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Ayurvedic Dictionary

There are currently 251 terms in this directory beginning with the letter Ś.
śabda asahatva शब्द असहत्ि
Intolerance to sound.

śabda prabalaṁ chardi शब्द प्रफरॊ छर्दश
Vomiting with more sound.

śabda शब्द
the finest and subtle source of proto-element of Akash mahābhūta,

śabdaḥ शब्द्
Word: an aggregate of letters

śabdānukaraṇaṁ asāmnā शब्दानकु यणॊ असाम्ना
Loudly and frequently imitating the musical sounds

śabdavat danta शब्दित ् दन्त
Gnashing of the teeth

śabdavat purīṣam शब्दित ् ऩयु ीषभ ्
Defecation with sound

śabdāyana शब्दामन
Gudaguda like sound in abdomen.

śādvalaprabhaṁ purīṣaṁ शाद्िरप्रबॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Stool with the color of green grass

śaila icchā शरै इच्छा
Fond of mountaineering

śaithilya liṅga शधथल्म मरङ्ग
Loss of erection of penis; Erectile Dysfunction

śaithilya purīṣa शधै थल्म ऩयु ीष
Loose motion

śaithilyaṁ शधथल्मॊ
Looseness of body parts and tissues

śaityaṁ शत्ै मॊ
Coldness

śāka varga शाक िगश
Group of green leafy vegetables, roots and tubers.

śāka शाक
A class of plants used as vegetables viz. root, fruit, leaf, flower, etc. 2. A synonym of Tectona grandis

śākachadanaprakāśā शाकछदनप्रकाशा
Roughness like the leaf of teak tree (Tectonia grandia)

śākapatrakhara शाकऩत्रखय
Roughness of the leaf of teak tree (Tectonia grandia)

śākhāda meda शाखाद भेद
Fat obtained from herbivorous animals

śākhādaṣṭa शाखादष्ट
Bitten on limb.

śakra dhanuṣprabham शक्र धनष्ु प्रबभ ्
Multicolor like rainbow

śakracāpaguṇa darśanaṁ शक्रचाऩगणु दशनश ॊ
Sees rainbow in objects

śakradhanuṣprabhaṁ raktaṁ शक्रधनष्ु प्रबॊ यततॊ
Blood with multicolor like rainbow

śakṛt chardi शकृ त ् छर्दश
Vomiting of stool

śakṛt sṛjat mūtraṁ शकृ त ् सजृ त ् भत्रू ॊ
Defecation while passing urine.

śakṛta शकृ त
Feces. Synonym of Purīṣa.

śakunigandha शकु तनगन्ध
Smell of birds

śāliśuṣkābharājī akṣi शामरशष्ु काबयाजी अक्षऺ
Bristle like line in the eye.

śamana शभन
Pacification of vitiated Doṣas; Palliative therapy.

śamī dhānya शभी धान्म
Pulses, Dicotyledons;

śaṁkha curṇavarṇaṁ mūtraṁ शखॊ चुणिश णं भत्रू ॊ
Urine resembles the powder of conch

śaṁkhaḥ शख्
1. Temples 2. conch

śaṁkhaiḥ ācitaṁ iva शखै् आधचतॊ इि
Sees objects converted by the colors of conch

śaṁkhapāṇḍura dṛṣṭimaṇḍala शखॊ ऩाण्डु य दृत्ष्टभण्डर
Pupil resembles the color of conch

śaṁkhāvabhāsaṁ शखािबासॊ
Color of conch

śāṇa शाण
A unit of Measurement; Four mashas are equal to one sana=3 g of metric units

śanaiḥ śanaiḥ mūtraṁ शन्ै शन्ै भत्रू ॊ
Hesitant micturation

śanaiḥ शन्ै
Slowly, gradually

śāṇḍākī शाण्डाकी
Pickles – varieties of pickles prepared by fermentation process, which turns sour when kept for a long time, are tasty. Increases digestion and palatability, increases Pitta Doṣa and it is Amla pitta kara(gastrities).

