root of the tongue

gharma icchā घभश इच्छा
Desire to warm atmosphere and warm things

gharmayogata घभमश ोगत
In association with scortching sun

gharṣaṇ घषणश
An act of rubbing/ grinding/ triturating material with the help of mortar & pestle

ghasmaraḥ घस्भय्
Glutton; Greedy for intake of more quantity of food

ghaṭaḥ घट्
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one drona equivalent to 12.288 kg/l of metric units

ghaṭī घटी
A measure of time; equals 24 minutes

ghaṭṭana hṛdayaṁ घट्टन रृदमॊ
Pressing pain in heart

ghola घोर
Is obtained by churning the curd without adding water and without removing butter.

ghora darśanaṁ घोय दशनश ॊ
Bizarre look.

ghoṣākṛṣṭratāmra घोषाकृ ष्रताम्र
Copper extracted/separated from the alloy bronze

ghoṣavat ucchāsa घोषित ् उच्छास
Expiration with loud sound.

ghrāṇa घ्राण
Smell : Perception of odour

ghrāṇam घ्राणभ ्
olfactory membrane of nose

ghrāṇamārgaḥ घ्राणभाग्श
Nasal cavity - The cavity between floor of cranium and floor of the nose

ghrāṇamūlam घ्राणभरू भ ्
Upper part of nasal cavity/Root of nose

ghrāṇanāśaṁ घ्राणनाशॊ
Anosmia or loss of the sense of smell

ghrāṇaviplava घ्राणविप्रि
Anosmia or loss of the sense of smell

ghṛṣṭa vraṇa घष्ृ ट व्रण

ghṛṣtaṁ rajaḥ kiret घष्ृ तॊ यज् क्रकयेत ्
Gives out fine dust if rubbed.

ghṛṣṭaṁ घष्ृ टॊ

ghṛta varga घतृ िगश
Group of different ghees.

ghṛta घतृ

ghṛtābhaṁ घतृ ाबॊ
Color of Ghee

ghṛtagandhi घतृ गत्न्ध
Smell of Ghee

ghṛtamaṇḍābha घतृ भण्डाब
Looks as the color of the upper part of ghee

ghurghurakaṁ kaṇṭha घघु युश कॊ कण्ठ
Making Ghurghur sound from throat

ghurghurakaṁ śvāsaṁ घघु युश कॊ श्िासॊ
Breathing with 'Ghurghur' sound

ghurghurāyana kaṇṭha घघु युश ामन कण्ठ
Making Ghurghur sound from throat.

ghūrṇatā घणू तश ा
Shivering of body

ghūrṇati iva घणू तश त इि
Feeling as head is rolling.

ghuṭikā / ghuṇṭikā घर्ु टका / घत्ु ण्टका
Malleolus - Bone of the middle ear

gīta icchā गीत इच्छा
Fond of singing

gīta karaṇaṁ asthāne गीत कयणॊ अस्थाने
Singing at inappropriate place.

gītapravṛtti asthāne गीतप्रिवृ त्त अस्थाने
Singing at inappropriate place.

glāni ग्रातन
Fatigue of mind or body, or loss of enthusiasm.

glapanaṁ ग्रऩनॊ
Fatigue of mind or body, Lack of enthusiasm.

glāpayati ग्राऩमतत
produces weariness

godhūmapiṣṭa गोधूभवऩष्ट
1. Used for enveloping bolus in the preparation of the putapaka swrasa 2. it is also used for

gojihvikā gojihvā vā गोत्जत्विका गोत्जविा

gojihvika gojihvika va — गोजिह्विका गोजिह्वा वा
1. Tongue / Epiglottis - A freely movable muscular organ lying partially on the floor of the mouth and partially in the pharynx.
Synonyms: Jihva — जिह्वा
1. Tongue. A freely movable muscular organ lying partially on the floor of the mouth and somewhat on the pharynx.

gokramaṇa गोक्रभण
Grazing of cows & buffaloes, it is method to carried out to take the biological impurities of the vitiated land. There due to GOKRAMAD their will be cow dung which spread over the vitiated land will having the property of bactericidal, veridical etc which keeps land biologically free.

gomayavahni गोभमित्वन
Cow dung fire used in the preparation of medicine & bhasma

gomāyu गोभामु

gomedakopamaṁ mūtraṁ गोभेदकोऩभॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine in the color of Gomedaka (Topaz).

gomedapratikāśaṁ गोभेदप्रततकाशॊ
Urine in the color of Gomedaka (Topaz).

gomūtrābhaṁ pītaraktaṁ गोभत्रू ाबॊ ऩीतयततॊ
Yellowish red like the color of cow's urine

gomūtrābhaṁ गोभत्रू ाबॊ
Color of cow's urine

gomūtragaṁdhī गोभत्रू गधॊ ी
Emitting odour of cow's urine – one of the variety of shilajatu bitumen

gomūtrasamagandha गोभत्रू सभगन्ध
Smell of cows urine

goṇi गोणण
A unit of Measurement; ,Synonym of droni equivalent to 49.152 kg/l of metric units

gopucchākṛti गोऩच्ु छाकृ तत
projection resembles the tail of cow

gorasavarga गोयसिगश
group of cow milk products;

graha ग्रह
Stiffness, Retention, Chocked

grahaṇī ग्रहणी
A part of the gut lying between the stomach and intestines, i.e., Duodenum.

grāhī ग्राही
Substances which increase appetite, digestive power & absorb liquid from stool; e.g. piper longum

grāmyadharmaḥ ग्राम्मधभ्श
Sexual activity

granthi ग्रत्न्थ
Knot like projection

granthibhūtaṁ ग्रत्न्थबतू ॊ

granthilam ग्रत्न्थरभ ्
Nodular appearance

granthiprakāśaṁ ग्रत्न्थप्रकाशॊ

grāsa ग्रास
1. One of the mercurial processes in which quantum of the material has to be decided supposed to digest 2. A kind of germ defect- opacity

grāsantara ग्रासन्तय
Administration of medicine between morsels. This type is adopted in patient who has aversion towards medicine because of bad taste.

grathitaṁ ग्रधथतॊ

grathitatvaṁ ग्रधथतत्िॊ
Nodular skin.

gṛdhragandha गध्रृ गन्ध
Smell of Vulture

gṛdhrasī गध्रृ सी
Sciatic nerve - Largest nerve in the body arising from sacral flexus on either side.

gṛdhriḥ गधृ ध्र्
Desire, Greed

gṛdhrihāni गधृ ध्रहातन
Diminished interest to take more food

gṛhadhūmābhaṁ गहृ धूभाबॊ
Resembles the color of soot

gṛhadhūmavarṇaṁ गहृ धूभिणं
Smoky color

gṛhagodhikā गहृ गोधधका
House lizard.

gṛhīta garbhā गहृ ीत गबाश
Pregnant woman or gravida.

grīvā ग्रीिा
Cervix or neck. A part of an organ resembling a neck.

grīvādhaḥ (gra) sandhiḥ ग्रीिाध् (ग्र) सत्न्ध्
Sternoclavicular joints. The joint space between the sternum and the medial extremity of the clavicle

grīvāmūlam ग्रीिाभरू भ ्
Suprasternal notch. Notch above the sternum.

guda adhimāṁsa गदु अधधभाॊस
Piles in Rectum

guda bhraṁśa गदु भ्रशॊ
Prolapsed rectum

guda kīla गदु कीर
Piles in Rectum

gudaḥ गदु ्

gudamāṁsakīla गदु भाॊसकीर
Piles in Rectum

gudamāṁsāṅkura गदु भाॊसाङ्कु य
Piles in Rectum

gudanissaraṇaṁ गदु तनस्सयणॊ
Prolapsed rectum

gudaṅkuraḥ गदु ङ्कु य्
Piles in Rectum

gudapārśvakṣetra गदु ऩाश्िऺश ेत्र
Ischiorectal fossa. Space on either side of lower end of the rectum and anal canal.

gudaśopha गदु शोप
Piles in Rectum

gudāsthivivara गदु ात्स्थवििय
Outlet of pelvis

gudāt raktaṁ गदु ात ् यततॊ
Bleeding per rectum

gūḍha ucchrāsa गढू उच्रास
Shallow expiration

gūḍhasampāditaṁ गढू सम्ऩार्दतॊ
Bite marks hidden due to elevation of margins.

gudopastha deśaḥ गदु ोऩस्थ देश्
Perineum. The structures occupying the pelvic outlet and constituting the pelvic floor

gulma गल्ु भ
plants with multiple stems arising from one root & with a drooping canopy; Shrubs

gulphaḥ गल्ु प्
Ankle. The joint between tibia, fibula and talas bones.

gulphakarṇau/ gulphau गल्ु पकणौ/गल्ु पौ
Malleoli-medial & lateral. Tubercle on Lower end of tibia and fibula

gulphasandhiḥ गल्ु पसत्न्ध्
Ankle joint. The joint between tibia, fibula and talas bones.

guṁjā गजॊु ा
A unit of Measurement; ,Abrus seed/ratti four/ six barley grains are equal to one seed of abrus equivalent to 125 mg of metric units

guṁjābīja samacchāyaṁ गजॊु ाफीज सभच्छामॊ
Resembles the color of the abrus seeds

guṁjāphalasadṛśaṁ raktaṁ गजॊु ापरसदृशॊ यततॊ
Blood with the color of Abrus seed

guṇa गणु
properties of a substance; present in the substance as a co inherent factor to perform a definite set of actions; might be physical, chemical, pharmacological, etc. but mainly pertains to the pharmacological properties.

guṇāntarādhānam गणु ान्तयाधानभ ्
modulation of property

guṇasañcayam गणु सञ्चमभ ्
Accumulation of properties- during the preparation of oil, ghee, guda & fermented products.

guṇṭhanaṁ गण्ु ठनॊ
Hiding of head

guṛa icchā गड़ु इच्छा
Fond of jaggery

guṛaguṛāyana गड़ु गड़ु ामन
Diminished resistance

guṛaśukta गड़ु शतु त
The fermented liquid using the jaggery on attaining acidity

gurū गरूु
1. Heavy / heaviness; one among 20 guravdi guna. caused due to activated prithvi & jala mahabhuta; denotes physiological & pharmacological heaviness; manifested by causing heaviness in the living system, difficult to digest, diminishes the Agni(digestive & metabolic enzymes), increases all body tissues, pacifies Vata, increases kapha; excessive use can cause fatigue, obesity. 2. Synonym of Kapikachhu (Mucuna pruritus Linn.) 3. A spiritual parent or preceptor

gurūtva गरूु त्ि
Heaviness, Gravity

gurvādi guṇa गिु ाशर्द गणु
Group of 20 pharmacological properties of the medicinal substances;

guṭi गर्ु ट
Synonym of vatak- is a final solid doses form in round shape generally prepared from herbs, minerals, animal products by using the natural binding materials

ḥ ऩतिादम्ु फयसत्न्नब्"
Color of ripened fig fruit

haima हैभ
One among the classification of Antariksha jala. It is a kind of water source, in which ice or snow is liquefied.

haṁsaḥ हॊस्

haṁsapada हॊसऩद
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karsha equivalents to 12g of metric units

haṁsodakaṁ हॊसोदकॊ
Hamsodaka has two connotations. Hamsa stands for the sun and the moon: so the water purified by the rays of the sun and the moon is known as Hamsodaka. It is known as Hamsodaka also because this is the type of purified water which Swans (Hamsa) enjoy. Usually this type of water gets naturally in the month of Sharada. In this month by the action of Sun and moon rays and detoxifying effect of Agatsya Nakshatra, water gets purified.

hanana हनन
Harass, trouble and annoy others continually or repeatedly

hananaṁ sandhi हननॊ सत्न्ध
Difficult function of joint

hāni हातन

hanti yogavaśenāśu cirācciratarāt हत्न्त मोगिशने ाशु धचयात्च्चयतयात ्
Gara visha (artificial poison) kills the person either quickly or after long time because of the nature of combination of drugs.

hanū हनू

hāridraṁ हारयद्रॊ
Yellow like Turmeric

hāridrarūpa darśanaṁ हारयद्ररूऩ दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in turmeric yellow color

hāridratvaṁ हारयद्रत्िॊ
Yellow like Turmeric

hāridravarṇa हारयद्रिणश
Yellow like Turmeric

harikeśatā हरयके शता
Tawny color of hair

harikeśo हरयके शो
Tawny hair person.

hariloma हरयरोभ
Tawny colored hair

hariṇajaṁ हरयणजॊ
related to deers/ stag

hariroma हरययोभ
Tawny color of hair

harita rūpa darśanaṁ हरयत रूऩ दशनश ॊ
Sees green colored objects

harita varga हरयत िगश
Group of green leaves, vegetables, fruits, spices, etc. which can be used only in wet form; these can be used before and after food, but cannot give (Tripti) satiety. This category of food is consumed without any Samskara (Modulation of basic properties) along with main meal. Raw food articles which are used as Salad like Onion, Lemon, etc come under these categories.

harita हरयत
Green color

haritālavarṇaṁ raktaṁ हरयतारिणं यततॊ
Blood with the color of orpiment

haritatvaṁ हरयतत्िॊ

haritavarṇaṁ हरयतिणं
Green color

harṣa danta हषश दन्त
Gnashing of teeth

harṣa dhamanī हषश धभनी
Engorgement of artery

harṣa pāda हषश ऩाद
Tingling sensation of foot

harṣa roma हषश योभ

harṣa हषश

harṣaṇa हषणश
Sense of friction

harṣaṇaṁ roma हषणश ॊ योभ

harṣaṇam हषणश भ ्
Causing pleasure

hāsa icchā हास इच्छा
Fond of laughing

hasanaṁ asthāne हसनॊ अस्थाने
Laughing at inappropriate occasion

hastaḥ हस्त्

hastanartana हस्तनतनश
Dancing movement of hand.

hāsya icchā हास्म इच्छा
Fond of laughing

hatabala हतफर
Debility or loss of physical strength or weakness

hatacūrṇaka हतचूणकश
Powdered arsenic

hatadarśanaṁ हतदशनश ॊ
Blurred vision

hataṁ हतॊ
Loss of motor function

hatanāma हतनाभ
Piles in rectum

hataprabhaṁ हतप्रबॊ
Diminished complexion or weakness of sense organs

hatasvaraṁ हतस्ियॊ

hatendriyaḥ हतत्न्द्रम्
Weakness of sense organs

haṭhāgni हठात्ग्न
Strong heat

hatotsāha हतोत्साह
Loss of enthusiasm.

hetu हेतु
Etiology: includes the immediate and distant causes of diseases;

hetvābhāsa हेत्िाबास
false reason or fallacy

hetvantaram हेत्िन्तयभ ्
fallacy of reason: Giving of an irrelevant reasoning instead of relevant reasoning

hetvarthaḥ हेत्िथ्श
Extension of arguments; application of knowledge of one phenomenon happening elsewhere or the extension of a principle enunciated at one

hidhmā र्हध्भा

hikkā र्हतका

hikkānigrahaṇa र्हतकातनग्रहण
substances used to restrain hiccough

hima र्हभ
Cold touch

hiṁgula र्हगॊ रु
An ore of mercury

hiṁsā icchā र्हसा इच्छा
Fond of torturing others

hīna हीन

hīnabala हीनफर
Loss of strength

hīnamātrā āhāra हीनभात्रा आहाय
Deficient quantity is said to be causing loss of strength, complexion & development, harm to lifespan, virility& immunity.

hīnāṅga darśana हीनाङ्ग दशनश
Sees objects as defective organs

hīnarūpa हीनरूऩ
Diminished complexion

hīnasvaraḥ हीनस्िय्

hīnavāk हीनिाक्
Less talking

hīnayogaḥ हीनमोग्
Suboptimal interaction of sense organ with their respective objects and time

hīnottaroṣṭha हीनोत्तयोष्ठ
Smaller upper lip or drooping of upper lip

hita र्हत
Food which normalizes the vitiated Dosa’s/beneficial. Contrast to Ahita.

hitāyu र्हतामु
a kind of life which is beneficial to the self and the society

hitopadeśaṣu akṣānti र्हतोऩदेशषु अऺात्न्त
Intolerance to the advices though it is good

hrāsa dṛṣṭi maṇḍala ह्रास दृत्ष्ट भण्डर
Small size of pupil.

hrāsa ह्रास

hṛdaya रृदम

hṛdayāśuddhi रृदमाशद्ु धध
Feeling of fullness in the epigastric region.

hṛdayāvaraṇa रृदमाियण
Poisons, by their penetrating property, weaken the heart and in order to protect it the patient should be administered pure ghee, ghee mixed with honey, juices of sugarcane etc.

hṛdayopalepa रृदमोऩरेऩ
Coating like feeling in heart

hṛdayotkledaḥ रृदमोत्तरेद्

hṛdayotkleśa रृदमोत्तरेश

hṛdisthitāni guhyāni vāk रृर्दत्स्थतातन गवु मातन

hṛdrava रृद्रि
Tachycardia or palpitation.

hṛdviśodhanam रृद्विशोधनभ ्
It is one line of treatment in artificial poisoning in which there is cleansing of the heart by giving copper along with honey.

hṛdya रृद्म
beneficial/pleasing for cardiac health

hrīkṣaya ह्रीऺम
Lack of Shyness

hṛllāsa रृल्रास

hṛllāsaka रृल्रासक

hṛllāsikā रृल्रामसका

hṛllepa रृल्रेऩ
Coating like feeling in heart

hṛnmoha रृन्भोह
Bradycardia or weak heart beat

hṛṣṭa romā रृष्ट योभा

hṛsva darśanaṁ रृस्ि दशनश ॊ
Objects look small in size

hṛsva vṛddha darśanaṁ रृस्ि िद्ृ ध दशनश ॊ
Sees object in magnificient form

hṛsvaṁ mahat darśanaṁ रृस्िॊ भहत ् दशनश ॊ
Sees object in magnificient form

hṛṣyenmayūra udvignaḥ रृष्मेन्भमयू उद्विग्न्
Peacock moves about and becomes delighted on seeing poisoned food.

hṛt ghaṭṭanaṁ रृत ् घट्टनॊ
Pressing pain in heart

hṛt kampa रृत ् कम्ऩ
Tachycardia or palpitation.

hṛt viruddha रृत ् विरुद्ध
Any substance which is not pleasant in taste.

hṛt रृत ्
Heart, Cardiac

hṛtkroḍaśūnatā रृत्क्रोडशनू ता
Feeling of emptiness in cardiac region.

huṇḍana हुण्डन
Tics of the head, Nose, Eye, Jatru or Neck. Otherwise falling of hair or breaking pain in head especially forehead and temples; Anosmia; intrusion of the eye; Congestion in chest; or Wryneck

icchā इच्छा
Refers to desired attributes- requisition of whatever is not available with us is desire. Is a spiritual attribute. Desire is produced from pleasure. Derived from the enjoyment of garlands, women etc.

icchādveṣau animittataḥ इच्छाद्िेषौ अतनमभत्तत्
Like and Dislike without any reason

ikṣu varga इऺु िगश
Group of sugar cane products;

ikṣuvikāra इऺुविकाय
Sugarcane products;

in most mammals."

indradhanuṣaprabharakt a raktaṁ इन्द्रधनषु प्रबयतत यततॊ
Blood with multicolor like rainbow

indradhanuṣiṁ darśanaṁ इन्द्रधनवु षॊ दशनश ॊ
Sees rainbow in objects

indragopābha raktaṁ इन्द्रगोऩाब यततॊ
Blood with the color of earthworm

indragopaka इन्द्रगोऩक
A kind of insect of red color

indriya इत्न्द्रम
organs of motor action and sensory perception

indriyabalahāni इत्न्द्रमफरहातन
loss of strength of sensory faculty

indriyabuddhi इत्न्द्रमफद्ु धध
perceived sense as an outcome of the direct perception

indriyādhiṣṭhāna इत्न्द्रमाधधष्ठान
The seat of sense organ like Ear for auditory sensation etc.

indriyāṇāṁ ca vaikṛtyaṁ इत्न्द्रमाणाॊ च िकै ृ त्मॊ
Food mixed with poison on it reaching stomach give rises to derangement of the sense organs.

indriyāntara saṁcāra इत्न्द्रमान्तय सचाय
Rapid conjugation of mind with sensory or motor organs

indriyārthāḥ इत्न्द्रमाथाश्
The objects of sense organs like sound, touch, vision, taste and smell, which are perceived through the sense organs.

indriyārthasannikarṣaḥ इत्न्द्रमाथसत्न्नकष्श
sequential interaction between the sensory organ with object

indubhi ājitaṁ iva darśanaṁ इन्दमु ब आत्जतॊ इि दशनश ॊ
Sees things as covered by the light of moon

indupāṇḍura dṛṣṭimaṇḍala इन्दऩु ाण्डु य दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Moon like pale pupil

indupariveṣa darśana इन्दऩु रयिेष दशनश
Sees circular patch like moon before eyes

ingitagyo manushyanam vakcheshtamukha vaika — इङ्गितज्ञो मनुष्याणां वाक्चेष्टामुख वैक
Kinesics experts should identify poisoners by observing variations in speech, actions, and facial expressions.

iṅgitajño manuṣyāṇāṁ vākceṣṭāmukha vaikṛtaiḥ इङ्धगतऻो भनष्ु माणाॊ

ipsā इप्सा

īrṣyaka ईष्मकश

īṣat rasakalka ईषत ् यसकल्क
The presence of moisture in the paste in the preparation of medicated oil

īṣat ईषत ्
Diminished quantity

īṣatkaṭhina ईषत्कर्ठन
Partial dryness of the paste indicating the exhaustion of moisture content

iṣṭa deśa aśniyāta इष्ट देश अत्श्नमात
In favorable place-place where we have to take should be lonely, neat & clean, with full concentration on meal.

iṣṭa sarvopakaraṇa aśniyāta इष्ट सिोऩकयण अत्श्नमात
With all the favorable accessories- all type of utensils, products, and workers should be present there to serve you.

iṣṭatā इष्टता

iṣṭikā इत्ष्टका

iṣṭikācurṇasaṁkāśaṁ इत्ष्टकाचुणसश कॊ ाशॊ
Resembling brick powder -indicating the color of bhasma of mica & ideal property of dust of fruit of Mallatos philipensis

itarāhvaya इतयाविम
Others; plants are also named on basis of many other parameters.

itastataḥ darśanaṁ इतस्तत् दशनश ॊ
Looking in all directions

jaḍatā जडता
Less activity of body, speech and mind.

jagala जगर
This is the more denser layer below the kadambari in the fermentation process

jāgaraṇaṁ जागयणॊ

jagavdiṣaṇṇam जगत्व्दषण्णभ ्
The whole world became despaired and gloomy after looking at the ferocious creature that emerged before the emergence of ambrosia during churning of the sea.

jaghanakapālini जघनकऩारातन
Hip bones-Innominate bones. Pelvic bone.

jaghanam जघनभ ्
Pelvis. (1)The external genitals. (2)The bony structure formed by the innomimante bones, sacrum coccyx, and the ligaments uniting them.

jala varga जर िगश
Group of water;

jala जर
1. Water. 2. One of the five basic elements (Paṅcamahābhūtas) that make up all the matter in the universe. Indicative of liquidity and cohesion.

jāla जार
Clear manifestation of tendon network

jalacara vihaṁga vasā जरचय विहॊग िसा
Aquatic bird's fat

jāladharā sirā / jālandharā जारधया

jaladhra sira/jalandhara — जालधरा सिरा/जालन्धरा
Great saphenous vein. Superficial vein extending from the foot to the saphenous opening.

jalagarbhatama जरगबतभ
A kind of germ defect produced from air bubbles/ water marks

jālakāvṛtam जारकाितृ भ ्
Covered with a membrane or net.

jalamṛtaḥ जरभतृ ्
Death of a person by drowning in water.

jālāni जारातन
Plexus, network, interlacing or decussation. A network of nerves or veins

jalanidherjanitam जरतनधेजतश नतभ ्
Source of pearl indicating oceanic origin

jālāntaragata जारान्तयगत
indicating the particle size

jalasaṁtrāsa जरसत्रॊ ास

jalaukā जरौका
It is leech, belonging to annelida group of animal kingdom, which have anticoagulant enzymes in their saliva which helps them to suck blood continuously when they bite. Some of them are non poisonous which are used for therapeutic bloodletting while someone poisonous.

jalavāhinyaḥ sirāḥ जरिार्हन्म् मसया्
Lachrymal ducts. A duct that conveys tears from the lachrymal lake to the lachrymal sac

jalpaḥ जल्ऩ्
to argue and defend one's own view in a debate

jambūpallava जम्फऩू ल्रि
Tender leaves of blackberry

janapada जनऩद
Group of peoples leaving in specific location, i.e. community

janapadodhvaṁsa जनऩदोध्िसॊ
It is made out of two words janapada and Dwamsa, Janapada refers to group of peoples leaving in specific location, community and Udwamsa refers to destruction, thus it Janapadodwamsa refers to the factors which destroys the health of the people living in a specific area due to pollution of Air(vayu), Water(Jala), Place(Bhumi/soil) and Time(Kala). In modern science it’s called as epidemics/Pestilence.

janapadodhvaṁsakara bhāva जनऩदोध्िसकय बाि
Factors involved in causing of epidemics / out breaks of certain diseases. These are 4 factors like place, time, air& water. Vitiation of these leads to epidemic outbreaks.

jāṅgama viṣa जाङ्गभ विष
The poison of animate origin in creatures like snakes, insects, spiders, scorpions, leeches, fish, frog, dogs, lion, tiger, jackal, hyena, etc.

jāṅgama जाङ्गभ
Substance of animal origin like honey, milk, flesh, blood, nail, etc.


jaṅgamasthāvar viṣa yoni जङ्गभस्थािय विष मोतन
Poison is of two types one is jangam (animal origin-mobile) & another is sthavar (plant and mineral origin- immobile).

jangamasyad urdhvabhagam — जङ्गमंस्याद् उर्ध्वभागं
Gangadhar's commentary on Charak Samhita says the tendency of animate poisons is to move upwards in the body.

jaṅghā जङ्घा

jaṅghāsthinī जङ्घात्स्थनी
Tibia & fibula. Bones of the leg

jānu जानु
Knee. The anterior aspect of the leg at the articulation of femur and tibia

jānukapālikā जानकु ऩामरका
Patella-knee cap. A lens shaped sesamoid bone situated in front the knee in the tendon of the quadriceps femoris muscle.

jānusandhiḥ जानसु त्न्ध्
Knee joint.

jānvadhaḥ sandhiḥ जान्िध् सत्न्ध्
Proximal tibio-fibular joint. Upper tibiofibular joint

japā puṣpanibhaṁ जऩा ऩष्ु ऩतनबॊ
Resembling the color of the shoe flower- hibiscus- indicating an ideal property of Cinnabar, Copper

jarā जया
A stage indicating the age

jaraṇa śakti जयण शत्तत
Individual capacity to digest the consumed food. Peoples who indulge in exercise or any kind of physical activity he will be having adequate digestive fire for proper digestion of taken food.

jāraṇa जायण
A mercurial process made to digest without increment in the weight of the initial mercury.

jarāyuja जयामजु
viviparous class of creatures

jātarasam जातयसभ ्
Formation of desired qualities in the prepared medicine- indicative of the completion of process of the fermentation process

jāṭharāgni जाठयात्ग्न
The Agni that acts on the food in the gastro intestinal tract to digest it.

jaṭharam जठयभ ्

jatrumūlam जत्रभु रू भ ्
Suprasternal notch. Notch above the sternum.

jatrusandhiḥ जत्रसु त्न्ध्
Sternoclavicular joints. The joint space between the sternum and the medial extremity of the clavicle

jentāka जेन्ताक
Hot house: A dry hot bath

jihmā dṛṣṭiḥ त्जवभा दृत्ष्ट्
Distorted eye

jihmākṣaḥ त्जवभाऺ्
Distorted eye

jihmaṁ त्जवभॊ
Tortuous, Curved, Distorted

jihvā त्जविा
Tongue. A freely movable muscular organ lying partly in the floor of the mouth and partly in the pharynx

jihvādaṁśanaṁ त्जविादॊशनॊ
Biting own tongue

jihvākhādanam त्जविाखादनभ ्
Biting own tongue

jihvāmūlam त्जविाभरू भ ्
Root of tongue, Pharyngeal part of dorsum of tongue. Root of the tongue

jihvāpasaraṇaṁ त्जविाऩसयणॊ
Protrusion of tongue

jihvāprabandha त्जविाप्रफन्ध
Root of tongue. Root of the tongue

jihvāsaṁdaṁśanaṁ त्जविासदॊ ॊशनॊ
Biting own tongue

jihvāsevanī त्जविासेिनी
Frenulum linguae. Fold of mucous membrane that extends from the floor of the mouth to the inferior surface of the tongue along its midline.

jihvāśoph त्जविाशोप
Swelling of the tongue.

jijñāsā त्जऻासा
inquiry or investigation to explore something

jīrṇaṁ aśniyāta जीणं अत्श्नमात
Another meal should be consumed after the previous food is get digested completely, this make easier to digest the food.

jīrṇamadya जीणभद्म
Mature beverages

jīrṇāvasthā जीणाशिस्था
The organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age.i,e.after 60 years is considered as age of growing older. During this period body tissues, sense organ, strength, energy, virility, etc, goes down. This is the stage of Vata predominance.

jīvaḥ जीि्
The Soul; the spirit: Be or remain alive, To live, Restore for life.

jīvajīvakāḥ जीिजीिका्
A small bird.

jīvana जीिन
1. Life 2. To give life, one of the functions of Rakta Dhātu.

jīvanīya pañcamūla जीिनीम ऩञ्चभरू
Group of following five plants having viz. Shatavari (Root of Asparagus racemosus), Jivanti (Leptadenia reticulata), Jeevak (Rhizome of Malaxis muscifera), Risbhak (Rhizome of Malaxis accuminata) Meda (Rhizome of Polygonatum verticillatum).

jīvanmukti जीिन्भत्ु तत
Attaining eternal salvation

jīvita dhāmāni जीवित धाभातन
Vital organs. Important organs or essential organs for life

jīvitam जीवितभ ्
Life: means combination of body, sense organs, mind and soul.

jīvitāyatanāni जीवितामतनातन
Vital organs. Important organs or essential organs for life

jñaḥ ऻ्
Knower of the field : a synonym of the self

jñāna ऻान
Knowing, understanding, becoming acquainted with proficiency , learning

jñānapraṇāśaḥ ऻानप्रणाश्
Loss of knowledge

jñānendriya ऻानेत्न्द्रम
An organ of perception, the faculty of perceiving by means of sense organs

jṛmbhā जम्ृ बा
It is a symptom produced in second impulse of poisoning, which means yawning.

jvālā ज्िारा

jvalanajvāladarśanaṁ असत ्

jvalanārkasamaprabhāḥ ज्िरनाकश सभप्रबा्
Characteristic of mandali (viper snake variety) snakes which means they have the glow like the fire and sun.

jvalanti iva ज्िरत्न्त इि
Color of burnt scar.

jvarahara ज्ियहय

kācabhājana काचबाजन
Glass bottle

kacāḥ कचा्

kācakūpī काचकू ऩी
Glass flask

kācanīlābha काचनीराब
Bluelish glass colored

kacāntaḥ कचान्त्
Boundary where the hairs end.

kacchapasaṁsthāna कच्छऩसस्थान
Elevated like the shape of tortoise

kāccikābha कात्च्चकाब
Color of gruel

kādambarī कादम्फयी
This is the denser layer of liquid below prasanna

kajjalī कज्जरी
A Black sulphide of mercury prepared by rubbing the gandhak etc in different proportions with mercury in a mortar and pestle

kākalaṁ / kākalakaṁ काकर/ॊ काकरकॊ
Uvula. Small soft structure hanging from free edge of soft palate in the midline above the root of the tongue

kākapadaṁ काकऩदॊ
If there is no remedy for poisoning, it is the last line of treatment, in which incision is made on the scalp of the shape of crow’s feet, and on that the medicine is kept.

kākatulyagandha काकतल्ु मगन्ध
Smell of crow

kākavat pūrti काकित ् ऩतू तश
Smell of crow

kakṣaḥ kakṣā vā कऺ् कऺा िा
Axilla, Armpit

kāla mṛtyu कार भत्ृ मु
Timely death, death in due time which means the life force residing in the body being endowed with full vitality by nature and maintained in the right manner will come to an end only with the complete wearing out of itself.

kāla rātri कार यात्रत्र
The night of all destroying time, night of destruction, the end of the world, and the night of man’s death. This context is explained while describing the ill effect of sleep, i.e. excessive, untimely and negatively take away the happiness and life like other death night.

kāla vāk कार िाक्
Indistinct speech

kāla viruddha कार विरुद्ध
It is a type of incompatibility (Virudda).Intake of cold and dry substances in winter; pungent and hot substance in the summer is a timely unwholesome diet/ drugs.

kalā करा
1. A covering membrane 2. A division of time

kāla कार
Time in general ,the point or period when something occurs , Proper time or occasion, time of the death

kalaha icchā करह इच्छा
Fond of quarrelling

kālaja bala कारज फर
Temporal strength, acquired immunity

kālakhaṇḍa कारखण्ड
Liver. largest organ in the body situated on the right side below the diaphragm

kalāṁśa कराॊश
It is a measure indicating 1/16th part, Shodash kala

kālāntara vipākī कारान्तय विऩाकी
Poison with delayed action, garavisha as it takes some time to get assimilated in the body to produce its toxic effects.

kālaprakarṣa कारप्रकषश
Keeping the food articles for certain time and duration to get desirable modulation in properties. It a type of Samskara.