śaṅkā viṣaṁ शङ्का विषॊ
suspension of poison, this is a psychological manifestation resulting from extreme nervousness and doubt due to dubious feeling of being bitten by a poisonous creature causes manifestation of symptoms of pseudo poison in the form of fever, vomiting, fainting, burning sensation, prostration, unconsciousness, diarrhoea. This condition is called fear poison.

śaṅkitaṁ darśanaṁ शङ्क्रकतॊ दशनश ॊ
Looking suspiciously

śāntāgni शान्तात्ग्न
Loss of digestive power.

śāntaḥ शान्त्
Calm disposition; Peaceful

śāntāṅgāraprakāśa शान्ताङ्गायप्रकाश
Black color resembles extinguished fire.

śāntātmā शान्तात्भा
Calm disposition

śārīra guṇa शायीय गणु
Synonym of Guravdi gunas; Properties of substances that relate with the body and used for therapeutics.

śarīra saṁpat शयीय सऩॊ त ्
Excellence of body .

śarīra sātmya शायीय सात्म्म
Homologous with the body

śarīra vṛddhikara bhava शयीय िद्ृ धधकय बि
Factors lead to the growth of the body- there are four factors for growth of body:-kalayoga, sabhavasansidhi, aharasaushtham,avighat.

śarīraḥ शयीय्
Body

śarīrasthaṁ upabhogaṁ शयीयस्थॊ उऩबोगॊ
Clothes.

śārīravraṇa शायीय व्रण
Wounds caused by vitiation of Doṣas.

śarīropakāraka शयीयोऩकायक
Factors which are beneficial to growth of body.

śarkarā saha mūtraṁ शकश या सह भत्रू ॊ
Crystalluria

śāstra शास्त्र
A branch of Knowledge; see Tantra

śāstraprāmāṇya शास्त्रप्राभाण्म
Textual evidence;

śāśvatam शाश्ितभ ्
Eternal: immortal, everlasting

śātaḥ शात्
Putrefaction

śatana शतन
Falling

śatanaṁ dantakapāla शतनॊ दन्तकऩार
Falling down of teeth enamel.

śatanaṁ pakṣma शतनॊ ऩक्ष्भ
Falling of eyelashes

śātanaṁ शातनॊ
Falling of

śauca शौच
Cleanliness; Cleaning in the context of food, cleaning dravya’s before preparation alters the basic qualities of raw food and even takes out the contaminants from the food.

śauklyaṁ शौतल्मॊ
Whiteness, clearness, the quality or state of being white

śaurya शौमश
Heroism, velour, Strength

śava शि
Dead body.

śavagandha शिगन्ध
Smell of dead body

śayana icchā शमन इच्छा
Fond of lie down

śayyā icchā शय्मा इच्छा
Fond of lie down

śayyā शय्मा
Bed, mode of administration of poison along with bedding.

śayyāṁ pādena hananaṁ शय्माॊ ऩादेन हननॊ
Striking on bed by limbs

śīghra drāvam शीघ्र द्रािभ ्
Quick melting

śīghra शीघ्र
Quick, rapid.

śīghragaṁ raktaṁ शीघ्रगॊ यततॊ
Sudden bleeding.

śīghragāminaḥ शीघ्रगामभन्
Swift, a feature which is characteristic of darvikar (cobra snake variety) snakes.

śikhi मशणख
Wood charcoal

śikhinanṛtyata iva darśanaṁ मशणखननत्ृ मत इि दशनश ॊ
Dancing of peacock appears before eyes

śikhipatrābha darśanaṁ मशणखऩत्राब दशनश ॊ
Sees objects in color of the feather tail of peacock

śīlaḥ शीर्
Character: natural or acquired way of living or acting,

śilāpaṭṭ मशराऩट्ट्
Stone slab used for grinding

śīlavaikṛtaṁ alpaṁ शीरिकै ृ तॊ अल्ऩॊ
Slight change in routine

śīlavibhrama शीरविभ्रभ
Perverted manners.

śimbi dhānya मशत्म्फ धान्म
Pulses- those which are covered with pod, are those derived from beans. They include black gram, green gram, horse gram, green pea, Dhal gram, pigeon pea, chick pea etc.