kalaśa करश
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one drona=12.288 kg/l of metric units

kālavarṇa कारिणश
Black color

kali icchā कमर इच्छा
Fond of quarrelling

kāliyakaṁ / kāleyakaṁ कामरमकॊ / कारेमक
Pancreas. A compound acino tubular gland situated behind the stomach in front of first and second lumbar vertebra

kalka कल्क
Paste prepared by grinding with or without addition of water on stone slab/ machine

kalpita svapna कत्ल्ऩत स्िप्न
Dreams of imagination

kaluṣa darśanaṁ करषु दशनश ॊ
Hazy vision

kaluṣaḥ करषु ्

kāma काभ
Enjoyment: object of desire or of love or of pleasure; the third mansion to achieve the goal of life

kamala patra varṇa कभर ऩत्र िणश
Color of lotus leaf

kāmatā काभता

kāmbalika काम्फमरक
It is a kind of yusha (soup) preparation, in which the 1 part of whey (Dadhimastu) and 1/8th part of green gram are boiled. When pulses get boil completely then powder of salt, ginger, cumin seeds, pepper etc are added, mixed well and used.

kaṁcuka कॊ चुक
Thin film formed due to oxidation of associated impurities especially seen in mercury

kāmitā कामभता

kāṁjī काॊजी
Prepared by using cereals( rice & horse gram) and pulses and fermented till it attains acidity

kāṁjika काॊत्जक
Acidic fermented gruel/vinegar it is used for different pharmaceutical process

kampa कम्ऩ
Tremor, to vibrate

kaṁsanīla कॊ सनीर
Bluish color like in dirt of bronze.

kaṁsyābha dṛṣṭimaṇḍala कॊ स्माब दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Color of Abrus precatorius

kaṁsyasamachāya dṛṣṭi maṇḍala कॊ स्मसभछाम दृत्ष्ट भण्डर
Bronze colored pupil

kāṁsyasvaratulyaghoṣaḥ मबन्न

kāmukatva काभकु त्ि

kaṇabha कणब

kanaka कनक
Element Gold-Aurum with symbol Au at At. no 79

kanda varga कन्द िगश
Group of rhizome/bulb/tuber;

kanda कन्द
Rhizome / Bulb / Tuber

kāṇḍaṁ/ kāṇḍo काण्ड/ॊ काण्डो
Bone, especially shaft of the bone. Dense connective tissue

kaṇḍarābhā कण्डयाबा
Color of tendon.

kāṇḍekṣu iva काण्डऺे ु इि
Resembling cane sugar juice

kāṇḍekṣu saṅkāśaṁ काण्डऺे ु सङ्काशॊ
Resembling cane sugar juice

kaṇḍekṣutulya कण्डऺे ुतल्ु म
Resembling cane sugar juice

kandharaḥ कन्धय्

kaṇḍitaṁ कत्ण्डतॊ
made into small pieces

kaṇḍū कण्डू

kanduka yaṁtra कन्दकु मत्रॊ
An apparatus in which the cinnabar is bundled and legated with threads to make it like ball for extraction of mercury.

kanīna kanīnakau vā कनीन कनीनकौ िा
Inner canthus, Medial angle of eye

kanīna sandhiḥ कनीन सत्न्ध्
Inner canthus, Medial angle of eye

kaniṣṭhikā kaniṣṭhā vā कतनत्ष्ठका कतनष्ठा

kāṅkṣā काङ्ऺा

kāṅkṣāvināśa काङ्ऺाविनाश
Lack of interest

kaṇṭaka śodhanam कण्टक शोधनभ ्
Criminal investigation & legal punishment of offenders.

kaṇṭaka कण्टक
spines of a plant

kaṇṭha kūjanaṁ कण्ठ कू जनॊ
Voice resembles the sound of pigeon

kaṇṭhaḥ / kaṇṭhaṁ कण्ठ्/कण्ठॊ
(1) Larynx. (2) Front of the neck. (3) Throat

kaṇṭheśvayathu कण्ठे श्िमथु
Laryngeal oedema which is produced by Rajimān (kraits) snake bite.

kaṇṭhodhvaṁsa कण्ठोध्िसॊ
Irritation in the throat.

kaṇṭhopalepa कण्ठोऩरेऩ
Mucus coating in throat

kaṇṭhya कण््म
Promoter/beneficial for Throat or Voice

kapālaḥ कऩार्

kapha kopana कप कोऩन
Substances that vitiates Kapha dosha

kapha sampūrṇa iva कप सम्ऩणू श इि
Feels as chest filled with mucus

kapha saṁśamana कप सशभन
Substances that pacify vitiated Kapha dosha

kapha saṁsrāva कप सस्राि
diQlalzko% diQ"Bhoua (Vij.M.N.10.3), diQlalzko% 'ys"elzqfr (Dal.S.U.57.5)

kapha कप
A synonym for Śleṣmā. One of the three bodily Doṣas responsible for stability, unctousness, lubrication, immunity, and cohesion. This is predominant of Pṛthvi and Jala Mahābhūtas. The attributes of Kapha are: Guru (heavy), Manda (dull), Hima (cold), Snigdha (unctuous), Ślakṣṇa (smooth), Mṛtsna (soft) and Sthira (stable). Major seats of Kapha are: thorax, throat, head, Kloma, joints, stomach, Rasa, meda, nose and tongue. This is of five types: Avalaṃbaka, Kledaka, Bodhaka, Śleṣaka, Tarpaka.

kaphādhikaṁ कपाधधकॊ
Mucus in excess

kaphadigdha śiraḥ कपर्दग्ध मशय्
Feels as head filled with mucus

kaphamavyaktarasatvād annarasāṁścānuvartate śīghram कपभव्मततयसत्िाद न्नयसाॊश्चानिु ततश े शीघ्रभ ्
Because of indistinct taste property of poison it causes aggravation of kapha and it quickly disturbs taste of food.

kaphaniṣṭhīva कपतनष्ठीि
Mucus spitting

kaphānugataṁ कपानगु तॊ
Mucus followed by stool

kaphānuviddhaṁ chardi कपानवु िद्धॊ छर्दश
Mucus along with Vomit

kaphaprasekaḥ कपप्रसेक्
Mucus discharge through mouth; Salivation

kaphaprasevaḥ कपप्रसेि्
Mucus discharge through mouth

kapharuddha kaṇṭha कपरुद्ध कण्ठ
mucus discharge through mouth

kaphāśayaḥ कपाशम्
Kaphasthanani especially chest, stomach & head.

kaphasruti कपस्रतु त
Mucus discharge through mouth

kaphasthānāni कपस्थानातन
Seats of the kapha as described in the text.

kaphoṇiḥ कपोणण्
Elbow. The joint of the arm and the forearm

kaphopadigdha kaṇṭha कपोऩर्दग्ध कण्ठ
Mucus coating in throat

kaphotkleśa कपोत्तरेश
Mucus discharge through mouth

kapila कवऩर
Tawny color

kapolaḥ कऩोर्
Cheek. Side of the face forming the lateral wall of the mouth below the eye

kapota iva kūjanaṁ कऩोत इि कू जनॊ
Voice resembles the sound of pigeon

kapota varṇa pratimā कऩोत िणश प्रततभा
Color of pigeon

kapotābha कऩोताब
Color of pigeon

kāra काय
it is a source of water which comes under Antariksha Jala( rain water). Water which is drawn after liquefication of hail stones. Qualities of this water are pure and soft.

karabhakapila कयबकवऩर
Tawny color like camel

karaḥ कय्
Hand or Manus. the part of the body attached to the forearm at wrist

karajāḥ कयजा्
Nails. A horny cell structure of the epidermis forming flag plates upon the dorsal surface of the terminal phalanges.

karāla danta कयार दन्त
Uneven teeth

karamadhya कयभध्म
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karsha=12g of metric units

karamūlam कयभरू भ ्
Wrist. the joint between the arm and the forearm

kāraṇa dravya कायण द्रव्म
Causative substances that are said to be the cause of manifestation of all other substances; nine in number.

karaṇa कयण
The means or instrument by which an action is effected , the idea expressed by the instrumental cause, instrumentality

karaṇam कयणभ ्
1. Subordinate cause 2. Sensory and motor organ 3. medicines

karaṇāni कयणातन
Intellectual, sensory and some functioning organs of the faculties.

karavīraka कयिीयक
Nerium odorum and Thevetia nerifolia, both are varieties of karveer plant, which is mentioned in poisonous plants having poison in its roots (all parts are poisonous as per toxicology).

karbura कफयुश
Multiple color

kardama iva कदशभ इि
Resembles wet mud

kardamābhaṁ कदशभाबॊ
Color of wet mud

kardamāṁbhonibhaṁ कदशभाॊबोतनबॊ
Color of wet mud

kardamopama कदशभोऩभ
Resembles wet mud

karīra कयीय
Fleshy growth

karīṣagni कयीषत्ग्न
Fire of cow dung applied for mild & consistent heating

karkaśa ककश श

karkaśatā ककश शता

kārkaśya काकश श्म

karma uparati कभश उऩयतत
Loss of motor function

karma कभश
1. One among the six causative factors which resides in substance and responsible for pharmacological action 2. efforts done by body senses and mind

karmakṣaya कभऺश म
Loss of motor function

karmoparamaḥ कभोऩयभ्
Loss of motor function.

karṇa śabda कणश शब्द
Flute like sound in the ear.

karṇa srotaḥ कणश स्रोत्
External auditory meatus. the canal which transmits the sound waves from the exterior to the tympanic membrane

karṇa कणश
Ear. One of the five sense organs. Hearing apparatus.

karṇaḥ कण्श
Ear. The organ of hearing

karṇakṣveḍaḥ कणक्ष्िेड्

karṇalatikā कणरततका
Lobule of the ear

karṇamardana कणभदशन
Rubbing of ear

karṇamūlam कणभश रू भ ्
Parotid region (Parotid mould or bed). The region located near to the ear

karṇanādaṁ कणनश ादॊ
Flute like sound in the ear.

karṇanāḍī कणनश ाडी
External auditory canal. The canal which transmits the sound waves from the exterior to the tympanic membrane

karṇanāsakṣi hīna darśanaṁ कणनश ासक्षऺ हीन दशनश ॊ
Sees objects with defective organs before eyes

karṇapīṭhaṁ कणऩीठॊ
(1) Bottom of the conche. (2) Lobule of the ear

karṇapoorana कणऩश यू ण
It’s a part of daily regimen in this process oil is poured in to ears. It prevents ailments of head and neck.

karṇapṛṣṭham कणऩश ष्ृ ठभ ्
Mastoid region. A process of the temporal bone.

karṇaputrakaḥ कणऩश त्रु क्
Tragus. The cartilaginous projection in front of the exterior meatus of the ear

karṇaputrikā कणऩश त्रु त्रका
Antitragus (Tragus - Sen). a projection on the ear of the cartilage of auricle in front of the tail of the helix, posterior to tragus

karṇaśaṣkulikā कणशश ष्कु मरका
Pinna. Auricle. The auricle or the projected part of external ear

karṇāvaṭuḥ कणाशिटु ्
Cavum, concha of the ear. the concavity on the median surface of the auricle of ear

karṇikā कणणका
Spike like projection

karṇikāpātanaṁ कणणकाऩातनॊ
Removal or excision of granulomatous growth in the wound which is caused due to bite by the insects, spiders & rats.

karpara pācana कऩयश ऩाचन
A method of Cooking, is classified under Krittana Varga in which hot pans are used, e.g. Pancakes, Dosa etc.

karpūraḥ कऩयूश ्
Elbow. The joint between the arm and forearm.

karṣaḥ कष्श
A unit of Measurement; Two kolas will make one karsha= 12 g of metric units

kārṣṇa काष्णश
Blackish discoloration of the skin

kārśya काश्मश
Thinness, emaciation, leanness

kartā कताश
implies for physician or synonymous of soul

kartana कतनश

kartanaṁ कतनश ॊ
Cutting pain.

kārya dravya कामश द्रव्म
Effectual substances that are manifestations of the 9 causal substances, e.g. Tinospora cordifolia, Withania somnifera

kārya कामश
the objective of physician to maintain the equilibrium of the body humors

kāryākāryavibhāgajñaḥ कामाशकामविबागऻ्
Loss of knowledge.

kāryaphalaṁ sukhāvāpti कामपश रॊ सखु ािात्प्त
Result of the act is attainment of happiness. It is known by satisfaction of mind intellect, sense organs & the body.

kāryaphalam कामपश रभ ्
the outcome of intervention in the form of healthy state

karyayoni — कार्ययोनि
Intimate cause of illness.

kāsa कास

kāsahara कासहय
Substances that relieve cough;

kaṣaṇa kaṇṭha कषण कण्ठ

kaṣāya skandha कषाम स्कन्ध
Group of Drugs having actions attributed to astringent taste.

kaṣāya vastra कषाम िस्त्र
These kinds of clothes have qualities like cold, decreases heat, decreases pitta dosa. It is best suited in summer season, also used by saint’s priests during perform ritual acts, yaga etc.

kaṣāya कषाम
Boiled & filtered decoction of herbs, used for the therapeutics & pharmaceutical manufacturing

kaṣāyānurasaṁ कषामानयु सॊ
Astringent taste in lesser grade

kaṣāyavarṇaṁ कषामिणं
Color of decoction

kaśerukā कशरुका
Vertebra - Any of the 33 bony segments of the spinal column.

kāṣṭhauṣadhi काष्ठौषधध
Materials from Herbal kingdom

kāṣṭhe raśmibhirvā hatam काष्ठे यत्श्भमबिाश हतभ ्
One bespattered with blood, with limbs broken or dislocated should be regarded as slain with sticks or whip.

kaṭakaṭāyanatva कटकटामनत्ि
Gnashing of the teeth

kathā icchā कथा इच्छा
Fond of gossip.

kaṭhina कर्ठन
Hardness; one among 20 gurvadi gunas. Caused due activated prithvi; denotes physiological & pharmacological hardness; causes hardening/ consolidation.

kāṭhinyacarmakośa कार्ठन्मचभकोश
Hardness of the foreskin of the penis

kāṭhinyaṁ कार्ठन्मॊ

kaṭi kapālaḥ कर्ट कऩार्
Hip bone

kaṭī prothaḥ कटी प्रोथ्
Natis. Buttock. Gluteal Prominence. Haunch.

kaṭiḥ / kaṭī कर्ट्/कटी
(1) Loins, lumbus. (2) Pelvis. (3) Waist

kaṭisandhiḥ कर्ट सत्न्ध्
Hip joint

kaṭu rasatā कटु यसता
Pungent taste or Taste of Chillies

kaṭu skandha कटु स्कन्ध
Group of drugs having actions attributed to pungent taste.

kaṭu कटु
1. Pungent; One among six rasa. 2. Synonym of Katuki(Picrorrhiza kurroa) and Rajika(Brassica juncea).

kaṭvara कट्िय
curd is churned without adding water along with butter

kaṭyantram कट्मन्त्रभ ्
Large intestine

kaubjya कौब्ज्म

kauṇya कौण्म
Loss of motor function of hand

kaupa कौऩ
This kind of well water more alkaline due to excessive minerals, which enhance Pitta and Agni. This kind of water is useful in Spring and Summer seasons.

kaurparasandhiḥ / kūrparasandhirvā कौऩयसत्न्ध्/कू ऩयश स त्न्धz
Elbow joint. The joint between arm and forearm

kavacābharṇeṣu किचाबणेषु
Mode of administration of poison via armour and ornaments.

kavala किर
Holding the little quantity of liquid (medicinal decoctions/ Luke warm water/medicinal oils) in buckle cavity, make it move briskly inside and spitting out.

kavalagraha किरग्रह
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karsha=12g of metric units

kāyacchidrāṇi कामत्च्छद्राणण
Apertures of the body.

kāyāgni कामात्ग्न
All factors responsible for digestion and metabolism / transformation.

kayuṣṭhavarṇa कमष्ु ठिणश
Color of Garcinia morella

keśa के श

keśabhūmiḥ के शबमू भ्
Field of hairs. Field of hairs

keśapatana के शऩतन
Falling of hair which is a sign of (imminent) death of poisoned patient.

keśaprasādana के शप्रसादन
One among the daily regimen, combing is good for hairs; it removes dust, louse and dirt. Maintains hygiene of head.

keśaśāt के शशात
A bad prognostic condition in the patient of snake bite where the hair come off the body, even on the slightest pull.

keśayantra के शमन्त्र
An apparatus resembling the filter prepared out of the hairs useful for filtration

keśya के श्म
1. Beneficial for the hair. 2. Synonym of Krishnagaru(Aqualaria agollacha) & Bhringaraja (Eclipta alba)

kevalānvayi anumānaṁ के िरान्ितम व्मात्प्त्
Purely positive concomitance

kevalavyatireki anumānaṁ के िरव्मततयेक्रक व्मात्प्त्
Purely negative concomitance

kha ख
Akaśa; Space, synonym of Srotas

khaḍā खडा
Is a special kind of Soup (Yusha) prepared out of 4 parts of Takra (Butter milk) and 1/16 part of Samidhanya (pulse) like Green gram, black gram, horse gram etc, boiled together. When pulses are cooked completely salt, ginger, pepper are added and seasoned with ghee and cumin seeds.

khadyotaguṇa darśanaṁ खद्मोतगणु दशनश ॊ
Sees fire fly before eye

khai adhovāyu खै अधोिामु
Passing flatus through ulcer

khaiḥ purīṣapravartanaṁ खै् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Passing stool through ulcer

khālityaṁ खामरत्मॊ

khalva yantra खल्ि मन्त्र
An apparatus of various shapes and made of different materials used for grinding and rubbing of the materials

khāni nirudhya खातन तनरुध्म
The blood vitiated due to poison transudates and obstructs the channels of blood circulation, leading to death of the patient.

khañjatā खञ्जता

khañjatvaṁ खञ्जत्िॊ

khāñjyaṁ खाञ्ज्मॊ

khara खय
Rough tongue

kharāgni खयात्ग्न
Strong heat

kharapāka खयऩाक
Completion of the process beyond the optimal stage

kharasparśatva खयस्ऩशत्श ि
Rough in touch

kharātapa खयातऩ
Scorching sun used for various pharmaceutical processes such as purification, drying and impart addition qualities in medicines.

khāri खारय
A unit of Measurement; Four combined droni are equals to one khari=196.608 kg/l of metric units

kharjūrasadṛśa खजूयश सदृश
Resembles as Date (Phoenix sylvestris)

kharpara खऩयश
One of the mineral of zinc

khasatva खसत्ि
The extract /product obtained from extraction from mica

khaṭāvakhādī खटािखादी
Striking in bed by limbs

khebhyaḥ kṛṣṇaṁ

khebhyaḥ raktaṁ खेभ्म् यततॊ
Bleeding from hair follicles

khecara खेचय
Literal meaning is hovering in sky; the other meaning is making the materials micro fine so as to pass through any minute channels/pores which produce lightness in the body.

khoṭa खोट
It is process of compounding mercury in which the mercury is made thermo stable

khuḍakaḥ / khulako खुडक् / खुरको
Ankle joint/Heel. The joint between tibia, fibula and talus bones.

khuḍḍāka खुड्डाक
brief , small or little

khuḍḍukā खुड्डु का
Ankle joint/Heel. The joint between tibia, fibula and talus bones.

khurā खुया

khurakhura svaraḥ खुयखुय स्िय्
Hoarse voice, resembling the sound of Khur Khur

kīlakau कीरकौ
Clavicles. The collarbone, curved like the letter 'f' which articulates with sternum and scapula.

kīlaṁ कीरॊ
Fleshy growth, Piles in rectum

kīlāṭa कीराट
Coagulated milk is a solid part prepared by adding milk to buttermilk or curd.

kiṁśukodakābha क्रकॊ शकु ोदकाब
Color of washing of Ervethrina indica

kiṁśukodakasaṅkāśaṁ क्रकॊ शकु ोदकसङ्काशॊ
Color of washing of Ervethrina indica

kiṇaḥ agharṣaṇāgranthiḥ क्रकण् अघषणश ाग्रत्न्थ्
Rough skin resembles callous or cicatrix.

kiṇakharasparśa क्रकणखयस्ऩशश
fd.kor~ [kjLi'kZ ;Lr rr~ fd.k[kjLi'k±] fd.k% oz.kLFkkua (Chakra.C.Ci.7.22)

kiṇvaka क्रकण्िक
Synonym of surabija-seed

kīṭa कीट
These are different types of insects which have powerful sting organs with which they inject poison into the body.

kīṭairdaṣṭānugraviṣaiḥsar pavat samupācāret कीटैदशष्टानग्रु विष्ै सऩिश त ् सभऩु ाचायेत ्
A bite by a strongly poisoned insect should be treated like poisoned snake bite to all intents and purposes.

kīṭakā sarpanti iva कीटका सऩत्श न्त इि

kīṭaviṣecāpi svedo na pratiṣidhyate कीटविषचावऩ स्िेदो न प्रततवषध्मते
Measure of fomentation (sweda) is not forbidden in a case of insect bite because the poison of an insect is mild and applications of heat do not increase its potency.

kiṭibha क्रकर्टब
A manifestation of dushivisha which has characteristics similar to psoriasis.

kitta — किट्ट
1. Waste products.
2. Slag obtained in the process of Satvapatana.
3. type of iron oxide (Mandura and other metals).

kiṭṭa क्रकट्ट
1. Slag obtained in the process of satvapatana 2. type of iron oxide

klaibyam तरब्ै मभ ्
Impotence; Inability to perform sexual act.

klama तरभ
Exhaustion without exertion or Feeling of weakness in heart.

klamaṁ तरभॊ
It is a symptom produced in animate type of poisoning which means mental exhaustion (fatigue).

klāntaḥ तरान्त्
Restless : Fatigue

kleda तरेद
Moistened, Wet

kledaḥ तरेद्
Life: means combination of body, sense organs, mind and soul.

kledaka kapha तरेदक कप
One of the five subtypes of Kapha that causes moistening and loosening of the food particles to help in the process of digestion.

kleśayate ciram तरेशमते धचयभ ्
Affects for a long time.

klība तरीफ
Impotent, neuter, emasculated,

klinna त्तरन्न
Wetting of the material by using prescribed liquids

klinnaṁ त्तरन्नॊ
Moistened, Wet

kliptībhāva त्तरप्तीबाि

kloma तरोभ

klomanāḍī तरोभनाडी
Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi. (1)The enlarged upper end of trachea below the root of trunk. (2) Cylindrical cartilaginous tube. (3) Two main branches leading from the trachea to the lungs.

koca कोच

kokila कोक्रकर
Wood charcoal

kokilaḥ svaravaikṛtyaṁ कोक्रकर् स्ियिकै ृ त्मॊ
On being poisoned the voice of cuckoo becomes abnormal and hoarse.

kola कोर
A unit of Measurement; Eight seeds of masha/ two sana will make one seed of kola= 6 g of metric units

koṇa कोण
A property of minerals and metals

kopana कोऩन

korasandhayaḥ कोयसन्धम्
Condyloid and hinge joints

koṣaḥ (śaḥ) कोष् (श्)
Sac/Scrotum/Prepuce. (1)Bag like part of the organ (2) the double pouch of the male hich contains the testicles and part of spermatic cord. (3) The fore skin or fold of skin over the glans penis

koṣṭa viruddha कोष्ट विरुद्ध
Bowel unwholesome –Administration of a mild purgative in a small dose for a person of costive bowel and administration of strong purgatives in strong doses for a person having laxed bowel.

koṣṭha कोष्ठ
1. A closed space or area, typically indicative of organs in the abdominal, thoracic and pelvic cavities 2. Physiologically, koṣṭha is also indicative of gastro intestinal tract. Dependending on the dominance of Doṣa, depending on the ability to digest the food, and depending on the bowel movements, the koṣṭha of an individual can be classified as Krūra (hard bowel movements) Mṛdu (soft bowel movements) and Madhya (normal bowel movements).

koṣṭhakaṁ / koṣṭhakāsthi कोष्ठकॊ /कोष्ठकात्स्थ
Clavicle. Collar bone, which joins acromion of scapula and sternum.

koṣṭhāṅga कोष्ठाङ्ग
Viscera/Splanchna. Internal organs enclosed within the cavity especially the abdominal organs.

koṣṭhī कोष्ठी
A heating device

koṭaraḥ कोटय्
Orbit or orbital cavity. The bony pyramid shape cavity the skull containing and protect the eyeball.

koṭha कोठ
Wheels on the skin.

kotha कोथ
Suppuration and sloughing, It is a symptom produced by insect of dooshivisha category (causing chronic poisoning).

koṭhāḥ कोठा्
It is a symptom seen in third impulse of poisoning which means urticaria.

kovidārapuṣpavarṇaṁ कोविदायऩष्ु ऩिणं
Color of Bauhinia flower

krama virudda क्रभ विरुद्द
Order unwholesome- if a person takes food before his bowel and emptying his urinary bladder or when he does not have an appetite or after his hunger has been aggravated.

krāmaṇa क्राभण
Material is made to spread all over by using various measures.

kramāpekṣitva क्रभाऩेक्षऺत्ि
Properties and actions of a substance depends upon its current state;

krantanaṁ icchā क्रन्तनॊ इच्छा
Fond of walking

krathanaṁ क्रथनॊ
ØFkua Do.kua (Arun.Ah.N.4.13), ØFku~ dwtu~ (Hem.Ah.N.4.13), ØFku~ ukl;k v‰qra 'kCn oqQoZu~

krauñca क्रौञ्च

kṛcchra कृ च्र
Difficult functioning

kṛcchralakṣyākṣaraṁ कृ च्ररक्ष्माऺयॊ
Indistinguishable voice

kṛcchrapākaḥ कृ च्रऩाक्
Delayed digestion

kṛcchronmīlanaṁ कृ च्रोन्भीरनॊ
Difficulty in opening eye.

kriyāharatvaṁ bāhu क्रक्रमाहयत्िॊ फाहु
Loss of motor function of upper limb

kriyāhīnaḥ क्रक्रमाहीन्
Loss of motor function

kriyākāla क्रक्रमाकार
Various stages of evolution of the disease during which a proper intervention can prevent the progress of the disease.

kriyākṣayaṁ क्रक्रमाऺमॊ
Loss of motor function.

kriyānivartanaṁ क्रक्रमातनितनश ॊ
Loss of motor function

kriyāsannirodhaḥ क्रक्रमासत्न्नयोध्
Loss of motor and sensory function; Suppressed physical & mental activities

kriyāstambhaḥ क्रक्रमास्तम्ब्
Loss of motor function

kriyāsu aśakti क्रक्रमासु अशत्तत
Loss of motor function

kṛkalābha कृ कराब

kṛkaṇṭaka कृ कण्टक
It is chameleon, belonging to reptile family, containing poison in its saliva.

kṛmi roga कृ मभ योग
Worm infestation

kṛmighna कृ मभघ्न
Anthelmentics/Antimicrobials; substances indicated in management of worm infestation; both macro- & micro-scopic

kroḍaḥ क्रोड्
Cardiac region. The region contained the heart.

kroḍapuṭa क्रोडऩटु
A graded heating system- heat given with cow dung cakes equivalent to Varaha puta

krodha क्रोध

krodhaviṣam क्रोधविषभ ्
Poisoning due to anger Powerful enemies and even the servant and relations of the sovereign in a fit of anger poison the king.

krodhena bhāsākṣi क्रोधेन बासाक्षऺ
Wrathful eye

krośanaṁ śvavat क्रोशनॊ श्िित ्
Making sound of dog

kṛśarā कृ शया
To prepare kṛśarā rice, gram, salt, ginger, asafetida are taken in appropriate quantity and boiled together to obtain. Also called as Khicadi/ Khara Pongal/ one pot preparation. It enhances the Agni (digestive fire) and alleviates Vataja and Pittaja disorders.

kṛśatā कृ शता
Wasting, Leanness

kṛṣṇa varga कृ ष्ण िगश
Group of 10 substances that colors mercury viz. Kadali(Musa paradisiacal), Karavellaka(Momordica charantia), etc.

kṛṣṇā कृ ष्णा
Black color

kṛṣṇaṁ cātisravatyasṛk कृ ष्णॊ चाततस्रित्मसकृ ्
Bite by a rabid animal results in copious flow of dark blood from the site of bite.

kṛṣṇamaṇḍalam कृ ष्णभण्डरभ ्
Iris. The colored contractile membrane suspended between lens and cornea

kṛṣṇāruṇakapāla varṇa कृ ष्णारुणकऩार िणश
Color of blackish red

kṛṣṇatārakā कृ ष्णतायका
Iris. The colored contractile membrane suspended between lens and cornea

kṛta कृ त
material is fried by using ghee or oil by addition of pungents, mustard, asa foetida & turmeric etc.

kṛtaghnaḥ कृ तघ्न्

kṛtānna varga कृ तान्न िगश
Group of prepared foods;Panak, Peya, Krishara

kṛtrima viṣa कृ त्रत्रभ विष
Artificial/ synthetic poison

kṛtsna कृ त्स्न
All, Whole, entire

kruddhaśūraṁ akruddhabhīru क्रु द्धशयू ॊ अक्रु द्धबीरु
Violent when angry and fearful when anger subsides, an indication of mental constitution.

krūra koṣṭha क्रू य कोष्ठ
A physiological type of Koṣṭha produced because of the dominance of Vāta. The individual with this type of Koṣṭha, passes hard stools and has irregular digestive ability.

kṣālaṇa ऺारण
Washing drugs with running water to remove the external impurities & contaminations like dust.

kṣamā ऺभा
Patience, forbearance, forgiveness, Resistance

kṣāmaḥ ऺाभ्

kṣāmasvarā ऺाभस्िय
Feeble voice.

kṣaṇabhaṅguravāda ऺणबङ्गयु िाद
the ideology which believe that nothing is stable or permanent and every things undergoes through continuous process of decaying

kṣaṇāt chardi ऺणात ् छर्दश
Sudden vomiting

kṣapayeccavikāśitvāddoṣ āndhātūnmalānapi ऺऩमेच्चविकामशत्िा द्दोषान्धातन्ू भरानवऩ
Because of disintegration property of poison it annihilates the root principles dosas (dhatus) and the malas (excreta) of the body.

kṣāra varga ऺाय िगश
Group of alkaline substances;

kṣāra ऺाय
Alkaline substances obtained from plants through a specific procedure.

kṣāradvaya ऺायद्िम
Combination of following 2 sources of alkaline drugs; Sarjikshara,

kṣārapañcaka ऺायऩञ्चक
Group of five sources of alkaline drugs; Sarja (Vateria indica), Palash (Butea monosperma), Tila (Sesamum indica), Yavās (Alhagi camelorum).

kṣāraṣaṭaka ऺायषटक
Group of Six sources of alkaline drugs Dhab (Anogeissus latifolia), Apamarga (Achyranthes aspera), Tila (Sesamum indicum), Langali (Gloriosa superba), and Kutaja (Holarrhena antidysenterica).

kṣārāṣṭaka ऺायाष्टक
Combination of following eight sources of alkaline drugs; Palāsh(Butea frondosa), Apamarga(Achyranthes aspera), Tila(Sesamum indicum), Snuhi(Euphorbia neriifolia), Arka(Calotropis procera), Chincha(Tamarindus indica), Yavakshar, Sajjikshar

kṣarati ऺयतत
The blood transudates when vitiated due to dushivisha.

kṣāratoyavat ऺायतोमित ्
Resembling alkaline water

kṣāratraya ऺायत्रम
Group of Three sources of alkaline drugs Sajjikshar, Yavkshar, and Tankan.

kṣārodaka ऺायोदक
kshara is to be dissolved in 6 times of water and filtered for 21 times

kṣārokṣitakṣata akṣi ऺायोक्षऺतऺत अक्षऺ
Eye resembling color or ulcer produced by alkali

kṣata ऺत

kṣatajābhaḥ ऺतजाब्

kṣatajaṁ kṣatācca nāyāti ऺतजॊ ऺताच्च नामातत
It is a sign of death of a poisoned person in which there is absence of bleeding from ulcers.

kṣatajaṁ ऺतजॊ

kṣataṁ ऺतॊ

kṣaudra ऺौद्र
Variety of honey collected from small type of honey-bee, it’s of brownish color. It’s of ununctuous and astringent taste and cold in potency. It aggravates Vata and alleviator of Pitta.

kṣaudranibhaṁ ऺौद्रतनबॊ
Honey colored

kṣaudrarūpa ऺौद्ररूऩ
Honey colored

kṣaudravarṇa ऺौद्रिणश
Honey colored

kṣaudravarṇarasaṁ ऺौद्रिणयसॊ
Honey colored and taste

kṣavaḥ ऺि्

kṣavathu ऺिथु

kṣaya ऺम
Loss; a state of loss of anybody constituent resulting in a negative balance.

kṣepaḥ bhrū ऺेऩ् भ्रू
Spasmodic movement of the eyebrow

kṣepanigraha sakthi ऺेऩतनग्रह सत्तथ
Restricted foreward movement of lower limb.

kṣīṇa ऺीण
Weak, Feeble

kṣipan iva akṣi क्षऺऩन ् इि अक्षऺ
Feeling of protrusion of eye

kṣipraṁ क्षऺप्रॊ
Spontaneous, Sudden

kṣipramokṣa क्षऺप्रभोऺ
Premature ejaculation

kṣiptam क्षऺप्तभ ्
adding some excipients to increase palatability

kṣīra varga ऺीय िगश
Group of milk obtained from different animals.

kṣīra ऺीय
Milk; Synonym of Dugdha.

kṣīrābham ऺीयाबभ ्

kṣīrapāka ऺीयऩाक
Milk extract/drugs extracted out by adding milk and water and reducing over fire till milk remains.

kṣīrarūpaṁ ऺीयरूऩॊ

kṣīrāṣṭaka ऺीयाष्टक
Class of Eight milk producing animals.cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, horse, elephant, human.

kṣīratraya ऺीयत्रम
Class of following 3 latex producing plants; group of latex plants viz. Snuhi(Euphorbia neriifolia), Ashmantak(Ficus rumphii), Arka(Calotropis procera)

kṣīratulyam ऺीयतल्ु मभ ्

kṣitipradeśaṁ viṣadūṣitaṁ क्षऺततप्रदेशॊ विषदवू षतॊ
Land affected by poison which causes swelling and burning sensation in those parts of body which comes in contact with it and nails and hair tend to fall off due to its effect.

kṣobha ऺोब
Fluid thrill

kṣoda ऺोद
Synonym of curna- fine form of herbal powder- a solid doses forms used for therapeutics

kṣodaṁ iva pṛṣṭha ऺोदॊ इि ऩष्ृ ठ
Powdering like pain

kṣudhā ऺुधा
Hunger, an uneasy sensation occasioned by the lack of food

kṣudhābhāvaḥ ऺुधाबाि्
Loss of Appetite

kṣudrāntram ऺुद्रान्त्रभ ्
Small intestine. The alimentary canal extending from the pylorus to the caecum

kṣudrāntrāvayavaḥ ऺुद्रान्त्रािमि्
Loop of small intestine. Convoluted parts of small intestine.

kṣuṇṇaṁ ऺुण्णॊ
a process of powdering the material by pounding

kṣupa ऺुऩ

kṣut asahatva ऺुत ् असहत्ि
Irritation to hunger

kṣut nāśa (kṣunnāśa) ऺुत ् नाश (ऺुन्नाश)
Loss of Appetite

kṣut praṇāśa ऺुत ् प्रणाश
Loss of Appetite

kṣut ऺुत ्

kṣuti ऺुतत

kucaḥ कु च्

kucau कु चौ
Breast, Mammary glands. Compound alveolar gland consisting of 15 to 20 lobes of glandualr tissue

kuḍava कु डि
A unit of Measurement; Four pala are equal to one kudava =192 g of

kudhānya varga कु धान्म िगश
Group of inferior quality grain.

kuhaṇikā कु हणणका
Elbow. The joint between the arm and the forearm.

kūjanaṁ कू जनॊ
Cooing Sound

kūjati कू जतत
Voice resembles the sound of pigeon

kukkuṭapuṭa कु तकु टऩटु
A graded heating system- heat applied with cow dung cakes on surface of the earth

kukṣi कु क्षऺ
(1) Abdomen, (2) Flank. The portion of the trunk located between the pelvis and the thorax.

kukṣigolakau कु क्षऺगोरकौ
Kidneys. Renes. Paired retroperitoneal organs on each side of vertebral column.

kukṣigraha कु क्षऺग्रह
Gripping pain in abdomen

kukūlapācana कु कू रऩाचन
Cooking with steam exp- Iddali, Ata, Puttu etc

kukundarau — कुकुन्दरौ
(1) Highest nerve of the iliac crest, on both sides (2) Ischial tuberosity

kukundarau कु कु न्दयौ
(1) Highest nerve of the iliac crest, on both sides

kumbha कु म्ब
1. A unit of Measurement; Two combined drona will make one kumbha= 24.576 kg/l of metric units 2. an earthen pot used for processing & storing the material

kumbhīka कु म्बीक
The man who first becomes a passive member of an act of sodomy to gain erection and then commits the act of sex with a woman is called kumbheek.

kumudaiḥ ācitaṁ iva darśanaṁ कु भदु ै् आधचतॊ इि
Sees objects covered by the color of white water lily

kumudini कु भर्ु दतन
one of the synonym of crucible used for different pharmaceutical processes such as in extraction of metals

kuṇapagandha कु णऩगन्ध
Cadaverous smell

kuṇapaṁ कु णऩॊ
Dead body

kuṇapaprakāśaṁ कु णऩप्रकाशॊ
Cadaverous smell

kuñcanaṁ कु ञ्चनॊ
Gurgling sound

kundākṛti avabhāsa कु न्दाकृ तत अिबास
Color of Jasmine bud

kundakusumaiḥ ācitaṁ iva darśanaṁ कु न्दकु सभु ्ै आधचतॊ इि दशनश ॊ
Sees objects covered by the color of Jasmine

kuṇḍala darśanaṁ कु ण्डर दशनश ॊ
Sees ear ring like objects before eyes

kuṇḍalāni कु ण्डरातन
Coils or loop of the intestine.

kundapāṇḍura dṛṣṭimaṇḍala कु न्दऩाण्डु य दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Jasmine like pale colored pupil

kuṇitva कु णणत्ि
Opened eyelid.

kuṇṭhakoṇāgram कु ण्ठकोणाग्रभ ्
A property of material

kunthatā कु न्थता
Loss of motor function of hand

kūpikā कू वऩका
Glass flask/ bottle

kūpita ucchavāsa कू वऩत उच्छिास
Laboured breath

kupyatyebhreśu nirhṛtam कु प्मत्मेभ्रेशु तनरृशतभ ्
The poison of venomous rat/ mole even though apparently eliminated from the system may, sometimes, still get aggravated repeatedly on cloudy days or in foul weather.

kūrcikā कू धचकश ा
Milk is heated and mixed with buttermilk or curd to obtain koorcikā is a uniformly semi-solid substance. Best used in Vataja and Pittaja disorders.

kūrmābha कू भाशब
It is a characteristic feature of darvikara snake (group of cobra snake variety) bite having swelling resembling with shell of tortoise.

kūrmapṛṣṭhavat kaṭhina कू भऩश ष्ृ ठित ् कर्ठन
Hardness like the outer side of tortoise

kūrmonnatā jihvā कू भोन्नता त्जविा
Elevated like the shape of tortoise

kūrparaḥ कू ऩयश ्

kūrparāsthi कू ऩयश ात्स्थ
Olecranon process. Hook like projection on the superior end of ulna.

kuryāda कु माशद

kuseśayadalacchāyaṁ कु सेशमदरच्छामॊ
Resembles the color of the petals of red lotus -ma property of mineral

kuṣṇatāṁ māṁsa कु ष्णताॊ भाॊस
Putrefaction of flesh

kuṣṭhaghna कु ष्ठघ्न
Substances indicated for skin disorders.

kuthita kapha कु धथत कप
Sputum with fetid smell

kuṭila sirā कु र्टर मसया
Varicose vein. Enlarged twisted superficial vein.

kuṭilaṁ कु र्टरॊ
Asymmetrical, blended, Curled

kuṭilopasthaṁ कु र्टरोऩस्थॊ
Blended penis

kuṭkāsthi कु ट्कात्स्थ
Coccyx or Sacrum coccyx. Small bone at the base of vertebral column.

kuṭṭayitvā कु ट्टतमत्िा

kūyakaṁ कू मकॊ
Hair follicles. An invagination of the epidermis from which a hair develops.

kuyumavaṇa कु मभु िण
Color of saffron flower

kvaṇanaṁ तिणनॊ
Snoring sound

kvātha तिाथ
synonym of kashaya - boiled & filtered liquid of herbs for specific time used for the therapeutics & pharmaceutical manufacturing

lāghava राघि

lāghavam राघिभ ्
lightness : a property of substance

laghu pañcamūla रघु ऩञ्चभरू
Combination of Five roots obtained from small plants; Shalparni (Desmodium gangeticum), Prishnparni (Uraria picta), Brahti (Solanum indicum), Kantkari (Solanum surattense), Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris).

laghu रघु
Light/ lightness; one among 20 gurvadi gunas. opposite of guru guna; caused due to activated vayu, agni, akasha mahabhutas; denotes physiological & pharmacological lightness; manifested by lightness in the body, easy to digest, stimulates Agni, decreases all body tissues, pacifies kapha, aggravates Vata, heals wounds;

lāja maṇḍa राज भण्ड
A thin gruel prepared out Laja (parched rice) or roasted rice. Is a good appetizer and pacifies thirst and diarrheas.

lājā राजा
Obtained by roasting undried and unhusked paddy. Is light and easily digestible. Cures thirst, vomiting, diarrhea, diabetes, obesity, cough and pitta.

lājagandhi राजगत्न्ध
Smell is like fried paddy (corn)

lajjā रज्जा
feeling of Shame

lakṣaṇā रऺणा
specific expression indicated by a word or phrase or sentence

lākṣārasa राऺायस
a liquid preparation prepared of lakh by adding 6 times of water and processed in dolayantra

lākṣārasopamaṁ ārtava राऺायसोऩभॊ आतिश
Menstrual blood in the color of the juice of Lac

lālā chardi रारा छर्दश
Vomiting of saliva

lālā strāvīḥ रारा स्त्रािी्
Excessive salivation, Symptom of a rabid dog.

lālā रारा

lālana jihvā रारन त्जविा
Shaking of tongue

lālāsrāvaḥ रारास्राि्

lalāṭaḥ रराट्

lālātantuyutaṁmutraṁ रारातन्तमु तु भॊ त्रु ॊ
Saliva like urine

lambana रम्फन
Pendulous or drooping

laṁghana icchā रघॊ न इच्छा
Desire to fasting

laṁghana रघॊ न
Therapy which produces lightness of the body is called laṁghana.Reduction therapy consists of two parts Pallative and Purification. Laṁ ghana consist of 10 methods. The first 4 are types of purification process excluding blood letting. Remaining six are palliative therapy viz exposure to wind, exposure to sun, fasting, taking medicine / herbs to increase digestive function etc. This therapy is indicated in preventive and treating Kaphaja and Medo roga.

lāñchana राञ्छन
A mark or sign, one of the basis for naming plants.

lāṅgalakī राङ्गरकी
Gloriosa superba, a plant having poison in its root/rhizome.

lasikā रसीका
1. A watery component of the body, lymph, serum. 2. Mala of Rasa. 3. A site of Pitta.

lasikāvat mūtraṁ रमसकाित ् भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles serous fluid

latā रता
plants with a weak stem; climbers/twinners/prostates/creepers

lauha — लौह
1. Element iron Ferrum with chemical symbol Fe Atomic. no 26.
2. Used to represent all metals.

lauha रौह
1.Element iron ferrum with chemical symbol Fe at 26

lauhapārāyā रौहऩायामा
used in grinding purpose

laukika karma रौक्रकक कभश
It refers to Worldly action. All activities like sitting, standing, sleeping, running, throwing etc comes under this.

laukika रौक्रकक
belonging to or occurring in ordinary world

laulyaṁ रौल्मॊ

lavaṇa icchā रिण इच्छा
Fond of salt

lavaṇa rasa रिण यस
Salty taste

lavaṇa skandha रिण स्कन्ध
Class of different salts;

lavaṇa varga रिण िगश
Class of different salts;

lavaṇa yantra रिण मन्त्र
Salt bath apparatus used in various processes for purpose of indirect heating

lavaṇa रिण
Salty; one of the six rasa.

lavaṇaṁ रिणॊ
Salt, Saline

layana रमन
Loss of consciousness, Delusion, Distraction

lehaḥ रेह्
It means the preparation of the medicines topically in palatable form (in the form of linctus) given for licking.

lehanaṁ oṣṭha रेहनॊ ओष्ठ
Habit of licking lips

lekhanaṁ guda रेखनॊ गदु
Scrapping like feeling in anus

lekhanīya रेखनीम
Scrapping, Scratching, Substances that reduce excess body tissues.

lepa mukhasya रेऩ भखु स्म
Coating in the mouth

lepaḥ रेऩ्

lepana रेऩन
Anointing/application- here application of antiseptics, any other germicidal solution to vitiated land to maintain biologically hygiene.

līla icchā रीर इच्छा
Fond of playing

liṅga śarīra मरङ्ग शयीय
the subtle body

liṅga मरङ्ग

liṅganāśaḥ मरङ्गनाश्
Blurred vision

liṅgaśaithilya मरङ्गशधथल्म
Loss of erection of penis

lipsā मरप्सा

līyate रीमते

lobha रोब
Greed: insatiable desire for having something; Excessive desire to acquire more than need.

locanaḥ रोचन्

lohagandha रोहगन्ध
Smell of metal

lohita darśanaṁ रोर्हत दशनश ॊ
Looks objects in blood color

lohitagandhī रोर्हतगन्धी
Smell of blood

lohitam रोर्हतभ ्
blood or synonym of blood

lohitavarṇa रोर्हतिणश
Smell of metal

loka रोक
World or domain or universe

lolaḥ रोर्
Desire or Fond of

lolaṁ रोरॊ
Unsteady activities

lolanaṁ रोरनॊ
Nodding the head.

lolatā रोरता

loma रोभ
Body hairs

lomaharṣaṇam रोभहषणश भ ्
It is a symptom produced in animate type of poisoning which means raising of hairs.

loṭhana रोठन
Nodding the head

lucyate iva pārśva रच्ु मते इि ऩाश्िश
Feeling of drooping of the flanks

lulita pakṣma रमु रत ऩक्ष्भ
Wavering of eyelashes

luptacita रप्ु तधचत
Confusion or absence of mind

lūtā रतू ा
Poisonous spiders which have poison in various sites in their body.

lūtāviṣaṁ ghoratamaṁ durvijñeyatamaṁ ca tat रतू ाविषॊ घोयतभॊ

lutavisham ghortamam durvigyeyatamam cha tat — लूताविषं घोरतमं दुर्विज्ञेयतमं च तत्
The Cases of venomous spider bites are the most dreadful and most difficult to diagnose and treat.

ṁ उदम्ु फयपरसङ्काशॊ"
Color of ripened fig fruit

mada भद

madaḥ भद्
The state of being emotionally aroused and worked up

madakārī भदकायी
Substances which intoxicates & vitiates intellect; e.g. wine

madanayohatam भदनमोगहतॊ
One with clothes and limbs thrown about, with excessive vomiting and motions, he should hold as killed by a stupefying mixture.(a combination containing randia spinosa)

madhita भधधत
Is prepared by churning the curd and removing butter, without adding water. Alleviates Kapha and Pitta.

madhu icchā भधु इच्छा
Fond of Honey

madhu iva mūtraṁ भधु इि भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles honey in color and appearance

madhu varga भधु िगश
Class of different sources of Honey

madhūcchiṣṭa vastra भधूत्च्छष्ट िस्त्र
Clothes anarnked with wax (bee). Decreases vata Doṣa. Gives strength, improves appetite & pitta Doṣa.

madhukroḍā भधुक्रोडा
Prepared with flour mixed up with honey and solidified by frying.

madhura rasatā भधुय यसता
Sweet taste

madhura skandha भधुय स्कन्ध
Class of substances having actions attributed to Madhura Rasa.

madhura traya भधुय त्रम
Class of following 3 substances having Madhura Rasa viz. Sharkara, Madhu & Ghrita.

madhura triphala — मधुर त्रिफला
A Category of the following three fruits having Madhura Rasa; namely. 1. Gambhari(Gmelina arborea) 3. khajoor(Phoenix sylvestris) 3. Draksha(Vitis vinifera).
Submitted by: Draksha(Vitis vinifera).

madhura triphalā भधुय त्रत्रपरा
Class of following three fruits having madhura rasa; viz. Gaṁbhārī

madhura भधुय
Sweet; one among six rasa.

madhura भधुय यस
Sweet, something that is sweet to taste

madhurabhakṣaṇa dveṣa भधुयबऺण द्िेष
Aversion to sweet food

madhurāsyatā भधुयास्मता
Sweet taste

madhusamaṁ भधुसभॊ
Urine resembles honey in color and appearance

madhuśukta भधुशतु त
The fermented liquid using the honey on attaining acidity

madhya vīrya भध्म िीमश
Moderate Potency;

madhyabhaṅga asthi भध्मबङ्ग अत्स्थ
Fracture in the middle of the bone

madhyāhnaḥ भध्मावन्

madhyam vaya भध्मभ ् िम
Middle age- from 16- 60 years .It is characterized by strength virility, quality of all dhātus having reached the normal limits with proper physical & mental strength, without degeneration in qualities of dhātus with predominance of pitta dhātu.

madhyama koṣṭha भध्मभ कोष्ठ
A physiological type of Koṣṭha produced because of the dominance of either Kapha, or due to the balanced state of all the three Doṣas. The individual with this type of Koṣṭha, passes normal bowels and has normal digestive ability.

madhyama pancamūla भध्मभ ऩन्चभरू
Combination of following five plants; Bala(Sida cordifolia), Punarnava(Boerhāvia diffusa), Eranda(Ricinus communis), Mudagparni(Phaseolus trilobus), Mashparni(Teramnus labialis).

madhyama satva भध्मभ सत्ि
Medium psyche- sustains them at the instance of other or entirely by others. These persons are able to with stand grief, fear, anger, confusion and conceit to some extent.

madhyamapāka भध्मभऩाक
Completing the process in optimal stage

madhyamavīrya lūtā भध्मभिीमश रतू ा
Moderately venomous spiders with fatal period between 7 to 15 days.

madhyebhakta भध्मेबतत
Medicine consumed in between the meal cure diseases bestows strength and alleviates diseases of head and neck

madya icchā भद्म इच्छा
Fond of Alcohol

madya भद्म
The liquid doses form containing alcohols obtained by fermentation process

mahābhūta भहाबतू
Great Elements; the five proto-elements ākāśa, Vāyu, Teja, Jala and Pṛthvi which are the basic constituents of all substances

mahākaṣāya भहाकषाम
Group of ten substances having similar pharmacological effect; described by Caraka; 50 in number

mahākhuḍḍāka भहाखुड्डाक
major, big one, in details

mahāmṛga भहाभगृ
Among the animals which graze around in search of food, the larger ones are categorized as Mahamruga. Exp- pig, Buffalo, Elephant, Jungle cow.

mahāna भहान/भहत ्
the second evaluated factor in the process of evolution which stands for Buddhi, intellect and also for big

mahānasa भहानस

mahānidrā भहातनद्रा
Excessive sleep

mahāpañca viṣa भहाऩञ्च विष
Combination of following five poisonous drugs; Musta(Cyperus rotundus), Vatsnābh(Aconitum ferox).

mahāśana भहाशन
Intake of more quantity of food

mahāsneha भहास्नेह
Class of four unctuous substance; Ghee, Oil, Fat and Marrow.

mahāsrotaḥ भहास्रोत्

mahāsvana kāsa भहास्िन कास
Cough with loud sound

mahat भहत ्
Severe, enlargement

mahāvega kāsa भहािेग कास
Cough with severe bout

maireyaka भयै ेमक
The finished product obtained by allowing for further fermentation/maturation after mixing the āsav and surā in equal proportions

maithuna asahatva भथै ुन असहत्ि
Intolerance to intercourse

majjā dhātu भज्जा धातु
Sixth of the seven basic Dhātus, whose function is to fill the bony cavities. It is predominant of Jala Mahābhūta.

majjā prakāśaṁ भज्जा प्रकाशॊ
Resembles bone marrow in color and appearance

majjā rūpaṁ भज्जा रूऩॊ
Resembles bone marrow in color and appearance

majjā भज्जा

majjābhaṁ भज्जाबॊ
Resembles bone marrow in color and appearance

majjāgandhaṁ भज्जागन्धॊ
Smell of bone marrow

majjāmiśraṁ भज्जामभश्रॊ
Mixed with bone marrow

majjanaṁ jale भज्जनॊ जरे
Sinks in water

majjanam भज्जनभ ्
Steeping- keeping the material immersed in a specified liquid

majjānaṁ भज्जानॊ
Resembles bone marrow in color and appearance

majjani majjanaṁ asthi भज्जतन भज्जनॊ अत्स्थ
Bone merges in marrow in the fracture

majjopasaṁsṛṣṭaṁ भज्जोऩससॊ ष्ृ टॊ
Mixed with bone marrow

makṣikā darśanaṁ भक्षऺका दशनश ॊ
Honey bee like objects appear before eyes

makṣikā tulyaṁ purīṣaṁ भक्षऺका तल्ु मॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Honey like stool

mākṣika भाक्षऺक
Variety of honey which is collected from the reddish variety of honey bee. It is considered as the best among other varieties of honey. Color of this honey will be similar to seasam oil.

makṣikābhaṁ भक्षऺकाबॊ
Color like that of Honey

makṣikāḥ भक्षऺका्
Flies with poisonous stings.

makṣikākrāntaṁ purīṣaṁ भक्षऺकाक्रान्तॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool attracted by bees.

Submitted by: and anemia. Is reverse of reduction. This therapy consisting of rich diet

mālā icchā भारा इच्छा
Fond of Garlands.

mala भर
The waste products of the body formed during various stages of digestion and metabolism. Mala is one of the fundamental constituent of the human body along with Doṣa and Dhātu. They are of two classes: Āhāramala and Dhātumala. Āhāramala are: Mūtra (Urine) and Purīṣa (faces). Following are the Dhātumalās: Kapha from Rasa, Pitta from Rakta, nose mucus and ear wax from the Māṃsa, Sveda (perspiration) from the Meda, nails and hair from the Asthi, rheum of the eye from the Majjā.

malacchavi भरच्छवि
Dirty appearance

malaja भरज
Parasites growing in external excreta

malīmasa भरीभस
Dirty appearance

malina vastra भमरन िस्त्र
Wearing of these clothes is considered inauspicious & causes itching & other skin disorders.

malotpatti kaṇṭhe भरोत्ऩवत्त कण्ठे
Mucus coating in throat

mālya dveṣa भाल्म द्िेष
Aversion of Garlands

mālya icchā भाल्म इच्छा
Fond of Garlands

mālyagandha भाल्मगन्ध
Smell of Garlands

māṁsa dhātu भाॊस धातु
Flesh. Third Dhātu among seven Dhātus, whose function is to provide covering over the skeleton. It is dominant of Pṛthvi Mahābhūta.

māṁsa icchā भाॊस इच्छा
Fond of Meat

māṁsa varga भाॊस िगश
Class of flesh sourced different animals.

māṁsābhivṛddhi भाॊसामबिद्ृ धध
Fleshy mass

māṁsacaya भाॊसचम
Fleshy growth

māṁsadaraṇaṁ भाॊसदयणॊ
Splitting of flesh.

māṁsadhāvana prakāśaṁ भाॊसधािन प्रकाशॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat.

māṁsadhāvana tulyaṁ भाॊसधािन तल्ु मॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat

māṁsadhāvana भाॊसधािन सत्न्नबॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat.

māṁsadhāvanavat भाॊसधािनित ्
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat.

māṁsaduṣṭi भाॊसदत्ु ष्ट
Decaying of flesh

māṁsagandhi भाॊसगत्न्ध
Smell of flesh

māṁsakīla भाॊसकीर
Fleshy growth

māṁsakṣaya भाॊसऺम
Muscular wasting

māṁsaṁ vilikhati भाॊसॊ विमरखतत
scraps muscle tissues

māṁsānāmavaśātanaṁ भाॊसानाभिशातनॊ
Sloughing of the flesh produced by the bite of the Maṁḍali (vipers) snake.

māṁsāṅkura भाॊसाङ्कु य
Sprout like growth

māṁsapeśīprabhaṁ भाॊसऩेशीप्रबॊ
Color of muscles

māṁsapiṇḍa भाॊसवऩण्ड
Fleshy mass.

māṁsapiṇḍopama भाॊसवऩण्डोऩभ
Resembles fleshy mass

māṁsaprakṣālanābhaṁ भाॊसप्रऺारनाबॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat.

māṁsapraroha भाॊसप्रयोह

māṁsarasa भाॊसयस
soup prepared with meat by adding 8 times of water & reducing it to 1/4th and seasoned with 3 pungent, ghee & jiggery

māṁsasarambhaṁ भाॊससयम्बॊ
Fleshy mass.

māṁsaśāta jihvā भाॊसशात त्जविा
Decaying of tongue

māṁsaśoṇitagandha भाॊसशोणणतगन्ध
Smell of flesh and blood

māṁsatoyaprakhyaṁ भाॊसतोमप्रख्मॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat.

māṁsavṛddhi भाॊसिद्ृ धध
Fleshy mass.

māṁsodakābhaṁ भाॊसोदकाबॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat

māṁsodakacchrāya भाॊसोदकच्राम
Fleshy mass

māṁsodakasannikāśaṁ भाॊसोदकसत्न्नकाशॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat

māṁsodakopamaṁ भाॊसोदकोऩभॊ
Resembles the color and appearance of the washings of meat

māṁsodgama भाॊसोद्गभ
Sprout like growth

māṁsonnāha भाॊसोन्नाह
Fleshy mass

māṁsopacaya भाॊसोऩचम
Fleshy mass

māṁsotsannā भाॊसोत्सन्ना
Fleshy mass.

maṁthanaṁ भथनॊ
Churning pain

mana भान
Weights and measures /metrology

mānaḥ भान्
Respect, honor, regard, respectful consideration

manas भनस ्
The mind, the internal organ which link among soul, sensory and motor organs

mānasika bhāva भानमसक बाि
thoughts or factor, attribute related to mānas

manaskara भनस्कय
Conducive to mind

manda indriya भन्द इत्न्द्रम
Weakness of sensory faculty

maṇḍa भण्ड
It’s a method of rice preparation. To prepare this 1 part rice and 14 part water is added and cooked. Liquid portion of that preparation is maṇḍa (rice gruel).It facilitates evacuation of flatus, relives thirst, weakness, improves digestion, softens the metabolic pathways.

manda भन्द
a gruel of rice by adding 14 times of water without rice particles

mandabala भन्दफर
Diminished strength

mandabuddhi भन्दफद्ु धध
Lack of intelligence

mandāgni भन्दात्ग्न
The state in which the action of Agni is considerably depressed due to dominant influence of Kapha.

mandāhāro भन्दाहायो
It is a symptom produced in third impulse of animal poisoning which means poisoned animal stops eating food.

maṇḍala darśanaṁ भण्डर दशनश ॊ
Circular objects appear before eyes.

maṇḍala dṛṣṭimaṇḍala भण्डर दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Circular lesion in pupil

maṇḍala भण्डर
Circular patch, Round shaped

mandanādam भन्दनादभ ्
Dull sound

mandarujā भन्दरुजा
Slight pain

mandavahni भन्दित्वन
Mild heat/fire

mandavāk भन्दिाक्
less talking

mandavīryatvam भन्दिीमत्श िभ ्
At the end of rainy season, the effect of poison becomes milder i.e. it becomes less potent and sluggish in action.

mandotsāha भन्दोत्साह
Lack of enthusiasm

maṇḍūka भण्डू क

maṇibandhaḥ भणणफन्ध्

mānikā भातनका
A unit of Measurement; Two kuḍavas will make one manika= 384 g of metric units

mañjiṣṭha salilasaṅkāśaṁ भत्ञ्जष्ठ समररसङ्काशॊ
Resembles the juice of Maṁjișṭha i.e. dark red

mañjiṣṭha saṅkāśaṁ भत्ञ्जष्ठ सङ्काशॊ
Resembles the juice of Maṁjișṭha i.e. dark red

mañjiṣṭha udakopamaṁ भत्ञ्जष्ठ उदकोऩभॊ
Resembles the juice of Maṁjișṭha i.e. dark red

mañjiṣṭha vastra भत्ञ्जष्ठ िस्त्र
Cloth is painted with MANJISTHA KWATHA. Best indicated in hemanta ritu& śiśira ritu& during cloudy time.

mañjiṣṭhābhaṁ भत्ञ्जष्ठाबॊ
Resembles the juice of Maṁjișṭha i.e. dark red

mano avasāda भनो अिसाद
Loss of mental strength.

manodainya भनोदैन्म
wretchedness, Pathetic

manonāśa भनोनाश
Confusion or absence of mind

manonmattavikṣobhaṇa भनोन्भत्तविऺोबण
Perplexed mind

manonugataṁ भनोनगु तॊ
Reveals secrets

manopaghāta भनोऩघात
Confusion or absence of mind

manopahāra भनोऩहाय
Disturbed mind

manosambhrama भनोसम्भ्रभ
Perplexed mind

mantha भन्थ
The liquid obtained by churning of any food substance after addition of 14 times of water.

manthana भन्थन
The Process of churning

mantra भन्त्र
Mantra is a word or the combination of the words, which if recited in a prescribed manner, the person is able to reach the god or can possess the immortal power to heal, which is considered to be the best and most effective amongst all the types of the treatment of poisoning.

mānuṣī भानषु ी
One of the four categories of medicines described in Atharva veda.

manyā भन्मा
Sides of the neck

marakataḥ भयकत्

marakataprabha भयकतप्रब
Resembles like emerald grass like green in color

māraṇa भायण
A process by which the metals/minerals are Reduced into ashes

mardaḥ भदश्
Pressing pain

mardana भदशन
Severe pressing of body from feet to waist.

mardanaḥ भदशन्
Frequent rubbing

mārdava भादशि
Softening; caused due to Jala mahābhūta predominance.

mārga rodha भागश योध
Obstruction of passage

mārgai adhovāyu भागै अधोिामु
Passing Flatus through ulcer

mārgai mūtraṁ भागै भत्रू ॊ
Passing Urine through ulcer

mārgai purīṣapravartanaṁ भागै ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Passing stool through ulcer

mārgai śukraṁ भागै शक्रु ॊ
Passing semen through ulcer

mārgān vivṛṇoti भागाशन ् वििणृ ोतत
That which removes obstruction from the srotas

mārgāt mārgaṁ caret raktaṁ भागाशत ् भागं चयेत ् यततॊ
Bleeding changes from one channel to other.

mārgāvarodha भागाशियोध
Obstruction of passage.

marīci darśanaṁ भयीधच दशनश ॊ
Mirage appear once before eyes

mārjana भाजनश
Cleaning/sweeping- it is method of purification (external) which is used to clean the vitiated land; it takes the physical impurities out.

markaṭa भकश ट

māṣā भाषा
A unit of Measurement; 5/7/10 abrus seeds are equal to one masha kidney bean= 1 g of metric units

maśaka darśanaṁ भशक दशनश ॊ
Flies appearing before eyes

maśakāḥ भशका्

maśī भशी
the materials are subjected to heat in a closed vessel to obtain black form of ash

māsika prāṇahara yoga भामसक प्राणहय मोग
Harmful preparation made up of slow acting poisonous substances which prove to be fatal in a period of 1 month.

masitulyaṁ भमसतल्ु मॊ
Resembles the color of ink

masivarṇaṁ भमसिणं
Color of ink

maśrṛṇam भश्रणृ भ ्
Smooth in touch

mastakaḥ भस्तक्
Head; Forehead

mastiṣka भत्स्तष्क
Head; Brain

mastuluṅgābhaṁ भस्तरु ङ्ु गाबॊ
Resembles in color and appearance of the brain matter

mastuluṅgatulyaṁ भस्तरु ङ्ु गतल्ु मॊ
Resembles in color and appearance of the brain matter

mastuluṅgopamaṁ भस्तरु ङ्ु गोऩभॊ
Resembles in color and appearance of the brain matter

mathanaṁ araṇyeva भथनॊ अयण्मेि
Pain as being churned with Araṇī (Fire producing stick)

matkuṇagandha भत्कु णगन्ध
Bug like smell on body

mātra viruddha भात्र विरुद्ध
It’s a type of incompatibility (Viruddha) concerned with quantity, eg.Intake of honey and ghee in equal quantity will comes under this category.

mātrā भात्रा
a specific measurement, quantity or dose :A standard of measure

mātrāhīna भात्राहीन
Less quantity of food / drug- for those who have weak digestive fire & who are sick, giving them less quantity of food/ drug is ideal.

matravat ashan भात्राित ् अशन
Quantity of food which does not cause any disturbance in the body is considered mātrāvata āhāra

mātravat aśniyāta भात्रित ् अत्श्नमात
Food should be taken always in proper quantity, it get digested without any disturbance.

mātrāvata āhāra भात्राित आहाय
Quantity of food which does not cause any disturbance in the body is considered mātrāvata āhāra

mātsarya भात्समश

mātsaryaḥ भात्सम्श
feeling of grudge or Enviousness

matsya icchā भत्स्म इच्छा
Fond of Fish

matsya भत्स्म

matsyagandha भत्स्मगन्ध
Smell of fish

matsyaśakalasannibhaṁ भत्स्मशकरसत्न्नबॊ
Resembles the scale of fish.

maulaṁ ca daṁṣṭrajam भौरॊ च दॊष्रजभ ्
Inanimate type of poison neutralizes the animate poison.

mayūracandrikāchāya भमयू चत्न्द्रकाछाम
Resembling the shade of peacock’s feather

mayūrakaṇṭhapratimo भमयू कण्ठप्रततभो
When poisonous food is put into fire, color of the flame changes vividly like peacock’s throat.

mayūrakaṇṭhasadṛśa भमयू कण्ठसदृश
Resembles the color of the throat of peacock

mecakābha भेचकाब
Color of oily back or deep black color.

mecakāsannibhaṁ भेचकासत्न्नबॊ
Deep black color

meda dhātu भेद धातु
The fourth Dhātu among seven Dhātus of the body, whose function is to provide Snehana. It is dominant of Jala and Pṛthvī Mahābhūtas.

medaḥkalpaṁ raktaṁ भेद्कल्ऩॊ यततॊ
Blood with the color of fat

medhā भेधा
that component of mental faculty which is responsible for grasping, understanding and retaining power

meḍhra भेढ्र
Phallus or male genital organ, Penis, The male organ of copulation and of urination.

meḍhrāt raktaṁ भेढ्रात ् यततॊ
Bleeding from penis

medhya भेध्म
the substance which promote intelligence

medodaka sannibhaṁ भेदोदक सत्न्नबभ ्
Resembles the color of washings of fat

medodakopamaṁ भेदोदकोऩभॊ
Resembles the color of washings of fat

medura icchā भेदयु इच्छा
Desire to take fatty items

medya icchā भेद्म इच्छा
Desire to take fatty items

membrane suspended between the lens and the cornea in the aqueous humor of the eye
separating the anterior and

mīlanaṁ akṣi भीरनॊ अक्षऺ
Closing of the eye or nyctation

mīnadhāvanatoyagandh aḥ भीनधािनतोमगन्ध्
Smell of washing of fish

minminya मभत्न्भन्म
Nasal voice.