śiṇḍākī मशण्डाकी
Acidic Fermentation of the liquids after seasoning with mustard, radish etc

śira मशय
Head. The site where all Prāṇas and Indriyas are situated. Also is the uppermost and chief part of the body.

śīrṇa roma शीणश योभ
Falling of hair

śīrṇa शीणश
Decayed, Putrification

śīrṇatā शीणता
Putrification

śiro'bhitāpī मशयोऽमबताऩी
Rage of slightest provocation, It is a symptom of rabid dog .

śirodharaḥ मशयोधय्
Neck

śirovirecana dravya मशयोवियेचन द्रव्म
An act of emptying, lessening, exhausting vitiated Doṣas from Shira (Head) through nasal openings.

śirovirecanopaga मशयोवियेचनोऩग
Substances that help the Shirovirechan procedure.

śīrṣaḥ शीष्श
Head

śīryamāṇaḥ tanūruhaḥ शीमभश ाण् तनरुू ह्
Falling of hair

śīryanta iva asthi शीमन्श त इि अत्स्थ
Putrification

śiśira dveṣa मशमशय द्िेष
Aversion to cold

śiśira icchā मशमशय इच्छा
Fond of cold

śiśira मशमशय
Cold, Winter Season

śiśirairna lomaharṣo मशमशयैनश रोभहषो
It is a sign of (imminent) death of a poisoned person in which the person does not experience raising of hairs even if touched by cold water or air.

śīta agni शीत अत्ग्न
Loss of digestive power

śīta asahatva शीत असहत्ि
Intolerance to cold

śīta dveṣa शीत द्िेष
Aversion to cold

śīta icchā शीत इच्छा
Fond of Cold

śīta ucchvāsa शीत उच््िास
Cold breathing

śīta शीत
Cool; Cold; An attribute of Vāyu and Kapha. Coolness; one of the 20 gurvadi guna; caused due to activated Jala mahābhūta; denotes physiological & pharmacological coolness; manifested by reduction in burning sensation & thirst, facilitates stoppage of flow in channels like styptic, reduces sweating, increases urine, pacifies pitta, aggravates vata.2. Synonym of Gudatwak (Cinnamonum zeylanicum).

śītābhiḥ adhbhiḥ vṛddhi शीतामब् अत्ध्ब्

śītakaṣāya शीतकषाम
synonym of hima-Cold infusion the squeezed and filtered liquid after steeping overnight the powdered material in 6 times of cold water

śītalaṁ शीतरॊ
Cold

śītapraśamana शीतप्रशभन
substances pacifies feelings of cold & chill ;

śītāsaha शीतासह
Intolerance to cold

śītasparśa शीतस्ऩशश
Cold

śītatā शीतता
Cold

śītavarṣānilairdagdha शीतिषाशतनरदै शग्ध
Frost bite.

śithilaṁ indriya मशधथरॊ इत्न्द्रम
Loss of sensory function

śithilam मशधथरभ ्
Loose, Unformed, Flabby; Flaccid

śithilatā मशधथरता
Looseness, Diluted

śītībhūtaṁ शीतीबतू ॊ
Brought to room temp/allowed to cool/cooled

ślakṣṇa श्रक्ष्ण
Smoothness; one of the 20 gurvadi gunas. Caused due activated agni; denotes physiological & pharmacological smoothness; helps in healing. An attribute of Kapha.

ślatha sandhitā श्रथ सत्न्धता
Dislocation of Joint

ślathalatā श्रथरता
Flabbiness

ślathaṁ श्रथॊ
Flabbiness, Soft

ślathāṅgatā श्रथाङ्गता
Soft body

ślathendriya श्रथेत्न्द्रम
Weakness of sense organs

śleṣaka kapha श्रेषक कप
One of the five subtypes of Kapha that is situated in joints and junctions of the body and provides lubrication.