mithyāyoga मभर्थमामोग
Unusually or contrarily interaction of sense organs with their respective objects in accordance with time

mitrapañcaka मभत्रऩञ्चक
A group of five drugs used to test the bhasmas- Fusion mixture

mlānaliṁgam म्रानमरगॊ भ ्
Loss of erection of penis

mlānam म्रानभ ्
Wretchedness, pathetic

mlānatā म्रानता
Languor, Lethargic, faded, flabby

mlāyī dṛṣṭi maṇḍala म्रामी दृत्ष्ट भण्डर
Bluish yellow pupil

mlāyinīlaṁ darśanaṁ म्रातमनीरॊ दशनश ॊ
Yellowish blue circular patch appearance before eyes.

modaka भोदक
A synonym of vaṭi with variation in the size a quantum of solid dose form – little bigger than the vaṭi

moha hṛdayaṁ भोह रृदमॊ
Bradycardia or weak heart beat

moha भोह
Disorientation, Because of the sharpness property of poison, it overwhelms the mind (produces disorientations) and tends to disintegrate the marmas (vital points).

mohaḥ भोह्
confused state of mind that does not lead to correct perception

mohana भोहन
Loss of consciousness, Delusion, Distraction

mohayati भोहमतत
produces stupidity

mokṣa hanū भोऺ हनू
Dislocation of Jaw

mokṣa purīṣam भोऺ ऩयु ीषभ ्
Loose motion

mokṣa भोऺ
Salvation: liberation, cessation from worldly existence or transmigration, the fourth mansion to achieve the goal of life

mṛditai iva भर्ृ दतै इि
Pressing type of pain

mṛditvaṁ iva भर्ृ दत्िॊ इि
Pressing pain

mṛdu vīrya भदृ ु िीमश
Mild Potency

mṛdu भदृ ु
Softness/mildness; One of the 20 gurvadi gunas. Caused due activated akash & jala; denotes physiological & pharmacological softness & mildness; causes relaxation; relieves burning sensation.

mṛdupāka भदृ ऩु ाक
Diminished digestive power

mṛdupāka भदृ ऩु ाक
Completion of the Process in early than the optimal stage

mṛdusparśa भदृ स्ु ऩशश
Soft touch

mṛdyamān iva भद्ृ मभान ् इि
Pressing type of pain

mṛgā भगृ ा
Animal which grazes around in search of food.

mriyate śvāsen मम्रमते श्िासेन ्
In the fourth impulse of animal poisoning the animal dies because of the failure of respiratory system.

mṛjāvarjana भजृ ािजनश
Avoiding cleanliness of the body

mṛt icchā भतृ ् इच्छा
Fond of Mud

mṛta भतृ
Killed/ complete reduction of material / incinerated bhasma of metals & minerals

mṛtasañjīvam भतृ सञ्जीिनभç
Mṛta saṁjīvan is an ancient classical therapy through which the life of even an almost dead person can be regained. This therapy can be used to nullify the toxic effects of almost all the types of toxins.

mṛtsna भत्ृ स्न
Soft, Sticky

mṛudu koṣṭha भदृ ु कोष्ठ
A physiological type of Koṣṭha produced because of the dominance of Pitta. The individual with this type of Koṣṭha passes soft bowels and has good digestive ability.

mṛutpātra भत्ृ ऩात्र
an earthen pot used for processing & storing the material

mūartadravyāṇi भतू द्रश व्माणण
embodied material having physical form

mūḍha ucchāsa भढू उच्छास
Restricted expiration

mūḍhasaṁjñatā भढू सऻॊ ता
Loss of consciousness

mūḍhatā adhovāyu भढू ता अधोिामु
Suppression of flatus

mūḍhatva भढू त्ि
Loss of knowledge; Foolishness

mudrā भद्रु ा
Sealing all sides using specified materials

muhu muhu भहु ु भहु ु

muhuḥbaddhaṁmuhuḥ dravaṁ purīṣapravarta भहु ु्फद्धॊभहु ु्द्रिॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश भ ्
Alternate Constipation and loose motions frequently

muhuḥbaddhaṁmuhuḥśi thilaṁ purīṣapravarta भहु ु्फद्धॊभहु ु्मशधथरॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश भ ्
Alternate Constipation and loose motions frequently

muhurmuha भहु ुभहुश
Administration of medicine again and again, either with the food or with out food. This method should be adopted in cases of repeated bouts of dyspneo, cough, hiccup and vomiting.

muhurmuhuḥ śironyāsaḥ भहु ुभहुश ु् मशयोन्मास्
The symptom where repeated jerks of the head (frequent dropping of the head) are seen if the quadruped is bitten by a poisonous animal.

mūkamūṣā भकू भषू ा
A kind of crucible

mūkatvaṁ भकू त्िॊ

mukhage tvoshthchimichima— मुखगे त्वोष्ठचिमिचिमा
A prickling sensation occurs on the lips when poisonous food enters the mouth.

mukhage tvoṣṭhacimicimā भखु गे

mukhaṁ भखु ॊ
Mouth, Face, Opening

mukhapicchilatvaṁ भखु वऩत्च्छरत्िॊ
Mucoid coating in the mouth

mukhasandaśa भखु सन्दश

mukhāt raktaṁ भखु ात ् यततॊ
Bleeding from mouth

mukhavādya icchā भखु िाद्म इच्छा
fond of musical instruments played by mouth

mukt¡ sandhi भतु ता सत्न्ध
Looseness of joints

mukta tvak भतु त त्िक्
Snake which has recently molted.

muktamāṁsatā भतु तभाॊसता
Muscular wasting

muktanālaṁ guda भतु तनारॊ गदु
Prolapsed rectum

muktva keet visham tdhhi shitenabhipravardhate — मुक्त्वा कीटविषं तद्धि शीतेनाभिप्रवर्धते
As a rule poisons are treated with remedies which have cold property. keet Vish (insect venom) is an exceptions as it increases with use of cold.

muktvā kīṭaviṣaṁ taddhi śītenābhipravardhate भतु त्िा कीटविषॊ तद्धध

mūla dravya भरू द्रव्म
Causative substances that are said to be the cause of manifestation of all other substances; Synonym of Karana Dravya.

mūla भरू

mūlajāni sthirāṇi ca भरू जातन त्स्थयाणण च
It is a group of poisons of immobile origin in which poison is especially present in its roots.

mūlam भरू भ ्

mūlini भमू रतन
A group of 16 plants whose roots are used indicated for Paṁchakarma therapy.

muñcati भञ्ु चन
To propel

muncati भन्ु चतत

mūrcchā भच्ू छाश
Partial loss of consciousness; Fainting; Unconsciousness

mūrcchāya भच्ू छाशम

murcchita — मूर्च्छित
1. A process of mercury in which natural impurities present in mercury have to be removed.
2. The quality of mercury in eliminating diseases.

mūrcchita भत्ू च्छश त
1. One of the processes of mercury in which natural impurities present in the mercury is to be removed.

mūrdhā भधू ाश

mūṣā भषू ा
Used in the preparation of Bhasma, extraction etc.

muṣita darśanaṁ भवु षत दशनश ॊ
Blurred vision

mūṣodara भषू ोदय
Inside the crucible- charged crucible

muṣṭinipīḍanaṁ भत्ु ष्टतनऩीडनॊ
Closed fist

mūtra prakāśam भत्रू प्रकाशभ ्
Smell of urine

mūtra varga भत्रू िगश
Class of urine sourced from different animals.

mūtra भत्रू
One of the liquid form of Āhāra-mala. Urine. Function of Mūtra is to carry away Kleda (watery waste) from the body.

mūtradaśaka भत्रू दशक
Class of urine sourced from ten animals; sheep, Buffalo, Elephant, Camel, Goat, Horse, Donkey, Men, Women.

mūtragandhi भत्रू गत्न्ध
Smell of Urine

mūtramārgeṇa raktaṁ भत्रू भागेण यततॊ
Bleeding through urinary tract

mūtrapañcaka भत्रू ऩचॊ क
Class of urine sourced from following five animals; Cow, Goat, Sheep, Donkey, Buffalo.

mūtrasaṁgrahaṇīya भत्रू सग्रॊ हणीम
Ischuretics; substances used to reduce volume of urine.

mūtrasrotorodha भत्रू स्रोतोयोध
Obstruction of urinary passage

mūtrāṣṭaka भत्रू ाष्टक
Class of urine sourced from following Eight animals; Cow, sheep, Buffalo, Elephant, Camel, Horse, Donkey, Goat.

mūtratulyagandha भत्रू तल्ु मगन्ध
Smell of Urine

mūtravirajanīya भत्रू वियजनीम
Urinary pigment restorers; substances used to impart normal color to the urine.

mūtravirecanīya भत्रू वियेचनीम
Diuretics; substances used to increase volume of urine.

mūtrayutaḥ pāk paścāt vā शक्रु प्रितनश ॊ भत्रू मतु ् ऩाक् ऩश्चात ् िा"
Ejaculation before with or after micturation

na badhyante न फध्मन्ते
Not to be bandaged, ulcers due to scalds, in lepers, fleshy condylomata due to a bite from a poisonous rat or any other poisonous ulcers should not be bandaged.

nābhi bandhanam नामब फन्धनभ ्
Umbilical end of cord. The attachment connecting the fetus with the placenta

nābhiḥ नामब्
Navel, Umbilicus. The depressed point in the middle of the abdomen. The Scar that marks the former attachment of umbilical cord to the fetus

nābhihate daṇḍarājī syāt नामबहते दण्डयाजी स्मात ्
It is a sign of death of a poisoned person in which bruise does not occur on the skin of the person even when hit by sticks.

nābhimaṇḍalam नामबभण्डरभ ्
Round area of umbilicus. The depressed point in the middle of the abdomen, the

nābhināḍī नामबनाडी
Umbilical cord. The attachment connecting the fetus with the placenta.

nābhipradeśaḥ नामबप्रदेश्
Umbilical region. The depressed point in the middle of the abdomen, the scar that marks the former attachment of umbilical cord to the fetus

nadana kar¸a नदन कणश
Flute like sound in the ear.

naddhatvam iva nāsikā नद्धत्िभ ् इि नामसका
Feeling of fullness

nādeya udaka नादेम उदक
River water

nāga नाग
Element Lead-Plumbum with chemical symbol Pb at 82

nagnatava नग्नत्ि
Nudity or exhibitionism

naik varṇa dṛṣṭimaṇḍala नकै ् िणश दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Multicolored pupil

naikamūla roma नकै भरू योभ
Deep rooted hair

nairlajjya नरै ज्श ज्म

naiṣṭika hetu नत्ष्टक हेतु
Nishṭha refers to permanently getting rid from the sufferings/ pain, and Hetu refers to cause. Diseases hinder the person from getting salvation, so diseases are considered as Naișṭhika Hetu.

naiṣṭikī cikitsā नत्ष्टकी धचक्रकत्सा
It’s made up of two words. Nishṭha and Chikitsa. Nishṭha refers to permanently getting rid from the sufferings / pain. Means for this is naiṣṭikī cikitsā

nakha bhedaḥ नख बेद्
Decaying of nails

nakha नख

nakhacyutiḥ नखच्मतु त्
Falling of nail

nakhāḥ nakhāni vā नखा् नखातन िा
Nails. A horny cell structure of the epidermis forming flat plates upon the dorsal surface of the terminal phalanges

nakhamāṁsam नखभाॊसभ ्
Nail bed or Nail Matrix/Digital pulp. The portion of a finger or toe covered by the nail.

nakhaprabha नखप्रब
Color of Nail

nakhasadanaṁ नखसदनॊ
Falling of nails

nakhasandhiḥ नखसत्न्ध्
Nail root & Nail fold. Root of a horny cell structure of the epidermis forming flat plates upon the dorsal surface of the terminal phalanges

nakhaśātam नखशातभ ्
Falling of the fingernails.

nakhaśātanaṁ नखशातनॊ
Falling of nails

nakṣatra darśanaṁ नऺत्र दशनश ॊ
Sees star like objects

nakula नकु र
It is a wild animal, which is included in animate group of poison, i.e. mangoose.

nakulanirjitāḥ नकु रतनत्जतश ा्
If the snakes are afflicted by the attacks of mongoose, then the poison of such snakes is mild in nature.

nālam नारभ ्
Penis or Phallus. The male organ of copulation and in mammal’s urination.

nāma नाभ
Name/Basonym of a plant

namana नभन
Bending of the body

namanayati नभमतत
Ability to bend; an adverse effect attributed to excessive use (Atiyoga) of Tikta rasa.

nānārujāvat purīṣapravartanam नानारुजाित ् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश भ ्
Defecation with various types of pain

nānāvarṇaṁ नानािणं
Multi color.

nānāvidhaṁ purīṣaṁ नानाविधॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool in different forms

napuṁsaka नऩसॊु क

napuṁsaka नऩसॊु क

nara ati icchā नय अतत इच्छा
Nymphomania; Excessive desire for sexual intercourse with males

nara dveṣa नय द्िेष
Aversion to males

nārī ati icchā नायी अतत इच्छा
Excessive desire for sexual intercourse with females

nartana bhrū नतनश भ्रू
Trembling of eyebrow

nāsā nāsikā vā नासा नामसका िा
Nose -organ of smell

nāsā नासा

nāsākṣisandhiḥ नासाक्षऺसत्न्ध्
Inner canthus. The angle at the inner end of the slit between the eye lids.

nāśaṁ नाशॊ
Absense, Loss

nāsānāḍī नासानाडी
Nostril-Anterior nares. External aperture of the nose

nāsapuṭabahirbhāgaḥ नासऩटु फर्हबाशग्
Ala of nose. Wing of the nose, Broad portion forming the lateral wall of each nostril.

nāsārandhram नासायन्ध्रभ ्
Nostril. One of the external aperture of the nose

nāsāsrotaḥ नासास्रोत्
Nasal meatus. The passage or opening of nose.

nāsāvabhaṅgaśc नासािबङ्गश्च ्
A bad prognostic sign resulting in the cases of snake bite which means that the nose bridge of the patient becomes bent or collapses.

nāsāvivaram नासाविियभ ्
Nostril. One of the external aperture of the nose.

nāsikā नामसका

nāsikābhyāṁ raktaṁ नामसकाभ्माॊ यततॊ
Bleeding through Nose

nāsikāpuṭaṁ vā नामसकाऩटु ॊ
Nostril-Anterior nares. External aperture of the nose

nāsikāviṣaya ajñānam नामसकाविषम अऻानभ ्
Anosmia or loss of the sense of smell

naṣṭa piṣṭi नष्ट वऩत्ष्ट
Loosing original shape of mercury by grinding / reducing , to a very fine state of division

naṣṭacchāyā नष्टच्छामा
Diminished complexion

naṣṭamānasaḥ नष्टभानस्
Confusion or absence of mind

nasya नस्म
Administration of drugs by nasal route, all drugs and measures introduced through nose spread throughout the head and its constituent drugs may influence all the Doṣas, poisons and disease situated in these parts.

nasyadhūmāñjanādiśu नस्मधूभाञ्जनार्दशु
A way to cause harm by administering the poison through the way of nasal application, inhalation (smoking) and collyrium.

nata grīvā नत ग्रीिा
Forward bending of the neck

nātidrutaṁ नाततद्रतु ॊ
One should not eat food in hurry; it may leads to food improper mixing of food with saliva, indigestion and entry of food in wrong tract.

nātivilambitam नाततविरत्म्फतभ ्
One should not eat too slow by this one doesn't get satisfaction, eats more, food becomes cold and is digested irregularly.

nayana budabudaḥ नमन फदु फदु ्
Eye ball. The globe of the eye

nayana नमन

nayanaplava नमनप्रि

netra dūṣikā नेत्र दवू षका
Excreta of eye

netra mala नेत्र भर
Excreta of the eye

netra upadeha नेत्र उऩदेह
Excreta of eye

netra virecana नेत्र वियेचन

netrābhyāṁ raktaṁ नेत्राभ्माॊ यततॊ
Bleeding through eye

netracchādanam नेत्रच्छादनभ ्
Eyelid. One of two movable protective folds that cover the anterior surface of

netraḥ नेत्र्

netrakośaḥ नेत्रकोश्
Palpebrae, Lids. Related to eye lids

netranāḍī नेत्रनाडी
Nasolacrimal duct. A duct connecting nose to the lacrimal apparatus

netrāntapradeśaḥ नेत्रान्तप्रदेश्
Outer canthus. The angle at the outer end of the slit between the eye lids

netraplava नेत्रप्रि

nicaya purīṣapravartanam तनचम ऩयु ीषप्रितनश भ ्
Retention of stool

nidarśanam तनदशनश भ ्
an Illustrative statements which explains a subject matter with the help of an example understandable to common man

nidrā abhāva तनद्रा अबाि

nidrā bhraṁśa तनद्रा भ्रशॊ

nidrā nāśa तनद्रा नाश

nidrā तनद्रा
Sleep; When the Mana (mind) & Indriya’s (sense organs) get exhausted, they withdraw themselves from the objects & the individual get sleep. Sleep is caused by Tamas, Kapha, physical and mental exertion, adventitious, as sequel to diseases and normally at night.

nidrāhāni तनद्राहातन

nidrākṣayaḥ तनद्राऺम्

nidrāviparyaya तनद्राविऩममश

nigamanam तनगभनभ ्
Deduction or conclusive statement ; step of inference for re- establishment of truth

nighaṇṭu तनघण्टु
Lexicon; Texts containing various information of medicinal substances like synonyms, pharmacological properties and actions.

nigraha तनग्रह
Retention, Stiffness, Restriction

nigrahasthānam तनग्रहस्थानभ ्
loopholes of a competitor by which opponent can be defeated in a hostile discussion

nihanti तनहत्न्त
Arrests/ destroys

nihśvāśa तन्श्िास
Inspiration, inhalation

nikocam bhrū तनकोचभ ् भ्रू
Frowning of the eyebrow

nikocanam akṣi तनकोचनभ ् अक्षऺ
Contraction of the eye

nikṣipta तनक्षऺप्त
Placing/Having poured/ To put down

nikuñcanaṁ तनकु ञ्चनॊ
Contraction of skin

nīlā dīnāṁ tamasaśc darśanaṁ नीरादीनाॊ तभसश्च ् दशनश ॊ
Blue/dark vision It is a symptom produced in fifth impulse of poisoning which means that one’s vision becomes blue or in dark color.

nīla नीर
Blue color

nīlābhaṁ mūtraṁ नीराबॊ भत्रू ॊ
Bluish urine.

nīlāruṇābhaṁ purīkṣāṁ नीरारुणाबॊ ऩयु ीऺाॊ
Reddish blue colored stool

nīloṣṭha नीरोष्ठ
Bluishness of lips due to cyanosis (asphyxia) which is sign of (imminent) death of poisoned patient.

nimajjanam तनभज्जनभ ्
Sinks in water

nimeṣa ekākṣi तनभेष एकाक्षऺ
Closing of one of the eye or Nictation

nimeṣa kṛcchrāt akṣi तनभेष कृ च्रात ् अक्षऺ
Closing of the eye with difficult

nimeṣa तनभेष
Closure of the eyelids, a moment, to flutter the eyelids.

nimeṣākṣi तनभेषाक्षऺ
Closing of the eye or Nictation

nimeṣonmeṣaṇaṁ akṣi तनभेषोन्भेषणॊ अक्षऺ
Frequent closing and opening of eye.

nimīlanam akṣi तनभीरनभ ् अक्षऺ
Closing of the eye or Nictation

nimitta kāraṇa तनमभत्त कायण
Auxiliary cause; Instrumental cause

nimitta तनमभत्त
Means; the cause of anything.

nimnatā तनम्नता
Depressed in the middle of tongue

nipatana तनऩतन
Falling down

nipīdanaṁ तनऩीदनॊ

nirālokā dṛṣṭimaṇḍalaṁ तनयारोका दृत्ष्टभण्डरॊ
Opacity in pupil

nirāntra तनयान्त्र
Free from intestines

nirapatratā तनयऩत्रता

nīrasakomal नीयसकोभर ्
Soft and without any moisture- indicative of the optimal stage of preparing medicated oil/ghee

nirbhaya तनबमश

nirbheda akṣi तनबेद अक्षऺ
Breaking pain in the eye.

nirbhugna akṣi तनबग्ुश न अक्षऺ
Distorted eye or vision

nirbhugna darśanaṁ तनबग्ुश न दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in distorted form

nirbhugna hṛdaya तनबग्ुश न रृदम
Twisting like feeling in heart.

nirbhugna तनबग्ुश न
Distorted, Tortuous

nirbījaṁ तनफॉजॊ
Futility of semen

nirdeśaḥ तनदेश्
Statements which elaborate a theme briefly said with a detail of description

nirdhuma — निर्धूम
1. One of the classical tests for examining the Bhasma specifically for arsenic indicates no free availability of material
2. one of the ideal properties of Shilajatu (shilajit).

nirdhūma तनधूभश
1. One of the classical tests for examining the bhasma specifically for arsenic indicating no free availability of material

nirgamana jihvā तनगभन त्जविा
Protrusion of the tongue

nirgandha तनगन्ध
1.Make the material free from odor/ odorless 2.Make the material sulphur free

nirgandhaṁ mūtraṁ तनगन्श धॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine without smell

nirgandhaṁ raktaṁ तनगन्धॊ यततॊ
Bleeding without smell

nirghṛṇitva तनघणशृ णत्ि
Mercilessness or cruel disposition.

nirjalīkaraṇa तनजरीकयण
A process by which the crystalline water in the materials will be evaporated making amorphous

nirmalāni tejāṁsi तनभरातन तजाॊमस
Sees objects glowing

nirmathan hṛdaya तनभथश न ् रृदम
Stirring like feeling in heart.

nirmathan तनभथश न ्
Churning pain

nirmathanam akṣi araṇivat तनभथश नभ ् अक्षऺ अयणणित ्
Pain in the eye as being churned with Araṇi (Fire producing stick)

nirṇayaḥ तनणमश ्
Decisissive statements which establish a conclusion, settlement of a subject after detailed consideration of all relevant and related facts

nirodha hṛdaya तनयोध रृदम
Stiffness of pericardial region

nirodha तनयोध
Stiffness, Retention

nirucchvās तनरुच््िास ्

niruddharaktaḥ तनरुद्धयतत्
Stoppage of bleeding, after the bite of darvikar snake (group of cobra snake variety) the blood does not come out from the site of bite.

niruddhavāk तनरुद्धिाक्
Choked voice

niruttha तनरुत्थ
One of the bhasma test –shouldn’t increase the weight of silver when mixed with bhasma

nirvacanam तनिचश नभ ्
specific description with such example which could be understood by experts only

nirvikalpakam तनविकल्ऩक-प्रत्मऺ
Non-differentiated knowledge

nirvikāra तनविकाय
Devoid of pathogenecity; the quality of self which is devoid of all bodily and psychological ailments.

nirvīrya तनिॉमश
The material with no potency

nirviṣa तनविषश
Type of a non venomous snake bite which is marked by presence of one or more fang marks and absence of swelling and presence of slightly vitiated blood at the spot and is not attended with any change in physiological condition of the person bitten.

nirvṛtti तनिवशृ त्त
Manifestation : originate or come into existence

niryāsa तनमाशस
Exudate of a plant

niryātam तनमाशतभ ्
A process of Extraction

niryūha तनमहूश
synonym of kashaya - boiled & filtered liquid of herbs for specific time used for the therapeutics & pharmaceutical manufacturing

niśācara तनशाचय
Walking in night

niśāvihāra तनशाविहाय

niścandra तनश्चन्द्र
One of the classical test for examining the bhasma/kajjali indicating no free availability/complete compounding of material

niśceṣṭa तनश्चेष्ट
Loss of motor function

nishphalam — निष्फलम्
1. Without use /waste/useless/worthless
2. without any effect/result

niṣkramaṇa jihvā तनष्क्रभण त्जविा
Protrusion of tongue.

niṣkriya तनत्ष्क्रम
Inactive. A specific property of Ātmā.

niṣkriyata iva akṣi तनत्ष्क्रमत इि अक्षऺ
Feeling of displacement of eye

niṣkulī तनष्कु री
Peeling of epidermal layer in ash gourd etc

nispandana तनस्ऩन्दन
The twitching in the head

niṣpatram तनष्ऩत्रभ ्
Without lamellae -A property of mineral

niṣphalam तनष्परभ ्
1. Without use/useless

niṣphalatā तनष्परता
Infertility; Futility of semen

niṣpicchaṁ ārtava तनत्ष्ऩच्छॊ आतिश
Non slimy menstrual blood

niṣpīḍan तनष्ऩीडन ्
Compression, It is treatment procedure of poisoning in which expelling of poison is done by squeezing the area of bite where incision is not advisable.

niṣpīḍyata iva तनष्ऩीड्मत इि
Compressing type of sensation

niṣprabha तनष्प्रब
Lack of complexion

niṣprekṣyaṁ तनष्प्रेक्ष्मॊ
Blurred vision.

nissaṁjñā तनस्सऻॊ ा
Loss of consciousness.

nissāra तनस्साय
Ill nourishment

nissāraṇaṁ guda तनस्सायणॊ गदु
Prolapsed Rectum

nissāraṇaṁ jihvā तनस्सायणॊ त्जविा
Indrawing of tongue

nistandrī तनस्तन्द्री

niṣṭhā pāka तनष्ठा ऩाक
Final stage of digestion that succeeds Avastha Pāka

niṣṭhanaṁ तनष्ठनॊ
Defecation with bearing and gripping pain

niṣṭhīvana तनष्ठीिन

niṣṭhīvikā तनष्ठीविका

nistoda तनस्तोद
Needling pain

nisvanaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ तनस्िनॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation without sound

niśvāsa daurgandhyaṁ तनश्िास दौगन्ध्मॊ
Bad smell on breathing

niśvāsa saṁgraha तनश्िास सग्रह
Labored breathing

niśvāsa saṁrodha तनश्िास सयोध
Labored breathing

niśvāsa vaigandhyaṁ तनश्िास िगन्ध्मॊ
Bad smell on breathing

niśvāsa तनश्िास
Breath (exhalation)

nitambaḥ तनतम्फ्
Buttock. The external prominences posterior to the hips

nitātaṁ ārtava तनतातॊ आतिश
Continuous menses

nitya तनत्म
Eternal which is existed for ever

Nityaga kala तनत्मग कार
Eternal moving time is that which is concerned with the day / Season.

nityagaḥ तनत्मग्
Continuously going on process

nityagya तनत्मग्म
Eternal moving time is that which is concerned with the day / Season.

nityatva तनत्मत्ि

nivṛti तनितृ त
It refers to Freedom from action- satya buddhi transcends all karma and affords freedom from action is Nivṛtti. This freedom from action or state of inaction is considered to be the highest achievement.

niyamaḥ तनमभ्
Austerity; act of voluntary penance or meritorious piety

niyamana तनमभन
One of the mercurial processes by which the mercury is restrained from the hyper reactive state achieved during rodhana/ bodhana process

niyatiḥ तनमतत्

niyogaḥ तनमोग्
Injunction; statements in the form of command or orders which are to be followed strictly without doubt or discussion

nṛśaṁsa icchā नशृ सॊ इच्छा
Fond of cruel activities.

nṛtya icchā नत्ृ म इच्छा
Fond of dancing

nyāsa न्मास

odana ओदन
Rice preparation- Prepared with 5 parts of water and 1 part of rice. Prepared of well cleaned grains, devoid of water, well cooked and warm and light.

of mucous membranes of pharynx."

ojas ओजस ्
The essence of all seven Dhātus, that is vital for life. Also indicates Bala (immunity). It is of two types: 1.Para that is present in the heart and, 2. Apara that is present all over the body. The ten attributes of Ojas are: Guru (heavy), Shīta (cold), Mṛdu (Soft), Ślakṣṇa (smooth), Bahala (abundant), Madhura (sweet), Sthira (stable), Prasanna (bright), Picchila (sticky), Snigdha (unctuous).

ojaskara ओजस्कय
the substance or process which promotes immunity and vitality

ojasvin ओजत्स्िन ्

okasātmya ओकसात्म्म
The daily activities and food which are adapted to the body by habitual use.

oṣa ओष
Burning sensation with sweating and restlessness. Localized burning sensation.

Osadha ओषध
Those varieties of vegetable kingdom which are self destroyed soon after maturity of their fruit. Such as wheat, paddy, Sorghum etc which perish after harvesting

oṣṭha kṣepa ओष्ठ ऺेऩ
Biting lips

oṣṭhaḥ ओष्ठ्

oṣṭhaprāntau ओष्ठप्रान्तौ
Angles of the mouth

oṣṭhasandaśanam ओष्ठसन्दशनभ ्
Biting of lips

oṣṭhau ओष्ठौ
Lips or Labia. Soft external structure that forms the boundary of the mouth.

pācaka pitta ऩाचक वऩत्त
One of the five subtypes of Pitta that is situated in between the stomach and large intestine. Due to dominance of Agni mahābhūta, this Pitta is devoid of liquidity. This divides the food into Sāra (nutritive) and Kiṭṭa (waste) portions. This also supports other subtypes of Pitta.

pācana ऩाचन
1. Digestives; substances having capacity to digest but not necessarily increases the appetite; 2. Wound Suppuration

pacyamānāśayaḥ ऩच्मभानाशम्
Small intestine. The alimentary canal extending from the pylorus to the caecum; The site where the consumed food undergoes transformation / digestion.

pacyata iva ऩच्मत इि
Cauterization like sensation iVq bPNk & Fond of Salt

pāda prakṣālana ऩाद प्रऺारन
Cleaning & washing feet with water which removes dirt and diseases of feet and fatigue, clarifies vision, promotes semen, wards off evil spirit and gives pleasure.

pāda ऩाद
Lower extremity, foot. One of the Karmendriyas.

pādāghāta ऩादाघात
Body message with feet.

pādāgram ऩादाग्रभ ्
Fore-foot. Front of the foot

pādakurcāsthīni ऩादकु चाशस्थीतन
Tarsal bones excluding talus and calcaneus

pādāṁgulayaḥ ऩादाॊगरु म्
Toes. Digits of the foot

pādāṁguṣṭhaḥ ऩादाॊगष्ु ठ्
Toes. Digits of the foot

pādaṁśika krama ऩादॊमशक क्रभ
Unwholesome food practices are to be tapered in quarter / quarter of quarters, and are substituted by Pathyahara (Wholesome food practice) in interval of one, two or three meal time according to condition. Substitution is to be augmented in gradual, phased manner.

pādanartana ऩादनतनश
Dancing movement of foot.

padārthaḥ ऩदाथ्श
1. The meaning of a word or group of words; 2. Substance which exists has a nomenclature and is a subject of Knowledge. This whole universe is categorized in six padarthas. Ayurveda uses the term Karana (cause) for Padartha

pādasadanaṁ ऩादसदनॊ
Fatigue of leg

pādaśiṣṭaṁ ऩादमशष्टॊ
Reducing to 1/4th portion of decoction

pādatalam ऩादतरभ ्
Sole. Under part of the foot

pādatra dhāraṇa ऩादत्र धायण
Regular wearing of foot wares – alleviates diseases of feet, promotes semen, ward off evil organisms, gives pleasure and comfort in moving and is wholesome for Ojas. prevents from abrasions of thorn, stone, gravels , dust etc.

padma patra varṇa ऩद्भ ऩत्र िणश
Color or red lotus petal

padma varṇa ऩद्भ िणश
Lotus color

padmapatrābhaṁ dṛṣṭimaṇḍala ऩद्भऩत्राबॊ दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Pupil with the color of red lotus petal

padmasannibhaṁ ऩद्भसत्न्नबॊ
Blood with the color of red lotus

pādukā pādapīṭheṣu ऩादकु ा ऩादऩीठे षु
Mode of administration of poison along with shoes or foot cushions.

paicchilya ऩत्च्छल्म

pāiṇitala ऩाणणतर
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karșa=12g of metric units

pāka virudda ऩाक विरुद्द
Preparation of food etc., with a bad or rotten fuel and undercooking, overcooking or burning during the process of preparation comes under this category.

pāka ऩाक
1. Digestion; transformation of substances with the help of agni i.e. digestive & metabolic enzymes. 2. Suppuration 3. Ripening 4. Cooking

pākaḥ mukhe ऩाक् भखु े

pākaḥ oṣṭhe ऩाक् ओष्ठे
Rashes on lip or cheilitis

pākaḥ ऩाक्

pāke chardi ऩाके छर्दश
Vomiting in the time of digestion

pakṣaḥ ऩऺ्
Implies for 1. One aspect or party of discussion 2. a specific assumption

pakṣasandhi ऩऺसत्न्ध
New moon or full moon, If a snake bites someone during the conjugation of two fortnights i.e. full moon day and new moon day, and then it is incurable.

pakṣma ऩक्ष्भ

pakṣmāgrāṇi ऩक्ष्भाग्राणण
Free end of eye lashes. Free end of a stiff hair on the margin of the eyelid.

pakṣmamaṇḍalam ऩक्ष्भभण्डरभ ्
Eye lashes. Stiff hair on the margin of the eyelid

pakṣmāśayaḥ ऩक्ष्भाशम्
Lid/Root of eye lashes. Root of a stiff hair on the margin of the eyelid.

pakṣmavartmasandhiḥ ऩक्ष्भित्भसत्न्ध्
Point of junction of cilia with lid margin

pakti ऩत्तत
The process of digestive / metabolic transformation occurring mainly because of the action of Agni.

paktināśa ऩत्ततनाश

paktisthānam ऩत्ततस्थानभ ्
Gastrointestinal tract. A tube including stomach and intestine

pakva jambūphalābhaṁ raktaṁ ऩति जम्फपू राबॊ यततॊ
Blood with the color of the fruit of ripe rose apple.

pakvādhānam ऩतिाधानभ ्
Large intestine or colon. The alimentary canal extending from the ileum to the anus


pakvajāmbava nakha ऩतिजाम्फि नख
Nail with the color of ripe rose apple

pakvajambū saṅkāśaṁ purīṣaṁ ऩतिजम्फू सङ्काशॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Black colored stool like the ripped fruit of Zyzygium jambolanum.

pakvalauha ऩतिरौह
a pharmaceutically best quality of lauha bhasma

pakvam purīṣaṁ ऩतिभ ् ऩयु ीषॊ
Digested stool

pakvāmam antarāntarā purīṣaṁ ऩतिाभभ ् अन्तयान्तया ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool of both digested and undigested forms

pakvānam aniyata purīṣaṁ ऩतिानभ ् अतनमत ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool of both digested and undigested forms

pakvapīluphalaprakhyā ऩतिऩीरपु रप्रख्मा
Pale color.

pakvāśaya ऩतिाशम
Large intestine. The major seat of Vāta.

pakvāśayaḥ ऩतिाशम्
Large intestine

pakvaśoṇitābham purīṣaṁ ऩतिशोणणताबभ ् ऩयु ीषॊ
Blood colored stool

pakvasthānam ऩतिस्थानभ ्
Large intestine or colon. The alimentary canal extending from the ileum to the anus

pala ऩर
A unit of Measurement; Four karșas will make one pala i.e 48 g of metric units

pāliḥ ऩामर्
Lobule. A small lobe or primary subdivision of a lobe

pālika yaṁtra ऩामरक मत्रॊ
A cup shaped vessel with long curved handle used for melting of low melting materials and for jarana

palitaṁ roma ऩमरतॊ योभ
Graying of hair

pallava ऩल्रि
Tender leaves; Synonym of leaf

pāṁcabhautika ऩाॊचबौततक
Comprising of five mahābhūtas-Akasha, Vayu, Tejas, Jala and Pṛthvī;

paṁcendriyagrahaṇatva ऩचेत्न्द्रमग्रहणत्ि
Perceptible by all 5 senses; substance can be perceived by all 5 senses;

pāṁḍumukha ऩाण्डु भखु
Pallor on face.

pāṁsupūrṇābhaṁ akṣi ऩाॊसऩु णू ाशबॊ अक्षऺ
Feels as eyes filled with dust

pāṁsupūrṇam iva akṣi ऩाॊसऩु णू भश ् इि अक्षऺ
Feels as eyes filled with dust

pāṇ ऩाण ्
Hand, Arm

pāna dveṣa ऩान द्िेष
Aversion to take alcohol.

pāna icchā ऩान इच्छा
Desire to take alcohol.

pāna ऩान
drink; dietary substances to be drunk, e.g. juice, soup

pañacvarṇa suvarṇa ऩच्ॊ िणश सिु णश
Resembles 5/16 gold= a property observed in Chalcopyrite

pānaka ऩानक
Soft drinks prepared with fruit juices (grapes, dates and jujube), sugar and spices. It is guru and visṭaṁbhi

pañca mahābhūta ऩचॊ भहाबतू
The Five Great Elements: Aakasa, Vaayu, Teja, Jala and Pṛthvī. Ayurvedic doctrine states that all the matter in the universe is composed of these Five. The variety is because of the variation in the combining proportions.

pañcagavya ऩचगव्म
Group of Five substances obtained from cow and its milk; Milk, Yoghurt, Urine, Ghee, Stool.

pañcakaṣāyaśatāni ऩचकषामशतातन
Five hundred decoctions.

pañcakaṣāyayonayaḥ ऩचकषाममोनम्
Five substrata of decoctions viz. Madhura, Amla, Katu, Tikta, Kashaya.

pañcakola ऩचकोर
Class of following five substances Zingiber officinale, Piper longum(root and fruit), Plumbago zeylanica, Piper retrofractum;

pañcāmṛta ऩचॊ ाभतृ
Group of following five substances Cow Ghee, Cow Yoghurt, Cow milk, Madhu(honey), Sharkara(sugarcane candy); Synonym of Divya Panchamrita

pañcāmṛta ऩचॊ ाभतृ
Group of following five plants; Tinospora cordifolia, Tribulus terrestris, Asparagus racemosus, Sphaeranthus indicus, Asparagus adscendens

pañcānga ऩचाग
Five parts of plants roots, stems, leaves, flowers & fruits collectively termed as

pañcapallava ऩचऩल्रि
Group of five following tender leaves Aegel marmelos, Mangifera indica, Syzygium cumini, Citrus medica, Feronia elephantano.

pañcapañcaka ऩञ्चऩञ्चक
A collective term used for indicating five pentads viz. five sense organs, seats of five sense organ, object of five sense, five basic material of five senses, five type of knowledge of five senses

pañcasāra ऩचसाय
Group of following five substances Boiled cowmilk, Sharkara (sugarcane candy), Piper longum, Madhu (honey), Ghrita (ghee).

pañcasaugandhika ऩचसौगत्न्धक
Group of five fragrant substances Cinnamomum camphora, Piper cubeba, Myristica fragrans, Areca catechu, Syzygium aromaticum

pañcasiddhauṣadhi ऩचमसद्धौषधध
Group of Five substances; Tailakand, Sudhakand, Krodakand, Rudantika, sarpanetra

pañcasūraṇa ऩचॊ सयू ण
Group of following five substances viz., Rheum emodi, Ranunculous scleratus, Alocasia indica, Amorphophallus paeoniifolius, Amorphophallus companlatus

pañcatikta ऩचतततत
Group of following five plants having bitter taste; Tinospora cardifolia, Adhatoda vasica, Azadirachta indica, Solanum surattense, Trichosanthus dioca

pañcatvagrahaṇaṁ ऩचत्िग्रहणॊ

pañcavalkala ऩचिल्कर
Combination of following five stem barks Ficus bengalensis, Ficus glomerata, Ficus religiosa, Ficus lacor, Thespesia populnae;

pañcāvayava-vākyam ऩचािमि-िातम
A collective term used for conveying intended inference based on five steps.

pañcīkaraṇa ऩञ्चीकयण
the process of conjugation of all the five mahābhūtas in the substance

pāṇḍu ऩाण्डु
Pale color

pandura — पाण्डुर
Pale color

panduraktam — पाण्दुरक्तं
Pale red

pandutvam — पांडुत्वं
Pale color

pāṅgalyaṁ ऩाङ्गल्मॊ
Paraplegia or limping

pāṇiḥ ऩाणण्
Hand. The part of the body attached to the forearm at the wrist

pāṇimūlam ऩाणणभरू भ ्
Wrist. The joint or region lying between the hand and the forearm

pāṇipādahṛdayāni ऩाणणऩादरृदमातन
Palms /sole. Anterior or flexor surface of the hand from wrist to finger/Under part of the foot

pāṇipādam ऩाणणऩादभ ्
Hands and feet. The part of the body attached to the forearm at the wrist / The terminal portion of the lower extremity

pāṇiśalākādhiṣṭhānam ऩाणणशराकाधधष्ठानभ ्
Distal row of carpal bones

pāṇitalam ऩाणणतरभ ्
Palm. Anterior or flexor surface of the hand from wrist to finger

paṅkagandha ऩङ्कगन्ध
Smell of wet mud.

pannagaḥ ऩन्नग्

pārada ऩायद

parādi guṇa ऩयार्द गणु
Group of ten properties commencing with Para used for clinical practice.

paraṁ ऩयॊ
Desire, Fond of

paramāṇu ऩयभाणु
Smallest unit of a material equivalent to 1/30th of the dust particles seen in the sun rays.

parāmarśaḥ ऩयाभश्श
a process of drawing inference based on analogy

parārthānumānam ऩयाथाशनभु ानभ ्
Inference from other source

parasparānupraveśa ऩयस्ऩयानप्रु िेश
mutual entrance

paratva ऩयत्ि
Relative superiority; one among 10 parādi guṅa.

pārāvata iva ākūjan ऩायाित इि आकू जन ्
Voice resembles the cooing sound of pigeon

paribhāva ऩरयबाि
Humiliation to respected persons

paricchādam ऩरयच्छदभ ्
Personal artifacts.

paridagdha jihvā ऩरयदग्ध त्जविा
Tongue looks like as burned.

paridāha ऩरयदाह
Burning sensation

paridevana ऩरयदेिन

paridhāvana ऩरयधािन

paridhūmana ऩरयधूभन
Smoky sensation

paridhūpana ऩरयधूऩन
Smoky sensation.

paridhvaṁsī ऩरयध्िसी
Gives out fine dust if rubbed.

parigraha ऩरयग्रह
Stiffness, Restricted movement

parihāra virudda ऩरयहाय विरुद्द
Proscription - Intake of hot things after taking pork etc will comes under the unwholesome of proscription.

parihāraḥ ऩरयहाय्
correcting the defects pointed out in respect of a previous statement

pariharṣa roma ऩरयहषश योभ

parikartanaṁ ऩरयकतनश ॊ
Cutting pain

parikartikā ऩरयकततका
Cutting pain

parikleda ऩरयतरेद

parikleśana ऩरयतरेशन
Aversion to anything

parikṛntanaṁ ऩरयकृ न्तनॊ
Cutting pain

parīkṣā ऩयीऺा
investigation or examinations which leads to correct knowledge

parikṣayaṁ ऩरयऺमॊ

parikūjanaṁ ऩरयकू जनॊ
Wailing or voice resembles the sound of pigeon

parimana ऩरयणाभ
Quantity; one among 10 parādi guṅa

parimāṇam ऩरयभाणभ ्

parimaṇḍalaṁ ऩरयभण्डरॊ
Circular patch

parimardana ऩरयभदशन

parimarśan ऩरयभशनश ्

parimarśana ऩरयभशनश
a process of achieving the knowledge through sense of touch

parimlāna ऩरयम्रान
Lethargic, Lazy

parimlāyī dṛṣṭimaṇḍala ऩरयम्रामी दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Bluish yellow pupil.

parimlāyitva ऩरयम्रातमत्ि

pariṇāma ऩरयणाभ
1. Effect of time 2. Transformation

pariṇāmavādaḥ ऩरयणाभिाद्
theory of transformation which states that all the substances get changes continuously

pariṇudana ऩरयणुदन
Harassment (trouble and annoy continually or repeatedly) towards others

paripāṭana ऩरयऩाटन
Cracks or fissure

paripīḍana ऩरयऩीडन

pariploṣa ऩरयप्रोष
Diminished burning sensation.

paripoṭana ऩरयऩोटन
Cracks or fissure

paripūjana ऩरयऩजू न
Offering prayers

paripūrṇatva śiraḥ ऩरयऩणू त्श ि मशय्
Feels as head filled with mucus

paripuṭanaṁ ऩरयऩटु नॊ

parisaraṇa ऩरयसयण

pariṣeka ऩरयषके
Sprinkling or pouring the stream of medicated decoctions, milk, oil, ghee (clarified butter), takra (buttermilk) or meat juices over the body of the patients to minimize or to treat the effect of poison and disease.

pariśoṣa ऩरयशोष
Muscular wasting

parisphuṭana ऩरयस्पु टन

parisrāva ऩरयस्राि
Exudation, Discharge

paritama ऩरयतभ
Impairment of orientation

paritāpa ऩरयताऩ

parivāda ऩरयिाद
Humiliation to respected persons

parivartana ऩरयितनश

parivepana ऩरयिेऩन

pariveṣṭana ऩरयिेष्टन

pariveṣṭitam ऩरयिेत्ष्टतभ ्
Enveloping / covering

parivṛddhi ऩरयिद्ृ धध

parivṛtta nābhi ऩरयित्तृ नामब


parpati — पर्पटी
1. Thin flakes/wafers – a pharmaceutical Dosage form where the materials will be made to melt over the fire and sandwiched in between leaves.
2. external contaminants of mercury

parpaṭī ऩऩटी
1. Thin flakes/wafers – a pharmaceutical Dośage form where the materials will be made to melt over fire and sandwiched in between leaves

pārṣṇiḥ ऩात्ष्ण्श
Heel. Rounded posterior portion of the foot under and behind the ankle

pārṣṇyasthi ऩाष्ण्मत्स्थ
Calcaneus. A heel bone

parśukāgrāṇi ऩशकुश ाग्राणण
Anterior ends of the ribs. Cartilaginous parts of the ribs

parśukāḥ ऩशकुश ा्
Ribs or costae. Curved Bones extending laterally and

pārśva ऩाश्िश
Sides of the Chest, Flanks

pārśvajaghanam ऩाश्िजश घनभ ्
Side of pelvis. Side of a bony structure formed by the innominate bones. The sacrum, the coccyx and the ligaments joining them

pārśvam ऩाश्िभश ्
Side of thorax. Side of the part of the body between the base of the neck superiorly and diaphragm inferiorly

pārthiva dravya ऩाधथिश द्रव्म
substances having pṛthvi as the predominant mahābhūta; these substances are heavy, compact, hard, etc. in nature

pārthiva ऩाधथिश
One of the category of substances that are of mineral origin like silver, gold, etc.

pārthivam ऩाधथिश भ ्
the substance predominantly made of pṛthvi mahābhūta

paruṣa ऩरुष
Rough; the property of the substance which causes hardness

paryāya ऩमाशम

paryuṣita ऩमवुश षत

pāṣaṇḍāyatan ऩाषण्डामतन
Abode of atheist, when the snake bites in the abodes of pakhandas (hermits of kapalik sect), then it is incurable.

paścimahānavyadantaḥ ऩत्श्चभहानव्मदन्त्
Last molar- Wisdom tooth. The last molar tooth on each side of the jaw.

pātaḥ ऩात्
1. Falling 2. Drooping

patākā darśanaṁ ऩताका दशनश ॊ
Flag like objects appears before eyes.

paṭalāni ऩटरातन
Different layers or coverings of eyeball

patana ऩतन

pāṭanaṁ ऩाटनॊ
Cracks or breaking pain.

patati iva hdayaṁ ऩततत इि वदमॊ
Dislocated feeling of heart

pāṭhaṁ icchā ऩाठॊ इच्छा
Fond of recitation.

pathya ऩर्थम
Which is conducive to Patha (Way/micro and macro channels/Srotas) including the Doṣa, Dāthu and Mala? That which is conducive to the body and mind. Food or conduct which is conducive or wholesome to both body and mind. Eg. Rice, ghee, milk etc. Contrast is Apathya.

patra ऩत्र

pātra ऩात्र
1. A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one Ādhak= 3.073 g of metric units 2. vessel

paurāṇika ऩौयाणणक
versed in ancient legends and stories

pauruṣaṁ ऩौरुषॊ
(1) Penis. (2) Prostrate. (3) A measure. Full length of a man with his hands. (4) The male organ of copulation and in mammal’s urination.

paurusham — पौरुषं
(1) Penis. (2) Prostrate. (3) A standard. Man's full length with his hands. (4) The male organ of copulation and in mammals urination. (5) A gland surrounding the neck of the bladder and the urethra in the male.

pauttika ऩौवत्तक
Variety of honey collected from the Pauttika type of bee – they are of big in size.

pavaka saṁsthitā ऩिक सत्स्थता
Keeping /placing on embers

pāvakoupamaṁ ऩािकोऩभॊ
Character of poison is similar to fire so it gives rise to paittika (heat) symptoms in the body.

pavitrāṁguliḥ ऩवित्राॊगमु र्
Ring finger. Fouth finger

paya ऩम
Milk; Generally denotes Cow milk; a synonym of kṣīra

pāyasa icchā ऩामस इच्छा
Desire to take Pāyasa (a sweet made from rice, milk and sugar.)

payo ābha purīṣaṁ ऩमो आब ऩयु ीषॊ
Water like stool

payobhi parīkṣā ऩमोमब ऩयीऺा
Examination with milk.

payodharau ऩमोधयौ
Breasts, Mammary glands; Literally mean the pots containing milk.

pāyuḥ ऩाम्ु

pāyumeḍhāntaram ऩामभु ेढान्तयभ ्
Perineum. The structures occupying the pelvic outlet and constituting the pelvic floor

pāyuvalayaḥ ऩामिु रम्
Horizontal mucous folds of rectum-Houston's valves. Mucous folds of rectum

peṣana ऩेषन
An act of grinding /rubbing/triturating

peśī ऩेशी
Muscle. A type of tissue composed of contractile cells or fibers.

peya ऩेम
Thin gruel of rice along with its solid portion (Siktha). To prepare Peya, 14 parts of water and 1 part of broken rice are taken and boiled well till all the rice particles become soft. It increases digestive fire.

phala varga पर िगश
Class of different fruits

phala पर
1. Fruit; 2. Therapeutic Result

phalaka परक
Surfaces/ facets - a property of material

phalinī पमरनी
Group of 19 plants whose fruits are indicated in Paṁchakarma.

phalodbhiḥ iva mūtraṁ परोद्मब् इि भत्रू ॊ
Micturition with splitting pain

phāṁṭa पाॊट
a filtrate obtained by steeping the soft & aromatic substances in boiled water in liquid doses form

phāṇita पाणणत
Molasses is a semisolid condensed sugarcane preparation, traditionally used to prepare Arișta, Asava and other forms of alcoholic fermentation. Its heavy in nature,Sweet in taste, nutitive and non - aphrodisiac and aggravates Tri-Doṣa.

pharapharāyaṇaṁ karṇa पयपयामणॊ कणश
Sensation in the like moving in the insects

phenāgamanaṁ पे नागभनॊ
Foaming at the mouth.

phenaṁ पे नॊ

phenānugataṁ पे नानगु तॊ

phenaśānti पे नशात्न्त
One of the classical test indicating the completion of medicated ghee preparation

phenavamī पे निभी
Vomiting of frothy material.

phenavat पे नित ्

phenayuktaṁ पे नमतु तॊ

phenilaṁ पे तनरॊ

phenodgama पे नोद्गभ
One of the classical test indicating the completion of medicated oil preparation

piccaṭikā वऩच्चर्टका
Excreta of eye

picchaḥ वऩच्छ्

picchānugataṁ purīṣaṁ वऩच्छानगु तॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Slimy stool.

picchāvata aśru वऩच्छाित अश्रु
Mucoid Lacrimation

picchila वऩत्च्छर
Slimy touch, gummy, Sticky, Sliminess,

picchilaḥ वऩत्च्छर्
the property of the substance which causes Slimness and stickiness

picchilaṁ kiṅcit वऩत्च्छरॊ क्रकङ्धचत ्
Slight slimy urine

piccitaṁ वऩत्च्चतॊ
Contused lacerated wound, a part of the body with the local bone crushed between the folds of door or by a blow becomes extended and covered with blood and marrow and is called a piccita (crushed wound) or ulcer.

picu वऩचु
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karșa=12 g of metric units

pīḍā ऩीडा

piḍakā वऩडका

piḍakolikā वऩडकोमरका
Excreta of eye

pīḍana asahatva ऩीडन असहत्ि

pīḍana ऩीडन

pīḍanaṁ icchā ऩीडनॊ इच्छा
Desire to be pressed

pīḍayaṁ iva ऩीडमॊ इि
Pressing type of pain

pīḍayat iva ऩीडमत ् इि
Pressing type of pain

piḍikā वऩडडका

pīḍitemudrā ऩीडडतभे द्रु ा
Finger imprints on pressing -a test to observe in semi-solid preparations- confectionaries

pīḍyata iva utghaṭṭanaṁ hṛdayaṁ ऩीड्मत इि उत्घट्टनॊ रृदमॊ
Pressing pain in heart

pihitaraja nāsikā वऩर्हतयज नामसका
Feels as if nose filled with bristles.

pīlupākavādaḥ ऩीरऩु ाकिाद्
concept of molecular changes

pīna vadana ऩीन िदन
Puffy face

pīnasa ऩीनस
Nasal discharge

piṇḍa dhāraṇa वऩण्ड धायण
Maintaining of stable body with positive health

piṇḍadarśanaṁ pretānāṁ वऩण्डदशनश ॊ प्रेतानाॊ
Offer food to forefathers

piṇḍasadṛśaṁ वऩण्डसदृशॊ
Resembles mass form

piṇḍī वऩण्डी
A synonym of vaṭi-a ball/ a lump

piṇḍikā वऩत्ण्डका
Calf. The fleshy muscular back part of the leg below the knee.

piṇḍitaṁ वऩत्ण्डतॊ

piṅgala varṇa वऩङ्गर िणश
Reddish brown color

piñjara varṇa वऩञ्जय िणश
Tawny color

piṇyāka वऩण्माक
Oil cakes

pipāsā asahatva वऩऩासा असहत्ि
Intolerance to thirst

pipāsā वऩऩासा
Thirst, a sensation of dryness in the mouth and throat associated with a desire for liquids. A synonym of Tѓsna.

pipīlikā sṛpti iva वऩऩीमरका सत्ृ प्त इि

pipīlikābhiḥ dhāvanaṁ mūtraṁ वऩऩीमरकामब् धािनॊ भत्रू ॊ
Ants crawling in urine

pipīlikābhiḥ sarpaṇaṁ वऩऩीमरकामब् सऩणश ॊ

pipilikāḥ वऩवऩमरका्
Type of insect which means ants. Bite causes inflammatory swelling and burning sensation at the seat of bite resembling those produced contact with fire.

pipīlikānāṁ sañcāra iva वऩऩीमरकानाॊ सञ्चाय

pippalakau वऩप्ऩरकौ
Nipples. The conical protuberance in each breast from which the lactiferous ducts discharge in the female

piśitāśritaṁ paṭalaṁ वऩमशताधश्रतॊ ऩटरॊ
Iris. The colored contractile

piśitodakābhaṁ ārtava वऩमशतोदकाबॊ आतिश
Menstrual blood resembles the washings of flesh

piṣṭanibhaṁ mūtraṁ वऩष्टतनबॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles flour paste.

piṣṭarasa tulyaṁ mūtraṁ वऩष्टयस तल्ु मॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles flour paste.

piṣṭavat mūtraṁ वऩष्टित ् भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles flour paste.

piṣṭi वऩत्ष्ट
A process in which the material through rubbing etc made them to lose their original shape and attains a dry fine powder

pīta varga ऩीत िगश
Group of following substances used for Raṁjan(coloring) mercury Mamordia charantia, Banana, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellirica, Emblica officinals, Raw mango, Arundo donax, Nelumbo nucifera, Indigofera tinctoria, Kasis;

pīta ऩीत
Yellow color

pītābha darśanaṁ ऩीताब दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in yellow color

piṭakā वऩटका

pītalohitaṁ ऩीतरोर्हतॊ
Yellowish red

pītarājimat apsu ऩीतयात्जभत ् अप्सु
Drops of Breast milk make yellow lines in water

pitarakta gomūtrābhaṁ mūtraṁ वऩतयतत गोभत्रू ाबॊ भत्रू ॊ
Yellowish red urine like cow's urine

pītarakta ऩीतयतत
Yellowish red

pītasarpi ऩीतसवऩश

pītasirārāji ऩीतमसयायात्ज
Yellowish lines of veins

pitava vastra — पीतव वस्त्र
Yellow color clothes. Best for soft skin, indicated in vasaṁta ѓtu. decreases kaphja vyadhi

pitavarna — पीतवर्ण
Yellow color

pithara yantra — पिठर यंत्र
An apparatus used to purify the low melting metals

piṭharapākavādaḥ वऩठयऩाकिाद्
concept of physical changes

piṭikā वऩर्टका

pitṛbhakti वऩतबृ त्तत
Too much devotion to father or forefathers.

pitta kopana वऩत्त कोऩन
substances that vitiates Pitta Doṣa

pitta saṁśamana वऩत्त सशभन
substances that pacify vitiated Pitta Doṣa

pitta वऩत्त
One of the three bodily Doṣas that is responsible for digestion and metabolism in the body. It is situated in umbilicus, stomach, sweat, lymph, blood, watery fluids of the body, eye and skin. It is predominant of Agni mahābhūta. Its attributes are: Snehan (slightly unctuous), Tīkṣṇa (sharp), Uṣṇa (hot), Laghu (light), Visra (of pungent odour), Sara (flowing) and Drava (liquid). Pitta is of five types: Pācaka, Ālocaka, Raṅjaka, Bhrājaka and Sādhaka.

pittadharā kalā वऩत्तधया करा
Gastrointestinal mucosa. Mucous membrane of stomach, large intestine and small intestine

pittāktaṁ raktaṁ वऩत्ताततॊ यततॊ
Blood mixed with pitta

pittaṁchardi वऩत्तछर्दश
Vomit in the form of mere pitta

pittapañcaka वऩत्तऩचक
Group of bile of following five animals Men, Peacock, Cow, Horse, Fish.

pittāśayaḥ वऩत्ताशम्
Digestive tube with its appendages

pittopahitaṁ purīṣaṁ वऩत्तोऩर्हतॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool mixed with Pitta

pittotkleśa mukhaṁ वऩत्तोत्तरेश भखु ॊ
Salivation of pitta

pīyūṣa ऩीमषू
Heavy milk of newly delivered cow. Is heavy to digest and nourishing.

plīhā प्रीहा

pluṣṭaṁ प्रष्ु टॊ
Stage of a burn which is characterized by discoloring of its site and extreme burning and marked by absence of any vesicle or blister.

podau ऩोदौ
Natis. Buttock. Gluteal Prominence. Fleshy prominences on the lower back formed by the gluteal muscles with a covering of fat and skin.

pogara ऩोगय
With streaks a property of iron

posterior chambers of the eyeball and perforated in the center by the pupil."

poṭṭalakaḥ ऩोट्टरक्
Caecum. A blind pouch or cul-de-sac.

poṭṭalī ऩोट्टरी
A kind of Dośage form where the materials (herbominerals) are to be shaped and processed by suspending it in sulphur bath etc,

prabhā प्रबा
Lustier, Shine, Radiance, Glim; caused due to substance with Agni mahābhūta predominance.

prabhāhāni प्रबाहातन
Diminished complexion

prabhāva प्रबाि
1. Characteristic therapeutic effect of a substance; 2. A basis for nomenclature of plants

prabheda प्रबेद

prabhūta प्रबतू
Excessive quantity.

pracala pakṣma प्रचर ऩक्ष्भ
Wavering of eyelashes

pracāla प्रचार
Shaking, Movement

pracalāyana प्रचरामन

pracalita bhrū प्रचमरत भ्रू
Trembling of eyebrow

pracchardanaṁ प्रच्छदशनॊ
Excessive vomiting

pracchāya icchā प्रच्छाम इच्छा
Fund of Shade

pracuraṁ प्रचुयॊ

pracurapravartanaṁ adhovāyu प्रचुयप्रितनश ॊ अधोिामु
Excessive passing of flatus

prācuryaṁ प्राचुमं

pracyavanaṁ roma प्रच्मिनॊ योभ
Falling of hair

pradāha प्रदाह
Burning sensation

pradeśaḥ प्रदेश्
Partial or brief description of a topic but not fully elaborated there, for risk of going out of context in view of vast detail and referred to other places in the text of details.

pradeśinī प्रदेमशनी
Index finger. The forefinger.

pradhāna marma प्रधान भभश

pradhāvana प्रधािन

pradhmānaṁ प्रध्भानॊ

pradhvaṁsābhāva प्रध्िसाबाि
The ideology which describes every substance does not exists after its destruction

pradhyānatatpara प्रध्मानतत्ऩय
Thinking excessively

pradīpta iva nāsikā प्रदीप्त इि नामसका
feels as if glowing of nose

pradoṣaḥ प्रदोष्
the first part of the night , up to three hours after sunset

praduṣṭaṁ raktaṁ प्रदष्ु टॊ यततॊ
Defective blood

pradūyana प्रदमू न

pradveṣa प्रद्िेष

pragāḍhaṁ raktaṁ प्रगाढॊ यततॊ
Profuse bleeding

prāgbhakta प्राग्बतत
Just before meal- medicines consumed in this manner becomes quickly digested, does not harm the strength of the body, being enveloped by the food it does not come out of the mouth, hence medicine should be given before food for the aged person.

prāgbhāva प्राग्बाि
the ideology which describes that each and every substance is nonexistant before its production

pragraha प्रग्रह
Restricted movement of the body

prāgutpatti प्रागत्ु ऩवत्त
Mythological origin of poison which indicates first emerging of poisons.

pragyabodhi — प्रज्ञाबोधि
Promotes memory-booster

pragyaparadh — प्रज्ञापराधः
It is made up of two words Pragya and Aparadh. Pragya means knowledge and intelligence. Aparadh means offense/violation, transgression, and fault. Voluntary transgression; erroneous acts done due to impairment of intellect, knowledge, and memory.

prahara प्रहय
A measure of time equals 3 hours

praharaṇa प्रहयण
Harassment (trouble and annoy continually or repeatedly) towards others

praharṣaṇaṁ roma प्रहषणश ॊ योभ

prahasanaṁ asthāne प्रहसनॊ अस्थाने
Laughing at inappropriate occasion.

prahasitaṁ sakṛt mukhaṁ प्रहमसतॊ सकृ त ् भखु ॊ
Pain resembles pricking with arrows

prahlāda प्रवराद

prajāgara प्रजागय
To remain awake at night, sleeplessness, Vigilance

prajananaṁ प्रजननॊ
Reproduction; Genitals. Reproductive organs

prajāsthāpana प्रजास्थाऩन
Substances which helps in fetus fixation and promotes fertility;

prājyāṇudārī asthi प्राज्माणुदायी अत्स्थ
Multiple fractures with tiny bone pieces.

prakampaḥ प्रकम्ऩ्

prakampamānaṁ vellate asthi प्रकम्ऩभानॊ िेल्रते अत्स्थ
tremor of bone

prākāmyaṁ प्राकाम्मॊ
The power of having an irresistible will, one of the supra normal psychic power derivable from the practice of Yoga

prakaraṇasamaḥ प्रकयणसभ्
Reason appearing identical to the subject but is improper

prakash — प्रकाश
Enlightening; caused due to substance with Agni mahābhūta predominance.

prakash asahatva — प्रकाश असहत्व
Intolerance to light

prakashak — प्रकाशक
Illuminating, making apparent or manifest , disclosing , discovering

prakaṭakoṣṭī प्रकटकोष्टी
Open furnace used in various pharmaceutical processes

prakleda प्रतरेद

praklinnaḥ प्रत्तरन्न्

prakopa प्रकोऩ
Aggravation of vitiated Dośas in their own seats. The second stage of Kriyakāla.

prakoṣṭhaḥ प्रकोष्ठ्
(1) Forearm. Antebrachium. (2) Distal third of the forearm. The portion of the arm between the elbow and the wrist.

prakṛti bhūta प्रकृ तत बतू
Normal state-equilibrium state of 3 hands considered as health.

prakṛti प्रकृ तत
1. The nature of an individual or a substance. 2. The physical and psychological features specific to an individual that are produced to the dominant Doṣa prevailing at the time of conception. Prakṛti may be classified as Deha Prakṛti (physical) and Manasa Prakṛti (psychological). Deha Prakṛti may be produced due to the dominance of a single, two Dośas or due to a combination of all the three Dośas.

prakṛtiḥ प्रकृ तत्
The primary and original cause of universe which is having three properties viz. sattva, raja, tama

prakṛtiṁ bhajet प्रकृ ततॊ बजेत ्

prakṛtisthāpana प्रकृ ततस्थाऩन
Synonym of therapeutics which establish the original state of health

prakṣālana प्रऺारन
To remove impurities by washing

prakṣaraṇa ojaḥ प्रऺयण ओज्
Diminished resistance

prakṣepa प्रऺेऩ
Materials like powders, sweetening agents & liquids like oils etc. which are to be added in the cooked preparations

prakṣīṇa māṁsa प्रऺीण भाॊस
Muscular wasting

prakṣipta प्रक्षऺप्त

prakūjanaṁ प्रकू जनॊ
Voice resembles the sound of pigeon

prakuṁca प्रकॊु च
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one pala=48 g of metric units

prakvathanaṁ प्रतिथनॊ
Putrifiction of the skin

pralamba carmakośa प्ररम्फ चभकोश
Drooping of the prepuce

pralāpa प्रराऩ
Incoherent speech; Delirious speech

pralaya प्ररम

pralepa hṛdayaṁ प्ररेऩ रृदमॊ
Feeling of coating in cardiac region

pralepa kaṇṭha प्ररेऩ कण्ठ
Mucus coating in throat

pralepa mukhaṁ प्ररेऩ भखु ॊ
Coating in mouth

pralepaḥ प्ररेऩ्
Coating by mucus

pramā प्रभा
true knowledge

pramāṇa प्रभाण
Measurement of the body(anthropometry)- will be described by the measure of individual fingers, hands etc in terms of height, breadth& length respectively

pramāṇajijñāsā bāhvo प्रभाणत्जऻासा फाविो
Measuring frequently his arms

pramāṇaṁ प्रभाणॊ
modes of examining and acquiring knowledge

pramāthi प्रभाधथ
Substances that removes obstruction from the srotas and cleanse them;

prameya प्रभेम
Objects and subjects of knowledge

pramīlaka प्रभीरक

pramoha प्रभोह
Impairment of orientation

pramohakaḥ प्रभोहक्
Syncope or clumsiness of the sense organs.

pramthyā प्रभर्थमा
A decoction prepared by using paste of drugs and used for appetizer & digestant

pramūḍha saṁjñā प्रभढू सऻॊ ा
Loss of consciousness

pramūḍhatā प्रभढू ता
Impairment of orientation

prāṇa vāyu प्राण िामु
One of the five subtypes of Vāta (Vāyu) that is seated in head. It performs the functions like controlling the intellect, heart, sensory and motor organs and mind. It also regulates the activities like respiration, spitting, sneezing, belching and swallowing.