śleṣma chardi श्रेष्भ छर्दश
Vomiting sputum

śleṣmā श्रेष्भा
Synonym of Kapha

śleṣmānubaddhaṁ bahvākhupotakaṁ chardi श्रेष्भानफु द्धॊ फविाखुऩोतकॊ छर्दश
Vomiting of mucus with flesh resembling the baby rats

śleṣmapratipūraṇa śiraḥ श्रेष्भप्रततऩयू ण मशय्
Feels as head filled with mucus

śleṣmasaṁsṛṣṭaṁ purīṣaṁ श्रेष्भससॊ ष्ृ टॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

śleṣmatantugavākṣitaṁ chardi श्रेष्भतन्तगु िाक्षऺतॊ छर्दश
The vomit contains the network of thin phlegm

śleṣmāvṛtatva mukhaṁ श्रेष्भाितृ त्ि भखु ॊ
Coating in the mouth

śleṣmayuktaṁ purīṣaṁ श्रेष्भमतु तॊ ऩयु ीषॊ
Mucoid stool

śliṣṭṭaṁ त्श्रष्ट्टॊ
Compact

śmaśāna icchā श्भशान इच्छा
Fond of cemetery

śmaśāna श्भशान
Area for disposal of dead crematorium.

śodhana शोधन
A pharmaceutical process of Purification/Detoxification/Refining / imparting useful properties in the materials

śodhanaṁ शोधनॊ
cleansing of the wound

śoka kliṣṭa manaḥ शोक त्तरष्ट भन्
A mind which is grief stricken; Wretched, Pathetic

śoka शोक
Sorrow, Grief

śokaḥ शोक्
Misery: A state of ill-being due to loss of children or affliction or misfortune.

śoṇama शोणभ
Red in color

śoṇita pūrṇatā शोणणत ऩणू तश ा
Intra abdominal bleeding

śoṇita शोणणत
1. Synonym of Rakta. 2. Synonym of Ārtava.

śoṇitaduṣṭi शोणणतदत्ु ष्ट
Blood disorders.

śoṇitāgamanamurdhvam adhaśca शोणणतागभनभध्ु िभश ध श्च
It is a specific symptom of mandali (group of viper type snakes) which means that there is haemorrhage through both mouth and anus of the person being bitten.

śoṇitagandha शोणणतगन्ध
Smell of blood

śoṇitaṁ yāti tīvraṁ खेभ्म् कृ ष्णॊ शोणणतॊ मातत तीव्रॊ"
A bite by a scorpion of keen (strong) poisoned species is accompanied by excessive discharge of black colored blood from the external openings (mouth & nostrils etc.)

śoṇitaprabhā oṣṭha शोणणतप्रबा ओष्ठ
Color of blood

śoṇitasaṁghātaṁ bhinatti शोणणतसघॊ ातॊ मबनवत्त
splits/ fragments coagulated blood

śoṇitasthāpana शोणणतस्थाऩन
Substances that restore the normal properties of Blood

śoṇitaṣṭhīva mukhaṁ शोणणतष्ठीि भखु ॊ
Spitting of blood

śopha शोप
Swelling; Edema

śoṣa शोष
Dryness, Wasting

śotha शोथ
Swelling; Inflammation

śothahara शोथहय
substances reducing inflammation and swelling;

śraddhā श्रद्धा
Desire

śrama श्रभ
Fatigue; Toil, labor, exertion, effort

śramahara श्रभहय
substances relieving fatigue

śramaśvāsa श्रभश्िास
Exertional breathing, Gasping

śravak श्रिक्
Extract resembling button shaped balls

śravaṇa avarodha श्रिण अियोध
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa upaghāta श्रिण उऩघात
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa uparodha श्रिण उऩयोध
Loss of hearing

śravaṇa vibhrama श्रिण विभ्रभ
Perturbed hearing

śrīmat श्रीभत ्
Dazzling appearance

śṛīṁgāra icchā शगॊृ ाय इच्छा
Fond of Romance

śṛṁga शगॊृ
1. Leaf Bud 2.Horn

śroṇi श्रोणण
Pelvis; Hips and Loins

śrotra daurbalyaṁ श्रोत्र दौफल्मॊ
Loss of hearing.