prāṇa प्राण
1. Vitality. 2. Breath of life, 3. Spirit 4. Life

prāṇaghnaṁ tadvikāsitvāt प्राणघ्नॊ तद्विकामसत्िात ्
Because of vikāsi attribute of poison, spreads all over the body, causes death.

prāṇakṣaya प्राणऺम
Loss of physical strength or weakness.

prāṇāpāna प्राणाऩान

praṇāśa प्रणाश

pranaṣṭa ceta प्रनष्ट चेत
Confusion or absence of mind

prāṇoparodha प्राणोऩयोध
Loss of mental strength.

prāṇopatāpa प्राणोऩताऩ
Loss of mental strength.

prapāka प्रऩाक

prapāṇḍuraṁ mūtraṁ प्रऩाण्डु यॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles the powder of conch

prapaśyedvihatendriyaḥ प्रऩश्मेद्विहतत्न्द्रम्
It is a symptom of gara vișa (artificial poisoning) in which the patient sees himself with distorted sensory organs in his dreams.

prapatana प्रऩतन
Falling of

prapīḍā प्रऩीडा

prapīḍanaṁ प्रऩीडनॊ
compressing; substances that pharmacologically squeezes the wound through local contraction

prāptaḥ prakṛtivikārah प्राप्त् प्रकृ ततविकाय्
Abnormal behavior, the person who administers poison to someone else can be identified as he is having derangement of his normal behavior.

prarodana प्रयोदन

praroha प्रयोह
off shoots of a plant

prārthanā प्राथनश ा

prasāda प्रसाद
Nutrient portion formed during various processes of biotransformation.

prasādaḥ प्रसाद्

prasahā प्रसह
Animals which extend their neck and front part of body for food or animals and birds who take their food by snatching. Exp- Domestic cow, Donkey/ ass, camel, horse, hyena, jackal, wolf etc.

prasahya kanyāṁ apaharto प्रसवम कन्माॊ अऩहतो
Kidnapping of a girl or woman for sexual exploitation.

prasaktaṁ sakta bhāṣaṇaṁ प्रसततॊ सतत बाषणॊ
Indistinct and restricted voice

prasaktaṁ प्रसततॊ

praśamana प्रशभन
palliative therapeutics;

praśamitarujā प्रशमभतरुजा
Pacification of ailments

prasaṅgaḥ प्रसङ्ग्
Repetition of statements when another occasion demands.

prasanna mukhaṁ प्रसन्न भखु ॊ
Pleasant face.

prasannā प्रसन्ना
It is the clear supernatant portion/layer after settling of the fermented liquid

prasannaṁ प्रसन्नॊ

prasara प्रसय
Spreading of the aggravated Dośas from their own seats. Third stage of Kriyakāla.

prasāraṇa प्रसायण
Extending, expanding, Stretching out

praśasta āhāra kāla प्रशस्त आहाय कार
Best time for part taking food.

praśastavarṇa प्रशस्तिणश
Pleasant color

praśātamaḥ प्रशातभ्

praśātanaṁ प्रशातनॊ

praseka mukhaṁ प्रसेक भखु ॊ

praseka प्रसेक
Silalorrhhea, during the first impulse of poisoning, the patient suffers from excessive salivation due to vitiation of rasa.

praśoṣa प्रशोष
Wasting, Dryness

praśothaḥ प्रशोथ्

praspandanaṁ प्रस्ऩन्दनॊ
Throbbing sensation

praspanditaharatvaṁ bāhu प्रस्ऩत्न्दतहयत्िॊ फाहु
Loss of motor function of upper limb)

prasphuraṇa प्रस्पु यण
Throbbing sensation

prasrāva nāsikā प्रस्राि नामसका
Nasal Discharge

prāsravaṇa प्रास्रिण
Small falls- Arising from mountains, this water is light, carminative and good for heart.

prasravaṇaṁ प्रस्रिणॊ

prasrāviṇī प्रस्राविणी
Oozing, In bee sting, an eruption appears quickly which oozes blackish liquid.

prasṛti प्रसतृ त
A unit of Measurement; Two palas combinly will make one prasrtha= 96g of metric units

prastabdha प्रस्तब्ध
Stiffness of the body.

prastambha प्रस्तम्ब
Stiffness of the body

prasūna nābhi प्रसनू नामब
Swelling in umbilicus

prasuptaṁ प्रसप्ु तॊ

prasvāpa प्रस्िाऩ

pratapta प्रतप्त
Heating over fire till red hot

pratataṁ प्रततॊ

pratatilonaṁ adhovāyu प्रतततरोनॊ अधोिामु
Retention of flatus

prathita svapna प्राधथतश स्िप्न
Desired dreams; Fantasies

prāthitaḥ प्राधथत्
pictured from inner desires (Dream)

pratiamarśa nasya प्रततभशश नस्म
Nasal installation which is done daily and frequently is called as pratiamarśa nasya. It’s a type of Sneha Nasya in which two drops of medicated oil/ghee is installed in nostril. This type of nasal installation is done for all age groups.

pratibālāḥ प्रततफारा्
Eye lashes. A stiff hair on the margin of the eyelid.

pratibodhanaṁ kṛcchreṇa प्रततफोधनॊ कृ च्रे ण
Difficulty in opening eye

pratīghātasāamarthya प्रतीघातसाभर्थमश
Resistance ability;

pratihata vāk प्रततहत िाक्
Restricted speech.

pratijñā प्रततऻा
the statement that has to be proved; the 1st step of inference and re- establishment of truth

pratijñāhāniḥ प्रततऻाहातन्
shift from the original stands: contradiction of one’s own statement

pratikarma प्रततकभश
Measures for Prevention of diseases

pratikṣepa darśanaṁ प्रततऺेऩ दशनश ॊ
Impairement of vision

pratiloma प्रततरोभ
inverse direction:

pratipatti hāni प्रततऩवत्त हातन
Lack of interest.

pratipatti प्रततऩवत्त
ability to take quick and proper decision as per time and need

pratipuraṇa प्रततऩयु ण
Prepacking, It is procedure in which sucking of the poisoned blood is done by filling the mouth cavity with linen before sucking.

pratisāraṇa प्रततसायण
rubbing powders on skin, While doing the bloodletting at the site of the snake bite, if the blood is not coming out by itself, then it should be expelled out by application of fine or coarse powders of dry ginger, black round pepper, turmeric, salt etc.

pratistabdha kaṇṭha प्रततस्तब्ध कण्ठ
Obstruction in throat

pratistabdha प्रततस्तब्ध

pratiṣṭhāpanā प्रततष्ठाऩना
giving a contrary meaning to a given proposition

pratiśyāya प्रततश्माम
Nasal discharge

pratitantrasiddhāntaḥ प्रतततन्त्रमसद्धान्त्
The particular doctrine made by some school of thought or science and not accepted by other science

prativiṣaṁ प्रततविषॊ
Agonis antidote, When the spread of poison becomes uncontrollable by mantra and tantra procedures and when the fifth phase of poison is over but the seventh phase is not over, prativișa (antitoxic substances) are to be made use of. This is the last resort in the treatment of poison and hence should be used only in extreme cases. Inanimate poison act upwards and animate poisons act downwards these opposing nature of actions of the said poisons are effectively made use of in prativișa therapy.

pratoda प्रतोद
Needling pain

pratuda प्रतदु
Birds which peck with beak on prey. Exp – parrot, maina, sparrow, pigeon etc.

pratyāhāraḥ प्रत्माहाय्
The process of withdrawing the senses from outside object, an element in the practice of Yoga

pratyakṣaṁ प्रत्मऺॊ
the cognition arising at the instant of the conjugation of the soul, mind, senses, and object

pratyanuyogaḥ प्रत्मनमु ोग्
Scriptural counter enquiry: questioning in respect of an enquiry.

pratyātmaniyataḥ प्रत्मात्भतनमत्
behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual

pratyaya प्रत्मम

pratyutsāraḥ प्रत्मत्ु साय्
statements which deny a certain opinion and objects the other's views

pravāhaṇaṁ प्रिाहणॊ
Defecation with bearing and gripping pain.

pravāhikāvat purīṣapravartanaṁ प्रिार्हकाित ् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation with burning and gripping pain

pravālābha dṛṣṭimaṇḍala प्रिाराब दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Pearl colored pupil

pravaldalnichaya prakash — प्रवालदलनिचय प्रकाश
Color of coral red.

pravara satva प्रिय सत्ि
One who are able to endure severe pain, who is not associated with fear, grief, greed, confusion.

pravāt sevanā प्रिात ् सेिना
Restoring to soft(slow moving) breeze. It increases dryness and lightness. Contraindicated in Hemant ѓtu (early winter)

praveṇī प्रिेणी
Woolen cloth.

pravepana प्रिेऩन

pravibhāgaḥ प्रविबाग्

pravikīrṇamātram प्रविकीणभश ात्रभ ्
With small spread.

pravilambitagati प्रविरत्म्फतगतत
Delayed waking.

pravitatā प्रवितता
Stretching pain in head.

pravṛddhaṁ raktaṁ प्रिद्ृ धॊ यततॊ
Profuse bleeding

pravṛtti प्रिवृ त्त
Action which initiated by Karma (the result of past action) and is the root cause of all miseries.

prāya purīṣaṁ प्राम ऩयु ीषॊ
Excessive stool

prayākula darśana प्रमाकु र दशनश
Frightened look.

prayatna प्रमत्न
Ability to initiate

prayogakārya प्रमोगकामश
Practical purposes

prayojanaṁ प्रमोजनॊ
Statements which specifies the main idea, chief purpose of a particular science or method; Objective for which the actions are initiated or for which various measured are adopted.

Precisely stated as drug or food which has capacity to prevent ageing
improves longevity
Submitted by: provide immunity against the diseases

preraṇaṁ प्रेयणॊ
impulsion: Driving out; A force that moves something along

preta ceṣṭā प्रेत चेष्टा
Ghost like activities, Unprecedented activities

pretagandha प्रेतगन्ध
Smell of dead body

pretākṛti प्रेताकृ तत
Appearance of dead body (faces hippocration).

pretarūpa प्रेतरूऩ
Appearance of dead body (faces hippocratia).

pretyaḥ प्रेत्म्
other births(other life)

prīṇana प्रीणन
Satisfying; Nutrition; soothing, appeasing; Nourishing, the primary function of Rasa Dhātu.

prīti प्रीतत
Desire; Love; Affection

priya वप्रम

priyatā वप्रमता
Loveliness; allure

pṛṣato visṛjatyaṁśru ऩषृ तो विसजृ त्मश्रॊ ु
Spotted deer.

pṛṣṭham ऩष्ृ ठभ ्
(1) Back. Dorsum. (2) Posterior part of the trunk. The posterior region of the trunk from neck to pelvis

pṛṣṭhataḥ nayana ऩष्ृ ठत् नमन
The backward bending of the head

pṛṣṭhavaṁśaḥ ऩष्ृ ठिशॊ ्
Backbone. Spine, Vertebral column. Cavity of the Spinal Column that contains the spinal cord.

pṛṣṭheṣikā ऩष्ृ ठे वषका
Backbone. Spine, Vertebral column.

pṛṣṭheṣu gajavājināṁ ऩष्ृ ठे षु गजिात्जनाॊ
Mode of administration of poison to cause harm by applying the poison on the back of elephants & horses which were used as means of transport in ancient time.

pṛthakatva ऩथृ कत्ि
Differentiation; one of the 10 parādi gunas.

pṛthakatva ऩथृ कत्ि
Separation or exclusion , a character of particularity

pṛthudalaṁ ऩथृ ुदरॊ
Separate thick lamellae- Cleavage

pṛthukā ऩथृ ुका
Flattened rice - Rice when parched and flattened. Paddy that is not husked is made wet, slightly fried and flattened to get this. It is heavy, increase strength, increases kapha and cause Visṭambha (constipation with abdominal discomfort)

pṛthulā snāyuḥ (pṛthvī vā) ऩथृ ुरा स्नाम्ु / ऩर्थृ िी
Fibrous or membranous sheet. Apo neurosis. A Flat fibrous sheet of connective tissue that

pṛthutā asthi ऩथृ ुता अत्स्थ
Widening of bone

pṛthvī ऩर्थृ िी
1. One of the five basic elements (Paṅcamahābhūtas) that make up all matter in the universe. 2. Earth. Indicative of solidity, mass, stability, compactness.

pūjya ऩज्ू म
Venerable: being entitled to honor.

pulākodakapratimaṁ raktaṁ ऩरु ाकोदकप्रततभॊ यततॊ
Blood with the color of washing of flesh.

pulālikā ऩरु ामरका

pulinavanāntaropasevī ऩमु रनिनान्तयोऩसेिी
Habit of playing in river banks

punaḥ punaḥ ऩनु ् ऩनु ्

puṇḍarīkadalopama ऩण्ु डयीकदरोऩभ
Color of white lotus

pūṅgaktam ऩङ्ू गततभ ्

puṇyaḥ ऩण्ु म्
Those who possesses the quality of purity.

pūpa ऩऩू
Prepared with milk and sugarcane juice. Is heavy, saturating and aphrodisiac.

pūpalika ऩऩू मरक
Kind of sweet cake fried in ghee or oil. One should kind the flour mix it up with sugar candey and fry it with ghee mildly, after which it becomes solid and round.

pūraṇa ऩयू ण
Filling up, completing, something used to fill a cavity or container. The primary function of Majjā Dhātu.

purīṣa mārgeṇa raktaṁ ऩयु ीष भागेण यततॊ
Bleeding per rectum

purīṣa ऩयु ीष
Semisolid form of Āhāramala. Feces. The function of Purīṣa is to support the body in general, and, Vāyu and Agni in particular.

purīṣadharā kalā ऩयु ीषधया करा
Mucosa of colon and rectum. Mucous membrane of large intestine and rectum


purīṣasaṁgrahaṇīya ऩयु ीषसग्रॊ हणीम
Substances used to solidify fecal matter.

purīṣavirajanīya ऩयु ीषवियजनीम
Substances used for imparting normal color to the fecal matter.

purisham prakasham artavam — पुरीषंप्रकाशं आर्तव
Menstrual blood resembles fecal matter

purishgandh — पुरीषगन्ध
Smell of fecal matter

purishgandhi [purisagandhi] — पुरीषगन्धी
Smelling of fecal matter

pūrṇaliaṁga ऩणू मश रगॊ
Fully manifested

pūrṇāsyatā mukhaṁ ऩणू ाशस्मता भखु ॊ
Mouth filled with mucus

pūrṇatā ऩणू तश ा
Feeling of fullness

pūrṇatva kaṇṭha ऩणू त्श ि कण्ठ
Feels as throat filled with mucus

pūrṇatvaṁ śiraḥ ऩणू त्श िॊ मशय्
Feels as head filled with mucus

puruṣābhidaṣṭa ऩरुु षामबदष्ट
Person bitten by a male snake.

puruṣaḥ ऩरुु ष्
1. The soul. 2. The living body; 3. Male

puruṣendriyam ऩरुु षत्े न्द्रमभ ्
Penis. The male organ of copulation and in mammals urination

puruṣo ghoradarśanaḥ ऩरुु षो घोयदशनश ्
A fearful and unpleasant looking person which emerged even before the yield of amѓta when gods and demons churned the sea.

pūrvapakṣaḥ ऩिू ऩश ऺ्
Statement which is in the form of an objection to the previous statement

pūrvapaścima vibhāgaḥ ऩिू ऩश त्श्चभ विबाग्
Anterior (ventral) & Posterior (dorsal). Before or in front of & towards the back or situated behind

pushpam— पुष्पम्
(1) menstrual release. (2) Ovum (Periodical release). Periodical discharge of blood and mucus from the uterus (2) The female reproductive or germ cell

puṣpa sahasā nakha ऩष्ु ऩ सहसा नख
Sudden appearance of flower like spots on nail

puṣpa varga ऩष्ु ऩ िगश
Group of different flowers

puṣpa ऩष्ु ऩ

puṣpam ऩष्ु ऩभ ्

puṣpam ऩष्ु ऩभ ्
(1)Menstrual discharge. (2) Ovum (Periodic discharge). Periodic discharge of blood and mucus from the uterus

puṣpita ऩत्ु ष्ऩत
Fatal prognostic symptoms

puṭa ऩटु
A graded heating system used in preparation of bhasma of metals, minerals, marine products and medicines.

puṭapāka ऩटु ऩाक
the drug material is to be subjected for heating in closed container

pūti ऩतू त
Foul smell

pūtigandha ऩतू तगन्ध
Fetid smell

pūtimukhatā ऩतू तभखु ता
Fetid smell from the mouth

pūtipūyaprakāśam ārtava ऩतू तऩमू प्रकाशभ ् आतिश
Menstrual blood resembles pus

pūtisrāva ऩतू तस्राि
Purulent discharge

pūtitā ऩतू तता

pūya pūrṇatā ऩमू ऩणू तश ा
Abdomen filled with pus

pūyagandha ऩमू गन्ध
Smell of pus

pūyagandhi ऩमू गत्न्ध
Smell of pus

pūyakalpaṁ raktaṁ ऩमू कल्ऩॊ यततॊ
Blood resembles pus

pūyaṁ raktaṁ ऩमू ॊ यततॊ
Blood with pus

pūyanibhaṁ ऩमू तनबॊ
Color of Pus

pūyaprakhyam ऩमू प्रख्मभ ्
Smell of pus

pūyasrāva ऩमू स्राि
Purulent discharge

pūyavat ऩमू ित ्
Filled with pus

pūyopama ऩमू ोऩभ
Resemblance of Pus or Purulent

radita यर्दत
A type of snake bite in which superficial puncture marks of snake fangs and the affected part being attended with reddish, bluish, whitish or yellowish lines or stripes and characterized by the presence of a very small quantity of venom in the punctured wound.

rāga याग

rāgaḥ याग्
attachment : affection or sympathy for

rahashya bhashanam — रहस्य भाषाणं
1. Uncovering secrets 2. Reveals even secrets.
Synonyms: hridisthitani guhyani vaak — हृदिस्थितानि गुह्यानि वाक्
1. Uncovering the secret words in the heart.

rahaskāmatā यहस्काभता
Fond of staying in solitude.

rahasya bhāṣāṇaṁ यहस्म बाषाणॊ
Reveals even secrets.

raja यज
to be affected or moved

rajaḥ यज्
Synonym of curna- fine form of herbal powder- a solid doses forms used for therapeutics

rājahasta याजहस्त
Hand length of a king -Equals to 22 inches

rajas यजस ्
1. One of the three qualities (sattva, Rajas and Tamas) or constituents of everything in creation. 2. Initiation, Mobility, Activity 3. The menstrual discharge of a woman. ; The quality of passion, one of the three ‘property’ of manas and conceived as the fundamental substratum of the universe.

rājī avanaddhaṁ याजी अिनद्धॊ
Appearance of lines

rājī santataṁ याजी सन्ततॊ
Appearance of lines

rājī याजी
Appearance of lines of veins

rājimān यात्जभान ्
Rājimān (kraits variety of snakes) snakes with characteristic pattern of variegated color with spots and streak.

rājimat purīṣaṁ यात्जभत ् ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with colored lines

rājimat यात्जभत ्
Appearance of lines of veins

rajo āvṛtaṁ iva darśanaṁ यजो आितृ ॊ इि दशनश ॊ
Sees objects covered by dust

rakṣoghnaṁ यऺोघ्नॊ
substances used to prevent infection

rakta varga यतत िगश
Group of following 7 plants

rakta यतत धातु
The second Dhātu among seven Dhātus whose function is Jīvana (to give life). It is formed in Yakṛt (liver) and Plīhā (spleen) with the help of Raṅjaka Pitta and Rakta Dhātvagni. This is dominant in Agni mahābhūta. Is named so because of its Rakta i.e Red color.

raktābha यतताब

raktābhaṁ mūtraṁ यतताबॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine with the color of blood

raktamokṣaṇa यततभोऺण
Bloodletting. It means the procedure of blood-letting for the therapeutic purposes for removing morbid Doṣa/ poisons with blood. Blood can be eliminated through scraping, application of horn or leech or venesection. It is practiced in poisoned blood and blood born diseases in pitta (billeous) predominant diseases and also in a few vāta (neurological) disorders.

raktapuṣṭi यततऩत्ु ष्ट
Nourishment of Rakta Dhātu.

raktasirājālaṁ यततमसयाजारॊ
Network of reddish vessels

raktavarṇa यततिणश
Color of blood, Red

raktavastra icchā यततिस्त्र इच्छा
Fond of red colored garment

ramaṇīya यभणीम

raṁjana यॊजन
To Color; To stain; Dying; electroplating

raṅjaka pitta यञ्जक वऩत्त
One of the five subtypes of Pitta that is situated in Yakṛt (liver) and Plīhā. This transforms Rasa into Rakta (blood).

rasa agrāhitā यस अग्रार्हता
loss of gustatory sensation

rasa ajñānaṁ यस अऻानॊ
Loss of gustatory sensation

rasa aparijñānaṁ यस अऩरयऻानॊ
Loss of gustatory sensation

rasa dhātu यस धातु
The first Dhātu among seven Dhātus and is dominated by Jala. This is pumped out of Hṛdaya and continuously circulates all over the body to nourish other tissues. It is of 9 Anjalis in quantity. Vyāna and Samāna Vāyu help in its circulation. The major function of Rasa Dhātu is Prīṇana (nourishing).

rasa icchā यस इच्छा
Fond of staying in solitude.

rasa nāśa यस नाश
Loss of gustatory sensation

rasa nindak यस तनन्दक्
Abusers/ persons with no faith in science related with mercury

rasa यस
Taste; feeling perceived by Rasanendriya(Tongue) when the substance comes in contact with it; 6 in number; Each Rasa indicates the pattern of pharmacological activity of the substance;

rasajña यसऻ
Expert in the subject of Iatrochemistry

rasakarma यसकभश
Practical’s related to Iatrochemistry

rasakriyā यसक्रक्रमा
a decoction is concentrated without addition of sweetening substances to reduce semi-solid substances over heat

rasāla यसार
Curd when mixed with sugar and spices such as pepper and churned. Is nutritive, aphrodisiac, unctuous, provides strength and is tasty.

rasaliṅga यसमरङ्ग
Amalgamated mercury shaped like śiva linga for worship

rasanā यसना
Tongue. Gustatory apparatus. One of the five sense organs that perceives taste.

rasana यसनेत्न्द्रम्
sense organ of taste

rasarāja यसयाज
Mercury – one of the synonym of mercury

rasavidyā यसविद्मा
The science of transmutation/alchemy/ chemiagiri

rasāyana यसामन
The term Rasāyana comprises of two words I.e. Rasa and Ayana, Rasa signifies either Rasa Rakthadi Dhātus(tissues) of the body, Ayana convey the sense of Apyayana, which suggest a measure or methodology to saturate or enrich or conduct a special benefit to the body .Based on these principle, it has been said that one which capacity to enrich the Sapthadhātu of the body or the drugs possessing the qualities to saturate or replenish the Dhātu(tissues).

rāśi puruṣa यामश ऩरुु ष
the concept about that body is made up of 24 constituents viz. 5 Mahā bhutas,the 5 organs of sense, 5 organs of action, 5 tanmatras, ayakta, Buddhi, ahamkara and Manas

rāśi यामश
Quantity; consists of Sarvagraha (total account), and Parigraha (individual account) which ascertain the results of the food taken in proper or improper quantity.

raśmibhi यत्श्भमब
Like rays-ply of colors/ fire

rataṁ यतॊ
Indulgent; Habituated

rathyācailaparidhāna यर्थमाचैरऩरयधान
Wearing rags from road sides.

rathyaika druma sevī यर्थमकै द्रभु सेिी
Habit of sitting under tree on roadways

ratiḥ यतत्
Delight; Desire; Love; Name of the wife of Kamadeva- god of Love

ratna varga यत्न िगश
Group of precious and precious stones

ratna यत्न
Precious Stones

rātricaryā यात्रत्रचमाश
Night regimen, regimens starting from dawn to night. It includes Dinner, Sleep and cohabitation.

raudra ceṣṭā यौद्र चेष्टा
Terrifying activities.

raudrayaṁtra यौद्रमत्रॊ
Exposing of the material to scorching sun

raukṣya यौक्ष्म

recanaṁ येचनॊ
An act of emptying, lessening, exhausting. 2. Emission of breath, exhalation, Purging, Evacuation; substances that expels excreta by increasing its liquid content;

rekhāpūraṇa येखाऩयू ण
Filling into papillary ridges of the fingers -One of the classical test for examining the bhasma indicating fineness

retas येतस ्

riktatā sirā रयततता मसया

riraṁsā रययॊसा
Excessive desire for sexual intercourse

rocanā योचना
Insaspissated bile

rocanācūrṇasannibham mūtram योचनाचूणसश त्न्नबभ ् भत्रू भ ्
Urine with the color of bezoar

rocanācūrṇavarṇa mūtraṁ योचनाचूणिश णश भत्रू ॊ
Urine with the color of bezoar

rodana योदन

rodhaḥ योध्
Obstruction, Suppression, Stiffness

rodhan योधन ्
A process of mercury by which the mercury is reactivated from its inert state by submerging in liquid media

rodhanaṁ योधनॊ
Stiffness of pericardial region

roga योग
Discomfort; pain; Disease

roganut योगनतु ्
Substances that are primarily used for treating diseases;

roma asaṁbhava योभ असबि
Absence of hair

roma sadanam योभ सदनभ ्
Falling of Hair

roma saṁlulanaṁ योभ सरॊ रु नॊ
Wavering of the pubic hairs.

roma saṁvejanaṁ योभ सिेजनॊ

romacyuti योभच्मतु त
Falling of hair

romaharṣaḥ योभहष्श

romakūpebhya raktaṁ योभकू ऩेभ्म यततॊ
Bleeding through hair follicles

romāñca योभाञ्च

romarājī योभयाजी
Appearance of hairy lines

romaśātanaṁ योभशातनॊ
substances causing fall of body hair

romavidhvaṁsanaṁ योभविध्िसनॊ
Falling of hair

ropaṇaṁ योऩणॊ
substances facilitating wound healing

roṣaṇaṁ योषणॊ

ṛtu sandhi ऋतु सत्न्ध
Seasonal juncture, transitional period between two seasons - last seven days of a season and the first seven days of next season. In this period, one should taper the regimens of the previous rtu and practice those of the next Rtu in gradual, phased manner. Immediate abandoning and adoptionof regimens will cause various diseases due to improper adoptation.

ṛtucaryaa ऋतचु माश
Two months together are called a ŗtu. Ŗtucarya denotes the work or duties which are to be carried out during each Rtu, it includes seasonal food intake, seasonal activities and Seasonal cleansing process(Rtu Anusara śodhana)

ruciḥ रुधच्
Taste, Desire

rucikara रुधचकय
Stomachic, Excites desire; That which improves taste perception.

ruḍhī रुढी
Tradition; a basis for nomenclature of plants.

rudhiragandhaṁ रुधधयगन्धॊ
Smell of blood

rudhirānvayaṁ रुधधयान्िमॊ
Mixed with blood

rudhiraṣṭhīva रुधधयष्ठीि
Spitting of blood or haemoptysis

rudrabhāga रुद्रबाग
11% Commission given by the pharmaceutical traders to physician- rudra are eleven in number

rudrāṁśa रुद्राॊश
1/11th portion of price of medicine

rudyate रुद्मते

rugṇatva रुग्णत्ि

rujā रुजा

ruk anugataṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ रुक् अनगु तॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Painfi; defecation

rukṣa रुऺ
Dryness; one of the 20 gurvādi guṇa; caused due activated Vāyu mahābhūta; denotes physiological & pharmacological dryness; manifested by dryness of body parts, stoppage of flow in body channels; pacifies kapha, increases vāta.

rukṣam रुऺभ ्
Dry parching, Poison aggravates the bodily vāyu in virtue of its parching quality.

rukṣaṇaṁ रुऺणॊ
To cause dryness ; emaciation

rukṣānn upācareta रुऺान्न ् उऩाचयेत
Dry food treatment- those who have more of food accumulation in their body, who are unctuous, those suffering from Madhumeha, who have more of kapha in body should be treated with dry food.

rūpa रूऩ
Form, figure, appearance of any visible object or thing.

rūpadarśana asahatva रूऩदशनश असहत्ि
Intolerance to see the objects

sa vātam purīṣapravartanaṁ स िातभ ् ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation with flatus

śabda asahatva शब्द असहत्ि
Intolerance to sound.

śabda prabalaṁ chardi शब्द प्रफरॊ छर्दश
Vomiting with more sound.

śabda शब्द
the finest and subtle source of proto-element of Akash mahābhūta,

śabdaḥ शब्द्
Word: an aggregate of letters

śabdānukaraṇaṁ asāmnā शब्दानकु यणॊ असाम्ना
Loudly and frequently imitating the musical sounds

śabdavat danta शब्दित ् दन्त
Gnashing of the teeth

śabdavat purīṣam शब्दित ् ऩयु ीषभ ्
Defecation with sound

śabdāyana शब्दामन
Gudaguda like sound in abdomen.

sabhakta सबतत
Administration of medicine mixed with food.

sabhaktaṁ purīṣaṁ सबततॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool mixed with food articles

sacandrakaṁ raktaṁ सचन्द्रकॊ यततॊ
Blood with multi color

ṣaḍ virecanaśatāni षड् वियेचनशतातन
Six hundred virecana preparations.

ṣaḍ virecanāśrayāḥ षड् वियेचनाश्रमा्
Six plant parts viz. latex, root, bark, leaf, flower, fruit used as sources for Virecana action.

sāda साद
Fatigue, exhaustion

sadācāra सदाचाय
Well behavior.

sadāhaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ सदाहॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation with burning sensation

sadanaṁ manasaḥ सदनॊ भनस्
Loss of mental strength.

sadanaṁ सदनॊ
Weakness, Fatigue, Falling of

ṣaḍaṅgapānīya षडङ्गऩानीम
A kind of decoction prepared with prescribed six drugs

ṣāḍava षाडि
Jam and jelly / squashes -

sādayati सादमतत

ṣaḍendriya prasādana षडत्न्द्रम प्रसादन
That which soothes the five sensory organs

sādhaka pitta साधक वऩत्त
One of the five subtypes of Pitta that is seated in heart. This helps one achieve the desired goal. This Pitta is also responsible for intellect, talent and self respect.

sādhanaṁ साधनॊ
synonym of therapeutics; Tool; Instrument

sādharaṇa hetu साधयण हेतु
Common factors even though the person different entities like constitution. but there are other common factors due to derangement of which the disease took place, like air,water,time etc.

sadoṣaṁ purīṣaṁ सदोषॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Undigested stool.

ṣaḍśodhana vṛkṣa षड्शोधन िऺृ
Class of following six plants used for shodhan

ṣaḍūṣaṇa षडू षण
A group of following six plants having Ushna Virya

śādvalaprabhaṁ purīṣaṁ शाद्िरप्रबॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with the color of green grass

sadvṛtta सद्ित्तृ
The good conduct/behaviour of man. It can be expressed as right conducts or good conducts or moral conducts which are followed to lead healthy life. Conducts which are good at physical, good at mental and good at verbal are called as Sadvritta.

sadyaḥ सद्म्
Instant, immediate.

sadyaprāṇahara dhūma सद्मप्राणहय धूभ
Harmful smoke/fumes from a preparation which turn out to be fatal almost instantaneously.

sadyovraṇa सद्मोव्रण
fresh wound.

saghoṣaṁ chardi सघोषॊ छर्दश
Vomitting with sound

sagrāsa सग्रास
Administration of medicine with each morsel of food.

sahaja bala सहज फर
Consititutional strength, innate immunity

sahakṣataja mūtraṁ सहऺतज भत्रू ॊ
Urine with blood

sahanana सहनन
Compactness-synonyms are SANHATI & SANYOJAN- a well compact body is known by evenly well demarcated bones, well bound joints, well formed muscle & blood. Those having well compact body are strong otherwise weak & those having moderate compactness have medium strength.

sahapāna सहऩान
the liquids/ solids given along with the drug administration of drug to absorb ,assimilate & distribute in the body

sāhasa daṇḍaḥ साहस दण्ड्
Penalties imposed for offence which may harm life or cause loss of any nature; physical, mental, financial, social, to any person and his belongings or to the state.

sāhasa icchā साहस इच्छा
Desire for Adventure

sahasā raktaṁ सहसा यततॊ
Sudden bleeding

sahatvāsahatva सहत्िासहत्ि
Desire and aversion frequently.

sahiṣṇutā सर्हष्णुता

śaila icchā शरै इच्छा
Fond of mountaineering

saindhava lavaṇa सन्धि रिण
Rock salt

śaithilya liṅga शधथल्म मरङ्ग
Loss of erection of penis; Erectile Dysfunction

śaithilya purīṣa शधै थल्म ऩयु ीष
Loose motion

śaithilyaṁ शधथल्मॊ
Looseness of body parts and tissues

śaityaṁ शत्ै मॊ

sajana kaṇṭha सजन कण्ठ
Adhesion of throat.

śāka varga शाक िगश
Group of green leafy vegetables, roots and tubers.

śāka शाक
A class of plants used as vegetables viz. root, fruit, leaf, flower, etc. 2. A synonym of Tectona grandis

śākachadanaprakāśā शाकछदनप्रकाशा
Roughness like the leaf of teak tree (Tectonia grandia)

śākapatrakhara शाकऩत्रखय
Roughness of the leaf of teak tree (Tectonia grandia)

sakapha kāsa सकप कास
Cough with sputum

sakaphaṁ mūtraṁ सकपॊ भत्रू ॊ
Mucoid Urine

sakaphaṁ purīṣaṁ सकपॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

sakaphaprājyaṁ purīṣaṁ सकपप्राज्मॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

śākhāda meda शाखाद भेद
Fat obtained from herbivorous animals

śākhādaṣṭa शाखादष्ट
Bitten on limb.