śrotra kṣaya श्रोत्र ऺम
Loss of hearing

śrotra श्रोत्र
the seat of auditory sense organ

śrṝṅgīviṣaṁ श्रॄङ्गीविषॊ
Aconitum chasmanthum -STAPF HOLMES EX , a plant mentioned in poisonous plant category having poison in its root.

śṛta शतृ
synonym of kashaya-boiled & filtered liquid of herbs for specific time used for the therapeutics & pharmaceutical manufacturing

śrutasvapna श्रुतस्िप्न
Dreams of auditory experiences

śrutihīna श्रुततहीन
Loss of hearing

śrutijāḍyaṁ श्रुततजाड्मॊ
Loss of hearing

śrutivināśa श्रुततविनाश
Loss of hearing

śubha शबु
Beneficial for health.

śubhagandha शबु गन्ध
Pleasant smell

śubhaḥ शबु ्
Pleasant, Beautiful

śubhravarṇa शबु िणश
White in color

śucau api aśuci darśanaṁ शचु ौ अवऩ अशधु च दशनश ॊ
Clean things seen as dirty

śuci dveṣa शधु च द्िेष
Aversion to Cleanliness

śucirotthitān सधु चयोत्त्थतान ्
Chronic origin/ originated a long back

śuddhāvarta शद्ु धाितश
Indicates the time of extraction of metal from their respective ores

śūka dhānya शकू धान्म
grains with awn; monocotyledons;

śūka dhānya शकू धान्म
Corns with bristles (Cereals) – have awn and spikes derived from grasses. They form the principle staple food the world over- rice, wheat, barley, rye, corn/ maize , oats etc.

śuka शकु
Parrot

śūkai ācitaṁ iva शकू ै आधचतॊ इि
Feels as if filled with bristles.

śūkaiḥ ākīrṇaṁ iva शकू ै ् आकीणं इि
Bristle like projections

śūkapravardhanaṁ शकू प्रिधनश ॊ
Adherent bristles like appearance on skin.

śukapūrṇābha kaṇṭha शकु ऩणू ाशब कण्ठ
Feeling as throat with bristles.

śūkapūrṇābha nāsikā शकू ऩणू ाशब नामसका
Feels as if nose filled with bristles.

śūkapurṇābhaṁ iva akṣi शकू ऩणु ाशबॊ इि अक्षऺ
Feels as if eyes filled with bristles.

śūkapūrṇatā mukhaṁ शकू ऩणू तश ा भखु ॊ
Feeling that mouth is filled with bristles

śukla varga शतु र िगश
Class of following five substances having white color and contain natural calcium viz.

śukla varṇa शतु र िणश
White

śukla vastra शतु र िस्त्र
White cloth; alleviates vata Doṣa.

śukladarśanaṁ शतु रदशनश ॊ
Sees objects in white

śuklaṁ शतु रॊ
White in color

śuklamālya icchā शतु रभाल्म इच्छा
Fond of white garlands

śuklāmbara icchā शतु राम्फय इच्छा
Fond of white garments

śuklasirārājī शतु रमसयायाजी
White lines of vein

śukra dhātu शक्रु धातु
The seventh Dhātu, whose function is reproduction. Generally equated with Semen; Present in two forms: 1. Pervading the entire body 2.

śukrābhaṁ mūtra शक्रु ाबॊ भत्रू
Urine in the form of semen

śukrajanana शक्रु जनन
substances which enhances Shukra (semen / sperm)

śukramārga raktaṁ शक्रु भागश यततॊ
Bleeding through penis

śukramiśraṁ mūtra शक्रु मभश्रॊ भत्रू
Urine with semen

śukrapravartanaṁ

śukraśodhana शक्रु शोधन
substances which rectifies vitiated Shukra (semen / sperm)

śukraviṣA शक्रु विष
Animals with poisonous semen.

śukta pāka शतु त ऩाक
Digestion with fermentation

śukta शतु त
This is the fermented liquid which becomes acidic by losing original sweetness

śukta शतु त
Vinegar, is prepared from many source drugs by the process of acetic fermentation. The properties differ according to the drugs used.