śakra dhanuṣprabham शक्र धनष्ु प्रबभ ्
Multicolor like rainbow

śakracāpaguṇa darśanaṁ शक्रचाऩगणु दशनश ॊ
Sees rainbow in objects

śakradhanuṣprabhaṁ raktaṁ शक्रधनष्ु प्रबॊ यततॊ
Blood with multicolor like rainbow

sakrodha darśanaṁ सक्रोध दशनश ॊ
Wrathful sight

śakṛt chardi शकृ त ् छर्दश
Vomiting of stool

śakṛt sṛjat mūtraṁ शकृ त ् सजृ त ् भत्रू ॊ
Defecation while passing urine.

śakṛta शकृ त
Feces. Synonym of Purīṣa.

sakṣi साक्षऺ
A synonym of Ātmā. Witness to all actions.

sākṣī साऺी
Witness, a person who gives generalized or specialized, account against or in favor of a subjudice matter, under oath when summoned by the presiding court, i.e. witness.

saktaṁ vāk सततॊ िाक्
Restricted speech

sakthi सत्तथ
Lower limb

sakthyutkṣepaṁ nigṛhṇāti सतर्थमत्ु ऺेऩॊ तनगवृ णातत
Restricted forward movement of lower limb

saktu सततु
Is a dietetic preparation. Prepared by frying and powdering husked grains like barley, wheat, rice, parched rice etc.

śakunigandha शकु तनगन्ध
Smell of birds

salasīkaṁ mūtraṁ सरसीकॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles serous fluid

salavaṇaṁ mūtraṁ सरिणॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine with salt taste

salila icchā समरर इच्छा
Fond of using more water

salilaplāvī समररप्रािी
Floats in water

salilaplāvitāni iva parijñāni darśanaṁ समररप्रावितातन इि ऩरयऻातन दशनश ॊ
Sees objects dipped in water

salilaprakāśaṁ nāsāmala समररप्रकाशॊ नासाभर
Watery nasal excreta

śāliśuṣkābharājī akṣi शामरशष्ु काबयाजी अक्षऺ
Bristle like line in the eye.

salohitaṁ purīṣaṁ सरोर्हतॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with the color of blood.

samādhiḥ सभाधध्
The state of self –realization in the practice of yoga; Ultimate state of physical & metal control with gain of eternal happiness

samāgni सभात्ग्न
The state in which the action of Agni is normal due to a balanced state of all the three Doṣas.

samamagātraṁ सभभगात्रॊ
Uniform body surface one of the properties of the gems

samāna vāyu सभान िामु
One of the five subtypes of Vāta (Vāyu) that is seated in proximity to Agni (in between stomach and large intestine). It performs the functions like receiving the food, digestion of the food, division of the food into useful and waste portions, and propulsion of the food.

śamana शभन
Pacification of vitiated Doṣas; Palliative therapy.

samantrapūtāmbu prokṣaṇam सभन्त्रऩतू ाम्फु प्रोऺणभ ्
In the condition of fear of poison, water sanctified by the mantras should be sprinkled over the patient’s body.

sāmānya guṇa साभान्म गणु
Common property; properties that are common to more than one mahābhūta like guru (heaviness) attributed to Pṛthvī & Jala mahābhūta.

sāmānya साभान्म
Similar: similarity which is found in many substances and leads to their categorization in one group. Samanya leads to increase of similar; Similarity; denotes similarity between two substances, properties or actions; one of the fundamental concepts in āyurvedic pharmacology that states that substances can potentially lead to an increase or positive impact in the similar substances or attributes in the living system, when engaged in an effective interaction.

sāmānya- viśeṣa siddhānta साभान्म-विशषे मसद्धान्त
An applied principle of āyurveda which is used for maintaining the equilibrium of the body constituent; Doctrine of similar and Opposites

samaśana सभशन
Taking an admixture of desirable and undesirable food items.

samastavarṇaṁ mūtraṁ सभस्तिणं भत्रू ॊ
Multicolored urine

samaṣṭi mārgai raktaṁ सभत्ष्ट भागै यततॊ
Bleeding through all openings

samatritaya सभत्रत्रत्रम
Group of following three substances when taken in equal quantity Terminalia chebula, Zinziber officinale and Guḍa (Jiggery); Synonyms are Trisama, Samatraya.

samavāyaḥ सभिाम्
Coexistence/ concomitant relation; the eternal and inseparable relationship which subsist between earth and other proto-element and their qualities.

samavāyi kāraṇa सभिातम कायण
inherent cause;

samayoga सभमोग
Combination, a result or product of combining

samayogaḥ सभमोग्
appropriate interaction of sensory and motor organs with their objects

sambaddhābaddhavāk सम्फद्धाफद्धिाक्
Incoherent speech.

sambaddhavāk सम्फद्धिाक्

saṁbhagnaṁ iva ūru सबग्नॊ इि ऊरु
Feels as if thighs are broken

saṁbhagnau iva pāda सबग्नौ इि ऩाद
Breaking pain in foot

saṁbhakṣyamāṇā iva सबक्ष्मभाणा इि
Feels as being eaten internally

sambhavaḥ सम्बि्
Possibility ; feasibility

saṁbheda सबेद
Breaking pain

saṁbhinnaṁ purīṣaṁ समॊ बन्नॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Loose motion.

sambhṛṣṭaparuṣacchavi सम्बष्ृ टऩरुषच्छवि
Fading color.

saṁcāravicāravat karṇa सचॊ ायविचायित ् कणश
sensation like opening and closing of the ear frequently

saṁcaya सचम
Accumulation of vitiated Doṣas in their own seats. First stage of Kriyākāla.

saṁdaṁśa सदॊ ॊश
An apparatus for holding

saṁdaṁśana सदॊ ॊशन

saṁdaṁṣṭa सदॊ ॊष्ट

saṁdarśanaṁ सदशनश ॊ
Clear manifestation of tendon network

saṁḍāsi सडॊ ामस
An apparatus used for holding the utensils etc

saṁdhāana सधान
Allowing the materials along with drugs and sweetening agents in association of liquids for a long time

saṁdhānīya सधानीम
Substances that helps in tissue aggregation;

saṁghāta सघॊ ात
Compactness; one of the action attributed to Pṛthvī mahābhūta.

saṁgīta icchā सगीत इच्छा
Fond of Music

saṁgraha सग्रह
Restricted movement, Retention, Stiffness

saṁhanana hanu सहॊ नन हनु
Stiff Jaw

saṁhananam सहॊ ननभ ्
compactness of body tissues

saṁharṣaṇaṁ सहॊ षणश ॊ
sense of friction, Horripilation

saṁharṣita iva सहॊ वषतश इि

saṁhataṁ सहॊ तॊ

saṁhatamāṁsa सहॊ तभाॊस
Decaying of flesh

śamī dhānya शभी धान्म
Pulses, Dicotyledons;

samīkṣakārī सभीऺकायी
Astute; One who is judicious; Person who is judicious regarding do's and don'ts in Dietary habits and conduct will remain healthy for longer time.

samīpasthaṁ dūre darśanaṁ सभीऩस्थॊ दयू े दशनश ॊ
Remote appearance of a near object

saṁjñā mohaḥ सऻॊ ा भोह्
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñā सऻॊ ा
Consciousness, Orientation

saṁjñādaurbalya सऻॊ ादौफल्म
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñāhārī सऻॊ ाहायी
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñāmoṣaṇa सऻॊ ाभोषण
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñānāśa सऻॊ ानाश
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñāpraṇāśa सऻॊ ाप्रणाश
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñāsaṁstambha सऻॊ ासस्तम्ब
Loss of consciousness

saṁjñāsaṁsthāpana सऻॊ ासस्थाऩन
revival of consciousness.

saṁjñāsthāpana सऻॊ ास्थाऩन
one category of medicinal substances that restore consciousness

saṁjṛmbhikā सजॊ त्ृ म्बका

śaṁkha curṇavarṇaṁ mūtraṁ शखॊ चुणिश णं भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles the powder of conch

śaṁkhaḥ शख्
1. Temples 2. conch

śaṁkhaiḥ ācitaṁ iva शखै् आधचतॊ इि
Sees objects converted by the colors of conch

śaṁkhapāṇḍura dṛṣṭimaṇḍala शखॊ ऩाण्डु य दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Pupil resembles the color of conch

śaṁkhāvabhāsaṁ शखािबासॊ
Color of conch

saṁkhyā सख्ॊ मा
Number; one among 10 parādi guna.

saṁkleda hṛdaya सतॊ रेद रृदम

saṁkledaṁ guḍavadgataṁ सतॊ रेदॊ गडु िद्गतॊ
Jiggery like stickiness, as poison originates from water & become sticky like jiggery when it comes in contact with water & spreads throughout body during rainy season.

saṁkoca सकोच
Contraction of body parts.

saṁkrāmika roga सक्रामभक योग
The word Sankraman means concurrence, transaction. Sankraman denotes passing from one point to another, Sankramika roga means the diseases which are passing from one person to another i.e. infectious or communicable diseases.

saṁkṣaya oja सऺॊ म ओज
Diminished resistance power

saṁkṣepa सऺॊ ेऩ
contraction of body parts

saṁkṣobhamanaḥ सऺॊ ोबभन्
Perplexed mind

saṁkṣya सक्ष्म
Emaciation, Diminished resistance

saṁlāpa icchā सराऩ इच्छा
Fond of conversation

saṁlayana सरमन

saṁloca सरोच
Plucking pain

sammīlanaṁ सम्भीरनॊ
closing of the eye or Nictation

sammohaḥ सम्भोह्
Impairment of orientation

sammūḍhā सम्भढू ा
loss of tactile sensation

sammūrcchā सम्भच्ू छाश

saṁparivṛta nābhi सऩॊ रयितृ नामब
Tortuous umbilicus

sampat virudda सम्ऩत ् विरुद्द
Unwholesome in richness of quality- intake of substance that are not matured, over matured or putrefied.

saṁprahāra icchā सप्रहाय इच्छा
Fond of war.

saṁprasekaḥ सप्रसेक्

saṁprasrāva akṣi सप्रस्राि अक्षऺ

saṁprasrāva mukhaṁ सप्रॊ स्राि भखु ॊ

saṁrabdha akṣi सयब्ध अक्षऺ
Wrathful eye

saṁrabdha सयब्ध

saṁrambha सयम्ब

saṁrodhaḥ सयोध्

saṁsadana ससदन

saṁsaktaṁ ससततॊ

saṁśamanaṁ सशभनॊ
Pacification of vitiated Doṣas; Palliative therapy.

saṁsargaja ससगजश
Means a contagious disease which spreads from person to person by direct or indirect by immediate contact with infected/sick person.

saṁśayaḥ सशम्
indefinite statements which leave doubt as to the final and correct opinion

saṁskāra virudda सस्काय विरुद्द
Drugs and diets which prepared in a particular way produce poisonous effect. Exp- meat of peacock roasted on a castor spit.

saṁskāra सस्काय
Transformation or processing or value addition, one of the 10 parādi guna.

saṁskāravāhīḥ सस्कायिाही्
Anaphrodisia: hermaphrodite born with obstructed seminal passage

saṁskṛta vādī सस्ॊ कृ त िादी
Speaking in abnormal sound

saṁśodhana सशोधन
Substances used for expelling out vitiated Doṣa and mala through various body openings viz. Mouth, Nose, Anus, etc.

saṁśoṣa सशोष
Dryness, Wasting

saṁsrāva mukham सस्रॊ ाि भखु भ ्

saṁstambha सस्तम्ब
Retention, Stiffness

saṁśūna सशॊ नू

samuccayaḥ सभच्ु चम्
words, sentence or paragraphs where in a multitude of things possessing some common property are grouped together and enumerated

sāmudga साभद्ु ग
Consuming the medicine both at beginning and also end of the meals.

sāmudra jala साभद्रु जर
Type of surface water. Sea water that which is very much prone for contamination with dust, soot, toxic gases, micro organisms etc environmental impurities by human activities.

sāmudra lavaṇa साभद्रु रिण
sea or common table salt

samudramaṁthana सभद्रु भथॊ न
Churning of oceans for getting ambrosia/ nectar (mythology).

samukṣipta vāk सभक्षु ऺप्त िाक्
Speedy talk, Fast Talk

samutpīḍavat mūtraṁ सभत्ु ऩीडित ् भत्रू ॊ
Micturition with pressing pain

saṁvāhana सिाहन
Pleasing touch or thumping with hands slowly.

saṁvejanaṁ roma सिेजनॊ योभ

saṁvejayet सिॊ ेजमेत ्

saṁvita iva nāsikā सवित इि नामसका
Feels as nose is more widened

saṁvṛtaḥ सिॊ तृ ्
contracted , covered

saṁvṛtalomakūpa sirā सिॊ तृ रोभकू ऩ मसया
Vein covered by hair

saṁvṛtaromakūpa sirā सिॊ तृ योभकू ऩ मसया
Vein covered by hair

saṁvṛtāsyatvaṁ सिॊ तृ ास्मत्िॊ
Closed mouth

sāmya साम्म
state of equilibrium or balance

samyagdagdha सम्मग्दग्ध
Proper cauterization, Stage of burn in which the injury is superficial and assumes the color of ripe Tāl fruit (Borassus flabellifer) and is not raised above the surrounding skin and develops preceding symptoms.

samyakdrutam सम्मतद्रतु भ ्
Properly melted

samyakyoga सम्मतमोग
Proper contact or proper utilization

saṁyama pārśva समॊ भ ऩाश्िश
Contraction of the flanks

saṁyoga virudda समॊ ोग विरुद्द
Combination unwholesome- Intake of sour substance with milk.

saṁyoga समॊ ोग
Combination; one of the 10 parādi gunas; Combination of two or more substances together is saṁyoga. This kind of process exhibits peculiarities which are not seen in case of individual substances. Such as combination of honey &fish, fish & milk.

śāṇa शाण
A unit of Measurement; Four mashas are equal to one sana=3 g of metric units

śanaiḥ śanaiḥ mūtraṁ शन्ै शन्ै भत्रू ॊ
Hesitant micturation

śanaiḥ शन्ै
Slowly, gradually

ṣaṇḍa षण्ड

śāṇḍākī शाण्डाकी
Pickles – varieties of pickles prepared by fermentation process, which turns sour when kept for a long time, are tasty. Increases digestion and palatability, increases Pitta Doṣa and it is Amla pitta kara(gastrities).

ṣaṇḍatā षण्डता
Inability to perform sexual act

sandhimuktatā सत्न्धभतु तता
Looseness of joints

sandigdhā vāk सत्न्दग्धा िाक्
Sceptical speech

sāndra सान्द्र
thickness/dense; one of the 20 gurvādi guṇa; caused due activated pṛthvī; denotes physiological & pharmacological density; nourishes; the property of the substance which causes viscosity and viscidity

sāndratvaṁ साॊद्रत्िॊ
Indicates thick consistency viscosity/ semi solidness

ṣāṇḍyakara/ puṁsatvopaghāti षाण्ड्मकय / ऩसॊु त्िोऩघातत
Substances that hamper male sexual and reproductive ability.

saṅgaḥ सङ्ग्
Contraction of body parts, Retention.

śaṅkā viṣaṁ शङ्का विषॊ
suspension of poison, this is a psychological manifestation resulting from extreme nervousness and doubt due to dubious feeling of being bitten by a poisonous creature causes manifestation of symptoms of pseudo poison in the form of fever, vomiting, fainting, burning sensation, prostration, unconsciousness, diarrhoea. This condition is called fear poison.

śaṅkitaṁ darśanaṁ शङ्क्रकतॊ दशनश ॊ
Looking suspiciously

saṅkulāni iva darśanaṁ सङ्कु रातन इि दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in mixed form or confused form.

sānnaṁ purīṣaṁ सान्नॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool mixed with food articles


sannihitāgadam सत्न्नर्हतागदभ ्
Physician should be fully provided with all kinds of antitoxic medicines.

sannikarṣa इत्न्द्रमाथ-श सत्न्नकषश
a process sequential involvement of object, sense organ, manas, and soul to obtain the direct perception

sannirodha adhovāyu सत्न्नयोध अधोिामु
Retention of flatus

śāntāgni शान्तात्ग्न
Loss of digestive power.

śāntaḥ शान्त्
Calm disposition; Peaceful

śāntāṅgāraprakāśa शान्ताङ्गायप्रकाश
Black color resembles extinguished fire.

santāpa सन्ताऩ

santarjana सन्तजनश
Threatening to others.

santarpaṇa सन्तऩणश
Word tarpaṇa means sense of well being. It is a function of Rasa Dhātu. Food substance and herbs that increase Rasa Dhātu and subsequently Kapha are all grouped under Santarpaṇa. Caraka as defined the word Tarpaṇa as that which satisfy the hunger. Contrary to this is Apatarpaṇa.

santata सन्तत
Prominence, Continuous

śāntātmā शान्तात्भा
Calm disposition

sāntvana सान्त्िन

sānubādhanaṁ सानफु ाधनॊ
substances having long term side effects

sānunāsikaṁ साननु ामसकॊ
Nasal voice

sanyastasaṁjñā सन्मस्तसऻॊ ा
Loss of consciousness

sapaicchilyaṁ purīṣaṁ सऩत्ै च्छल्मॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Slimy stool

sapākaṁ सऩाकॊ
Suppuration, it is a symptom produced in animate type of poisoning which means inflammation which after certain period converts into suppurative stage.

saphenaṁ सपे नॊ

sapicchaṁ mūtraṁ सवऩच्छॊ भत्रू ॊ
Slimy urine

sapicchāpratimaṁ raktaṁ सवऩच्छाप्रततभॊ यततॊ
Blood in slimy touch.

sapiṇḍika सवऩत्ण्डक
Preparation is similar to Madhukroda , additionally honey is mixed and prepared in the form of bolus.

sapraseka mukhaṁ सप्रसेक भखु ॊ

sapravāhikaṁ purīṣaṁ सप्रिार्हकॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Defecation with bearing and gripping pain

saptadhātu सप्तधातु
Seven structural elements of the body: Rasa, Rakta, Mamsa, Meda, Asthi, Majja and Shukra

saptamuṣṭi सप्तभत्ु ष्ट
Indicates the quantum of material; Quantity which is equal to Seven fistfuls

sapūyaṁ chardi सऩमू ॊ छर्दश
Vomit with pus

sara सय
Unstableness/mobilizes; one among 20 gurvadi guna; caused due activated jala; denotes physiological & pharmacological instability & mobility; causes mobilization; helps in reduction of body tissues.

sāra साय
1. heartwood/pith of a plant

sarakta chardi सयतत छर्दश
Vomiting with blood

sarakta mūtraṁ सयतत भत्रू ॊ
Micturition with blood

sārasa सायस
Lake water is source of ground water. It improves digestive power and does not aggravate Vāta. Best time for consumption of this kind of water is Hemanta rtu (early winter)

sāravidhamana सायविधभन
Ill nourishment.

sārikā सारयका
a bird turdus salica

śārīra guṇa शायीय गणु
Synonym of Guravdi gunas; Properties of substances that relate with the body and used for therapeutics.

śarīra saṁpat शयीय सऩॊ त ्
Excellence of body .

śarīra sātmya शायीय सात्म्म
Homologous with the body

śarīra vṛddhikara bhava शयीय िद्ृ धधकय बि
Factors lead to the growth of the body- there are four factors for growth of body:-kalayoga, sabhavasansidhi, aharasaushtham,avighat.

śarīraḥ शयीय्

śarīrasthaṁ upabhogaṁ शयीयस्थॊ उऩबोगॊ

śārīravraṇa शायीय व्रण
Wounds caused by vitiation of Doṣas.

śarīropakāraka शयीयोऩकायक
Factors which are beneficial to growth of body.

sarit icchā सरयत ् इच्छा
Fond of ponds (water bodies)

śarkarā saha mūtraṁ शकश या सह भत्रू ॊ

sarpāḥ सऩाश्

sarpakīṭahataṁ सऩकीटहतॊ
Death due to snake bite/ insect sting.

sarpamaṇi सऩभणण
Wearing of sarp-mani (a type of pearl or gem collected from the head of the snake) is useful as anti poison (antidote) and gives immunity against poisons (folklore).

sarpāṅgabhihataṁ सऩाशङ्गमबहतॊ
It is a pseudo snake bite in which snake does not bite the body part but comes in contact but in a naturally timid person this may cause the aggravation of his bodily vayu (neurological signs) and causing swelling of part. Such a man is said affected by the touch of a snake.

sarpi tulyaṁ purīṣaṁ सवऩश तल्ु मॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool resembles with ghee

sarpi सवऩश
Ghee; Synonym of Ghŗta;

sarpirūpaṁ ārtava सवऩरूऩॊ आतिश
Menstrual blood resembles with ghee

sarpirūpaṁ purīṣaṁ सवऩरूश ऩॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool resembles with ghee

sarpit सवऩतश ्
A type of snake bite in which marks (punctures) of fangs of considerable depth are found on the affected part attended with a slight bleeding as well as those which are extremely slender and own their origin to the turning aside and lowering of snakes’ mouth (head) immediately after the bite are attended with swelling and the characteristic changes (systemic).

sarpivarṇaṁ raktaṁ सवऩिणं यततॊ
Blood in the color of ghee

sarpriprakāśaṁ mūtraṁ सवप्रप्रश काशॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles with ghee

sarudhira mūtraṁ सरुधधय भत्रू ॊ
Maturation with blood

sarujaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ सरुजॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Defecation with pain

sarvabhūtahitaiṣiṇaḥ सिबश तू र्हतवै षण्
Well wisher of all creatures.

sarvagraha सिग्रह
Accounting of the quantity of the entire food in totality. Considering all the food articles together in meal plate, which may includes cooked cereals, pulses, condiments, drinkables etc. it refers to the whole caloric value of all food articles of meal plate. It is contrast to Parigraha.

sarvakarmoparamaḥ सिकभोऩयभ्
Loss of motor function of joint

sarvāṅgagraha सिाशङ्गग्रह
Restricted movement of the body

sarvauṣadhigaṇa सिौषधधगण
Group of following plants Cyperus rotundus, Santalum album, Tamarindus indica, Acorus calamus, Sassurea lappa, Nordostachys jatamansi, Parmelia perlata, Curcuma zedoria

sarvavarṇaṁ mūtraṁ सििश णं भत्रू ॊ
Multiple colored urine

sarvendriyatāpanaḥ सिेत्न्द्रमताऩन्
Sweating of sense organs.

saśabdaṁ सशब्दॊ
With sound

sasiktaṁ समसततॊ
Urine with sand like substance.

saṣkuli सष्कु मर
Prepared by paste of rice together with the sesamum seeds fried with oil.

sāsmagarbhavat hṛdayaṁ सास्भगबिश त ् रृदमॊ
Feeling of heaviness like bearing of stone in pericardial region

saspandana सस्ऩन्दन
Twitching in the head

sāśṛk pratimaṁ साशकृ ् प्रततभॊ
Menstrual blood in the color of blood of rabbit

sāsṛk सासकृ ्
With blood

śāstra शास्त्र
A branch of Knowledge; see Tantra

śāstraprāmāṇya शास्त्रप्राभाण्म
Textual evidence;

saśūlaṁ सशरू ॊ
With pain

śāśvatam शाश्ितभ ्
Eternal: immortal, everlasting

śātaḥ शात्

śatana शतन

śatanaṁ dantakapāla शतनॊ दन्तकऩार
Falling down of teeth enamel.

śatanaṁ pakṣma शतनॊ ऩक्ष्भ
Falling of eyelashes

śātanaṁ शातनॊ
Falling of

satataṁ kāsa सततॊ कास
Continuous cough

satkāryavāda सत्कामिाद
the ideology which believes that the effect is always resides in cause even before its manifestation

sātmaḥ सात्भ्
Concordance: A harmonious state of things or aggreable to natural constitution.

sātmya sampat सात्म्म सम्ऩत ्
Excellence of suitability

sātmya viruddha सात्म्म विरुद्ध
Habit unwholesome of diet and drugs is considered as sātmya viruddha- intake of sweet and cold substance by persons accustomed to pungent and hot substance.

sātmya सात्म्म
Agreeable to natural constitution, wholesome, suitableness, habituation

sattva सत्त्ि
1. One of the three qualities (sattva, Rajas and Tamas) or constituents of everything in creation. 2.Mind, harmony, Natural character, inborn disposition, Conscious mind, Being in existence

satva saṁpata सत्ि सऩत
Excellence of intellect.

satva सत्ि
Means Mental tolerance or Stamina. This is a quality of the mind, sattva has been classified in three types. Prava, avara and madyama stva. Person having the Pravara Satva (Strong will power) are basically health oriented and they follow rules and regulation of Swasthavritta and hence remains health. Their pain bearing capacity is excellent usually they do not become ill, whenever they are sick it is easy to cure them .

satvapariplava सत्िऩरयप्रि
Perplexed mind

Satvapatana koṣṭhī सत्िऩातन कोष्ठी
Furnace used for the extraction of Satva metal contents from minerals

satvapātana सत्िऩातन
Process of Extraction of metals from ores

satyabuddhi सत्मफद्ु धध
Truth knowledge- is the state of self realization of ultimate reality. It eliminates all miseries and leads to liberation. The moment that truth knowledge’s (Satyabuddhi)emerges the soul transcends the ego and all worldly miseries come to an end. Universe is macrocosm while man is the microcosm. The realization that the entire universe and individual are one and same is Satya buddi.

satyavāk सत्मिाक्
Truthful speaking

śauca शौच
Cleanliness; Cleaning in the context of food, cleaning dravya’s before preparation alters the basic qualities of raw food and even takes out the contaminants from the food.

saugandhik सौगत्न्धक्
A person who is not aroused sexually without smelling the genitals of the other person.

sauhitya सौर्हत्म
Surfeit : Satisfaction

sauhityaṁ asahatva सौर्हत्मॊ असहत्ि
Intolerance to take proper staiation.

śauklyaṁ शौतल्मॊ
Whiteness, clearness, the quality or state of being white

saumanasyajananaṁ सौभनस्मजननॊ
Substances that cause gladness or cheerfulness of mind; consisting of flowers.

saumya darśanaṁ सौम्म दशनश ॊ
Pleasant sight.

saumya सौम्म
Cool, Gentle, Mild; 2. A synonym of Ficus glomerulata

saurvacala lavaṇa सौिचर रिण
Belonging to or coming from Su-Varchala; prepared by boiling down soda with Emblica officinalis

śaurya शौमश
Heroism, velour, Strength

sauṣirya सौवषमश
Porousness; an action attributed to Akash Mahābhūta

sauṣiryam asthi सौवषमभश ् अत्स्थ
Pores in the bone

sauvīra सौिीय
The acidic fermented liquid obtained from wheat

śava शि
Dead body.

śavagandha शिगन्ध
Smell of dead body

savidāha सविदाह
With burning sensation

savikalpakam सविकल्ऩकभ ्

saviparyaya sthānayojanā सविऩममश स्थानमोजना
Impropriety in sitting

savyabhicāram सव्ममबचायभ ्
the statement which conveys the multiple implications

śayana icchā शमन इच्छा
Fond of lie down

śayyā icchā शय्मा इच्छा
Fond of lie down

śayyā शय्मा
Bed, mode of administration of poison along with bedding.

śayyāṁ pādena hananaṁ शय्माॊ ऩादेन हननॊ
Striking on bed by limbs

scar that marks the former attachment of umbilical cord to the fetus."

serves to attach muscle to bone"

shat padārthaḥ षट ऩदाथश
The Six Matters : Samanya, Vishesha, Guna, Dravya, Karma and Samavaya.

shitabhi adhibhi vridhi — शीताभिः अध्भिः वृद्धि
Aggravation by cold water.

shuci शधु च
Shining, glowing, brilliantly white, holy, clear, clean, virtuous – in the context of water it refers to water which is free from all sort of biological impurities like all micro-organisms/ disease causing pathogens.

siddhāntaḥ मसद्धान्त्
a demonstrated truth established after several examinations and reasoning by scientists

sīdhu सीधु
Fermentation of the sweetening liquids with/without subjecting to heat

śīghra drāvam शीघ्र द्रािभ ्
Quick melting

śīghra शीघ्र
Quick, rapid.

śīghragaṁ raktaṁ शीघ्रगॊ यततॊ
Sudden bleeding.

śīghragāminaḥ शीघ्रगामभन्
Swift, a feature which is characteristic of darvikar (cobra snake variety) snakes.

sikatānurūpaṁ mūtraṁ मसकतानरूु ऩॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine with sand like substance

sikatānuviddhān malān मसकतानवु िद्धान ् भरान ्
Urine with sand like substance

śikhi मशणख
Wood charcoal

śikhinanṛtyata iva darśanaṁ मशणखननत्ृ मत इि दशनश ॊ
Dancing of peacock appears before eyes

śikhipatrābha darśanaṁ मशणखऩत्राब दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in color of the feather tail of peacock

siktaākāra मसततआकाय
Resembling the granular appearance like that of sand crystals/ silicate

siktānyaṅgāni manyate दष्ट् शीतोदके नेि मसततान्मङ्गातन भन्मते"
It bitten by uchchiting (poisonous crab/ cricket), the person feels as if the whole body is effused with cold water.

śīlaḥ शीर्
Character: natural or acquired way of living or acting,

śilāpaṭṭ मशराऩट्ट्
Stone slab used for grinding

śīlavaikṛtaṁ alpaṁ शीरिकै ृ तॊ अल्ऩॊ
Slight change in routine

śīlavibhrama शीरविभ्रभ
Perverted manners.

śimbi dhānya मशत्म्फ धान्म
Pulses- those which are covered with pod, are those derived from beans. They include black gram, green gram, horse gram, green pea, Dhal gram, pigeon pea, chick pea etc.

siṁha मसहॊ

śiṇḍākī मशण्डाकी
Acidic Fermentation of the liquids after seasoning with mustard, radish etc

sindurābha मसन्दयु ाब
Vermilion like in color

śira मशय
Head. The site where all Prāṇas and Indriyas are situated. Also is the uppermost and chief part of the body.

sirābhi asaṁvṛta mukhaṁ मसयामब असिॊ तृ भखु ॊ
Appearance of veins on face.

sirādarśana मसयादशनश
Appearance of veins

sirāharṣaḥ मसयाहष्श
Engorgement of veins

sirājālagavākṣitaṁ मसयाजारगिाक्षऺतॊ
Network of veins

sirājālaṁ मसयाजारॊ
Network of veins

sirājālasphuraṇa मसयाजारस्पु यण
Excessive pulsation of the head

sirāścottiṣṭhanti lalāṭe अधस्तात ् त्स्त्रमा मसयाश्चोवत्तष्ठत्न्त रराटे"
A bite by a female serpent exhibits such symptoms as downcast eyes and appearance of veins on the forehead of the victim.

sirātanutvaṁ मसयातनत्ु िॊ
Thin vein

sirātataḥ मसयातत्
Prominent network of vein

sirāvanaddharājīkaṁ मसयािनद्धयाजीकॊ
Network of veins

sirāvṛta मसयाितृ
Appearance of veins

śīrṇa roma शीणश योभ
Falling of hair

śīrṇa शीणश
Decayed, Putrification

śīrṇatā शीणता

śiro'bhitāpī मशयोऽमबताऩी
Rage of slightest provocation, It is a symptom of rabid dog .

śirodharaḥ मशयोधय्

śirovirecana dravya मशयोवियेचन द्रव्म
An act of emptying, lessening, exhausting vitiated Doṣas from Shira (Head) through nasal openings.

śirovirecanopaga मशयोवियेचनोऩग
Substances that help the Shirovirechan procedure.

śīrṣaḥ शीष्श

śīryamāṇaḥ tanūruhaḥ शीमभश ाण् तनरुू ह्
Falling of hair

śīryanta iva asthi शीमन्श त इि अत्स्थ

śiśira dveṣa मशमशय द्िेष
Aversion to cold

śiśira icchā मशमशय इच्छा
Fond of cold

śiśira मशमशय
Cold, Winter Season

śiśirairna lomaharṣo मशमशयैनश रोभहषो
It is a sign of (imminent) death of a poisoned person in which the person does not experience raising of hairs even if touched by cold water or air.

śīta agni शीत अत्ग्न
Loss of digestive power

śīta asahatva शीत असहत्ि
Intolerance to cold

sitā darśanaṁ मसता दशनश ॊ
Sees objects white in color

śīta dveṣa शीत द्िेष
Aversion to cold

śīta icchā शीत इच्छा
Fond of Cold

śīta ucchvāsa शीत उच््िास
Cold breathing

sitā varṇa मसता िणश
White color

śīta शीत
Cool; Cold; An attribute of Vāyu and Kapha. Coolness; one of the 20 gurvadi guna; caused due to activated Jala mahābhūta; denotes physiological & pharmacological coolness; manifested by reduction in burning sensation & thirst, facilitates stoppage of flow in channels like styptic, reduces sweating, increases urine, pacifies pitta, aggravates vata.2. Synonym of Gudatwak (Cinnamonum zeylanicum).

śītābhiḥ adhbhiḥ vṛddhi शीतामब् अत्ध्ब्

śītakaṣāya शीतकषाम
synonym of hima-Cold infusion the squeezed and filtered liquid after steeping overnight the powdered material in 6 times of cold water

śītalaṁ शीतरॊ

sitaṁ मसतॊ
White color

sitamaśniyāt मसतभत्श्नमात ्
Cold food treatments- person suffering from thirst, heat , intoxication , burning sensation, bleeding diseases, emaciation from copulation should treated with cold food.

śītapraśamana शीतप्रशभन
substances pacifies feelings of cold & chill ;

śītāsaha शीतासह
Intolerance to cold

śītasparśa शीतस्ऩशश

sitatā मसतता

śītatā शीतता

śītavarṣānilairdagdha शीतिषाशतनरदै शग्ध
Frost bite.

śithilaṁ indriya मशधथरॊ इत्न्द्रम
Loss of sensory function

śithilam मशधथरभ ्
Loose, Unformed, Flabby; Flaccid

śithilatā मशधथरता
Looseness, Diluted

śītībhūtaṁ शीतीबतू ॊ
Brought to room temp/allowed to cool/cooled

sīvanī सीिनी

skandhaḥ स्कन्ध्

skandhi raktaṁ स्कत्न्ध यततॊ
Early coagulation of blood

skanna स्कन्न

skhalat gati स्खरत ् गतत
Unsteady gait.

skhalat vāk स्खरत ् िाक्
Wavering speech

skhalita īṣṭā स्खमरत ईष्टा
Unsteady activity

ślakṣṇa श्रक्ष्ण
Smoothness; one of the 20 gurvadi gunas. Caused due activated agni; denotes physiological & pharmacological smoothness; helps in healing. An attribute of Kapha.

ślatha sandhitā श्रथ सत्न्धता
Dislocation of Joint

ślathalatā श्रथरता

ślathaṁ श्रथॊ
Flabbiness, Soft

ślathāṅgatā श्रथाङ्गता
Soft body

ślathendriya श्रथेत्न्द्रम
Weakness of sense organs

śleṣaka kapha श्रेषक कप
One of the five subtypes of Kapha that is situated in joints and junctions of the body and provides lubrication.

śleṣma chardi श्रेष्भ छर्दश
Vomiting sputum

śleṣmā श्रेष्भा
Synonym of Kapha

śleṣmānubaddhaṁ bahvākhupotakaṁ chardi श्रेष्भानफु द्धॊ फविाखुऩोतकॊ छर्दश
Vomiting of mucus with flesh resembling the baby rats

śleṣmapratipūraṇa śiraḥ श्रेष्भप्रततऩयू ण मशय्
Feels as head filled with mucus

śleṣmasaṁsṛṣṭaṁ purīṣaṁ श्रेष्भससॊ ष्ृ टॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

śleṣmatantugavākṣitaṁ chardi श्रेष्भतन्तगु िाक्षऺतॊ छर्दश
The vomit contains the network of thin phlegm

śleṣmāvṛtatva mukhaṁ श्रेष्भाितृ त्ि भखु ॊ
Coating in the mouth

śleṣmayuktaṁ purīṣaṁ श्रेष्भमतु तॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

śliṣṭṭaṁ त्श्रष्ट्टॊ

śmaśāna icchā श्भशान इच्छा
Fond of cemetery

śmaśāna श्भशान
Area for disposal of dead crematorium.

smṛti apadhvaṁsanaṁ स्भतृ त अऩध्िसॊ नॊ
Loss of memory

smṛti apāya स्भतृ त अऩाम
Loss of memory.

smṛti bhraṁśa स्भतृ त भ्रशॊ
Loss of memory

smṛti hāni स्भतृ त हातन
Loss of memory

smṛti kṣaya स्भतृ त ऺम
Lack of memory

smṛti moha स्भतृ त भोह
Loss of memory

smṛti pramoha स्भतृ त प्रभोह
Loss of memory

smṛti saṁplava स्भतृ त सप्ॊ रि
Perverted memory

smṛti upaghāta स्भतृ त उऩघात
Loss of memory

smṛti vibhrama स्भतृ त विभ्रभ
Perverted memory

smṛti स्भतृ त
It means memory/ reminiscence/ recollection. Is that which results from a particular conjunction between the soul and mind and also from impression. Acc to Caraka memory is nothing but the remembrance of the things directly perceived, heard (scriptures) or explained earlier.

smṛtivibhraṁśa स्भतृ तविभ्रशॊ
Derangement of memory- when on covering of the self by rajas & tamas the recollection of the knowledge of reality is unpaired, it is known as derangement of memory. It the cause of all sort of psychological disorders later may end up with psycho-somatic disorders.

snāna स्नान
Taking bath, is an auspicious , enhances virility, longevity, strength, compactness & immune system(oja), and at the same time cures tiredness, sweat and impurities of the body.

snānaṁ icchā स्नानॊ इच्छा
Fond of bathing

snapana स्नऩन
Heating up to red hot and dipping in specified liquids

snāyu jālāvat स्नामु जाराित ्
Covered by sinew

snāyu स्नामु

sneha dagdha स्नेह दग्ध

sneha स्नेह
Oiliness, unctuousness, lubricity, Moisture, Oil

snehābhyakta iva roma स्नेहाभ्मतत इि योभ
Hair looks s if applied with oil

snehagandha mukham स्नेहगन्ध भखु भ ्
Unctuous smell from the mouth

snehopaga स्नेहोऩग
substances used to facilitate snehan (oleation

snigdha darśanaṁ त्स्नग्ध दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in unctuous

snigdha varṇa त्स्नग्ध िणश
Oily colored

snigdha त्स्नग्ध
Slimy/unctuous/oily; one of the 20 gurvadi gunas; caused due activated Jala mahābhūta; denotes physiological & pharmacological sliminess; manifested by moistening of body parts, increased strength and lustier; pacifies vata, increases kapha.

snigdha- aśniyāt त्स्नग्ध- अत्श्नमात ्
Eating unctuous food gets digested quickly, taste well, stimulates the unstimulated digestive fire, and alleviates Vata and Pitta.

snigdhāana upācaret त्स्नग्धान उऩाचयेत ्
Unctuous food treatment- person who are vata prakriti, dryness in the body, exhausted by copulation, who indulge in excess physical activities should be treated with unctuous food.

śodhana शोधन
A pharmaceutical process of Purification/Detoxification/Refining / imparting useful properties in the materials

śodhanaṁ शोधनॊ
cleansing of the wound

sogragandhyasṛk सोग्रगन्ध्मसकृ ्
Blood with intense odor.

śoka kliṣṭa manaḥ शोक त्तरष्ट भन्
A mind which is grief stricken; Wretched, Pathetic

śoka शोक
Sorrow, Grief

śokaḥ शोक्
Misery: A state of ill-being due to loss of children or affliction or misfortune.

śoṇama शोणभ
Red in color

śoṇita pūrṇatā शोणणत ऩणू तश ा
Intra abdominal bleeding

śoṇita शोणणत
1. Synonym of Rakta. 2. Synonym of Ārtava.

śoṇitaduṣṭi शोणणतदत्ु ष्ट
Blood disorders.

śoṇitāgamanamurdhvam adhaśca शोणणतागभनभध्ु िभश ध श्च
It is a specific symptom of mandali (group of viper type snakes) which means that there is haemorrhage through both mouth and anus of the person being bitten.

śoṇitagandha शोणणतगन्ध
Smell of blood

śoṇitaṁ yāti tīvraṁ खेभ्म् कृ ष्णॊ शोणणतॊ मातत तीव्रॊ"
A bite by a scorpion of keen (strong) poisoned species is accompanied by excessive discharge of black colored blood from the external openings (mouth & nostrils etc.)

śoṇitaprabhā oṣṭha शोणणतप्रबा ओष्ठ
Color of blood

śoṇitasaṁghātaṁ bhinatti शोणणतसघॊ ातॊ मबनवत्त
splits/ fragments coagulated blood

śoṇitasthāpana शोणणतस्थाऩन
Substances that restore the normal properties of Blood

śoṇitaṣṭhīva mukhaṁ शोणणतष्ठीि भखु ॊ
Spitting of blood

śopha शोप
Swelling; Edema

śoṣa शोष
Dryness, Wasting

śotha शोथ
Swelling; Inflammation

śothahara शोथहय
substances reducing inflammation and swelling;

spandana स्ऩन्दन
throbbing or Twitching

sparśa ajñānaṁ स्ऩशश अऻानॊ
Loss of tactile sensation

sparśa asahatva स्ऩशश असहत्ि
Intolerance to be touched

sparśa dveṣa स्ऩशश द्िेष
Intolerance to be touched

sparśa hāni स्ऩशश हातन
Loss of tactile sensation

sparśa nāśa स्ऩशश नाश
Loss of tactile sensation.

sparśa vaiguṇyaṁ स्ऩशश िगै ण्ु मॊ
Loss of tactile sensation.

sparśa स्ऩशश
Touch : the finest and subtle source of proto-element of vayu

sparśam na suṣūyate स्ऩशभश ् न सषु मू ते
Intolerance to be touched or tenderness

sparśana स्ऩशनश
Perception through skin

sparśana स्ऩशनश ेत्न्द्रम
the organ of tactile sensation

sparśanākṣamaṁ स्ऩशनश ाऺभॊ
Intolerance to be touched or tenderness

sparśanāsaha स्ऩशनश ासह
Intolerance to be touched or tenderness

sparśaruk स्ऩशरुश क्
Intolerance to be touched or tenderness

sparśodvigna स्ऩशोद्विग्न
Intolerance to be touched or tenderness

spaṣṭa sirā स्ऩष्ट मसया
Prominence of veins

spaṣṭa snāyugaṇa स्ऩष्ट स्नामगु ण
Clear manifestation of tendon network

sphaṭika sannibhaṁ स्पर्टक सत्न्नबॊ

sphaṭikābhaṁ स्पर्टकाबॊ

sphaṭikacchāya स्पर्टकच्छाम

sphik त्स्पक्
Buttocks; Hips

sphoṭai citā jihvā स्पोटै धचता त्जविा
Spreading of blisters

sphoṭana स्पोटन
Cracking pain

sphoṭarahitaṁ स्पोटयर्हतॊ
Free from elevations & projections

sphura स्पु य
Throbbing sensation

sphuraṇa स्पु यण
Throbbing sensation

sphuraṇaṁ cirāt स्पु यणॊ धचयात ्
Delayed pulsation

sphurati iva स्पु यतत इि
Throbbing sensation

sphuṭam स्पु टभ ्

sphuṭana roma स्पु टन योभ
Falling of hair

sphuṭanaṁ sandhi स्पु टनॊ सत्न्ध
Cracking sound of joint

sphuṭanānvita danta स्पु टनात्न्ित दन्त
Cracking of teeth

sphuṭati iva स्पु टतत इि
Cracking pain

sphuṭita स्पु र्टत

śraddhā श्रद्धा

srak icchā स्रक् इच्छा
Fond of garlands

śrama श्रभ
Fatigue; Toil, labor, exertion, effort

śramahara श्रभहय
substances relieving fatigue

śramaśvāsa श्रभश्िास
Exertional breathing, Gasping

sraṁsaḥ स्रस्

sraṁsana guda स्रसॊ न गदु
Prolapsed rectum

sraṁsana roma स्रसन योभ
Falling of Hair

sraṁsanaṁ स्रसनॊ
Flabbiness, drooping

srastaṁ akṣi स्रस्तॊ अक्षऺ
Flabbiness or drooping of the eye

srastāṅgaḥ स्रस्ताङ्ग्
Looseness of the body

srastāṅgaśca स्रस्ताङ्गश्च
Loosened limbs, it is a symptom produced in the third impulse of bird poisoning which means the bird develops slothness of the limbs.

srastauṣṭhakarṇatā स्रस्तौष्ठ कणता
Pendulous lips and ears, the symptom of drooping (hanging down) of the lips and ears is seen if the quadruped is bitten by poisonous creature.

srāva akṣi स्राि अक्षऺ

srāva स्राि
Exudation, Discharge

śravak श्रिक्
Extract resembling button shaped balls

śravaṇa avarodha श्रिण अियोध
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa upaghāta श्रिण उऩघात
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa uparodha श्रिण उऩयोध
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa vibhrama श्रिण विभ्रभ
Perturbed hearing

śrīmat श्रीभत ्
Dazzling appearance

śṛīṁgāra icchā शगॊृ ाय इच्छा
Fond of Romance

śṛṁga शगॊृ
1. Leaf Bud 2.Horn

śroṇi श्रोणण
Pelvis; Hips and Loins

srotas स्रोतस ्
1. Structural or Functional Channels meant for the transportation of Dhātus undergoing transformation. 2. Appearance of a Srotas is similar to the Dhātu that it transports. 2. They are of two types: Sthūla (macro) and Aṇu (micro).

srotasāmavabadhnāti स्रोतसाभिफध्नातत
constricts the srotas.

srotojakardamanibha स्रोतोजकदशभतनब
Color of collirium

śrotra daurbalyaṁ श्रोत्र दौफल्मॊ
Loss of hearing.

śrotra kṣaya श्रोत्र ऺम
Loss of hearing

śrotra श्रोत्र
the seat of auditory sense organ

śrṝṅgīviṣaṁ श्रॄङ्गीविषॊ
Aconitum chasmanthum -STAPF HOLMES EX , a plant mentioned in poisonous plant category having poison in its root.

sṛṣṭa mūkṣatā सष्ृ ट भऺू ता
Excessive passing of urine

sṛṣṭa purīṣaṁ सष्ृ ट ऩयु ीषॊ
Loose motion

sṛṣṭaviṭkaḥ api bhūya vegaśaṅkī सष्ृ टविट्क् अवऩ बमू

śṛta शतृ
synonym of kashaya-boiled & filtered liquid of herbs for specific time used for the therapeutics & pharmaceutical manufacturing

srutakṣārapratimaṁ mūtraṁ स्रतु ऺायप्रततभॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembling alkaline water

śrutasvapna श्रुतस्िप्न
Dreams of auditory experiences

śrutihīna श्रुततहीन
Loss of hearing

śrutijāḍyaṁ श्रुततजाड्मॊ
Loss of hearing

śrutivināśa श्रुततविनाश
Loss of hearing

stabdha darśanaṁ स्तब्ध दशनश ॊ
Fixed gaze

stabdha romatā स्तब्ध योभता

stabdha स्तब्ध

stagaṇa darśanaṁ arkestamastakanyastag abhasto-stambhaṁ āgatāḥ स्तगण दशनश ॊ

stagana darshanam arkestamastakanyastag abhasto- stambham aagtah — स्तगण दर्शनं अर्केस्तमस्तकन्यस्तग भस्तो-स्तम्भं आगताः
Vision loss after sunset.

staimitya स्तमभत्म

stambha purīṣa pravartanam स्तम्ब ऩयु ीष प्रितनश भ ्
Retention of stool

stambha स्तम्ब
Fixedness , stiffness , rigidity , torpor , paralysis , stupefaction

stambhanaṁ स्तम्बनॊ
substances used to check any flow through or out of the body

stanaḥ स्तन्

stananaṁ स्तननॊ
Snoring sound

stanasaṁdaṁśa स्तनसदॊ ॊश
Biting of mother's breast

stanya स्तन्म
Breast milk. It is an Upadhātu of Rasa Dhātu. This nourishes the baby. It is dominant of Jala Mahābhūta.

stanyadveṣa स्तन्मद्िेष
Aversion to breast milk

stanyajanana स्तन्मजनन

stanyapānaṁ kiṅcit स्तन्मऩानॊ क्रकङ्धचत ्
Less intake of breast milk

stanyaśodhana स्तन्मशोधन
substances which rectifies vitiated Stanya(breast milk)

sthairya स्थैमश

sthālī yantra स्थारी मन्त्र
A shallow iron pan used for frying/roasting of materials

sthānasaṁśraya स्थानसश्रम
The interaction between the Doṣas & Dushyas. Fourth stage of Kriyakala. This represents the prodromal phase of a disease.

sthāpanā स्थाऩना
Justifying a proposition on the basis of reasons, instance, and conclusion.

sthaulya स्थौल्म

sthāvaraṁ स्थाियॊ
The poison obtained from inanimate things such as aconite, opium, cannabis, oleander, arsenic, orpiment etc.

sthira त्स्थय
Stability; Immobility; One of the 20 gurvadi gunas; caused due activated pṛthvī; denotes physiological & pharmacological stability & immobility; causes obstruction; An attribute of Kapha

sthiraḥ hanū त्स्थय् हनू
Stiff jaw

sthiraḥ nayanaḥ त्स्थय् नमन्
Fixed eye

sthiratā त्स्थयता

sthitaṁ त्स्थतॊ
Keeping/ placing

ṣṭhīvana ष्ठीिन

sthūla स्थूर
grossness/bulkiness; one of the 20 gurvadi gunas; caused due activated pṛthvī; denotes physiological & pharmacological grossness & bulkiness; causes covering or protection.

sthūlākṣaḥ स्थूराऺ्
Clumsy eye

stimita त्स्तमभत
Rigid, Inflexible, Fixed

stokaṁ stokaṁ स्तोकॊ स्तोकॊ
Frequent and scanty

stokaṁ स्तोकॊ

strak स्त्रक्

strīpuṣpaharaṇa स्त्रीऩष्ु ऩहयण
Helps in arresting the menstrual bleeding as observed in yellow orpiment

styānaṁ स्त्मानॊ
Feeling of heaviness, Thick, solid, Massive

styānatā स्त्मानता
Feeling of heaviness

subādhakam सफु ाधकभ ्
Difficult to treat

subahuśaḥ mūtraṁ सफु हुश् भत्रू ॊ
Frequent micturation

śubha शबु
Beneficial for health.

śubhagandha शबु गन्ध
Pleasant smell

śubhaḥ शबु ्
Pleasant, Beautiful

śubhravarṇa शबु िणश
White in color

sucarita सचु रयत
Good behavior.

śucau api aśuci darśanaṁ शचु ौ अवऩ अशधु च दशनश ॊ
Clean things seen as dirty

śuci dveṣa शधु च द्िेष
Aversion to Cleanliness

sūcibhi iva toda सधू चमब इि तोद
Needling pain

sūcibhi tudyamānena iva सधू चमब तद्ु मभानेन इि
Needling pain

sūcīpāṣaṁ na paśyatiu सचू ीऩाषॊ न ऩश्मतत
Unable to see tiny things like needle hole even with a lot of efforts.

sucirata सधु चयत

śucirotthitān सधु चयोत्त्थतान ्
Chronic origin/ originated a long back

sūcyā iva सच्ू मा इि
Needling type of pain

sudāruṇaṁ akṣi सदु ारुणॊ अक्षऺ
Difficulty in opening eye

śuddhāvarta शद्ु धाितश
Indicates the time of extraction of metal from their respective ores

sudīna सदु ीन
Wretched, pathetic

sudurbalaḥ agni सदु फु रश ् अत्ग्न
Loss of digestive power

sugandha सगु न्ध
quality that is minute and give a sense pleasure & satisfaction; these improves appetite.

sugandhāmalaka सगु न्धाभरक
when dried seedless Emblica offcinalis is added to Sarvoushadhi gana;

sugandhapiṣṭasūtena सगु न्धवऩष्टसतू ने
Mercury rubbed with gandhak

sugandhī triphalā सगु न्धी त्रत्रपरा
A Class of following 3 fragrant plants Areca catechu, Syzygium aromaticum, Myristica fragrans;

sugandhi सगु त्न्ध
Stool with fragrant smell

śūka dhānya शकू धान्म
grains with awn; monocotyledons;

śūka dhānya शकू धान्म
Corns with bristles (Cereals) – have awn and spikes derived from grasses. They form the principle staple food the world over- rice, wheat, barley, rye, corn/ maize , oats etc.

śuka शकु

śūkai ācitaṁ iva शकू ै आधचतॊ इि
Feels as if filled with bristles.

śūkaiḥ ākīrṇaṁ iva शकू ै ् आकीणं इि
Bristle like projections

śūkapravardhanaṁ शकू प्रिधनश ॊ
Adherent bristles like appearance on skin.

śukapūrṇābha kaṇṭha शकु ऩणू ाशब कण्ठ
Feeling as throat with bristles.

śūkapūrṇābha nāsikā शकू ऩणू ाशब नामसका
Feels as if nose filled with bristles.

śūkapurṇābhaṁ iva akṣi शकू ऩणु ाशबॊ इि अक्षऺ
Feels as if eyes filled with bristles.

śūkapūrṇatā mukhaṁ शकू ऩणू तश ा भखु ॊ
Feeling that mouth is filled with bristles

sukha सखु
1. A feature indicative of Ātmā. 2. A favorable perception. 3. Happy, delighted, joyful, pleased, Agreeable, pleasant

sukhanirmocya patram सखु तनभोच्म ऩत्रभ ्
Literal meaning is easily separable lamellae indicates cleavage

sukhasca kālayoga सखु स्च कारमोग
Favorable time

sukhāyu सखु ामु
Happy life , ailment free individual life; A life pleasant for self as well as society

śukla varga शतु र िगश
Class of following five substances having white color and contain natural calcium viz.

śukla varṇa शतु र िणश

śukla vastra शतु र िस्त्र
White cloth; alleviates vata Doṣa.

śukladarśanaṁ शतु रदशनश ॊ
Sees objects in white

śuklaṁ शतु रॊ
White in color

śuklamālya icchā शतु रभाल्म इच्छा
Fond of white garlands

śuklāmbara icchā शतु राम्फय इच्छा
Fond of white garments

śuklasirārājī शतु रमसयायाजी
White lines of vein

śukra dhātu शक्रु धातु
The seventh Dhātu, whose function is reproduction. Generally equated with Semen; Present in two forms: 1. Pervading the entire body 2.

śukrābhaṁ mūtra शक्रु ाबॊ भत्रू
Urine in the form of semen

śukrajanana शक्रु जनन
substances which enhances Shukra (semen / sperm)

śukramārga raktaṁ शक्रु भागश यततॊ
Bleeding through penis

śukramiśraṁ mūtra शक्रु मभश्रॊ भत्रू
Urine with semen


śukraśodhana शक्रु शोधन
substances which rectifies vitiated Shukra (semen / sperm)

śukraviṣA शक्रु विष
Animals with poisonous semen.

sukṣma śarīra सक्ष्ु भ शयीय
Subtle Body; see Ativāhika purușa

sukṣma सक्ष्ु भ
minuteness/penetrating; one of the gurvadi gunas; caused due activated akash, agni & vayu; denotes physiological & pharmacological minuteness & penetration;

sūkṣmadaṁṣṭrāpado सक्ष्ू भदॊष्राऩद
Minute fang marks.

sukṣmadvāra guda सक्ष्ु भद्िाय गदु
Narrowed anal canal

sukṣmaḥ सक्ष्ु भ्
the property of the substance which causes minuteness and decrease body mass

sukṣmai śalyai ācitaṁ iva akṣi सक्ष्ु भै शल्मै आधचतॊ इि अक्षऺ
Feels as eyes being speared with tiny arrows

sukṣmakhacitaṁ सक्ष्ु भखधचतॊ
Multiple openings

sūkṣmaṁ सक्ष्ू भॊ
Minute, Poison penetrates into and deranges the minutest capillaries owing to its extreme subtle essence.

śukta pāka शतु त ऩाक
Digestion with fermentation

śukta शतु त
This is the fermented liquid which becomes acidic by losing original sweetness

śukta शतु त
Vinegar, is prepared from many source drugs by the process of acetic fermentation. The properties differ according to the drugs used.

śukti dhautaṁ iva ābhāti asthi शत्ु तत धौतॊ इि आबातत अत्स्थ
Bone in the color of cleansed water of shell

śukti शत्ु तत
1. A unit of Measurement; Two karshas will make one ardhapala i.e. 24 g (rounded to 25 g) of metric units

śūla शरू

śūlāḍhyaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ शरू ार्ढमॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Pain while defecation

śūlapraśamana शरू प्रशभन
Analgesic Drugs; substances relieving pain;

śulbanibhaṁ शल्ु फतनबॊ
Resembling copper

śulopetaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ शरु ोऩेतॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Pain while defecation

sululita akṣi सरु मु रत अक्षऺ
Slight trembling of the eye

śulva शल्ु ि
Element Copper-Cuprum with chemical symbol Cu at at. no 29

sumanagandha सभु नगन्ध
Smell of Jasmine

śūna शनू

śūnatā शनू ता

śūnya icchā शन्ू म इच्छा
Fond of staying in solitude

śūnyabhāva शन्ू मबाि
Loss of knowledge

śūnyaḥ शन्ू म्
Expressionless blank, it is a symptom produced in the third impulse of animal poisoning.

śūnyatā dravaṇa शन्ू मता द्रिण
Loss of knowledge.

śūnyata śirasaḥ शन्ू मत मशयस्
Feeling of emptiness of head.

śūnyatā शन्ू मता
Feeling of emptiness

śūnyāyatanasevī शन्ू मामतनसेिी
Habit of being in solitute

supakvaṁ सऩु तिॊ
Properly cooked/ processed indicative of Avaleha, gudapaka etc.

supapatidhanuṣprabhaṁ raktaṁ सऩु ऩततधनष्ु प्रबॊ यततॊ
Blood with multicolor like rainbow

suptacchavi सप्ु तच्छवि
Diminished complexion

suptaḥjihvā सप्ु त्त्जविा
Numbness of tongue

suptaṁ सप्ु तॊ

suptatā सप्ु तता

suptiḥ सत्ु प्त्

sūpya dhanya सऩू
Properly roasted and dehusked grains. They are light in property.

surā icchā सयु ा इच्छा
Fond of Alcohol

surā सयु ा
Indigenous beer- beverage prepared from fermented cereals. The cereals that are either cooked or ground are mixed with Jiggery and other spices and are subjected to natural fermentation. Beneficial for emaciated, suffering from obstruction in urine, piles, alleviates Vata and useful in anemia.

surabhigandha सयु मबगन्ध
Pleasant smell

surābīja सयु ाफीज
It is the residual portion lying below the medak in the fermentation process consists of seed of fermentation

surāsura सयु ासयु
Group of gods and demons who gathered for churning the sea to get ambrosia, in the quest of immortality.

surātulyaṁ mūtraṁ सयु ातल्ु मॊ भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles Alcohol

surāvikāra icchā सयु ाविकाय इच्छा
Fond of Alcohol derivatives

surāvikṛti dveṣa सयु ाविकृ तत द्िेष
Aversion to Alcohol derivatives

surendragopapratimaṁ raktaṁ सयु ेन्द्रगोऩप्रततभॊ यततॊ
Blood with the color of earthworm

śūrpa शऩू श
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of kumbha= 24.576 kg/l of metric units

suruciraḥ सरुु धचय्

suṣira danta सवु षय दन्त
Carries in teeth

śuṣka शष्ु क
Dry; dryness; one of the gunas described by Bhava Prakasha; caused due to activated Pṛthvī, Vayu & Tejas;

śuṣkabhinnaṁ aniyata purīṣa pravartanaṁ शष्ु कमबन्नॊ अतनमत ऩयु ीष प्रितनश ॊ
Dry. and Loose defecation

śuṣkabhinnam antarāntarā purīṣa pravartanaṁ शष्ु कमबन्नभ ् अन्तयान्तया ऩयु ीष प्रितनश ॊ
Dry and Loose defecation

śuṣkacchardi शष्ु कच्छर्दश
Vomiting without any effort

śuṣkacchavi शष्ु कच्छवि
Diminished complexion.

śuṣkānna upācareta शष्ु कान्न उऩाचयेत
Treated with dry food- those who have more moisture in their body, who are wounded & suffering from madhumeha should be treated with dry food.

suṣuptiḥ सषु त्ु प्त्

suśuṣkaṁ chardi सशु ष्ु कॊ छर्दश
Dry vomit/Vomit of dry material

suṣūyana सषु मू न

sūta सतू
Element Mercury-Hydroargyrum with symbol Hg at At. no 80 a synonym of rasa & parada

suteja सतु जे
Dazzling appearance.

sūtikayā daṣṭa सतू तकमा दष्ट
Bite by a recently delivered snake.

sūtraṁ सत्रू ॊ
précised form of text; Aphorism

sūtreṇa सत्रू णे
With cotton thread

suvarna — सुवर्ण
1. A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karsha=12 g of metric units.
2. A Synonym of gold.

suvarṇa सिु णश
1. A unit of Measurement; Synonym of one karsha=12 g of metric units

sūyana समू न

śva श्ि

svabhāva saṁsiddhi स्िबाि समसद्धध
Natural mechanism

svābhāvoparamavāda स्िबािोऩयभिाद
the ideology of the Buddhist philosophy which believes that natural destruction is inevitable to everything

svādhātryaṅga akasmāt paritaḥ विरेखनॊ स्िाधात्र्मङ्ग अकस्भात ् ऩरयत्"
Scratches his own body as well as that of the nurse.

svādu āsyatā स्िादु आस्मता
Sweet taste in mouth

svādubhakṣaṇa dveṣa स्िादबु ऺण द्िेष
Aversion to sweet food

svagandha asahatva स्िगन्ध असहत्ि
Intolerance to self-body smell.

śvaityaṁ श्ित्ै मॊ
White color

svajātyavasthāna स्िजात्मिस्थान
A property attributed to the substance, a substance remains in the same Jati (category) even after processing;

svalpatriphalā स्िल्ऩत्रत्रपरा
A group of following 3 fruits

svalpavāka स्िल्ऩिाक
Less talking

svāṁgaśīta स्िाॊगशीत
Allowing to cool on its own , self cooling- Annealing

svana karṇa स्िन कणश
Flute like sound in the ear

svanaṁ yonimukhāt स्िनॊ मोतनभखु ात ्
Sound from vagina.

svāpa स्िाऩ

svāpana kaṭi स्िाऩन कर्ट
Numbness in hip

svapna स्िप्न
Dreams that occur during sleep due to the activity of Raja.

svapnanāśaḥ स्िप्ननाश्

svapnanityatā स्िप्नतनत्मता
Excessive sleep

svapnasukha icchā स्िप्नसखु इच्छा
Excessive desire to sleep

svapvajananaṁ स्िप्िजननॊ
substances that facilitates normal sleep

svarabheda स्ियबेद
Hoarseness of voice

svaragada स्ियगद
Hoarseness of voice

svarāmaya स्ियाभम
Hoarseness of voice

svarapīḍā स्ियऩीडा
Hoarseness of voice

svararuk स्ियरुक्
Hoarseness of voice

svarasa स्ियस
Expressed juice of a plant part

svaropaghātaḥ स्ियोऩघात्
Low voice

śvāsa pūtitā श्िास ऩतू तता
Bad smell on breathing

śvāsa श्िास
Breathing; Often used in sense of Abnormal Breathing; Dyspnoea

śvāsahara श्िासहय
substances which corrects suppression of chest and restores normal breathing;

svasaṁjñā स्िसऻॊ ा
Technical Terminology; Jargon; Technical nomenclature; the meaning of certain words which are peculiar to any science wherein they are used in a different sense other than their usual popular meaning.

svastha स्िस्थ
Healthy; Composed of two words, Swa and Stha. Swa means own, self and Stha means stable, steady, thus Swastha denotes self abiding, being in ones natural/prākritika state. 2. One who is in his own norms, individual who enjoys normal health.

svasthahita स्िस्थर्हत
substances that maintains and promotes health

svasthāturaparāyaṇaṁ स्िस्थातयु ऩयामणॊ
The science which is beneficial for the diseased as well as healthy persons.

svasthavṛttaṁ स्िस्थित्तृ ॊ
One who exists free from diseases is called Swastha, the actions or procedures or conduct which should be adopted to maintain health continuously without break is known as Swasthavŗtta. It includes a regular adherance to Dinacharya, Ratricharya,Rtu charya and such other doctrines of Ayurveda

svāsthya स्िास्र्थम
Health; sound state of body/soul health, ease, comfort, contentment, satisfaction. State of well being.

svataḥsuśītama स्ित्सशु ीतभ
Annealing/ self cooling

svatantra स्ितन्त्र
Independent, autonomous. An attribute of Ātmā.

svathavṛttau hitam स्िथित्तृ ौ र्हतभ ्
substances that primarily maintains and promotes health;

śvayathu श्िमथु
Swelling; Edema

sveda स्िेद
Sweat, perspiration. Mala of Meda Dhātu. The function of Sveda is to withhold Kleda (watery portion) in the skin.

svedaja स्िेदज
Substances which are believed to be originated from sweat glands.

svedana स्िेदन
one of the process applied in purification/refining of the material

svedanaṁ स्िेदनॊ
substances used for swedan (sudation)

svedanī yantra स्िेदनी मन्त्र
An apparatus used for steaming / fomenting

svedāpanayanaṁ स्िेदाऩनमनॊ
substances that reduces excessive sweating

svedavat स्िेदित ्

svedopaga स्िेदोऩग
substances which facilitates swedan (sudation)

śveta varṇa श्िेत िणश
White color

śveta श्िेत
White color

śvetābhapratibha darśanaṁ श्िेताबप्रततब दशनश ॊ
Sees objects white in color.

svinna त्स्िन्न
Process of Fomentation/Steaming

svinnaṁ māṁsa त्स्िन्नॊ भाॊस
Putrefaction of flesh

syādadhobhāgam जङ्गभॊ स्मादधोबागभ ्"
The tendency of animate poison is to move downwards and affect the lower body more.

śyāmavarṇa श्माभिणश
Dark color.

syandana akṣi स्मन्दन अक्षऺ

syandana mukhaṁ स्मन्दन भखु ॊ

syandana स्मन्दन

śyāva श्माि
Bluish color ; Cyan Color

śyāvānanaḥ श्मािानन्
Cyanosed face.

śyāvāruṇaṁ श्मािारुणॊ
Cyanic Red Color

tācchīlya ताच्छील्म
methods of diagnosis and treatment

tāḍāga ताडाग
Tank / pond water- water which comes from higher levels and blocked by artificial means. Some peoples call Pushkarni’s as Tāḍāga. Sweet in taste and easy to digest.

tāḍanakṣamam ताडनऺभभ ्
Withstands hammering – malleability

tāḍayat iva ताडमत ् इि
Beating like pain

tāḍita guṇa darśanaṁ ताडडत गणु दशनश ॊ
Sees lightening before eyes

taduṇabahumāna तदणु फहुभान
Excessive anxiety for lost things