śukti dhautaṁ iva ābhāti asthi शत्ु तत धौतॊ इि आबातत अत्स्थ
Bone in the color of cleansed water of shell

śukti शत्ु तत
1. A unit of Measurement; Two karshas will make one ardhapala i.e. 24 g (rounded to 25 g) of metric units

śūla शरू
Pain

śūlāḍhyaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ शरू ार्ढमॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Pain while defecation

śūlapraśamana शरू प्रशभन
Analgesic Drugs; substances relieving pain;

śulbanibhaṁ शल्ु फतनबॊ
Resembling copper

śulopetaṁ purīṣapravartanaṁ शरु ोऩेतॊ ऩयु ीषप्रितनश ॊ
Pain while defecation

śulva शल्ु ि
Element Copper-Cuprum with chemical symbol Cu at at. no 29

śūna शनू
Swelling

śūnatā शनू ता
Swelling

śūnya icchā शन्ू म इच्छा
Fond of staying in solitude

śūnyabhāva शन्ू मबाि
Loss of knowledge

śūnyaḥ शन्ू म्
Expressionless blank, it is a symptom produced in the third impulse of animal poisoning.

śūnyatā dravaṇa शन्ू मता द्रिण
Loss of knowledge.

śūnyata śirasaḥ शन्ू मत मशयस्
Feeling of emptiness of head.

śūnyatā शन्ू मता
Feeling of emptiness

śūnyāyatanasevī शन्ू मामतनसेिी
Habit of being in solitute

śūrpa शऩू श
A unit of Measurement; Synonym of kumbha= 24.576 kg/l of metric units

śuṣka शष्ु क
Dry; dryness; one of the gunas described by Bhava Prakasha; caused due to activated Pṛthvī, Vayu & Tejas;

śuṣkabhinnaṁ aniyata purīṣa pravartanaṁ शष्ु कमबन्नॊ अतनमत ऩयु ीष प्रितनश ॊ
Dry. and Loose defecation

śuṣkabhinnam antarāntarā purīṣa pravartanaṁ शष्ु कमबन्नभ ् अन्तयान्तया ऩयु ीष प्रितनश ॊ
Dry and Loose defecation

śuṣkacchardi शष्ु कच्छर्दश
Vomiting without any effort

śuṣkacchavi शष्ु कच्छवि
Diminished complexion.

śuṣkānna upācareta शष्ु कान्न उऩाचयेत
Treated with dry food- those who have more moisture in their body, who are wounded & suffering from madhumeha should be treated with dry food.

śva श्ि
Dog.

śvaityaṁ श्ित्ै मॊ
White color

śvāsa pūtitā श्िास ऩतू तता
Bad smell on breathing

śvāsa श्िास
Breathing; Often used in sense of Abnormal Breathing; Dyspnoea

śvāsahara श्िासहय
substances which corrects suppression of chest and restores normal breathing;

śvayathu श्िमथु
Swelling; Edema

śveta varṇa श्िेत िणश
White color

śveta श्िेत
White color

śvetābhapratibha darśanaṁ श्िेताबप्रततब दशनश ॊ
Sees objects white in color.

śyāmavarṇa श्माभिणश
Dark color.

śyāva श्माि
Bluish color ; Cyan Color

śyāvānanaḥ श्मािानन्
Cyanosed face.

śyāvāruṇaṁ श्मािारुणॊ
Cyanic Red Color


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Ayurvedic Sanskrit Dictionary is an A-Z database of Ayurvedic medical terminologies for the students of Ayurveda and the general public interested in Ayurvedic medicine. Currently, it contains 6000+ Ayurvedic Sanskrit terms with the meaning, simply search the term or use A-Z alphabets to get the term meaning with a description.

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Who compiled the Ayurvedic terminology?

Ayurvedic Sanskrit Dictionary with translation (Sanskrit – English): Ayurvedic terminology dictionary. Compilation by the National Institute of Ayurveda India, information sourced from nia.nic.in. Updated by AyurMedia with minor typographical corrections and more helpful explanations.

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